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admin 08.01.2016

The phrase “open architecture” probably elicits a beautiful picture of a roofless garden or a spacious home with many windows, few walls, and as little a barrier as possible between human and nature.
In this way, open architecture proponents see it as a way to highlight home energy consumption and hopefully decrease it, making it more efficient, in the future.
In computer science, some researchers have proposed using open architecture to make homeowners aware of their energy consumption, causing them to do better from knowing better. Another proposal, this time focusing on energy consumption in businesses, designed, “an open architecture for a system with the potential to encourage sustainable energy usage within residential environments. In both scenarios, allowing users to easily access their energy consumption via open architecture-created data visualizations will spur homeowners to track what they’re consuming and calculating the costs of keeping up their habits as is or the potential savings from changing them.
Within this curriculum, learning about databases, health informatics, and public policy, students can apply this knowledge to understanding and tracking the implications of mass energy consumption in an era where sustained renewable energy is becoming a real possibility and energy costs are constantly rising. The EIA's most recent (2009) Residential Energy Consumption Survey details this shift in how energy is consumed in homes. More specifically, the survey found that space heating accounted for the largest share (42 percent) of energy usage in homes, followed by electronics, lighting, and appliances (30 percent), water heating (18 percent), air conditioning (6 percent), and refrigeration (5 percent). Home energy consumption is responsible for a major fraction of the average American's carbon emissions -- roughly 32 percent, according to the Union of Concerned Scientists -- and offers significant opportunities for greater efficiencies.
Start by becoming familiar with the information contained in your natural gas and electric bills and then track your energy usage from month to month.
The "meter reading" section of the typical gas bill reports the amount of gas used during the current billing period. Your gas bill may give you this information if it reports the total number of degree days in that billing period. Degree days are used to calculate the effect of outside air temperature on building energy consumption.
Similarly, cooling degree days (CDDs) are a measure of how much warmer the outside average temperature was than 65°F. Dividing the number of therms used by the total number of degree days for that period provides useful information about the energy performance of your house.
With this calculation, you can compare your energy consumption from month to month, and year to year, despite variations in the weather and the fluctuating cost of energy.
Most consumers pay a fixed per-kWh rate for their electricity no matter what time of day or which day they use it.
For much of the day, the "real time" price is lower than the standard fixed price, but at times of peak demand--on steamy afternoons in summer, for example--the price of electricity can soar. Another rate structure that rewards customers who cut usage during peak periods is Time of Use (TOU) pricing. Most of the energy consumed in homes is produced by burning fossil fuels like coal, oil, and natural gas. Coal-burning accounts for about one-third of the country's total CO2 emissions and is the single largest source of some of the worst air pollutants, including deadly particulate matter, acid-rain-forming sulfur dioxide, and toxic mercury. Oil burns cleaner than coal but still produces large quantities of CO2 for each unit of energy produced.
Close to three-fourths (72 percent) of the carbon emissions related to operating a home is attributable to the electricity used in the home.
The other factor is the electric power industry's heavy reliance on fossil fuels--carbon-intensive coal in particular.
To answer that question, you will need 12 months of data about the energy used in your home. To calculate the impact of the electricity you use, add up the number of kilowatt-hours (kWh) of electricity delivered to your house over a 12-month period. The emissions released in generating electricity vary from one part of the country to another, depending on the types of fuels used in the power plants in each region. For most Americans, driving ranks along with electrical usage at the top of the list of daily pollution-causing activities.
There are lots of things you can do--many of them no-cost or low-cost steps--to cut your energy consumption and reduce your greenhouse gas emissions. Replace five of the most frequently-used incandescent light bulbs in your house with compact fluorescent lights--or LEDs. Seal and weather-strip ducts, doors and windows to keep warm air from leaking into your house in summer and out of your house in winter. The EPA details a number of Actions You Can Take at home, at the office, on the road, and at school to save energy. The EPA also offers a Personal Emissions Calculator that can help consumers estimate their household's greenhouse gas emissions, explore actions they can take to reduce their emissions and energy use, and see how much they can save by taking the actions selected.

