Household energy consumption per year question,cytomegalovirus treatment in adults zippy,herpes simplex virus symptoms utah - PDF Review

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ODYSSEE MURE is a project coordinated by ADEME and supported under the Intelligent Energy Europe Programme of the European Commission. This briefing is part of the EEA's report The European Environment - State and Outlook 2015. We use cookies to record some preference settings and to analyse how visitors use our web site. The table below of actual values (as opposed to government averages) will grow as I have time to collect more data.
For simple devices like light bulbs, multiple the wattage times the hours of usage and divide by 1000 to get kWh.
The ODEX indexA (Fig.1) measures the energy efficiency progress by main sector (industry, transport, households) and for the whole economy (all final consumers). The sub-sectoral indices are calculated from variations of unit energy consumption indicators, measured in physical units and selected so as to provide the best a€?proxya€? of energy efficiency progress, from a policy evaluation viewpoint. The weight used to get the weighted aggregate is the share of each sub- sector in the total energy consumption of the sub a€“sectors considered in the calculation. The variation of the specific consumption of space heating per dwelling linked to building standards is modelled as the change brought about by the introduction of new dwellings with a better insulation than the whole stock since a base year (e.g. The trend in final energy consumptionA provides a broad indication of progress in reducing final energy consumption and associated environmental impacts by the different end-use sectors (transport, industry, services and households). The Europe 2020 growth growth strategy aims to address shortcoming of the European economic model while creating coditions for smarter, more sustainable and inclusive growth. On 15 December 2011, the European Commission adopted the Communication "Energy Roadmap 2050". On 10 November 2010, the European Commission has adopted the Communication "Energy 2020 - A strategy for competitive, sustainable and secure energy".
Energy Efficiency Plan 2011, [COM(2011) 109 final] Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. With its "Roadmap for moving to a competitive low-carbon economy in 2050" the European Commission is looking beyond these 2020 objectives and setting out a plan to meet the long-term target of reducing domestic emissions by 80 to 95% by mid-century as agreed by European Heads of State and governments.
The climate and energy package is a set of binding legislation which aims to ensure the European Union meets its ambitious climate and energy targets for 2020.
Methodology of data manipulationThe trends observed for some sectors or end-uses, especially for space heating are very irregular, which results in strong fluctuations in the ODEX, that are difficult to understand as energy efficiency progress should normally change smoothly (incremental technical change). Some sub-sectors are not accounted for in ODEX, such as mining, construction, other manufacturing industries, small electrical appliances, lighting, services.
The unit consumption is expressed in terms of energy used per ton produced for energy intensive products (steel, cement and paper) and in terms of energy used related to the production index for the other branches. For the transport sector, the evaluation is carried out at the level of 8 modes or vehicle types: cars, trucks, light vehicles, motorcycles, buses, total air transport, rail, and water transport. For households, the evaluation is carried out at the level of 3 end-uses (heating, water heating, cooking) and 5 large appliances (refrigerators, freezers, washing machines, dishwashers and TVs). To calculate the ODEX (Fig.1),A data submitted to the ODYSSEE project by countries on voluntary basis is used.
Conservation is the cleanest and least costly energy resource, and offers consumers a means to reduce their electricity bills. This paper describes what we have accomplished over the past several years and looks to how we can leverage innovation and new approaches to build on the foundation we have put in place. For every $1 invested in energy efficiency, Ontario has avoided about $2 in costs to the electricity system.
Ontario has been working for several years to create a culture of conservation in this province.
Energy efficiency: Using more energy efficient technology that consumes less electricity, such as LED lighting. Behavioural changes: Increasing awareness and encouraging different behaviour to reduce energy use, for example through social benchmarking. Demand management: Reducing or shifting consumption away from peak times, using time-of-use pricing with smart meters and programs like Peaksaver PLUS® and Demand Response 3. Load displacement: Reducing load on the grid by enabling customers to improve the efficiency of their energy systems by recovering waste heat or generating electricity required to meet their own needs. Conservation initiatives must prioritize cost-effectiveness and balance customer benefits with system benefits. Between 2006 and 2011, investing $2 billion in conservation allowed Ontario to avoid more than $4 billion in new supply costs.
