Treatment for encephalitis and meningitis,holistic therapy jobs in london,energy boosting food during pregnancy list - Review

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Meningitis is an inflammation of the arachnoid, the pia mater, and the intervening cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Meningitis is caused by different bacteria, viruses, mycobacterium tuberculosis, inflammatory diseases like SLE (systemic lupus erythematosis), behcet disease. Acute bacterial meningitis usually occurs when bacteria enter the bloodstream and migrate to the brain and spinal cord.
The most common signs and symptoms of enteroviral infections are rash, sore throat, diarrhea, joint aches and headache.
Chronic forms of meningitis is rare and  occur when slow-growing organisms invade the membranes and fluid surrounding your brain.
Meningitis can also result from noninfectious causes, such as drug allergies, some types of cancer and inflammatory diseases such as lupus,behcet’s disease. The classic signs and symptoms of meningitis are headache, fever, and stiff neck (in adults and older children). The presence of a petechial, purpuric, or ecchymotic rash in a patient with meningeal findings almost always indicates meningococcal infection and requires prompt treatment because of the rapidity with which this infection can progress.
Es un padecimiento ocasionado por virus o bacterias y otros germenes, que ocasiona la inflamacion de las meninges o membrana que cubre al cerebro y la medula espinal. La meningitis es un padecimiento ocasionado por virus o bacterias y otros germenes, que ocasiona la inflamacion de las meninges o membrana que cubre al cerebro y la medula espinal. Algunos tipos de bacterias pueden provocar consecuencias tan serias, como convulsiones, lesiones neurologicas permanentes e incluso la muerte. Por lo genera la meningitisl es ocasionada por bacterias y virus, pero tambien puede surgir por microorganismos, por reaccion a algunos medicamentos y por la presencia de algun tumor.
En el 80% de los casos, se origina por virus, del tipo enterovirus , que afecta en especial a los ninos menores de 5 anos.
Sin embargo, otra de las principales causas que son las bacterias pueden ser  mortales, suelen iniciar como infecciones similares a las de la gripe, pero destruyen los vasos sanguineos en el cerebro y pueden ocasionar un derrame, con graves danos neurologicos. Entre las principales bacterias que pueden causar meningitis se encuentran los meningococos (tipos A, B, C, D, X e Y).
Los estudios que se realizan para determinar la Meningitis, consisten en analisis de sangre y orina para detectar la presencia de anticuerpos y un analisis del Liquido Cefalorraquideo, para descubrir infecciones. Tambien se recomienda una Tomografia de la cabeza para detectar crecimientos o anormalidades en la meninges, asi como tumores e irregularidades vasculares en el cerebro.
De no atenderse de manera oportuna y adecuada, la meningitis puede ocasionar severas consecuencias como lesiones neurologicas permanentes, sordera, hidrocefalia, perdida de la vision e incluso la muerte. Cuando la meningitis es bacteriana los especialistas recomiendan antibioticos y en caso de presentarse complicaciones como convulsiones o edema cerebral, se  debe hospitalizar para que reciba farmacos especializados y liquidos intravenosos. Complications of meningoccocal meningitis Severe forms can be associated with pneumonia, myocarditis, pericarditis.
Find out about the treatment for encephalitis, which involves reducing inflammation inside the brain while trying to prevent brain damage and complications.


Treatment: With the exception of herpes simplex and varicella-zoster encephalitis, the viral forms of encephalitis are not treatable. The types of encephalitis treatments used typically depend on the severity of each individual case. The disease can be caused by a number of different germs and therefore the viral bacterial infection can disseminate in many different ways. Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of patients with encephalitis were prepared by an Expert Panel of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Other signs and symptoms of encephalitis depend on which area of the brain is most affected. The inflammatory process extends throughout the subarachnoid space about the brain and spinal cord and regularly involves the ventricles. Because bacterial infections are the most serious and can be life-threatening, identifying the source of the infection is an important part of developing a treatment plan. But it can also occur when bacteria directly invade the meninges, as a result of an ear or sinus infection or a skull fracture. This bacterium is the most common cause of bacterial meningitis in infants, young children and adults in the United States.
Before the 1990s, Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) bacterium was the leading cause of bacterial meningitis in children.
These bacteria can be found almost anywhere,  in soil, in dust and in foods that have become contaminated. Although acute meningitis strikes suddenly, chronic meningitis develops over two weeks or more.
Although the classic triad of fever, stiff neck, and change in mental status is present in only 44% of episodes, a combination of two of four symptoms (headache, fever, stiff neck, and altered mental status) is found in 95% of patients.
Cranial nerve abnormalities, involving principally the third, fourth, sixth, or seventh nerve, occur in 5 to 10% of adults with community-acquired meningitis and usually disappear shortly after recovery.
Por lo general no ocasionan mayores problemas,  en muchas ocasiones las personas pueden haber padecido este problema sin siquiera darse cuenta.
La mas comun es la de tipo B, que tambien puede ocasionar enfermedades como la faringitis y la neumonia.
Some patients may have symptoms of a cold or stomach infection before encephalitis symptoms begin. From symptoms to treatment to prevention, get the basics on encephalitis from the experts at WebMD. Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain, usually caused by a direct viral infection or a hypersensitivity reaction to a virus or foreign protein. Meningococcal meningitis commonly occurs when bacteria from an upper respiratory infection enter your bloodstream.
But new Hib vaccines — available as part of the routine childhood immunization schedule in the United States — have greatly reduced the number of cases of this type of meningitis.


A group of viruses known as enteroviruses are responsible for about 30 percent of viral meningitis cases in the United States. Viruses such as herpes simplex virus, La Crosse virus, West Nile virus and others also can cause viral meningitis.
Nevertheless, the signs and symptoms of chronic meningitis (headaches, fever, vomiting and drowsiness) are similar to those of acute meningitis. Cryptococcal meningitis is a common fungal form of the disease that affects people with immune deficiencies, such as AIDS. Behavioral changes, such as confusion, sleepiness, and difficulty waking up, are important symptoms.
The findings of meningitis may be easily overlooked in infants or elderly patients with heart failure or pneumonia, who may have meningitis without prominent meningeal signs; their lethargy should be investigated carefully. Otra mas son el Pneumococo que afecta a ninos menores de un ano y puede provocar sordera, en tanto que otras pasan a la sangre, ocasionando la muerte. When it occurs, it tends to follow an upper respiratory infection, ear infection (otitis media) or sinusitis.
Fortunately, most healthy people exposed to listeria don’t become ill, although pregnant women, newborns and older adults tend to be more susceptible. In infants, symptoms of meningitis are often much less specific and may include irritability or tiredness, poor feeding, and fever. Autoimmune disease and the effects of cancer can also cause encephalitis. Encephalitis is uncommon. It affects mainly teenagers and young adults, and may cause local epidemics in college dormitories, boarding schools and military bases. Listeria can cross the placental barrier, and infections in late pregnancy may cause a baby to be stillborn or die shortly after birth.
The elderly and infants are more vulnerable and may have a more severe case of the disease. Symptoms When the virus enters the bloodstream, it may cause inflammation of brain tissue and surrounding membranes.
People with weakened immune systems, due to disease or medication effect, are most vulnerable. Other cases are severe, and permanent impairment or death is possible. The acute phase normally lasts for 1 - 2 weeks. Some people may take several months to fully recover. Possible Complications Permanent brain damage may occur in severe cases of encephalitis.



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