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Both cities are highly respected moves because, let’s face it – If you have recently graduated and dad is unable to invest in a Soho loft for you and Toto, affording New York or Los Angeles is no easy feat.
Competition: Although tech start-ups and media companies comprise a large portion of said small businesses, let’s first put restaurants under the microscope. Cost of Living: My nose would extend to the other side of this room if I said I had never walked into a New York City apartment and immediately wanted to know how much the tenants were paying for rent. Vitally important factors such as technology and marketing are not as noteworthy for contrast.
To combat that issue, BreezoMeter created its own standardized Air Quality Index that goes from 0 (poor air quality) to 100 (excellent air quality) with 5 categories of equal lengths. One of the worst offenders is Staten Island’s West Shore, a hub of industrial activity with only one residential neighborhood. In Manhattan, much of the area along the Hudson River appears problematic (there’s probably a joke about proximity to Jersey in there somewhere), as do some of the more heavily-trafficked neighborhoods downtown (East Village, West Village, Lower East Side, Tribeca, etc). Rikers Island, New York City’s most notorious jail complex, is also a conspicuous patch of red.
Over in Queens the area around JFK is suspiciously blank, presumably because no one could think of a color more threatening than red. Interestingly, Queens also has one of the few deep green spots on the map, around Seneca Ave between Stanhope St and Menahan St. North Brooklyn is a surprisingly green affair (yes, even Williamsburg), but things get redder as you head south. The worst offender is the area along the water near Bay Ridge and the Brooklyn Army Terminal, a large complex of warehouses, offices, piers, docks, cranes, rail sidings and cargo loading equipment in Sunset Park. Of course this doesn’t show the Bronx at all which has the worst asthma rates out of all of NYC.
Having clean air to breathe is one of the most important aspects when it comes to staying healthy, and yet it is something many people take for granted until ita€™s not there. Based on data compiled by the Environmental Protection Agency, the State of the Air 2013 American Lung Association report looked at two specific types of air pollution (ozone and particle pollution) in order to determine which areas of the country are at highest risk.
Ozone pollution is the smog that originates from car exhausts, smokestacks and wood-burning stoves, which builds up in the atmosphere until reaching unhealthy levels. Particle pollution refers to the microscopic particles that build up in the atmosphere, most often the result of the sulfur dioxide emitted by large coal-fired plants and nitrate particles from motor vehicle exhaust. According to the report, New York City earned a a€?Da€? grade for ozone levels, citing the Big Apple for nine days in 2012 when ozone levels in the air were considered unhealthy.
The report recommends several steps that should be taken to reduce the amount of ozone and particle pollution levels in the U.S. In China, where economic growth has long been given precedence over environmental protection, air and water pollution threaten to undermine the economy (see also here) and is beginning to bring about significant social unrest. Still, the debate between those that favor economic gain over green considerations (a false choice in many regards, as I've written about here and here) and those that argue environmental health spurs economic health rages on.
As anyone who has been reading a newspaper of late will know, China has huge environmental problems, among them air pollution. Just a few days ago, the New York Times reported that "[o]nly three of the 74 Chinese cities monitored by the central government managed to meet official minimum standards for air quality." Can China turn that around?
The authors looked at the developmental patterns of two cohorts of children -- one born before and one born "after a highly polluting, coal-fired power plant in Tongliang County, China had ceased operation" because it had been such a huge source of pollution. The bottom line: With the air quality as bad as it is in China, almost any action -- like closing down a single power plant -- can reap significant health benefits. Lest we get too smug, it bears noting that some towns and cities right here in the United States face similar problems from local factories and power plants.
Still, we've made a lot of progress here and Americans living in metropolitan areas usually find themselves breathing air that is relatively clean by international standards. But air pollution persists, and data suggest that that pollution comes at the cost of public health.
A paper published last week in the Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association by Daniel Cohan and Ran Chen of Rice University suggests that at least some of those concerns were unfounded. So meeting those new standards was feasible and the pollution controls implemented were effective in meeting those standards. So while the Chinese get to see the benefits of their air quality program almost immediately, we've got to live with some uncertainty. The fact that the Foundation would intentionally circulate misinformation does not come as a surprise, unfortunately.