Based on preliminary analysis, between 2005 and 2012, Ontario achieved about 55 per cent of the 2015 demand savings target and almost 60 per cent of the 2015 energy savings target in the Long-Term Energy Plan. In 2011, the most cost-effective year to date, most conservation programs delivered savings at a program cost to consumers of just over three cents per kilowatt-hour and influenced 717 gigawatt hours of verified and sustained annual energy savings.
Since 1990, average household electricity consumption has declined by almost 25 per cent, representing about $350 in savings each year for the average household, based on current electricity costs.
These savings are the result of a wide range of initiatives, including improvements to building codes and product efficiency standards, programs delivered by local distribution companies (LDCs) and provincial agencies, time-of-use rates, and other conservation initiatives.
The government strongly believes that conservation should be the first priority in energy planning.
Megawatt (MW) or Demand Savings: A reduction in the total supply of electrical resources needed by Ontario to meet peak demand.
Megawatt hour (MWh) or Energy Savings: Energy savings that follow from the need to deliver less electricity overall to homes, businesses, and institutions in Ontario. Ontario’s vision is to invest in conservation first, before new generation, where cost-effective.
Conservation should be the first resource considered in meeting Ontario’s electricity needs. The cost of conservation could be spread over the life of the investment, as is done with investments in supply.
Demand response provides an excellent example of leveraging the economic value of conservation. As one demand management measure, demand response could help meet regional reliability needs cost-effectively and help to better integrate renewable generation sources coming online.
Innovative demand response could enable faster, regionally targeted deployment, for periods that directly correspond with system needs.
The impact of consumer behaviour on demand is especially evident during the Men’s Hockey finals at the Vancouver Olympics. The electricity system and electricity pricing are complex and confusing to many customers.
Better aligning awareness with tools and incentives can include voluntary dynamic pricing approaches, some of which have been explored in a number of U.S. Voluntary dynamic pricing programs could provide additional benefits to customers that shift their consumption to low demand periods. Rating systems for buildings and benchmarking provide examples of how awareness can better drive decisions that result in sustainable savings.
Rating systems for buildings could allow consumers to benchmark the relative energy efficiency of various properties and inform their investment decisions.
More than 4.4 million electricity consumers in Ontario are currently billed on a time-of-use basis using data provided by smart meters, which communicate consumption information at regular intervals, at a minimum every hour. Closely related to the need to provide the right incentives is the ability to tailor tools to the needs of different customers.
Through the Green Button Initiative, Ontario electricity consumers will have secure access to their energy usage information. By enabling a household or business to compare their energy consumption with other similar consumers, social benchmarking increases awareness of energy usage and promotes conservation. Consumers in some jurisdictions can finance conservation investments through their utility bills or other financing alternatives.
Initiatives such as on-bill financing for home energy retrofits have strong potential to boost conservation.
The province could also explore a revolving fund concept to help finance energy efficiency retrofits for residential and business customers. The current framework was built with the expectation that LDCs should be the face of conservation to their customers.
The microFIT program has been successful in distributing generation across the grid, which can help offset local power demand. The microFIT program could evolve to a net-metering program, where costeffective, with the generation being used first by the homeowner. Electricity storage is emerging as another option to help address challenges such as peaking demand, efficiently integrating renewable generation, managing slight variations in output, and resolving congestion and power quality issues that reduce distribution system performance.
Ontario’s early leadership in the use of smart meters has provided significant operational benefits for local distributors. Reducing line losses generally involves upgrading technology and equipment, and it may be appropriate to allow utilities to recover the associated costs. The Ontario government as well as broader public sector should continue to play a leadership role in conservation efforts.
