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Bacterial meningitis in an infant,how to get rid of bad armpit odor on clothes,home remedies for acne prone skin - Plans On 2016

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The symptoms of viral meningitis are similar to those for bacterial meningitis, which can be fatal. Bacterial meningitis is defined by an intense inflammation of the meninges caused by bacteria. Children under the age of five face a high risk of contracting meningitis-related infections.
Both conditions of sepsis and meningitis are extremely serious and require immediate medical treatment. Patients who have a suppressed immune system may be subject to sepsis poisoning after suffering an open wound or infection. The most common and worrisome cause of this is an infection within the cerebrospinal fluid (the fluid enclosed by the meninges) from a virus or bacteria. In newborns and infants, the classic symptoms (fever, headache, and neck stiffness) may be absent or difficult to notice. Now, as a result of the protection offered by current childhood vaccines, bacterial meningitis is more commonly diagnosed among pre-teens and young adults. As a result, college students living in dormitories, military personnel and children in childcare facilities are at an increased risk. Dairy farmers, ranchers, and other people who work with domestic animals are at an increased risk of contracting listeriosis.
Enteroviruses can also be spread through respiratory secretions (saliva, sputum, or nasal mucus) of an infected person. If meningitis is suspected, samples of blood or cerebrospinal fluid are collected using a simple lumbar puncture, and sent to the laboratory for testing. Growing the bacteria in the laboratory is important for confirming the presence of bacteria and for identifying the specific type of bacteria that is causing the infection. Antibiotics do not help viral infections, so they are not useful in the treatment of viral meningitis.

Sepsis involves an infection, typically bacterial in nature, which is present throughout the bloodstream.
Although these conditions have differences involving location of infection, both typically will require hospitalization. This may include patients suffering from Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) or a patient receiving chemotherapy.
With viral meningitis, antibiotics are not effective, and therefore the disease needs to run its course with the patient receiving adequate rest and fluid intake. The only sure way to properly diagnose a case of spinal meningitis is by examining a sample of spinal fluid.
Instead the infant may appear to be slow or inactive, irritable, vomiting or feeding poorly.
Sometimes the bacteria that cause meningitis have spread to other people who have had close or prolonged contact with a patient with meningitis caused by N. Other viruses, such as mumps and varicella-zoster virus, may also be spread through direct or indirect contact with saliva, sputum, or mucus of an infected person. It is important to know the specific cause of meningitis because the severity of illness and the treatment will differ depending on the cause. If bacterial meningitis is suspected, initial treatment with ceftriaxone and vancomycin is recommended. The length of treatment depends on the status of the immune system and the type of fungus that caused the infection. This is because both conditions involve toxin-producing microbes that may be fatal if the patient does not receive proper care. The exception to this is bacterial meningitis, which always needs to be treated with antibiotics.
Bacterial meningitis can be fulminant, meaning, the infection can escalate within a few hours to rapidly become life threatening. In young children, doctors also look at the child’s reflexes, which can also be a sign of meningitis. Contact with an infected person may increase your chance of becoming infected with the virus that made them sick; however you will have a small chance of developing meningitis as a complication of the illness.

People with certain medical conditions like diabetes, cancer, or HIV are at higher risk of fungal meningitis. In the case of bacterial meningitis, for example, antibiotics can help prevent severe illness and reduce the spread of infection from person to person. Appropriate antibiotic treatment of the most common types of bacterial meningitis should reduce the risk of dying from meningitis to below 15%, although the risk is higher among the elderly.
A hospital stay may be necessary in more severe cases or for people with weak immune systems. For people with immune systems that do not function well because of other conditions, like AIDS, diabetes, or cancer, longer treatment is needed. Patients affected with sepsis will invariably need a course of antibiotics to treat the infection. Extracted from the spinal region of the patient, this fluid is examined under a high-powered laboratory microscope. A culture will be performed on the patient's blood to see if the bacteria-causing agents are present, indicating sepsis. You may also get fungal meningitis after taking medications that suppress your immune system. Technicians look for a strain of bacteria present in the spinal fluid that is known to cause meningitis.
There are chronic forms of meningeal infection that are not as immediately dangerous but that still require evaluation and treatment. Examples of these medications include steroids (such as prednisone), medications given after organ transplantation, or anti-TNF medications, which are sometimes given for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis or other autoimmune conditions.

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31.07.2015, author: admin
Category: Bv In Women 2016

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