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The caribou design is featured on the 25 cent circulation coin from the Royal Canadian Mint. Throughout North America, woodland caribou range has retracted northward and most populations across Canada are now in decline.
Woodland caribou are a subspecies of caribou found in the boreal forests and mountain regions of Canada from Newfoundland to British Columbia.
The province hopes to strike a balance between forestry activities and habitat preservation with a new woodland caribou recovery strategy. Boreal caribou are listed as a threatened species in Manitoba with a total population between 1800 and 3100. Conservation and Water Stewardship Minister Gord Mackintosh says the proposed plan supports environmental protection, while ensuring communities and industry dependent on the boreal forest continue to prosper. You can read the complete strategy and provide comments to the province over the next 60-days, by visiting Conservation Manitoba's website.
You can find woodland caribou everywhere in Canada except Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Nunavut. Or, if you prefer, you can download and install any of these other free web browsers: Chrome, Firefox, or Safari. The reindeer that live in Ontario are called Woodland caribou and they really need your help.
Did you know that the boreal forest covers about 58% of Canada, making it the country’s largest ecosystem? Earth Rangers is a non-profit organization that works to inspire and educate children about the environment. Earth Rangers is a registered Canadian charity (#892200528RR0001) whose mission is to educate kids about the importance of biodiversity and empower them to protect animals and their habitat. Canadian populations of woodland caribou are listed under Canada’s Species at Risk Act (SARA) as Endangered (Atlantic-Gaspésie), Threatened (Southern Mountain and Boreal), and Special Concern (Northern Mountain). They are the only member of the deer family in which both males and females grow antlers, and they have unique adaptations for the harsh climates in which they live.
Right now, there are only about 5000 of them left in the province and that number keeps shrinking!
This means the forest is home to tons of plants and animals, like the over 3 billion birds that rely on this forest every year.
They will stop to eat at one spot, but it won’t be long before they decide to move on to another.
There is a very special area of the boreal forest in Northwestern Ontario that is still intact, called the Caribou Forest. Become an Earth Ranger, and start your Bring Back the Wild campaign for the Woodland caribou today. Caribou have semi-hollow hair that traps warm air next to their skin to keep them insulated against the cold. Unlike the great herds of barren-ground caribou to the north, Woodland caribou are usually found in groups of only up to ten to twenty-five animals.
It includes population monitoring, and managing up to 80 percent of the suitable caribou habitats in Manitoba's boreal forest.
Woodland caribou are threatened by habitat destruction, hunting, disturbance by humans (including the construction of roads and pipelines) and predation (by wolves, coyotes, and bears). These caribou are threatened with extinction mostly due to the loss of their habitat, the boreal forest. By becoming an Earth Ranger and starting a Bring Back the Wild campaign to protect the Woodland caribou you will be raising donations for important research in the Caribou Forest.