Improving the energy efficiency of products and buildings represents a significant portion of Ontario’s long-term conservation targets.
One approach being considered is to automatically adopt leading efficiency standards of other jurisdictions in North America where it would improve Ontario’s own regulatory process.
As part of the government’s new conservation reporting requirement under the Green Energy Act, 2009, all broader public sector organizations, such as hospitals, colleges, universities and school boards, as well as Ontario municipalities, began reporting this year on their annual energy consumption, and, next year, will develop and post five-year conservation plans. By establishing targets, organizations will be encouraged to pursue energy efficiency improvements that could yield monetary savings. The strength of broader public sector organizations’ conservation plans could be among the considerations when evaluating funding requests to the province. Shoppers Drug Mart undertook lighting retrofits in 280 stores across Ontario, installing LED freezer strips and LED signage and exterior lighting.
The project resulted in 338 kilowatts (kW) in demand savings and almost 2 million kilowatt hours in energy savings per year. With the current Conservation and Demand Management framework expiring at the end of 2014, the government is interested in receiving feedback and ideas about proposed innovative new conservation measures as well as the key elements and structure of the next conservation framework. A fixed multi-year funding framework with fixed targets provides certainty, but cannot be easily adjusted or revised to reflect changing circumstances or pressures at the provincial or local level. Targets created a focus for efforts, but a one-size-fits-all approach does not fully reflect the varying needs and conservation capacity of individual LDCs. LDCs’ influence over program design, operations and how targets were achieved was limited.
Despite these challenges, conservation and demand management programs have evolved over the past decade.
Empowering LDCs by giving them more autonomy and programming choice for their customers, with streamlined oversight and reduced administrative burdens.
Establishing clear accountability and mechanisms for meeting the conservation goals in the updated Long-Term Energy Plan. Emphasizing the importance of prudent, efficient and effective conservation expenditures to contribute to the important goal of controlling price increases.
Investing in conservation initiatives that balance benefits to consumers with benefits to the electricity system, and ensuring a fair allocation of costs in line with benefits. Enhancing the role of LDCs in the delivery of conservation programming for Aboriginal communities, and particularly for on-reserve First Nation customers. Leveraging programs and provincial investments to encourage innovation, such as electricity storage and smart grid technologies. Together, these objectives would help unleash and streamline conservation delivery, encourage cost-effectiveness and leverage market forces and partnerships to boost innovation and economies of scale.
Walnut Hill Farm, a pork processor in Gads Hill, Ontario retrofitted their operation by installing a new high efficiency refrigeration system, which has more efficient compressors, evaporators and insulated panels throughout the facility. Role of TargetsThe Green Energy and Green Economy Act, 2009 made conservation integral and core to LDCs’ regulated tasks and assigned conservation targets which LDCs must meet as a condition of licence. Program PortfolioAs Ontario’s conservation efforts continue to evolve, so too will the portfolio of programs and options available to customers.
Allocating the CostsThe allocation of conservation costs should align fairly and closely with benefits.

Ontario is committed to conservation and demand management as a priority for electricity system planning. Achieving our long-term commitment to conservation requires us to look both to immediate needs and opportunities, as well as those in the future.
How can the government ensure that conservation is the first resource considered to meet energy needs? How can the economic value of conservation be embedded in Ontario’s electricity system? What relative weight should be placed on reduction in demand versus load-shifting from peak demand? How can conservation awareness and education be improved to drive greater action on conservation?
What opportunities should Ontario explore to help consumers finance energy-efficiency improvements? What innovative programs could help capture conservation potential across key sectors (e.g. Which technology and smart grid innovations do you believe could offer the greatest benefit to you, your community and the system as a whole? What role should energy storage play in meeting Ontario’s future energy needs and how should it be valued? Are there additional objectives that the government should consider in developing a new framework?
