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admin 23.05.2014

Decoupling between economic growth and energy consumption is often attributed to energy efficiency, but in actual fact stems primarily from the general transition to more service-based value creation as economies mature.
Developing nations can therefore be expected to achieve substantial reductions in energy intensity over the coming decades as value creation is shifted more towards services. The ideal scenario in terms of decoupling is the achievement of a growing economy despite declining levels of energy consumption. The use of NDP instead of GDP makes the US look better since capital writedowns are smaller relative to Europe and Japan, but I think this is a more representative measure than GDP. Overall then, the US appears to be the shining light in the story of continued economic expansion despite declining energy consumption. In fact, an important worrying trend in the US has now gone on for so long that it is actually becoming a mainstream issue: stagnant wages. As a result, there appears to be very little decoupling between real household income (here seen as a proxy for living standards) and energy consumption. It is clear that, from the time that household energy consumption actually started a structural decline (around 2000), the general standard of living in the US has declined in tandem.
These trends pose some serious questions regarding the notion that rich nations can continue to increase living standards without increasing energy consumption (and the associated environmental impact). One would therefore very much like to believe that Europe and Japan will one day manage to achieve a meaningful economic recovery and that the recent divergence between household income and domestic production in the US will reverse. Was reading about the ancient roman monetary system, and while being vastly different systems it seems that some things are similar. Has any society ever increased or even maintained a living standard while reducing energy consumption?
Use individual countries and add meaningful numbers for kwh per 1000USD GDP, give GDP share of industry – one could learn a lot. But my feeling is that this was not the goal of the author, feeling good was more important. Your car or truck has components from a dozen different makers in hundreds of different locations.
Nineteenth Century thinking kept enough of our population poorly educated to serve and work in factories and farms. Try keeping up the living standards with a national infrastructure that is falling apart due to mostly band-aid fixes for the last 35 years and is now being increasingly hammered by climate change which most of it was not engineered for. So while it may seem that energy growth is reducing relative to GDP growth, they have fiddled with GDP to achieve that. Even stealing uses less energy.Wallets now come metal lined to prevent pick-pockets stealing your credit card data while never touching you.
AS for debt, credit and money supply, if it were not for attempting to squeeze and extra twenty years out of Iraq, we woud not have to reinvade. Appearing on ABC’s This Week on Sunday, the Wisconsin governor initially demurred when interviewer Jonathan Karl asked if he’d rule out a “full-blown U.S. Pure unadulterated bullshit from the Ministry of Propaganda with more to follow, I am sure.
Pen said “Has any society ever increased or even maintained a living standard while reducing energy consumption?” There are no free lunches. We fool ourselves thinking we are not superstitious or have part of our mind that is primitive that has not evolved. I guarantee many of the top minds in the global leadership have fooled themselves believing in technology and innovative development at least in regards to their own survival. The powers to be believe in themselves even though they are just as much a part of the farce of a culture we are in today. Apneamna, there are cultures that did not gain their positions from murder, but they are not in the West. I am sure there were tribal feuds all throughout history in most places, but they didn’t claim it was to better the tribes being slaughtered.
Over the past 2 decades, there have been major improvements in the energy performance of refrigerators. The major benefit of energy-efficient refrigerators and freezers lies in the improved energy efficiency, which has socio-economic benefits in terms of increased energy security and environmental benefits, i.e.
Mostly, energy efficient refrigerators are more expensive than less energy efficient models, although the price differences are often not large.
This decoupling (shown for the IEA New Policies scenario below) is generally viewed as a central part of the solution to the the sustainability problems we face in the 21st century. As an example, the graph below plots energy intensity in the US against the fraction of the economy dedicated to manufacturing (the balance being services), revealing a almost perfect correlation. Developed nations, however, may be at the point where the economy is saturated with services, thus posing questions about whether these nations can further reduce energy intensity at meaningful rates. Several developed economies have recently managed to achieve this goal for the first time in recent history following a seemingly structural change in energy consumption patterns after the great financial crisis and the spike in oil prices.
However, as shown below, the US economy is the only one which managed to achieve any meaningful improvement in terms of per capita rate of production during this period.
Overall though, the above graph suggests that US citizens are rapidly expanding the already large gap in living standards relative to their European and Japanese counterparts. To summarize, when adjusted for inflation, current median household income in the US is at the same level as it was in 1995 – two decades ago!