For example, though it claims to care about climate change, FWW is leading a nonsensical campaign against hydraulic fracturing (fracking), despite the fact that the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) recently called fracking “an important reason for a reduction of GHG emissions in the United States.” Similarly bizarre FWW claims have already been debunked by EID here and here. The Foundation’s report simply fails to address the large the body of scientific literature that contradicts its claims or to recognize the extensive regulatory framework within which oil development in Los Angeles takes place. Fact: Production Activities Have No Substantial Impact on Air Quality in the Los Angeles Region. There have been several studies that directly examine the relationship between oil production and air pollution in the Los Angeles region.  These studies have decisively concluded that production activities present no real threat to air quality. Singling-out energy development – which is strictly regulated by, among others, the SCAQMD – as a significant source of air pollutants is to ignore 99+ percent of pollutants and contaminants from other sources, but it makes for a great anti-industry talking point.
Similarly, the Foundation’s “Drilling Down” report attempts to link Los Angeles’ persistent problem with smog and ground-level ozone to emissions related to local oil production.
The western United States does, unfortunately, suffer from higher levels of ground level ozone than other regions, which has prompted numerous studies to specifically examine this phenomenon.
Smog and ground level ozone are persistent problems in Los Angeles, but blaming oil-related emissions, which, again, are tightly regulated and within regional air quality standards, is not going to get us any closer to further reducing their impacts. The Foundation’s report also tries to play on people’s fears tha “unconventional” oil production is – among other false claims — polluting local water supplies.
Fact: There is No Fracking or Unconventional Oil Production Operations in the City of Los Angeles.

Discussions about unconventional operations and hydraulic fracturing are simply off-topic when applied to Los Angeles.
Even if fracking did occur, however, there is no shortage of scientific literature on the fundamental safety of the practice which is after all, a routine technique used millions of times elsewhere in the country (and in California) since Harry Truman was President. To name a few recent studies: a 2015 Texas Commission on Environmental Quality Study, a 2012 Colorado Department of Public Health Study, a 2011 Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Health Report, a 2013 Public Health England Study, a 2013 West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection Study, as well as many more. Closer to home, a comprehensive study of the Inglewood Oil Field near Baldwin Hills and Culver City was conducted in 2012.
On the groundwater issue specifically, the Foundation also fails to note a series of more recent studies which have confirmed that fracking does not contaminate water.
Somehow, none of these many studies or statements from public officials made it into the Foundation’s report.
It is mandatory in both California (and in other states like Colorado) for oil companies to disclose the chemicals that are used in the fracking process. As stated repeatedly throughout this article, fracking is not used in the City of Los Angeles, but it is used elsewhere in the state – primarily in Kern County – and it is a regulated and transparent process. As well, a post facto buffer zone would disadvantage thousands of royalty owners who owned the mineral interests below their properties at the time the production facilities were constructed. Not only is California currently home to the nation’s most stringent regulations for oil production but it is also continuously adapting. The independent Government Accountability Office (GAO) released a 2012 report outlining the extent of federal regulation of oil production – both conventional and unconventional. In addition to these federal regulations, of course, operators also have to comply with a tapestry of state and local laws.
What would it mean for your company to lease office space in New York City, Los Angeles or Chicago?
Class A: A classification used to describe buildings that generally qualify as extremely desirable investment-grade properties and command the highest rents or sale prices compared to other buildings in the same market.
These are two of the most expensive cities in the world and us 20-something go-getters are being flattened before we can fully stand up.
After backpacking through Europe and seeing Dave Matthews Band five times a year during your 20s, the finances will eventually accumulate and many entrepreneurial spirits embark upon the lifelong journey known to some as “Oh, it’s just a hobby” and others as “I have a child to feed.” I am of course referring to owning and operating a business.
We could pull statistics on types of leaders and ways to improve the efficiency of your business, but it would simply not relate back to the difference between LA and New York.
Before Prop 30 passed, California ranked fourth in state-local tax, second in personal income tax rate and first in sales tax.