Should government introduce targets for municipalities, hospitals, post-secondary institutions and schools? What can government do to further encourage the sector and the market to deliver on conservation objectives?
What should be the roles and responsibilities of LDCs, natural gas distributors, government agencies and the private sector in meeting Ontario’s conservation goals? How can province-wide conservation program delivery be streamlined and enable a greater role for LDCs? Providing Home Remodeling and Renovations in Rancho Mirage, Palm Springs, Palm Desert, Indian Wells, and La Quinta!
Upgrading existing homes to include more energy efficient features can save those homeowners money. In addition to updated kitchens and bathrooms, house hunters are increasingly looking for upgrades that might be less flashy, but will save them money over the long run. About 94 percent of homebuyers want energy-star rated appliances according to the most recent National Association of Home Builder’s survey of homebuyer preferences. The good news is, more newly built homes fit that bill, which is making the nation’s housing stock increasingly energy efficient.
Between 2005 and 2009 (the latest data available), the total number of households increased by 2.5 million, yet total residential energy consumption was down slightly.
Newly constructed homes tend to be more efficient than older homes with respect to energy use, particularly as measured on a per square foot basis. Consumers who purchase newly built homes aren’t the only ones who can benefit from lower energy bills.
In recent years, tax incentives have made it more attractive for homeowners to invest in making energy-efficient upgrades to their homes. Homeowners who add energy-efficient features to their homes can even certify their renovation projects by adhering to the National Green Building Standard®, which ensures upgrades meet efficiency targets and offers homeowners an added competitive edge when they sell their home in the future. In 2010, more than 7 million Americans claimed $6 billion in tax credits because of programs like these, which have supported jobs in the remodeling sector and will pay dividends in the future as improvement of the nation’s aging housing stock continues. This project gathers representatives such as energy Agencies from the 28 EU Member States plus Norway and it aims at monitoring energy efficiency trends and policy measures in Europe.
The EEA is an official agency of the EU, tasked with providing information on Europea€™s environment.
It is important to figure out what draws the power you pay for every month, so that you can make informed decisions about where to direct your efforts. Increased energy efficiency can lead to significant reductions in energy consumption provided that measures are in place to discourage the occurrence of rebound effects. For each sector, the index is calculated as a weighted average of sub-sectoral indices of energy efficiency progress; sub-sectors being industrial or service sector branches or end-uses for households or transport modes. 1990), assuming that the unit consumption of new dwellings is equal to the theoretical value implied by thermal regulations (Fig.2). The improvements of the energy performance of buildings as a result of tightening building codes are represented also in percentage change compared to 1990 levels (Fig.2).
GHG emissions, air pollution, etc) depends both on the sources of energy as well as on the total amount of energy consumed.
One of the headline targets include the objective of increasing the share of renewable energy in final energy consumption to 20% by 2020.
Presents a roadmap for action in line with a 80-95% greenhouse gas emissions reduction by 2050. The EU is committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions to 80-95% below 1990 levels by 2050 in the context of necessary reductions by developed countries as a group. The CommunicationA defines the energy priorities for the next ten years and sets the actions to be taken in order to tackle the challenges of saving energy, achieving a market with competitive prizes and secure supplies, boosting technological leadership, and effectively negotiate with our international partners. It shows how the sectors responsible for Europe's emissions - power generation, industry, transport, buildings and construction, as well as agriculture - can make the transition to a low-carbon economy over the coming decades.
Such fluctuations can be linked to various factors: imperfect climatic corrections, especially with warm winters, behavioural factors, influence of business cycles, imperfection of statistics, especially for the last year. The reason is that energy efficiency progress is difficult to capture with the existing indicators (e.g. Unit energy consumption captures the energy efficiency development better than traditional energy intensities (per unit of value added). The overall energy efficiency index aggregates the trends for each transport mode in a single indicator for the whole sector. From 2005 to 2011, families and businesses across this province conserved enough to reduce demand by more than 1,900 megawatts, the equivalent of powering more than 600,000 homes. It sets out a vision of even broader participation in conservation efforts, supported by important elements such as offering targeted programs to different customers, increasing awareness of incentives, and unleashing innovation and flexibility at the local level. Although the global economic downturn of the past few years dampened electricity demand in Ontario and elsewhere, a shortfall in capacity may emerge as early as 2018.
