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In July 2010, the Victorian Government released Taking Action for Victoria’s Future, The Victorian Climate Change White Paper – The Action Plan1 . Encourage investment, employment and technology development in industries that supply goods and services which reduce the use of electricity and gas by consumers. This Issues Paper will support setting the scheme target for the 2012-14 period and in the detailed design of the scheme expansion. Submissions are invited on the key issues set out in this document, and any other matters that stakeholders consider relevant. On 8 October 2010 the Commonwealth Government released the Report of the Prime Minister’s Task Group on Energy Efficiency. DPI will hold a public forum on Wednesday 27 October 2010 to discuss the expansion of the scheme and the issues outlined in this paper. Through existing initiatives and the new actions outlined in the Climate Change White Paper, and Victoria’s Energy Future statement 2, Victoria is transforming the State’s economy to a low carbon future.
The Energy Saver Incentive scheme creates a market for residential energy efficiency activities. The Report of the Prime Minister’s Task Group on Energy Efficiency (Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency 2010) strongly supports a national energy savings initiative that leverages off the existing state schemes, such as the Energy Saver Incentive. The Victorian Climate Change White Paper provides direction and certainty for the next phase of the Energy Saver Incentive scheme. The introduction of a carbon price in Australia would impose a cost on greenhouse gas emissions, thus including emissions in transaction decisions. In the absence of a national carbon pricing mechanism, the Energy Saver Incentive scheme will continue to accelerate greenhouse gas abatement, by reducing the demand for energy. The Energy Saver Incentive was established to increase the level of energy efficiency in Victoria and reduce greenhouse gas emissions by overcoming market failures and other barriers which prevent the uptake of cost effective energy efficiency measures in residential households.
Market failures occur when market systems do not allocate resources to achieve the greatest societal good. There are a number of market failures and barriers that prevent the optimal uptake of energy efficiency measures in Victorian households and businesses. The current Energy Saver Initiative model is likely to be effective in the SME sector as SMEs, like households, may lack the time to investigate energy efficiency opportunities or participate in programs. The National Framework on Energy Efficiency (NFEE) has found evidence to show that most businesses can reduce energy consumption by 20% through better equipment maintenance and upgrades, smarter systems and energy efficiency technologies. Each VEEC created represents a reduction of a lifetime tonne of greenhouse gas emissions due to the scheme. Market data from the administrator of the scheme, the Essential Services Commission, shows strong uptake of two activities that DPI understands were provided at low, or no cost to residential households3: the installation of low energy lamps and low flow shower roses. The performance data suggests the market failures exist and demonstrates that the scheme can be effective in overcoming barriers to energy efficiency.
The scheme has been successful in achieving its objective of encouraging investment, employment and technology development in industries that supply goods and services which reduce the use of electricity and gas by consumers. The target for each year of the period 2012-14 must be set by 31 May 2011 to comply with the legislative framework of the Energy Saver Incentive. On 26 July, the Premier John Brumby announced that the target for the Energy Saver Incentive would be doubled, and that the scope of the scheme would be expanded beyond the residential sector to include small and medium enterprises.
Since the commencement of the scheme almost two years ago, certificates representing more than 5.6 million tonnes of abatement have already been generated, mainly through capturing the “lowhanging fruit” in the residential sector – that is, the low-cost activities such as lighting replacement. Whilst some commentators believe the low cost abatement opportunities may be nearing exhaustion, others believe there is still potential in the residential market for further low cost abatement. The Department has recently drafted amendments to the Victorian Energy Efficiency Target Regulations to include new activities in the scheme. Development of the Energy Saver Incentive scheme will benefit from greater understanding about the energy efficiency opportunities with the highest potential for uptake under the Energy Saver Incentive scheme for SMEs, and the magnitude of energy and greenhouse savings which could be achieved. Energy savings opportunities for SMEs will be analysed as part of the regulatory impact statement process so that the expansion can target those industries that provide the greatest savings potential and are constrained by market failures. Which energy efficiency measures should be included under the Energy Saver Incentive Scheme for SMEs? What is the nature and size of savings (from the activity and total potential across the sector) of the energy efficiency opportunities for SMEs? What is the nature and size of savings (from the activity and total potential across the sector) of the remaining residential energy efficiency opportunities which could be covered by the Energy Saver Incentive Scheme? The SME definition for the Energy Saver Incentive scheme will prescribe the types of businesses eligible to create certificates. It will also be important to ensure that there are no inappropriate gaps or double coverage of businesses. Participation in the scheme by SMEs wishing to benefit from energy efficiency activities will be voluntary, however the regulatory burden should be minimised to ensure there are minimal barriers to participation.
The purpose of the Energy Saver Incentive is to promote energy efficiency and reduce greenhouse emissions. An energy based definition would promote a consistent regulatory approach with the EREP Program. Importantly an energy based definition would be consistent with the VEET Act that allows certificates to be created by consumers of energy. Alternative definitions of SMEs, such as those used by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), often utilise employee numbers or annual financial turnover. The term ‘enterprise’ also requires consideration both in terms of the nature of the organisations which would be eligible, and whether eligibility thresholds should be determined at a site level or across an organisation.