When looking at electricity consumption in the graph below, the trend becomes even stronger right across the 30 year sample period. If it is really this difficult to achieve decoupling in nations enjoying decent standards of living, the world will need to quadruple energy consumption in order to bring the global population to current developed world standards. Will the developed world be able to successfully decouple living standards from energy consumption? The Romans used banks and courts to impoverish then control people, for example ceaser owed so much money that he invaded Rome to avoid paying. The proposition is asinine, there has never been a recorded reduction in energy use in any surviving society.
Now., its possible to have parts, even assembly wherever there was a hi-way, rail line or port. Graham also said President Obama is to blame for the current mess in Iraq and Syria, not former President George W. No matter how often you cite the use of military force to “stabilize” or “protect” or “liberate” countries or regions, it is a destabilizing force. We like to think there are and we do many clever tricks in our ape minds to believe we have created efficiency and technology to decouple from the dirty expensive fossil fuels, pollution, declining ecosystems, and resource depletion.
Our sophistication today with the deceptive psychology of marketing, photo shopping, and idea propaganda is no different. This technology description focuses on refrigerators for residential use and on energy efficiency performance only. Frequently, a refrigerator is combined with a small freezer, where food is kept frozen at below 0°C. In the US for example, today’s refrigerators use about 60% less energy than 20 year old models (AHAM, 2010).
Due to lower energy costs, operational costs over the life-time of an energy-efficient refrigerator are lower than for a less efficient model.
Today’s energy standards for refrigerators reflect consensus by advocates, industry to increase appliance efficiency. Note that the graph below uses NDP (Net Domestic Product) rather than GDP to better reflect actual production of useful goods and services (the primary difference between GDP and NDP is that NDP subtracts capital writedowns).
As shown below (energy numbers from the BP Statistical Review), the US is also achieving rapid reductions in energy intensity and, although it still has some catching up to do, progress is better than in Europe and Japan. Businesses have been paying their workers a progressively smaller share of total revenue over the past three decades and using the resulting increasing profits to expand, pay more dividends and stockpile cash. Income inequality in the US is rising sharply once more, thus reducing median wages relative to mean wages.
In addition, one can argue that persistently low wages coupled with increasing inequality is an important part of the reason why US GDP could continue expanding while Europe and Japan stagnated. Modern republics don’t allow private armies (that was until iraq 2003), but they do use banking to enforce and control policy decisions, the problem is the creation of rival systems. We can switch energy sources but so far it has always been to higher energy at lower input costs, We now face the event of lower energy produced, higher input costs.
Of course, each shipment arrived at the dock in a truck which needed unloading by hand or forklift. But their growth is just monetary easing and that bears no relationship to any other measure such as energy per person. Graham outlined his plan to increase troop presence in Iraq by 10,000 if he were elected president. We think we have endless substitution and technological innovation to overcome technological problems and resource depletion. In fact this is much more dangerous because often these modern tricks are used to control the population. Humans in general believe in the immortality of the soul and by extension our human species in progress and growth. It does not take into account potential GHG effects caused by the refrigerant.Energy efficiency of refrigerators has improved considerably over the past two decades, but room for improvements remains especially in developing countries. For Mexico, it is estimated that refrigerators which were sold between 1995 and 2000 consumed 30% more electricity than those of the same size sold between 2001 and 2007. In addition, energy efficient refrigerators may lead to cost-savings for the consumer over the life-cycle of the appliance.
Numbers are adjusted for purchasing power parity and inflation and were extracted from the OECD website. GDP (and NDP) are adjusted with time via the GDP deflator which standardizes the value of domestic production, while wages are adjusted using the core inflation which tracks prices of a representative basket of goods and services (local or imported).
I think this comes from the recesses of our ape mind where we can convince ourselves everything is fine. Not all of this was wrong because there is something call connection to life and the ecosystem but many customs, traditions, or beliefs were based on this superstition and or magic. Immortality of the soul is a whole other subject but the immortality of our species is a farce. Succesful strategies for improving average energy efficiency of a country's refrigerator stock include Minimum Energy Performance Standards and mandatory energy labels linked with financial incentives for consumers. Refrigerators sold before 1980 consumed 60% more than the latest models (Arroyo-Cabanas, 2009).