Building codes and product efficiency standards help improve the energy efficiency of new buildings and appliances. Conservation programs can motivate consumers by raising awareness of opportunities to save money and help the environment. This paper discusses the government’s vision for conservation in Ontario and explores new opportunities and objectives that should be considered in developing a new conservation and demand management framework. Valuable at a time of system peak, when lowering or shifting usage avoids the high costs of using electricity sources designed to meet short-term demand.
Conservation is helping families and businesses reduce their electricity bills while contributing to a cleaner environment and a more reliable electricity system. Recognizing that conservation is a long-term commitment that must be central to our electricity system planning, the Ontario government will continue its leadership in conservation by putting conservation first, inspiring action, providing different tools for different customers, encouraging innovation and leading by example.
Investments in supply are amortized – that is, divided up and spread out – over the expected useful life of the assets that will supply the power. More broadly, demand management initiatives provide price or financial incentives to residential, commercial and industrial users to shift or reduce their electricity usage away from peak periods. Current demand response programs, for example, must be deployed for minimum blocks of time over broad geographic areas.
Both the Auditor General of Ontario and the Commission on the Reform of Ontario Public Services highlighted the need for electricity education. Property buyers can end up with high ongoing costs because of the low energy efficiency of the home or business they have purchased. Ontario should encourage both the public and private sectors to continue to develop new tools that enable consumers to take full advantage of smart technologies. As a common data standard that adheres to strict privacy rules, the Green Button Initiative allows utilities to work with the private sector to create secure, valueadded apps for download by consumers. Regular energy reports, for example, can be delivered to electricity customers, providing useful energy usage data and a comparison to local conservation leaders. Revolving funds, unlike grants or incentives, self-replenish by using re-payment for subsequent financing. We have seen the value of this approach, and are committed to expanding the role of LDCs in order to better support local needs and innovation. The program could evolve from a generation purchasing program to a net-metering program, where cost-effective, with the generation being used first by the homeowner, before being made available to the grid.
In the United States, Europe and Asia, demonstration projects are under way, and regulators are opening up traditional markets to storage providers.
Some LDCs have configured meters to collect consumption information more frequently – for example, every 15 minutes.
Line losses increase exponentially as the system gets busier, making on-peak losses substantially higher than off-peak losses.
The government has already achieved significant conservation savings by strengthening the energy efficiency standards for products available to consumers and prescribed in the building code. The Ontario Building Code is considered the strongest in Canada in supporting energy efficiency.
Given that conservation lowers operating costs, these organizations have a strong incentive to build robust targets into their plans. As a result of these investments, Shoppers Drug Mart will save almost $500,000 annually on electricity costs. LDCs have developed more experience and capacity to take a larger role in delivering programs to their customers. This would enable LDCs to focus more fully on innovation and cost-effectiveness, whether by working alone, with private sector partners or with other LDCs. In 2010, the government’s Long-Term Energy Plan set province-wide conservation targets out to 2030. They are also responsible for reporting annually on their results and achieving their conservation targets, which are a condition of their licence.The Ontario Power Authority has planning and reporting functions for province-wide conservation programs and provides marketing, technical and training support for LDC program delivery as well as the evaluation, measurement and verification of program results. The Global Adjustment mechanism – part of the government’s regulation-based cost-recovery approach to conservation, demand management and generation procurement – allocates these costs to all electricity customers. The government recognizes that conservation brings a unique combination of economic, reliability, and environmental benefits that make it a competitive, attractive option when balancing energy supply and demand. Several factors are at play that are likely to put upward pressure on electricity prices over the next several years, including the costs of rebuilding and renewing the electricity system and the supply gap that is likely to emerge toward the end of the current decade. Meeting our long-term commitment will therefore require strategic approaches and the ability to adapt quickly. Another 91 percent sought an overall energy-star rating for the home, and almost 90 percent wanted energy-star rated windows. And the Department of Energy’s Residential Energy Consumption Surveys provide the proof.