To promote regulatory simplicity, a broad definition based on site energy use may be desirable.
SMEs with multiple sites across Victoria, or rent facilities where the cost of some energy services (air conditioning, lighting) is part of their rent. Regardless of the definition used it will be important to ensure the sector can be readily identified. What is the best way to define a “small to medium enterprise” under the Energy Saver Incentive, taking into consideration the ease of verifying the eligibility of businesses? Are there any reasons to include separate definitions of “small” and “medium” under the scheme? Would site based eligibility set at 40 or 160 MWhs annual consumption be appropriate or acceptable? What is the best way for government to ensure that an enterprise wishing to participate in the Energy Saver Incentive is eligible to do so?
Under the current scheme, energy retailer obligations under VEET are determined by the volume of residential energy “acquisitions” each retailer purchases from the national electricity market and the national gas market. The obligation specifically relates to the level of greenhouse gas emissions that can be attributed to residential customers. With the expansion of the scheme into small and medium enterprises, it is appropriate to refine the way in which the obligation on energy retailers is set.
The definition of an SME will also impact the ability of retailers to determine their acquisitions, and it will be important to ensure the regulatory burden of determining retailer obligations is minimised. What is the best way to allocate energy retailer obligations under the Energy Saver Incentive, to ensure it is equitable and the regulatory burden is minimised? The Energy Saver Incentive prescribes a range of specific energy efficiency activities that are awarded Victorian Energy Efficiency Certificates (VEECs) based on a “deemed” level of greenhouse gas abatement that can be attributed to the activity. Deemed abatement is a convenient way of assigning value, as it enables the activity creator – otherwise referred to in the legal framework as the Accredited Person – to receive a number of VEECs up-front through the scheme administrator, which can then be on-sold or traded. In the SME sector energy end use is much more diverse than in the residential sector – there are a wide range of different businesses, with different operating hours, and which have different energy service requirements.
To capture opportunities that are specific to circumstance or “custom” in application, several options could be considered. These custom deeming assessments would require a greater degree of administration, and efficient and effective regulation to verify the claimed energy savings. For SMEs are there any special circumstances or sectors which would benefit from a different approach to certificate generation than that used in the residential sector? The Victorian Government has supported the success of the Energy Saver Incentive with marketing and promotion of the scheme to both business and the community.
Communication activity promoting the scheme has had dual objectives, seeking to encourage business accreditation, as well as providing support for accredited persons to promote the Energy Saver Incentive to their customers. Prior to the commencement of the scheme in late 2008, the Victorian Government developed and deployed a communication strategy aimed at encouraging accreditation and supporting the first accredited parties to promote activities under the scheme. As part of this initial communication phase, targeted email and stakeholder communications were delivered to a wide range of large and small business audiences, garnering requests for further information from more than 1,000 enterprises. In addition, the Government has developed a suite of marketing materials, such as brochures, posters and graphics, for order by accredited businesses and has funded exhibits at relevant conferences at which businesses could attend to promote their activities.
The Victorian Government will continue to support the scheme’s success by ensuring business and communities are informed of the opportunities it presents, particularly as changes and additions to the scheme take effect. It’s also anticipated that direct consumer participation in the scheme will be driven by promotion by accredited persons. Stakeholders are invited to input into the development of a second stage communication strategy, which supports increased consumer promotion of the program. What types of consumer communication would stakeholders expect Government to deliver on the Energy Saver Incentive? What communications would support interested businesses through the process of accreditation? 1 Taking Action for Victoria’s Future, The Victorian Climate Change White Paper – The Action Plan. The content on this page may include reports, submissions, letters, facts, views, or opinions of individuals or organisations not affiliated with this department. Momentum Energy welcomes the opportunity to provide comments in response to the Review of the Energy Saver Incentive: Issues Paper (the Issues Paper). Momentum Energy is a second tier retailer with current retail electricity licences in Victoria, New South Wales, South Australia, Queensland and the Australian Capital Territory. Energy efficiency has multiple benefits at every level of the economy and is central to meeting the challenge of climate change. Momentum's position in relation to this Review of the ESI (the Review) is that the ESI Scheme is not itself efficient. The review therefore comes at an opportune time to consider what reforms are needed to make the scheme function in a better way. The barriers to uptake of energy efficiency measures that t'ere identified as justifying the creation of the ESI Scheme - in particular, the lack of depth and breadth of consumer understanding of the benefits of investment in energy efficiency (information gapsL and externalisation ofthe cost of carbon emissions - have reduced since the ESI Scheme commenced. The fact that most energy customers do not face cost-reflective prices is a barrier to uptake of energy efficiency measures that is not listed in the Issues Paper. A failing of the ESI Scheme to date is that it has been dominated by just two activities - residential lighting and standby power controllers (SPCs). Also, the fact that consumers have received residential energy efficient lighting and SPCs for free has made it more difficult than it otherwise would have been to engage consumers in relation to energy efficiency activities that require an up-front outlay. When considered alongside a depressed VEET price due to SPC saturation, and this unrealistic expectation that the appropriate test as to whether an energy efficiency measure is worthwhile is whether it is free, the significant compliance activity that a business must implement to utilise the ESI Scheme is more likely to be seen as too onerous to be worthwhile. This calls into the question whether there is sufficient let alone optimal alignment between the ESI Scheme's target and scope on the one hand, and the incentives at play for accredited persons and consumers, on the other hand.