The websites of a number of nonprofit organizations provide valuable information about global warming, clean energy, and tips for consumers on ways to reduce energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. Natural Resources Defense Council, for example, works on a comprehensive set of environmental issues, including global warming and clean air and sustainable communities. The Union of Concerned Scientists is another good source of information about global warming, clean cars, and clean energy. Keep track of all aspects of your program — choose from an assortment of program-level report templates or create your own.
The energy used to heat and cool our Australian homes can account for 38% of our total energy usage – more than for heating water and fridges and freezers combined.
Gaps can develop around doors and windows over the years as our houses settle and more a little. The range of door and window insulation products by ESP helps you to keep you home snug and plugged. After you have sealed the gaps around your windows, draw the curtains to further reduce heat loss and gain.
It is easier and more efficient to heat and cool smaller areas of space than it is larger, especially if your heater or air-conditioner isn’t suited for big rooms. Make the switch to new energy-saving LED lighting and use around 80% less electricity – a 40 watt incandescent lamp is the equivalent of a 4 watt LED replacement, plus they contain no mercury compared to compact fluorescent types.
If your dishwasher can heat its own water, it is more efficient to use this method rather than connect it to your hot water system. You can save 80% in the energy used to do your washing in cold water rather than using hot from an electric hot water system. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The electricity monitoring devices of the wireless kind are also available in different models.
Clipping is a handy way to collect and organize the most important slides from a presentation.
At Nauss Plumbing and Heating we help our customers take advantage of Government and Private sector energy upgrade programs and rebates. In the third graph you see that cooling systems such as central air and heat pumps use the seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio, or SEER. These are a few ways that Nauss Plumbing and Heating helps you save on energy as well as provide quality hard working products that are built to last. Following up on our futuristic furniture theme (you can see our previous coverage on futuristic lighting and futuristic desk chairs), we will be featuring some cool futuristic wall decor in the form of wall panels and clocks.
For those who like to collect stuff, being able to display them in our homes make our hobby more enjoyable.
But in reality, “open architecture” has to do with the unsexy steel of computers, the motherboards and software that gets run. The way that one team of researchers is proposing this is by having open architecture to create an interface that highlights the household’s energy consumption.
It enables the collection and storage of energy consumption data from individual electrical appliances.
With online degree programs, such as an Online Master of Science in Health Informatics from The University of Scranton, students can receive a comprehensive education to prepare them for the fields of information technology, business, and healthcare. Knowing how the data works as well as its implications makes open architecture not just an interesting strategy, but one that could prove to be extraordinarily cost-effective. Energy Information Administration reports that residential energy consumption per household has decreased over the last 30 years. Environmental Protection Agency's Energy and You web pages contain information about the impact of electricity generation on the environment. The EPA's Greenhouse Gas Equivalencies Calculator translates abstract measurements into concrete terms. Being the largest household cost, insulating around doors and windows is critical to ensure we don’t spend any more than we have to.
Being so easy to install, there’s no reason why you can’t take advantage of them today! In winter, your costly heating can transfer through your windows’ glass, and in summer heat can come through and make your air-conditioner work harder than it has to.
For every 1°C you set heaters higher and air-conditioners lower, 10-15% is added to the running cost.
If you have ceiling fans, put them into reverse during winter if they have that feature, or see if you can turn the blades upside-down to achieve the same effect – this way they’ll circulate the warm air up at the ceiling and bring it down to your level.

In autumn, spend some time on preventative maintenance on your heating appliances, and in spring have the air-conditioners checked by qualified technicians. For homes with hot halogen downlights, the savings are even greater as LED replacement bulbs generate very little heat, so your air-conditioner doesn’t have to work so hard. Similarly, use cold water to fill the kettle rather than running the hot water tap waiting for the hot water to arrive.
Even better, drying your washing on the clothesline outside takes advantage of free sunlight – a 100% saving! Buying a simple energy meter from hobby shops can show you exactly how much that can be, especially if you set how much your electricity costs, and let the appliance sit unused in standby for a day or two. Every little bit counts, and will make your investment in ESP door and window seals give you even better value for money! Most homes are using appliances and equipment that is using more energy than is needed or is using it when it doesn't need to.
The higher your AFUE is for your furnace the more you can save on your monthly heating bills.
Not only can they help to save valuable floor space but it makes your home feels clutter free.  If you pick the right modern shelving designs, they can help to alleivate the contemporary of your home. The problem is how to incorporate a garden in a modern home and still make it look all nice and contemporary. That is the secret of creating a truly unique decor style that belongs to you and you alone. By default, a futuristic house is a modern house so it makes sense for modern home owners to use some form of futuristic furniture in their house. Personally, I collect lot of comics but have a hard time trying to display them without destroying the decor of the house. Open architecture is akin to open-source code in that anybody can access, upgrade, and design products and add-ons for the code in question. In this architecture, even the homeowners themselves can tweak what they see and how they see it, allowing them for their most change-worthy habits to be in their faces whenever they need to detract overusing energy. Similarly, cracks let in cold air in winter and hot air in summer, depending on the side of the house with the way the wind is blowing.
For heaters in winter, an ideal temperature range is 18-20°C, while in summer a comfortable range of 24-27°C should be set on your air-conditioners. Invest in a cheap thermometer and check the temperature as it immediately comes out of the tap.
Depending on how far away the hot water system is, you can be wasting multiple times the hot water left to cool in the pipes than that you filled the kettle with.
If you do need to use a dryer, only dry what you require immediately, and hang-up the rest to dry naturally.
Instead of trusting appliances to go standby and not use as much electricity, turn them off at the switch so you make sure they don’t. With the investment in better home equipment you can reduce your energy costs by 20% or more depending on the amount of changes you make. With Nauss's help you can reduce this by at least 20%, which is savings you will notice on your electric bill. No furnace currently is 100% energy efficient, but with time and further research this might become a possibility in the future. By filling and plugging those gaps, we stop those leaks, and make a more efficient use of our energy spend. Wear a jumper inside during winter and take the heavy covers off your bed in summer so you’re not making those appliances work any more than they have to. Also, make sure you insulate the pipes coming out of your system – insulating the first 1 meter of pipe coming from the unit is essential.
To the right are a few graphs to show you where your current energy costs are going and what some of our products can do for you. Afterall, we don’t leave the front door open with the heater going, so why would we let cold air in around it?

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