Upgrading existing homes to include more energy efficient features can save money for those homeowners, especially in the Northeast and Upper Midwest, both of which have older housing stocksand colder climates.
Some programs (the section 25C credit) offer incentives to update old, drafty windows and doors, and others (the section 25D credit) give a tax credit to homeowners who install solar panels or other power production devices on their property.
Using a spreadsheet or financial calculator, you next determine the present value of saving $105 a year for 15 years and then selling it for $100. For complicated things like dishwashers, computers or  refrigerators you need a kWh meter to monitor it over time. Reducing energy consumption as a result of energy efficiency progress and behavioural changes can lead to significant reductions in environmental pressures associated with energy production and consumption. TheA effects of the main drivers influencing the energy efficiency progress is represented in percentage change compared to 1990 levels (Fig.3).
It is up to the Member states whether they base their targets on gross inland consumption, final energy consumption, primary or final energy savings or energy intensity. In the Energy Roadmap 2050 the Commission explores the challenges posed by delivering the EU's decarbonisation objective while at the same time ensuring security of energy supply and competitiveness.

For some branches the trends shown include also some non-technical changes, especially in the chemical industry the shift to light chemicals, due to the fact that this sector is not sufficiently disaggregated. Therefore, for the EU-27, dataA extrapolations are being used basedA as much as possible on Eurostat supporting data (e.g. As we review and update our Long-Term Energy Plan, we also want to set out our renewed vision for conservation and discuss how best to achieve it. Investments in conservation allowed Ontario to avoid building new capacity that would have cost almost $4 billion, equivalent to four peaking natural gas generation plants. With the current Conservation and Demand Management Framework set to wind down at the end of 2014, the time is right to create a new framework and set a policy of putting conservation first. Saving energy means saving money – for families, businesses, hospitals, schools and other public institutions. As a result, conservation investments remain a priority for Ontario and conservation should be the first resource considered when planning for the province’s electricity needs. Consumers will use less power or shift usage to other times of the day if they see that it lowers their electricity bills and they will invest in more energy-efficient products if they understand the short and long-term benefits. It makes sense to invest as much to save a megawatt of power as it would cost to generate that same megawatt. The costs of conservation initiatives are currently accounted for in the year they are incurred, even though savings from such programs can last for 10 to 15 years or more. As well as benefiting the electricity system, demand response lowers energy costs for consumers and allows businesses to operate more competitively. To inspire further action and behavioural changes, Ontario should build consumer awareness of the benefits of conservation and understanding of the electricity system as a whole, including expanding energy awareness in schools.
Dynamic pricing can build on time-of-use and smart grid infrastructure by pinpointing short time periods of extremely high demand – known as critical peaks – and permitting customers to sign up to receive a financial benefit for shifting their consumption from critical peak to the lowest-demand period, typically overnight. Disclosure of actual energy performance, for example through a rating system, could allow consumers to benchmark the relative energy efficiency of various properties and inform their investment decisions. Through its use of modern technology, including sensors, wireless communication, automation and computers, the smart grid helps consumers participate more readily in conservation efforts and make more informed decisions, and allows for more distributed and renewable generation sources. By establishing incentives and ensuring the regulatory framework supports innovation, Ontario could accelerate the development of cutting-edge solutions for all customers. Energy apps would have a wide range of uses, such as giving consumers the ability to track and control their home energy usage via smartphone. The Ontario Power Authority is working with a number of partner LDCs on a pilot program to test four residential social benchmarking approaches that, where feasible, will adopt the Green Button standard. British Columbia, Manitoba and Nova Scotia allow utilities to offer on-bill financing to residential customers. Based on experience in other jurisdictions and sectors, revolving funds can unlock private capital and accelerate growth by demonstrating successful investment strategies in the conservation sector. The private sector and broader public sector also contribute significantly to encouraging greater innovation. A net-metering program could help match generation with local demand, helping reduce local load and related infrastructure needs.