Momentum notes that the inclusion of commercial and industrial customers within the ESI Scheme in 2012 failed to properly consider the interaction of the ESI Scheme with the Victorian Government's Energy and Resource Efficiency Plan Scheme.
Momentum notes that the Issues Paper does not canvas the queestion of Victorian participation in a National Energy Savings Initiative (NESI) or moving forward with jurisdictional harmonisation with New South Wales. Momentum looks forward to reviewing the RIS later in 2013 and to contributing to action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions via the most effective, efficient and equitable possible mechanisms.
As an accredited participant in the Victorian Government’s Energy Saver Incentive scheme since 2009, Energy Makeovers are able to upgrade your halogen downlights to LEDs for free*. You might be wondering why you should bother and what the benefits are in upgrading from halogen to LED lights, well here’s 5 reasons to use LEDs and not halogen lights in your home.
Did you know that you can save up to 85% on your lighting bill by simply change your halogen downlights to LEDs? Thanks to the Victorian Government scheme, the offer is 100% free for houses with 8 or more lights.
We’re often asked if there’s a maximum number of lights we’ll service and the great news is – there isn’t! Halogen lights can heat up to 300°C which can be a dangerous fire risk in your home as ignition temperature for wood, paper and some insulations is 200-250°c, especially when you consider your lights are often fixed near ceiling insulation, which can be a fire risk.
Our brilliant LEDs output a minimum of 500 lumens with a wide 65 degree beam angle resulting in beautiful, bright light at home. At home you can expect your LEDs to last 12-15 years, compared to halogens that can last typically 12 months. Climate change is an issue right at the heart of Energy Makeovers as we strive to promote energy efficiency in homes and businesses to help Australians reduce its carbon footprint for a better future for our country and the world.
These are just some of the great reasons why you should switch from halogen to LED downlights now, before the free offer is over!
Home and businessWe offer energy efficiency services designed for residential, commercial and government. Rumanian approach to incentive renewables is a mix of on-going incentives and upfront CAPEX support through Public Tenders.
Solar is the most incentivized technology: each MW produced assures 6 green certificates from National Authorities, allowing obtaining an interesting on-going remuneration from projects implementation. Upfront CAPEX support is an additional opportunity for players interested in investing in renewable energy market. In order to improve confidence in environmental data submitted to the Ministry of the Environment in Jordan, the Government issued a decision in 2015 that requires all environmental consultation offices to be accredited for all testing and measurement services.
The measurements performed under accreditation will ensure that the ventilation systems meet the needs of the general public as well as workers, and that the maintenance is compliant with current technical regulations. Accreditation underpins the safety of drinking water fittings according to Singapore regulations. ISO describes their Sustainable Events management system standard by stating that ‘ISO 20121 offers guidance and best practice to help you manage your event and control its social, economic and environmental impact.
It has a diverse use, as seen by its use at the London 2012 Olympics and the 2013 Eurovision Song Contest and most recently the COP21 Climate Change conference in Paris. As well as implementing the ISO standard, COP21 also choose to seek certification to the standard, to give a very clear message that their commitment to climate change could itself be aided by running the COP21 conference according to this standard. Further details of this can be seen here and on the COP21 website, which demonstrates ISO 20121 as part of the circular economy. The EPA has recently revised the requirements for testing and certification of new residential wood heaters and other products listed in 40 CFR Part 60. Accreditation of conformity assessment bodies in the field of environmental testing supports the Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic.
Leading standards include ISO 14001 Environmental Management System standard and ISO 50001 Energy Management System standard, as well as standards used to limit greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations in the Earth’s atmosphere (ISO 14064 series & ISO 14065).


These standards have been used in a variety of mandatory and voluntary schemes from carbon trading to sustainable development policy. The US Department of Energy provides positive endorsement of the benefits value of ISO 50001 Energy Management. Two routes are offered by the regulation under the energy efficiency improvement measures to be taken by Member States is that  companies have an energy management system in accordance with ISO 50001 standard certified by an accredited conformity assessment body.
The ENERGY STAR and WaterSense programs include requirements that test data from third-party laboratories come from labs accredited by signatories to the ILAC MRA. In addition, there is a proposed rule to control formaldehyde emissions from composite wood products to require test results from a laboratory accredited by an ILAC MRA signatory accreditation body.
Environmental laboratories performing analysis in support of restoration work for the Department of Defence (DoD) must be accredited by an accreditation body that is a signatory to the ILAC MRA. The DoD Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Program uses only accreditation bodies that are ILAC MRA signatories.