The GHG emissions savings associated with energy efficiency improvements of refrigerators depend on the CO2 intensity of the electricity mix. This trend implies that the cost of living has been increasing faster than the cost of domestic production. We do the same today with the pseudo-science economics and goal seeking manipulated scientific results. Technically, the two main types of refrigerators are compression and absorption refrigerators.
In developing countries, energy efficiency of refrigerators is often lower than in the developed world, especially if there is a significant market for 2nd hand inefficient models or if efficient models are not available of significantly more expensive.
Most Americans also miss the fact that it’s biggest companies hide profits in economies outside the US.
We try anything to believe we are progressing into a brighter future, adapting, and transcending our environment.
Most refrigerators today use an electric compressor running on electricity obtained from the grid, and a closed vapor compression cycle with a refrigerant (formerly ammonia or chlorofluorocarbons).
In Mexico, for example, it has been observed that in the States of Tlaxcala and Durango, where average personal or family income are greater than in other parts of the country, electricity use for refrigeration is lower, probably because people can afford to buy new and efficient refrigerators (Arroyo-Cabanas, 2009). In many situations, the purchase of an efficient refrigerator will lead to cost savings over the life-time of the product. Many US firms operate in Europe and Asia but the profits of US firms created in these regions is exported. The temperature inside the refrigerator is cooled as the refrigeration agent, which is in a high pressure, liquid state vaporizes and absorbs heat from its environment.
2nd hand (energy inefficient) refrigerators from Europe have traditionally been exported in large numbers to Africa. In a recent study on the economics of refrigerators and freezers with an energy efficiency label in the Brazilian market, Cardoso et al (2010) found that for cash purchases there was an economic benefit for consumers under all of the circumstances considered, which included a high and a low electricity tariff and higher and lower ambient air temperature. It is estimated that as many as 3 million refrigerators may have been sold from Europe to Africa (UN Foundation, 2007). For consumers subject to a low electricity tariff and in colder areas, who purchase a refrigerator on credit, the study concluded that it’s more economically to buy the less efficient product. Well it should be clear that money is only a human projection of a media of exchange, and that all we really do is exchange energy. They use a heat source, such as burning LPG, solar thermal energy or an electric heating element, to provide the energy for the cooling system.
Absorption refrigerators have the advantage that most of them do not depend on the availability of electricity from the grid. Although refrigerators have become considerably more energy efficient over the past two decades, they still account for a substantial share of household electricity use. Efficency in the economy has another name, productivity, it is called that because it translates into profit directly. This share differs significantly between countries, depending on the average energy efficiency of the refrigerator stock and on the amount of other electric appliances used in households. Figure 1 shows that in IEA member countries the share of refrigeration in residential electricity consumption has declined between 1990 and 2000 (IEA, 2003) to about 13%. Many countries around the world have introduced energy efficiency labels and minimum energy performance standards (MEPS). Refrigerator Efficiency in Ghana: Tailoring an appliance market transformation program design for Africa. Productivity is subject to the law of diminishing returns, as with all things the US led the way with exporting jobs to lower cost zones during the down turn reducing cost but getting more back due to productivity gains. In the US, it is estimates that today refrigerators are responsible for about 10% of household electricity use (AHAM, 2010). Thailand, India, China, Ghana, The Philippines, Mexico and many other countries have for example energy efficiency labels for appliances including refrigerators (CLASP, 2010). MEPS and mandatory labelling programmes for refrigerators and other electrical appliances have proven to be highly effective. These profits are now being used on paying debt and taking low risk low return investments, that’s going to be trouble ahead as well as the profits in these dry up you face 2 choices, go riskier or deflate the economy by temporarily hiking interest rates and causing misery again. To increase their impact it is recommended that governments pay attention that performance requirements are kept at appropriate levels compared to the pace of technological developments, that the standards are rigorously enforced (Ellis, 2007).
Promoting energy-efficient products: GEF experience and lessons for market transformation in developing countries. Deflation in this scenario is the central banks enemy because the system needs believers and risk takers so they will encourage risk, and that’s why the markets keep rising.
Generally, refrigerators with freezers on the top are most energy efficient, followed by models with freezers on the bottom and by ones with side-mounted freezers. Automatic defrosting tends to make refrigerators less energy efficient (Energy Star, 2008). Realizing the Potential of Energy Efficiency - Targets, Policies, and Measures for G8 Countries.

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