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admin 07.03.2015

Several Winter Equestrian Festival show jumping events in Wellington were cancelled, three local stables closed and several dozen horses quarantined after a horse tested positive for the deadly equine herpes virus, Gossip Extra has learned.
World-class equestrian and polo competitions now underway attract thousands of valuable horses and their famous owners, including Microsoft founder Bill Gates, rocker Bruce Springsteen, actor Tommy Lee Jones and New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg, among others.
Horse owners dread the equine herpes virus, or EHV-1, because it spreads between horses through nose-to-nose contact, including sneezing, in stables. I’m told by a source that one horse from Ocala stabled at the Grand Prix Village near the showgrounds tested positive for the disease in a blood test. So far, the animal and the others it came in contact with in that barn are not showing signs of neurological damage from the illness.
No other horse associated with the giant festival has tested positive, according to Winter Equestrian Festival organizers. Fran Jurga keeps you up-to-date in this blog on news about horse health, care, equine science and research that affects horses. USDA Files Proposed Soring Rule Change for White House Approval: Will pad stacks be banned? EHV types 1 & 4 cause snots and fever, but EHV-1 can cause abortions, foal deaths and paralysis at any age. The most effective preventative measure is to minimize exposure of horses to sources of virus. EHV can survive in the environment and on surfaces for at least a week and up to a month, but luckily it is easily killed by most disinfectants. Horse infection control programs that are not dependent solely on vaccination are important. If feasible, horses should be segregated into groups that avoid the mixing of yearlings with older animals, pregnant with non-pregnant mares, horses with donkeys, etc.
A horse temprarily removed from a group, for a show or competition, should also have a 4 week isolation period prior to being reintroduced back into the group. Any horse previously infected with EHV should be regarded as a potential and permanent source of infection for others horses and its surroundings. The latently infected horse is usually a silent carrier who, in response to external stressors, sheds infectious EHV into the environment. Due to the high prevelance of EHV latency in horses it is difficult to identify and seperate these carriers from the herd.
Anyone who owns a horse knows that at some time or another their precious steeds will need to see a vet.
There are two strains of the virus with the first one being EHV1 and the second being EHV4. When it comes to EHV4, this second strain of the equine herpes virus is more commonly the cause of respiratory problems. When it comes to what sort of threat equine herpes may pose to your horses' health, the answer is that you do need to first recognise there is a problem and then secondly you should isolate your horse and seek advice from your vet. If you think your infected horse may have come into contact with any other horses on a yard, then these horses must remain on the yard until your vet has seen your horse and confirmed that it is in fact equine herpes. Horses can carry the equine herpes virus and some may never show any signs of having the condition.

There is a combined vaccine that covers both strains of the virus and there are others which work specifically on each strain. Most vets and the Animal Health Trust advice horse owners to only vaccinate a healthy horse. However, if your horse has suffered from either of the equine viruses in the past and has recovered from the disease, they can be safely given the vaccine – so long as they have fully recovered and are not showing any signs of a respiratory problem. Vets and the Animal Health Trust encourage horse owners to start a routine vaccination program on their horses when they are young. Any new horses arriving on a yard, whether a private or livery yard should be kept away from other horses. STUNNING WELSH SEC A'S FOR SALE 10 minutes agoWanted someone to part loan my Irish draught mare.
Avoid crowding, poor nutritional state, heavy parasite infestation, lengthy transport, disruption of established social groups, harsh weather and other disease states. It could be to get their flu and tetanus shots up to date or it could be as a result of them injuring themselves – something horses tend to be good at doing.
It can also cause mares to abort their foals but it is rarer than when a horse has contracted EHV1 for this to happen. Horses with the condition should not even touch noses with another horse and you should wash your hands each time you groom or touch them. The vet will then  take the necessary steps to treat all horses that may be infected with the virus. Some people think most older horses do in fact, carry the virus having been exposed to it at some point in their lives.
Should there be an ongoing outbreak of the virus, then no horses should be vaccinated as this would reduce the risk of horses that are incubating the disease from being given the vaccine.
Your vet would want to make certain a horse is not at the incubation stage of the virus too. This is the best way to ensure your horse does not contract the virus and the only really effective way of preventing the spread of the infection from horse to horse. This means stabling them away from other animals and having a turnout paddock that is away from other horses. New horses need to be quarantined when they first arrive on a yard not only to ensure they are not infected with equine herpes but any other conditions too.
Two stables off the grounds remain closed for now, but the festival returns to its normal schedule tomorrow. However, there are other conditions which may arise and which need veterinary attention – one of which is equine herpes. The former may cause respiratory problems but it can also cause pregnant mares to abort their foals.
Any trailers or lorries a horse has been in, needs to be disinfected afterwards as well – your vet should be able to advise which disinfectants are the most effective to use. However, if you are concerned, then a simple blood test will reveal if a horse has been exposed or not – with one problem being the test cannot differentiate if the antibodies are actually caused by the herpes virus or by a vaccination a horse may have be given. All vaccines do work effectively on the respiratory effects of both strains on horses, but they are not effective against the paralytic form of the virus.

Should a horse that is incubating the virus be given the vaccine, it could make matters worse resulting in the horse suffering a much more severe bout of equine herpes whichever strain it happens to be.
There is a downside because the vaccine is not as effective when administered to a carrier horse.
In brief, new animals need to be kept in quarantine to ensure they are not incubating the disease. As well as fomites, such as tack, buckets, clothing, grooming equipment, bedding and boots.
In very rare cases, EHV1 may be the cause of neurological problems which can lead to paralysis. It's the best measure to set in place to avoid equine herpes from being transmitted to any other horses already on a yard.
And where are my gloves?While most barns are very responsible about scheduling fall shots and checking into winter nutritional programs for horses coming off grass, there's a little something to keep in the back of your mind.
Each horse on a yard should have their own equipment so that diseases and viruses are not spread by accident from horse to horse. Something that has no vaccine but is a real risk to your horse.This is the time of the year when horses are in heavy transit.
If you have any doubts or worries about your horse having equine herpes, you need to talk to your vet as soon as possible whilst at the same time isolating them from any other horses.
There's the mass migration to Florida (those lucky people and horses) and there are hundreds or even thousands of horses on the roads to and from Oklahoma for the year-end shows.The most telltale sign of herpes virus is thick, yellow mucus. Do you have a plan to be able to isolate a sick horse from the other animals who share his stable or pasture? And one that a vaccination won't cover is the neurological form of Equine Herpes, which is now known as Equine herpesvirus myeloencephalopathy (EHM).
There are actually nine forms of Equine Herpes, but people are usually concerned with three forms.
Robert Ehlenfeldt, has issued a special warning to horse owners in that northern state, but it makes plenty of sense, so I thought I would pass some of his points on to you so you could do what you can to protect your horse.Equine herpes virus type 1, or EHV-1, usually causes a respiratory infection called rhino-pneumonitis.
But it also has a more serious, often fatal, neurologic form that strikes the horse's central nervous system.A recent study by researchers at the University of Kentucky found that the neurologic form is increasingly prevalent. Historically, they found that only about three percent of EHV-1 cases were neurologic in the 1960s.
The neurologic strain may cause horses to be uncoordinated, unable to stand, and unable to eliminate urine and manure. EHV-1 vaccines are not effective against the neurologic form.Some horses do stand with crossed legs while on cross-tied, but it is not normal for most horses in general stance.
Click here to begin the download.I thought this brochure was really helpful, and up to date. I hope you never need it, but if you have a horse on your property with any suspicious symptoms, this brochure will be very useful to have.

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