In Norway, the Ministry of Health & Care Services has introduced a range of measures to strengthen the public health system. The Swedish Minister of Trade highlighted how standards and certification can be used in tackling even the most complex issues.
The advent of Energy Efficiency (12-I and 12-L) Tax Incentives, where a high level of accuracy is required, necessitated the introduction of an independent accreditation system to ensure that Measurement & Verification Practitioners have the necessary competence, which includes qualifications, systems and (calibrated) equipment in place, to accurately perform the task.
In south Wales, Neath Port Talbot County Borough Council have used certification to both ISO 14001 and ISO 9001 to prove its commitment to a responsible approach to the environment and quality, with certification to both delivering these and matching the expectations of its local residents who expect a proactive, transparent approach to council management. MINSAL, the Department of Health in Chile, requires the use of accredited laboratories to test hazardous waste materials.
Accredia, in support of the Ministry of the Environment, has set simpler regulations for the use of Fluorinated gases, thereby reducing costs for business and reducing CFC-gas emissions in accordance with the Kyoto Protocol.
By obtaining certification to ISO 50001 energy management system standard, Sheffield Hallam University in northern England has achieved reductions in carbon emissions and energy costs. In London, the City of London Corporation has implemented ISO 50001 with the very specific aim to help in its six year plan started in 2009 to reduce energy costs by 15%, believing that by implementing that standard will help them achieve this target by making their efforts more visible both internally and externally.
In Taiwan the Ministry of Economic Affairs’ Bureau of Energy and Industrial Development Bureau are encouraging the use of ISO 50001 in their efforts to get businesses to conserve energy and reduce their carbon impact. The Green Deal, an environmental initiative launched by the Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC) aims to revolutionise the energy efficiency of domestic properties. The New Approach has a number of objectives, all seeking to use standardisation, to achieve aims such as supporting the single European market – especially for products, reducing barriers to trade, increasing product safety, delivering an efficient system based on consensus standards. Product areas covered by the New Approach vary from toys to pressure equipment, from boilers to boats, from medical devices to explosives. The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) is a trade agreement, released on November 5th 2015, between twelve Pacific Rim countries. Accreditation, recognised by existing regional and international mutual recognition Arrangements (the ILAC MRA and IAF MLA) is referenced as being as a key measure to support trade through the removal of technical barriers. The twelve Pacific-rim countries include Mexico, New Zealand, Australia, Brunei, Chile, Singapore, Canada, Japan, Malaysia, Peru, Vietnam and the USA.
In this paper, the authors explore the relationship between firms’ external knowledge sourcing and their decision to participate in standardization alliances.
External knowledge sourcing and involvement in standardization-Evidence from the community innovation survey (PDF Download Available). The national quality infrastructure (NQI) is the institutional framework that establishes and implements standardization, including conformity assessment services, metrology, and accreditation. Research carried out by the Centre for Economics and Business (Cebr) concludes that standards boost UK productivity and improve performance, kick-start innovation, and support UK domestic and international trade. The report analyses the macroeconomic and microeconomic impact of BSI’s consensus based voluntary standards across the UK economy. This article investigates the impact of ISO 14001 certification on the compliance with environmental regulations by Korean companies.
The certified and non-certified companies’ environmental regulation violation (ERV) rates were 3·5% and 11·6%, respectively, in 1997.
The results strongly demonstrate that firms in possession of a formal EMS perceive impacts well beyond pollution abatement and see a critical positive impact on many dimensions of operations performance.
From the origianl 300 SMEs approached who had certification for ISO 9001 quality management system standard, with 46 giving valid responses from a variety of sectors. The key element of the research was then to explore the benefits gained from the integration of the management systems. Voluntary environmental programs are codes of progressive environmental conduct that firms pledge to adopt.
As a result of increasing global awareness about the importance of the environment, depletion of natural resources and legal pressures for companies to manage their processes in a sustainable manner, ISO 14001 systems have been gaining increasingly more importance in the organizational scenario.
A questionnaire was sent to 194 companies from the National Institute of Metrology, Standardization and Industrial Quality database. The conclusion of the research ‘indicates that joining ISO 14001, an important nongovernmental voluntary program, improves facilities’ compliance with government regulations.
The report goes on to say , ‘The results imply that as a group ISO 14001 certified facilities have better compliance records than if they had not joined the program’. The Action Plan sets out 10 actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to meet the commitments under the Climate Change Act 2010. The scheme is established in the Victorian Energy Efficiency Target Act 2007 (the VEET Act).
Action is required to prepare Victorian households and businesses to address rising energy costs. Energy consumption from the manufacturing, residential and commercial sectors are responsible for a majority of “end-use” emissions. Tradable certificates are created when residential energy consumers undertake a ‘prescribed activity’ to improve the energy efficiency of their house. This national approach has potential benefits, however it will be important to ensure that Victorian businesses and consumers are not disadvantaged, should this recommendation be implemented. Businesses require regulatory certainty to support their business models, and this development of the Energy Saver Incentive provides that certainty.