Woodland caribou in Banff, Jasper, Mount Revelstoke and Glacier National Parks belong to the Threatened Southern Mountain population. Even their noses are covered with hair, and their tails and ears are small to help limit heat loss. During the fall rut season, one male will try to gather a larger group of females together while keeping other males away. The boreal forest spans Canada from coast to coast but it is being split up by roads and construction.
Since they travel so much, these caribou need huge areas of land with lots of connected forests. Donations to your campaign will help scientists gather evidence to show how badly the caribou depend on this area for their survival. Environment Canada and the Parks Canada Agency are the federal departments accountable under SARA for the recovery of Southern Mountain caribou in Canada. Female caribou are usually three years old before they have their first calf and only have one calf per year. When the forest is divided, it has a serious affect on the Woodland caribou’s ability to survive. Could you image Woodland caribou having to cross a busy road because a town was built in the middle of their migration route?
This evidence will be used to support the Canadian Boreal Forest Agreement, which is in place to protect the boreal forest from development.
Recovery planning under SARA is conducted in cooperation with appropriate provinces, wildlife management boards and Aboriginal organizations, and in consultation with landowners, stakeholders and the public. These act like snowshoes in deep snow, like paddles for swimming and help them navigate through soggy muskeg. With your help, Earth Rangers and other supporters of the Canadian Boreal Forest Agreement can ensure that the Woodland caribou has a safe place to call home in Ontario. Ahead of a formal recovery strategy, Parks Canada has implemented caribou conservation actions in the Mountain National Parks. Woodland caribou found in Jasper, Banff, Mount Revelstoke, and Glacier National Parks belong to the Southern Mountain population, distinct from most other Woodland caribou in their use of mountain habitat. In fact, if these caribou continue to lose their homes at the current rate, some scientists believe that they could completely disappear from the province of Ontario by the end of this century.
They do not migrate like many other caribou but rather move elevationally in response to seasonal changes.
This allows caribou to live in habitats spatially separate from other deer species and their predators. Even within the Southern Mountain population, this elevational migration differs regionally in response to very different climates. Mount Revelstoke and Glacier National Parks are in the Columbia Mountain Range, characterized by heavy snowfall in winter. Caribou in this region have adapted to take advantage of the deep snow, using this added height to reach lichen growing in the trees.
Jasper and Banff National Parks in the Rocky Mountains are in a much drier climate and rarely get the snow depths seen in Revelstoke and Glacier. Caribou in these areas have adapted to searching out terrestrial lichens under the snow, and will descend in elevation as snow levels accumulate.
The estimated southern extent of historical caribou distribution is indicated by the dashed line Top of Page What is the status of woodland caribou?  Young calf in Jasper National Park. BradleyWoodland caribou found in Jasper, Banff, Mount Revelstoke, and Glacier National Parks belong to the Southern Mountain population listed as Threatened under Canada’s Species at Risk Act (SARA).

Within the Southern Mountain population at least one herd has been extirpated (no longer exists in that area) and several other herds are at risk of disappearing.
The status of these caribou herds varies throughout the different regions and each herd faces distinct challenges on the road to successful recovery. Banff National Park It is unlikely that any caribou remain after a large avalanche in 2009 killed the last five individuals remaining in that herd. Mount Revelstoke and Glacier National Parks Two caribou herds have ranges that extend into parts of Mount Revelstoke and Glacier national parks; the Columbia South herd and the Duncan herd. Population monitoring and protection is carried out in cooperation with the BC Ministry of Forests and BC Ministry of Environment.Jasper National Park Jasper National Park has four main herds.
The northern A la Peche herd, estimated at less than 100 caribou, spends most of its time outside of the national park. Three additional herds of caribou are found in the southern part of Jasper National Park, spending most, if not all their time within the national park.
In total, their numbers are estimated at approximately 55 animals and have been declining. BradleyPacked trails can affect this natural buffer between caribou and wolves, giving wolves access to high-elevation and deep-snow caribou habitat. Human Disturbance: Mortality caused by vehicle collisions is the most direct and significant threat in areas where roads intersect caribou habitat. Recreational use of important habitat can also affect caribou, displacing them to less suitable areas. Habitat Loss: Outside the mountain national parks, habitat loss is a major threat to woodland caribou. While fire plays an important role in ecosystem health, biologists are working with Parks Canada fire and vegetation specialists to minimize potential impacts to caribou habitat.
Changes to human use of caribou habitat in the mountain national parks could also affect use of these areas by caribou.
Small Population Effects: As has been shown in many other species, very small populations are more likely to decline than to increase.
Even if recovery actions reduce the previous threats, some populations are likely too small to be sustained without the addition of more caribou. The loss of any animal from such small herds can be devastating and random events such as a large avalanche could wipe them out entirely.
The Conservation Strategy for Woodland Caribou, Southern Mountain Population, on Parks Canada Lands has been created to guide caribou conservation measures in the mountain national parks. Ongoing scientific research and monitoring of caribou, wolf, and elk populations is creating greater understanding of the complex relationships within mountain ecosystems.
This knowledge helps guide sound management decisions and the implementation of effective recovery measures.ConservationCaribou conservation actions will vary between the four mountain national parks of Jasper, Banff, Mount Revelstoke and Glacier, recognizing the unique circumstances in each park. Research in the park indicates that the translocation of caribou could be used to successfully establish a new herd.
Caribou habitat remains intact and plentiful within the historic range, and does not face the pressure of high human use or development.

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