Like any emerging technology, energy storage must prove that its benefits exceed its costs, including building and operating new infrastructure.
LDCs will likely begin moving towards real-time interaction between the meter and in-home energy management systems, providing more opportunities for direct benefits to end consumers. According to analysis by Navigant Consulting, distribution system losses across Ontario between 2007 and 2011 averaged 4.4 per cent. As well, Ontario regulates the energy efficiency of more products than the federal government or any other province. Using the energy conservation reports, these organizations and their LDCs should work together to find and leverage conservation opportunities.
For example, the strength of an organization’s conservation plan could be among the considerations when evaluating capital or operating funding requests to the province. Typically, for lighting, the saveONenergy RETROFIT PROGRAM provides incentives of about 40 per cent total project cost.
Conservation programs and options are now more sophisticated and comprehensive than ever, highly cost-effective and deliver lasting energy savings. The business will also receive a saveONenergy RETROFIT PROGRAM incentive of over $5,000 from Hydro One. The current framework established four-year (to 2014) demand (MW) and energy (MWh) targets for LDCs, which have helped focus the sector’s attention on conservation. A wide range of service providers, such as contractors, retailers, LDCs and mobile service providers, offer ways of meeting consumers’ needs. This means that conservation will become increasingly valuable as a resource to drive efficiencies and reduce costs. Together, foresight and flexibility are needed to allow us to provide best-in-class programs and initiatives.
While some of the energy savings can be credited to the Great Recession—during which many Americans lost their jobs and income, limiting overall consumption including energy—the decline in energy use is also because of important advances in how homes use energy.
Energy consumption for households per square meter (climate corrected) is represented as percentage change compared to a baseline year (1990, 2000).
This directive has a direct impact on the renewables target since it aims to reduce the final energy consumption, thus making theA renewables target easier to reach. However this indicator does not monitor progress at EU level on the energy efficiency target (different methodologies may be applied for this purpose particularly if the emphasis is on energy savings) but it does provide an indication of progress to date in achieving energy efficiency (in this context energy efficiency means mainly improvements in technological performance).
The implicit assumption in the mode of calculation of the ODEX is that all these sub-sectors have the same energy efficiency gains as the sector average. Reducing or shifting electricity use avoids the need for new generation as well as transmission, reduces strain on the electricity system and improves the efficiency of the power grid.
When other benefits are factored in – conservation does not involve construction or the industrial processes that generation requires, it saves consumers money and relieves stress on the electricity system – the arguments in its favour become even stronger.
The electricity sector must also better align incentives and tools with consumer needs, including providing access to energy consumption information. Customers can shift consumption by running appliances and equipment with timers, such as dishwashers, pool pumps, and electric vehicle chargers. Building ratings could one day be considered as important as a pre-purchase building inspection.
More than 50 per cent of Ontario consumers already have access to their data in the Green Button format, and pilot programs to develop wide-ranging services and solutions are being developed. Pending the success of these pilots, the government could explore expanding social benchmarking and including other sectors.
This eliminates up-front costs for small capital upgrades that can yield major long-term savings.
Ontario is home to a number of emerging, innovative energy storage companies that are working hard with Ontario utilities to demonstrate various technologies, address their challenges and realize their potential. For instance, Guelph Hydro has installed Zigbee chips in their smart meters, allowing wireless communication with devices in the home. There are precedents for reductions in losses being considered as conservation, based on improved efficiency of the electricity system. Ontario intends to continue keeping pace with the top North American jurisdictions in raising the bar for energy efficiency standards.