Under a carbon tax, the abatement savings derived from the Energy Saver Incentive will be “additional” to the pricing mechanism. The Regulatory Impact Statement for the Victorian Energy Efficiency Target scheme published in September 2008, and the Prime Minister’s Task Group Report explore in detail the market failures that constrain the uptake of energy saving activities. When information has public good characteristics it is likely to be underprovided by the private sector as there is little incentive to do this.
Skills gaps can occur for energy users, business providing energy efficiency services, and those providing auxiliary services such as finance, valuation and legal services.
Motivation will be weak where businesses that bear the costs of undertaking energy-efficiency actions do not enjoy the benefits.
Energy efficiency can benefit other parties, where this ‘externality’ is not valued then the potential benefits may not be appreciated.
Small businesses tend to be ‘time poor’ and focused on their core income generation activities.
These include the Grow Me the Money and Resource Smart programs, which provide a range of sustainability resources for SMEs and the Carbon Down program which provides business partnership opportunities to promote emission reduction. Additionally, the NFEE research has found that savings of up to 30% per annum could be found from a targeted program in organisations that have not actively managed energy previously. Larger users have a more sophisticated understanding of their energy consumption and a greater incentive to act. More than 440,000 households have participated in the scheme in the thirteen months to 31 January 2010.
Hot water upgrades also generated a large number of certificates, due to the fact that this activity mitigates a significant level of greenhouse gas emissions. This provides a sound basis for further consideration of an increase in the scheme target and broadening of existing activities.
This is to be expected during the initial phase of the scheme, where those measures that can be provided at a lower cost will be delivered first.
Any person can become accredited and create certificates under the scheme (subject to eligibility requirements). This is consistent with forecasts undertaken by government leading up to the introduction of the scheme.
Lighting, heating and cooling, refrigeration and hot water generation are activities undertaken by many SMEs. A clear and easily administered definition is required in order to enable effective administration. A simple definition of included SMEs will assist in minimising the administrative burden for the ESC and for participating SMEs. Businesses covered under the EREP Program could be exempted from the Energy Saver Incentive Program, promoting coverage of the remaining businesses. This approach may have the benefit of allowing a simpler definition in the legislation and regulations. These definitions are unrelated to the objectives of the scheme, and would require additional actions by the ESC and SMEs to determine inclusion. There may also be a benefit in excluding specific types of enterprises where this would demonstrably improve the policy outcome. Under the Commonwealth Government Energy Efficiency Opportunities scheme, participation is mandatory where corporations use more than 0.5PJ of energy per year. It will be important to ensure these businesses can benefit from the scheme without undue burden. If it was decided to allow some public sector entities to be eligible under the scheme, it could still be desirable to specifically exclude Government departments. If the burden of proof is too high, participants may find this a barrier to benefiting from the scheme.
This data allows greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction rates to be determined which assist retailers to calculate the total amount in tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent of greenhouse emissions they are liable for in respect of electricity and gas in a year, and hence the number of certificates they must acquire and acquit in a reporting year. Its chief purpose is to allocate energy retailers their proportionate share of the certificate obligation.
The existing rationale may simply be adopted, by including acquisitions from the SME sector, or through an alternative approach, such as simply considering total retailer energy acquisitions.
Eligible activities are currently limited to the residential setting, and are listed in the Victorian Energy Efficiency Target Regulations (the regulations).
These factors are described in the regulations, along with either the number of certificates allocated to each measure, or an algorithm which can be used to calculate the number of certificates allocated. While straightforward deeming might be applicable to certain activities in the SME sector (eg simple lamp replacements), for other activities it might be necessary to take a different approach. The activity could be valued by considering the difference in energy consumption before and after the installation of the activity, or set of activities, through meter-reading. The increased cost of verifying this approach might also warrant a minimum certificate threshold before such an approach could apply. This type of approach is currently used for some SMEs under the NSW Government’s Energy Savings Scheme.
Finally, media and public relations promotion of the scheme has also been delivered by the Victorian Government from the program’s inception.
Contact details at the period of submission may have changed, If you require further assistance please contact us. Momentum Energy is fully owned by Hydro Tasmania, one of the largest clean energy producers in Australia. Momentum recognises that the creation of a market for energy efficiency via the Energy Saver Incentive Scheme (ESI Scheme) has contributed to a reduction in Victorian energy demand. This barrier will be reduced by the impending roll out of widespread flexible pricing in Victoria, although Momentum notes that, at the time that the Victorian Government will make a decision on the future of the ESI Scheme, it will have at its disposal only limited data about the take up of and outcomes from widespread flexible pricing. In particular, the extent to which SPCs have overwhelmed the market for Victorian Energy Efficiency Certificates (VEECs) since early 2012, driving down the VEEC price, has crowded out non-household energy efficiency activity.
Our experience in relation to the development of the National Energy Customer Framework would indicate that the theory that a NESI would be an improvement would not necessarily translate to practical reality.