Earlier this year, the Council for Community and Economic Research conducted a study that determined New York to have the highest cost of living in the country. Though companies with less money will have difficulty upgrading to the latest technological innovations, this seems to be even across the board everywhere. Since 1987, Eric has been performing stand-up in living rooms and nursing homes across America. Our friends at PlaceILive reminded you that you live in NYC for many reasons, but peace and quiet aren’t anywhere on the list. Census Bureau, the report concluded that 1.6 million residents living in the New York City area are at risk of developing health problems resulting from unhealthy ozone levels. A new study, by Deliang Tang of the Mailman School of Public Health at Columbia University and colleagues published last week in the journal Plos One, suggests that opportunities for significant improvement abound. For each cohort, at the time of their birth, their umbilical cord blood was analyzed for molecular biomarkers of exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) related to DNA damage2 and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a key protein for brain development. The results showed that the second cohort born after the coal plant closed had less PAH exposure and better developmental scores. And so the EPA continues (as it is required to do under the Clean Air Act) to try to ratchet down on air pollutant emissions. EPA was formed in 1970 by Executive Order during the Nixon administration, and within a year the first standards were set for ozone. New epidemiological data showed persistent health effects from ozone and fine (smaller than 2.5 micrometers in diameter) particulates at lower and lower concentrations. Some argued that the epidemiological evidence justifying the new standards was weak, others that compliance would be prohibitively expensive.
That was relatively easy in the case of the plant closure in China, but when you get to the low levels of pollution we're currently at and the incremental nature of the air quality improvements, it can be a challenge.
Luckily for Angelenos, each of the report’s claims have been repeatedly discredited by scientific studies. The Foundation is a non-profit organization that provides funding to a large number of groups working under the social justice umbrella, many of which, no doubt, do excellent work.  Unfortunately, on issues related to energy production, the Foundation has aligned itself with Food and Water Watch (FWW), a fringe activist group that has a long history of ignoring science in favor of an ideological agenda to shut down all oil and gas development.
One such study from earlier this year was conducted by NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory at the California Institute of Technology and concluded that despite improvements in domestic emissions, the western United States is still battling air pollution migrating over the Pacific from China.
This is a fabrication that is frequently repeated by anti-industry groups like FWW, even in the face of numerous studies that show this claim to be unfounded.
Hydraulic fracturing is not used as a completion technique at any of the urban drill sites in the City.  All of the facilities recover oil through traditional water flood operations. However, to reiterate: fracking does not occur in the City of Los Angeles so the Foundation’s discussion of it is irrelevant and not worthy of a serious “report” on potential community impacts.
In California, the industry’s primary regulator is the Department of Conservation’s Division of Oil, Gas and Geothermal Resources (DOGGR).
In addition to DOGGR, the industry complies with regulation from Federal entities like the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Occupations Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), as well as regional regulators like the SCAQMD and the Los Angeles Regional Water Quality Control Board (RWQCB), in addition to regulations by the City of Los Angeles, the Fire Department and the like.  In fact, Los Angeles’ oil and gas industry is under the jurisdiction of 18 different regulatory entities. The industry must use best practices and be held accountable to meet the highest standards of performance.  However, it is troubling that Liberty Hill Foundation would find itself under the sway of an extreme activist organization which, it has been proven time and again, will resort to spreading misinformation and blatant falsehoods – cynically counting on the possibility that its audience will not independently look at the facts – in an attempt to shut down one of the Southland’s most venerable industries. Besides the impression youa€™ll leave your current and potential clients, how can one of these locations directly impact your bottom line? Such buildings are well located and provide efficient tenant layouts as well as high quality, and in some buildings, one-of- a-kind floor plans.

You may have been valedictorian of the Springfield High Class of 2007 but now you, your roommates and your five closest friends will soon be unpaid interns at Sterling Cooper Draper Cheap.
However, the economy is miserable and the competition is fierce, making it increasingly difficult to remain alive in 2012.
According to documentary Eat This New York, 800 of them [or 80%] will go out of business within five years.
Her name describes our opposing city, but certainly hit the tri-state area like a ton of bricks. In my experience, which may be different from another reader’s, LA offices tend to start late and pack up early.
