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admin 08.12.2014

Several Winter Equestrian Festival show jumping events in Wellington were cancelled, three local stables closed and several dozen horses quarantined after a horse tested positive for the deadly equine herpes virus, Gossip Extra has learned. World-class equestrian and polo competitions now underway attract thousands of valuable horses and their famous owners, including Microsoft founder Bill Gates, rocker Bruce Springsteen, actor Tommy Lee Jones and New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg, among others. Horse owners dread the equine herpes virus, or EHV-1, because it spreads between horses through nose-to-nose contact, including sneezing, in stables. I’m told by a source that one horse from Ocala stabled at the Grand Prix Village near the showgrounds tested positive for the disease in a blood test.
So far, the animal and the others it came in contact with in that barn are not showing signs of neurological damage from the illness.
No other horse associated with the giant festival has tested positive, according to Winter Equestrian Festival organizers. Equine Rhinopneumonitis (Herpes virus) is the generalized name for Equine herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1) and Equine herpesvirus type 4 (EHV-4) can each infect the respiratory tract, Infection of the respiratory tract with EHV-1 and EHV-4 typically first occurs in foals in the first weeks or months of life, but recurrent or recrudescent clinically apparent infections are seen in weanlings, yearlings, and young horses entering training, especially when horses from different sources are commingled. Equine Rhinopneumonitis Transmission: Both EHV-1 and EHV-4 spread via aerosolized secretions from infected coughing horses, by direct and indirect contact with nasal secretions, and, in the case of EHV-1, contact with aborted fetuses, fetal fluids, and placentae associated with abortions. Equine Rhinopneumonitis Treatment: Primary indications for use of equine herpesvirus vaccines include prevention of EHV-1-induced abortion in pregnant mares, and reduction of signs and spread respiratory tract disease (rhinopneumonitis) in foals, weanlings, yearlings, young performance and show horses that are at high risk for exposure. EHV types 1 & 4 cause snots and fever, but EHV-1 can cause abortions, foal deaths and paralysis at any age. The most effective preventative measure is to minimize exposure of horses to sources of virus. EHV can survive in the environment and on surfaces for at least a week and up to a month, but luckily it is easily killed by most disinfectants. Horse infection control programs that are not dependent solely on vaccination are important. If feasible, horses should be segregated into groups that avoid the mixing of yearlings with older animals, pregnant with non-pregnant mares, horses with donkeys, etc.

A horse temprarily removed from a group, for a show or competition, should also have a 4 week isolation period prior to being reintroduced back into the group. Any horse previously infected with EHV should be regarded as a potential and permanent source of infection for others horses and its surroundings.
The latently infected horse is usually a silent carrier who, in response to external stressors, sheds infectious EHV into the environment. Due to the high prevelance of EHV latency in horses it is difficult to identify and seperate these carriers from the herd. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Equine herpesvirus type 1 causes epidemic abortion in mares, the birth of weak nonviable foals, or a sporadic paralytic neurologic disease (myeloencephalopathy) secondary to vasculitis of the spinal cord and brain.
One thing that all herpes viruses have in common is their ability to live within their host indefinitely. Many horses do produce post-vaccinal antibodies against EHV, but the presence of those antibodies does not ensure complete protection.
Avoid crowding, poor nutritional state, heavy parasite infestation, lengthy transport, disruption of established social groups, harsh weather and other disease states.
Tell a friend about us, add a link to this page, or visit the webmaster's page for free fun content. Two stables off the grounds remain closed for now, but the festival returns to its normal schedule tomorrow.
Because both viruses are endemic (widespread) in most equine populations, most mature horses have developed some immunity through repeated natural exposure; thus, most mature horses do not develop serious respiratory disease when they become infected but may be a source of exposure for other susceptible horses.
Equine Rhinopneumonitis is spread between coughing horses or on the hands of unknowing people. Once a horse is infected with Equine Rhinopneumonitis, it seems that infection can be reactivated later when the horse is stressed.

In most cases, EHV 1 is spread via respiratory transmission so wherever horses are brought together from different yards there is the possibility for the disease to spread if one of the horses present is affected. In contrast, horses are not protected against the abortigenic or neurologic forms of the disease, even after repeated exposure, and mature horses are in fact more commonly affected by the neurologic form of the disease than are juvenile animals. As well as fomites, such as tack, buckets, clothing, grooming equipment, bedding and boots. Illinois State Veterinarian Mark Ernst said two horses were euthanized and a third horse has shown neurological problems from the infection, the Chicago Tribune reported.Obamas Announce Daughter Malia's College Decision The virus commonly known as EHV-1 can cause respiratory problems, abortion, neurological disease and death in newborns.
This disease is complicated because like other strains of the virus, Equine Herpes has a varied period of symptom dormancy (not showing symptoms) while it is still able to infect other horses. A high fever precedes the development of signs ranging from loss of coordination and weakness to paralysis. Occasionally the illness will leave the horse susceptible to bacterial pneumonia or a guttural-pouch infection.
These horses may recover with nursing care, but it can take anywhere from a few days to several months. Affected horses will tend to be disinterested and off their food, as well as showing typical respiratory disease signs such as coughing and a nasal discharge.
Gifford is about 25 miles northeast of Champaign.The facility that hosted the event has closed for three weeks to disinfect and has canceled shows.

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