We ask that decision makers give appropriate weight to the fact that retailers and other scheme participants desperately want regulatory certainty. Halogen lights also typically output 500 or more lumens, however they become dull over time. So, not only are you saving money, electricity and a fire risk, but you’re also saving time, as you don’t have to climb a ladder and replace burnt out bulbs as often. Upgrading your downlights, for free, is just one way you can help with Victoria and Australia’s target to reduce our carbon footprint. We’d recommend in future not publishing your contact information on our blog but get in touch with us directly. Green certificates are traded in a regulated market at a defined price range; number of certificates is differentiated by technology and they are provided for each MW produced from renewable sources.
In fact, EU allocated more than 3Ba‚¬ to Romania as structural funds for Country development in 2007-13 timeframe; 25% of them are dedicated to renewable energy market development. Environmental audits and impact assessments will not be accepted by the Ministry unless they are covered by accreditation. The assessment and monitoring of public places such as as workplaces to detect the presence of pathological germs or viruses that could hazardous to human health, will help to support public health.
Every action counts, from relying on tap water instead of plastic bottles to encouraging use of public transport. Department of Energy programme that involves LED products for general illumination from manufacturers who commit to testing products and reporting performance results according to industry standards. For example a list of accredited testing laboratories providing analysis for the purpose of the PCB register is placed on the ministry website.
This principle applies to the world of energy management—an area of growing interest and concern to enterprises around the world due to its potential to help control costs, boost energy efficiency, improve environmental quality and enhance competitiveness’. One of these requirements is for the establishment of environmental management systems and subsequent certification of the management system according to ISO 14001 standard by the end of 2014 for all hospitals. As part of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Minister spoke of how specific standards can deal with definable issues such as measuring greenhouse gas emissions (ISO 14064 and ISO 14065), through to generic standards such as ISO 14001 helping to embed the right culture in organisations to help tackle key issues. The aim is to guarantee the independence, impartiality and competence of conformity assessment against the reference standards. The Regulations (CE) 842:2006 have been simplified for certifying bodies, technical personnel and training organizations who deal with the installation, maintenance and repair of fridges, freezers, air-conditioners, heat pumps, anti-incendiary systems and fire extinguishers. Working with the Taiwan Green Productivity Foundation (TGPF) and funded by the Bureau of Energy, this encouragement includes publicity, workshops and the provision of funding from both agencies for businesses to obtain certification to ISO 50001.
To provide reassurance to those undertaking improvements on their homes, DECC has announced that it will require installers and assessors to be subject to accredited certification.
They use multivariate Probit and ordered Probit models to analyze how company internal and external factors influence the perception of benefits from accredited certification.


Based on micro data they show that the importance of external knowledge is positively correlated with participation in standardization.
Governments play a crucial role in designing, developing, and implementing an effective NQI.
It concludes that they are a vital part of the strength of UK industry and play a crucial and often invisible role in supporting economic growth. The impact of ISO 14001 certification on the industry was studied through a questionnaire survey and the compliance of environmental regulations were investigated using government-released data. In 1998, the ERV rate had an eight-time difference with 1·0% and 8·5% for certified and non-certified companies, respectively.
Prior research has focused on the need for such activities, while current research tries to identify those components that encourage or discourage such activities. The results also show that firms having gone through EMS certification experience a greater impact on performance than do firms that have not certified their EMS. Of these 17 were also certified to ISO 14001 and 12 had OHSAS 18001 Health & Safety certification.
The two overriding benefits of OHSAS 18001 certification were,the improvement of working conditions and ensuring compliance with regulation. This paper investigates whether ISO 14001, a voluntary program with a weak sword—a weak monitoring and sanctioning mechanism—can mitigate shirking and improve participants’ environmental performance. These elements are even more critical in emerging nations due to less awareness and fewer demands by governments and the population in relation to environmental issues. Referred to as a ‘club’, these clubs ‘promulgate standards of conduct targeted to produce public benefits by changing members’ behaviors’. We conjecture that ISO 14001 is effective because its broad positive standing with external audiences provides a reputational benefit that helps induce facilities to take costly progressive environmental action they would not take unilaterally’. At the heart of this is the behaviour that membership of the ‘club’, in this case being certified, promotes. Included in the Action Plan is a Victorian Government commitment to doubling the Victorian Energy Saver Incentive (ESI) scheme target, and expanding the scheme to include small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) subject to a Regulatory Impact Statement. This paper does not directly address the issues raised in the Task Group’s report or seek comment on its recommendations.
Support for local business innovation is important to ensure Victoria can benefit from emerging opportunities in expanding sectors such as energy efficiency. Currently the Energy Saver Incentive scheme plays a key role in reducing residential greenhouse gas emissions in Victoria and helping consumers adjust to rising energy prices.
Significant further consultation and regulatory development would be required before such a broad scale proposal can be delivered. A strong program will be of significant benefit to Victoria whether or not a national program is developed.