Of ten cities, the boroughs of Queens, Brooklyn and Manhattan all rank in the top ten with Manhattan at #1. Similarly, marketing and advertising tools [such as, I don’t know … Get Busy Media] are regularly made available all over the web and because of that, both cities have an advantage. After graduating from Syracuse University in 2010 with a degree in Television, Radio and Film, he moved on to the Big Apple to pursue a career in production and is currently employed by Nickelodeon. Now they’re back at it again, and this time they mapped out the areas of the city with the best and worst air quality. Environmental Protection Agency that found that expenditures on air pollution controls in the United States (where the Clean Air Act was passed in 19701) have been substantial but have more than paid for themselves in savings on the medical side with more than 160,000 premature deaths prevented through 2010.
However, it wasn't until the '90s that most American cities began to see ozone pollution decline, with even the worst air pollution offenders -- Houston, Los Angeles, Atlanta -- at least holding their own.
EPA responded with stricter air quality standards for ozone and a new standard for fine particulates [pdf]. Some even expressed skepticism that the standards, being so close to ambient background concentrations, could ever be met. It requires detailed statistical analyses of years of epidemiological data to tease out the connection between changes in air quality and health outcomes from the noise of a host of confounding factors.
The report’s attempt to shoehorn fracking and unconventional production into its report proves that it is not engaged in an honest attempt to inform the public. Geological Survey, Syracuse University, National Ground Water Association, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, U.S. From the exceptional talent pool to the quality of living for both you and your employees, it will be easy to see how valuable a move to a major city will be for your business. For those finding their business needs aligning with Chicago, wea€™d love to share with you more about the benefits of holding Chicago office space, specifically in the heart of the city, the Loop.
This long-standing question has consistently served as a hot topic for debate, founded years ago when the first journalist, aspiring director, and actor all tossed their mortarboards into the air at their communications school’s commencement.
In my experience, New York is so densely populated that the competition here is outrageous.
Not only were many businesses without power for more than a week, but also employees of businesses with power were unable to commute due to a lack of gas and subway shutdowns. Although the main stipulations increased sales tax and taxes for the wealthy, small business owners were somewhat overlooked.
With minimum wage at $7.25 an hour, average rent for one-bedroom apartments at $2,568 a month, and two bedrooms averaging $3,187, a full timer in NYC will be able to afford a piece of cheese and a broccoli crown. When he is not bowling a perfect score or teaching the Portuguese how to speak Spanish, you may find him chimney sweeping or serving as an Obstetrician for oil spill pelicans. And big business in the size of the national health care bill we get when the business of pollution dominates the business of pollution control and prevention. A case in point: EPA's efforts to lower concentrations of ground-level ozone and particulate matter commonly found in photochemical smog.
These standards set many areas that had been in or had just reached attainment into non-attainment, requiring that they develop long-term plans to get back on track.
Department of Energy and the Groundwater Protection Council, have all concluded that fracking does not contaminate groundwater resources.
Learn the difference in real estate costs as a total average or specifically by building class to understand if the amenities are worth the price tag. These buildings contain a modern mechanical system, and have above-average maintenance and management as well as the best quality materials and workmanship in their trim and interior fittings. Though the small island of Manhattan is a cozy home to over 190,000 small businesses, LA and its widespread landscape is home to over 215,000 small businesses.
After approximately $50 billion in losses, over 1,000 businesses were forced to apply for loans.
Based on earnings and the personal income tax schedule, business taxes will soar for some and force companies into an early grave.
Determine for yourself which major city location best aligns with your company needs for your office relocation. Others find that New York is more their style and pace, whether it be a result of growing up on the east coast, friends or landing that coveted magazine internship.
In Los Angeles, on the other hand, people seem completely unfazed when earthquakes roll through.
Granted this is often not a business owner’s situation, but you can understand the high cost of living.
I have been lucky [or unlucky] enough to experience living in both cities before the ripe old age of 24, which undoubtedly makes me the most qualified person on the Internet to discuss such a subject. On the downside, Hollywood is now competing with places like Morocco, Louisiana and North Carolina for filming locations.

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