Going forward, the government will explore requiring them to establish individual targets as part of their conservation plans.
At the corporate level, these incentives helped meet the company’s payback-period guidelines of 24 to 36 months. This approach may not adequately take into account differing or changing circumstances of individual utilities, the economy, or the system as a whole. New cost-effective programs leveraging customer and private-sector investments will continue to transform the market to greater energy efficiency.Supporting this transformation will involve, for example, optimizing tools for consumers, allowing a role for the private sector in working with larger customers, bringing new entities into the market to take advantage of innovative energy storage and management technologies, and making greater use of codes and standards. The Global Adjustment may be the most appropriate mechanism for recovery of province-wide program costs, as benefits accrue to the system as a whole.
In this document, we have set out a series of possible conservation opportunities, as well as questions that will help to guide discussion on them.
The link below will also calculate this for you.Appliance Savings Calculator with database lookup This means that spending $993 on this new refrigerator now will yield a return of 7%, which is the average growth of the stock market over the last 200 years. In this way some consistency between this top-down calculation and the bottom up made for specific countries is ensured (also country data makes use of Eurostat to the extent possible). Conservation provides significant economic and environmental benefits; for every $1 invested in energy efficiency, Ontario has avoided about $2 in costs to the electricity system. This would lessen short-term rate impacts and provide a more equitable sharing of costs across all ratepayers, current and future, who benefit from the programs. The benefit is usually derived from a rebate or a much lower electricity rate during non-peak periods. Ontario’s early implementation of smart meters and timeof- use pricing has established the province as a leader in smart grid technology.
Over time, the savings on the bill from lower energy consumption help offset the repayment of the up-front costs.
Some PeaksaverPLUS® implementations are also using these chips for direct communication with PeaksaverPLUS® in-home devices.
One approach being considered is to automatically adopt leading efficiency standards of other jurisdictions in North America, where it would improve Ontario’s own regulatory process. In particular, changes in the supply-demand outlook in the past few years indicate a surplus in baseload generation. Consideration must be given to what oversight model can best work with these and other key objectives. We welcome your thoughts and insights as we develop a new streamlined, innovative conservation and demand management framework for Ontario that puts conservation first. If you can get the refrigerator for $993 or less, then it is a good use of your investment dollars. BC Hydro has used this approach since 1990 to smooth the impact of conservation costs on customers’ bills. Dynamic pricing programs work best when they are voluntary, because residential and small business consumers vary in their ability to respond and shift consumption.
Building information technology into appliances is expected to pave the way to a smart home future in which devices automatically respond to consumer preferences. In Alberta, for example, the regulator agreed to allow Enmax Power Corporation to recover its costs from the pool of savings accrued from reducing loss levels.
The Ministry of Energy is also looking at working with other ministries to strengthen the synergies between the building code and product efficiency standards. Flexibility to adjust both the approach and the timing of targets should be considered going forward. Determining which, if any, programs might more appropriately be available only locally and not province-wide will need consideration. LDCs are likely to play a central role in leveraging this and other innovations developed in partnership with the private sector. This could result in both streamlining standards and better aligning the regulations with the province’s conservation goals. At the level of the individual consumer, those who invest in conservation products and services for their homes, businesses or organizations should pay in line with the economic benefit they receive. In the case of residential consumers, special programs will continue to help those for whom income is a barrier.Targets, roles and programs are important considerations that will shape conservation efforts in the coming years.
Both experience and the sector outlook suggest that a range of market mechanisms, working hand-in-hand with consumer awareness and enhanced standards, should play a greater role in achieving conservation. An important aspect of this evolution will be improving the alignment of conservation costs and benefits, as well as giving sector participants greater flexibility to respond to changing market conditions. To that end, new technologies, such as the smart grid and Green Button Initiative, will strongly enhance the ability of the sector to serve consumers more effectively.

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