In the presence of an emissions trading scheme (ETS), the Energy Saver Incentive will not provide additional abatement beyond the set target of the ETS, although it will deliver low-cost abatement from measures that are difficult to fully incentivise through an ETS due to residual market barriers. Therefore there is insufficient information available about the benefits of investing in equipment and technology that yield long-term savings that outweigh initial costs.
For example, landlords and tenants in commercial buildings have different incentives for energy-efficiency upgrades.
For example where decision makers do not consider improved energy efficiency to be worthy of investigation.
For example, energy efficiency can reduce the need for investment in expanded energy supply, or innovation can lead to benefits for others who have not borne the initial investment costs. Where a business has a low energy cost as a proportion of total operating cost, this may also reduce focus on energy efficiency measures. Their capacity to respond is also assisted by state and federal government policy interventions. As these items are exhausted, and the target expanded, the cost of certificate generation is expected to increase. The Victorian Guide to Regulation outlines the elements of a RIS to achieve best-practice regulation and minimise community burden. Given the Victorian Government’s intent to increase the target, and include SMEs, further analysis is required to forecast the energy efficiency or fuel substitution activities that are likely be taken-up in the expanded scheme and the likely “share” of the activity between residential and SME sectors. However, there may be opportunities to expand or refine the list of activities to take account of other new opportunities specific to SME operations. A definition that is consistent with other schemes or classifications would be advantageous, but not at the expense of the efficient and effective operation of the Energy Saver Incentive scheme. However the energy consumption of the remaining businesses and industries varies widely and may require a variety of approaches to enable their appropriate inclusion. Furthermore, this method has the benefit of utilising established consumption brackets to facilitate consistency. For example, consider the common situation where major retail chains operate a number of shopfronts in shopping centres across Victoria. It also may be difficult to separate public and private schools and hospitals, as many private facilities also draw on public funding.
While the obligation relates to the residential sector, this does not impact the way in which retailers determine their tariffs as they apply to various classes of customers. Where data is unavailable, an estimate could be made of the annual energy savings; the number of certificates allocated could be calculated from the annual abatement multiplied by the assumed lifetime of the measure, mediated with a risk or confidence factor.
Much has been written about the issue of whether SPCs are achieving the abatement conferred on them by the ESI Scheme. The latter problem was recognised a very long time ago but the corrective legislation will commence on 10 July 2013. Even so, it seems odd that there could be a full review of alternative options to the ESI Scheme with consideration of these options. This would benefit retailers, as well as consumers, who would not have to face the billing adjustment necessarily imposed by the current process.
If the outcome of the Review is that the ESI Scheme is closed on 31 December 2014, with or without replacement by an alternative mechanism, it is imperative that this happens within the timeline indicated in the Issues Paper.
It’s quite common for our customers to feedback just how much brighter LEDs appear after an upgrade because they have become so used to dull halogens providing inefficient light. Upgrading your lights reduces the amount of energy your home consumes, and thus the carbon emissions from generating that energy.
Moreover, National and Local Authorities are publishing a pipeline of tenders which aim to develop further renewable energy initiatives in Romania. The programme requires the use of accredited testing laboratories and will accept results from laboratories accredited by ILAC MRA signatories.
Competent bodies are designated by the Ministry of the Environment which require a certificate of accreditation. Benefits from accredited certification are divided into added value for the organization, increased sales and regulatory compliance.
This suggests that firms aim to access the knowledge of other companies and stakeholders in order to increase their own knowledge base. Developing an NQI begins with an assessment of the current system and identification of areas where reforms are required. The motivation for an environment management system was a result of the current international situation and the need to maintain fair competition. Annual regulation violation rates were reduced from 3·5% in 1997 to 1·0% in 1998 with certified companies and from 11·6% in 1997 to 8·5% in 1998 with their non-certified counterparts, respectively. As a result of the introduction of ISO 14001, attention has turned to corporate environmental management systems (EMS). Additionally, experience with these systems over time has a greater impact on the selection and use of environmental options.
Sponsored by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), ISO 14001 is the most widely adopted voluntary environmental program in the world. Therefore, the main objective of this study is to verify the benefits and difficulties of Environmental Management Systems based on ISO 14001 at industries in the state of Sao Paulo – Brazil (an emerging country) by conducting a survey to subsidize the proposal for actions in the public, academic and private sectors to promote the use of this standard of reference and strengthen its results in Brazil. The main benefits identified are related to the development of preventive environmental actions, reduction in the consumption of power, water, gas and fuel oil, and a positive influence on other internal management processes.
In particular, the research sought to understand if certification to ISO 14001 reduces time spent complying with government regulation, in this case the Clean Air Act in the US. For example the report states, ‘We conjecture that ISO 14001’s mandated third-party auditing mitigates wilful noncompliance by compelling members to measure up to club standards while ISO 14001’s EMS standards address noncompliance stemming from ignorance by directing members’ attention to root causes of regulatory noncompliance’. If stakeholders feel it is necessary to include comments on the Task Group report as part of their response to this Issues Paper, please ensure these comments are clearly separated from the responses to the issues raised in this paper. Each certificate represents a tonne of lifetime greenhouse gas emission savings (carbon dioxide equivalent). This approach supports the COAG Complementarity Principles, developed to guide the assessment of emission reduction measures to complement emissions trading. For example, property owners can be unaware of their buildings’ energy consumption, and small businesses can be unaware of the energy implications of their consumer choices. For example if the financial sector does not recognise returns on energy efficiency projects they may not proceed. Energy using appliances, including heating and cooling systems, may not be under the control of small businesses, reducing the opportunity to directly address consumption. For example the Victorian Government’s Energy and Resource Efficiency Plan regulatory measure and the Commonwealth’s Energy Efficiency Opportunities Program are aimed at large energy users. The first three year phase of the scheme, to be completed by the end of 2011, will save 8.1 million tonnes of greenhouse gas over the lifetime of the activities undertaken. This analysis will inform an analysis of the costs and benefits of expanding the scheme, including estimating the cost of compliance and the types of eligible activities that could be considered to meet the target. Inclusion of those activities that have a measurable level of energy savings and have wide application will be most appropriate. Sites with significant energy consumption are therefore already covered through this program. It may be appropriate to exclude any corporation (and covered lower energy using sites) that triggers the EEO energy use threshold. There is room for debate about the critiques but what is certain is that one can have much higher confidence in the real abatement of many of the energy efficiency activities crowded out by SPCs (eg business lighting). Retailers that operate in multiple energy markets face inconsistent energy efficiency schemes, resulting in additional costs for end consumers. This change would not compromise the objectives of the ESI Scheme, as the achievement of the scheme target could be balanced out the following year. Also, by the time that the RIS is scheduled for release (December 2013), it will already be too late to close the scheme any earlier than 31 December 2014. EPA cites these international arrangements to provide greater assurance to consumers that products carrying the ENERGY STAR and WaterSense labels meet strict program requirements.
The objective is to have 6oo organisations certified to the standard in a five year period, obtaining the benefits from the standard through its implementation and certification.
It will provide end consumers with confidence that there is a complete chain of competence right through to the organisations or individuals undertaking the Green Deal projects.
As for company external factors, they find that benefits from certification are higher for companies that went through a challenging certification process, had a competent certification body team, and are aware of the importance of accreditation. The analysis also shows that firms cooperating with different actors are more likely to join standardization. The legal framework should establish transparent, independent institutions within a national structure that can work with international organizations such as the World Trade Organization (WTO). ISO 14001 certified companies showed more improvment than non-certified companies in regards to environmental performance.
The underlying assumption is that such a system is critical to a firm’s ability to reduce waste and pollution while simultaneously improving overall performance. These results demonstrate the need for further investigation into EMS, the environmental options a firm chooses, and the direct and indirect relationships between these systems and performance. The main difficulties are related to cost increases from ISO 14001 management systems and the constant changes in environmental legislation in Brazil. To do this, an empirical analysis of 3700 US facilities compared the regulatory records of certified and non-certified facilities. Energy retailers must acquire and surrender the appropriate number of certificates per year to fulfil their legislated obligation. It will assist in reducing the societal costs of achieving a specified greenhouse abatement target. Gathering trustworthy information is costly and time consuming; linking action to energy bills may be difficult for consumers. The many and varied energy efficiency schemes across the national electricity market would be more predictable and less costly for consumers, more attractive to energy efficiency operators, and less onerous for retailers if there was a common, mutually recognised approach to just a couple of basic system features like accreditation and deeming values for particular activities. Due to the positive relationships with incoming knowledge spillovers and forms of cooperation, they conclude that standardization represents a specific form of collaborative knowledge-sharing and knowledge-creating strategy. The World Bank and other donor agencies are assisting a number of countries in the development of NQIs in order to encourage industrial development, reduce barriers to trade and entrepreneurship, and facilitate global technical cooperation.
Clean Air Act suggests that ISO 14001-certified facilities reduce their pollution emissions more than non-certified facilities.
Some actions are proposed at the end of the analyses to intensify the use and improve the results of this standard, such as changes in government legislation and its collective development and implementation in industries. This is proportional to their acquisition of residential electricity and gas for the previous year.
For example, unlike in NSW, Victorian business are not able to receive recognition (and extra certificates) for extended hours lighting that is run for more than the allocated 3000 hours per annum.
They find that the benefits from accredited certification are largest when companies become certified in order to improve their own business performance. In addition, we are able to show that absorptive capacity measured via companies’ research intensity promotes the involvement in standardization. Drawing on data provided by a survey of North American managers, their attitudes toward EMS and ISO 14001, this study assesses the relative effects of having a formal but uncertified EMS compared to having a formal, certified system. This is an area where the ESI Scheme could be altered to provide for harmonisation and to giveVictorian business greater incentive to participate.
Dividing the sample in high-income and middle income countries shows that the latter put more emphasis on company internal improvement through certification and are more likely to benefit from certification when they employ an external consultant.
That is, smaller companies have a lower probability to benefit from certification compared to larger companies.



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