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Gargling with an antimicrobial mouthwash may help in treating a bacterial throat infection. A bacterial infection in the throat is usually treated with a regimen of antibiotics and self-care remedies. Microorganisms such as Group A streptococcus, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and Chlamydia pneumonia can cause a bacterial infection from which pharyngitis can develop. In many cases Group A streptococcus can cause a potentially serious throat infection called strep throat. Bacterial pharyngitis is usually treated with one of three types of antibiotics: penicillin, cephalosporins or macrolides. Along with antibiotics, many patients choose to employ self-care remedies to help treat the infection and its symptoms. Oral anesthetics and over-the-counter (OTC) pain medications are generally effective at treating pain and inflammation, as well as reducing the fever associated with bacterial infections of the throat.
My husband had all the strep throat symptoms, but his doctor wanted to swab his throat and do a test anyway. The tonsils (palatine tonsils) are a pair of soft tissue masses located at the rear of the throat (pharynx).
Sign up to stay informed with the latest womens health updates on MedicineNet delivered to your inbox FREE! Pharyngitis is defined as the inflammation of the pharynx that often results in the condition known as a sore throat. The pharynx is an important part of the body for it is vital in respiration and deglutition. Pharyngitis is a very common condition that is experienced internationally although this disease is seldom serious or life-threatening.
Acute pharyngitis is a type of pharyngitis that rapidly occurred although this usually lasts for a brief period of time. Chronic pharyngitis on the other hand is more common in adults and is often associated with the disease of the upper respiratory tract.
The symptoms of pharyngitis vary and greatly depend on the underlying condition that caused the inflammation.
Coughing, which may cause the patient to expel mucus that may be clear, whitish, brownish, greenish or yellowish in color.
Pharyngitis that is left untreated on the other hand may cause serious complications such as infection in the blood and rheumatic fever. Various factors can trigger the onset of Pharyngitis although infectious organisms are the most common cause. Adenovirus is the most common pathogen that causes inflammation of the pharynx among children and adults. Bacterial infection is also another cause of Pharyngitis although this occurs less frequently. Group A Streptococcus is the most common cause of throat infection and the condition is also referred to as strep throat.

Pharyngitis is rather difficult to distinguish the cause whether it is from a viral infection or bacterial infection due to the similarities in signs and symptoms. Throat culture is the standard diagnostic utilized in identifying Pharyngitis from Streptococcus infection. Blood test is also another diagnostic procedure for Pharyngitis that is caused by another factor aside from viral infection.
Imaging test is not necessary in determining or diagnosing Pharyngitis except for cases where airway obstruction is occurring or there may be a suspicion of epiglottitis. Pharyngitis is a common disease that generally affects children although adults may also get affected. Cephalexin or Cefadroxil are the prescribed therapy for patients with allergy in Penicillin treatment.
Pharyngitis caused by viral infection usually does not respond to antibiotics and the treatment is basically symptomatic. Some may opt to alleviate the inflammation and throat pain of a bacterial infection with oral anesthetics, such as throat lozenges, and analgesic pain relievers.
A derivative of penicillin, amoxicillin is one of the more frequently prescribed antibiotics for bacterial infections because it is effective and inexpensive.
Popular home remedies include gargling with warm salt water or with an antimicrobial mouthwash.
The effects are temporary, which means medications must be continuously administered over the course of the infection. I've also seen that you might not have *all* the symptoms of a bacterial infection when you have strep throat.
Each tonsil is composed of tissue similar to lymph nodes, covered by pink mucosa (like on the adjacent mouth lining). The condition involves the pharynx which can be found immediately at the back of the mouth and the nasal cavity and just above the esophagus and the larynx. It serves as a channel from the mouth and nose down to the esophagus and the larynx and thus, a common channel for deglutition and respiration. It is prevalent among school age children from 5 to 18 years and rarely occurs in infants while adults may also get affected. The symptoms also depend on the extent of the inflammation including the causative agent of the infection. The symptoms of pharyngitis associated with serious medical complications may be accompanied with life-threatening symptoms that require a medical emergency.
Viral infection is regarded as the most common cause of Pharyngitis while bacterial infection is less in occurrence. It is regarded as the largest non-enveloped virus which can be transmitted through respiratory droplets or can also be transmitted via fecal means. There are numerous types of bacteria that can infect the throat subsequent inflammation of the Pharynx.
Pharyngitis with this etiology rarely occurs in children below the age of 3 years old and is common among adult patients.

The test achieved through collection of culture from the secretions of the throat via the throat swabs.
The procedure is generally done by taking a small sample of blood drawn from the arms or from the hands. Viral pharyngitis on the other hand usually resolves within 3 to 7 days from the time of infection. It is mostly caused by viral infection and which can be transmitted from one person to another.
A sore throat accompanied by fever, headache, swollen lymph nodes, joint and muscle pain is characteristic of bacterial pharyngitis. Once the type of a bacterial infection in the throat has been identified, a health care professional will usually prescribe medication to kill the infection. Salt water may be the better alternative for some as it relieves pain and removes irritants. Oral anesthetics can be found in various forms including cough drops, throat lozenges and sprays. I have taken antibiotics such as amoxicillin and, penicillin, but still the coughing is there.
I somehow managed to pick up a case of it one summer - ironic, because I'm a teacher, but I got it somewhere else - and a sore throat was my main symptom. But I never did get a real fever (temp was almost a hundred, but not quite) and I didn't notice any swollen lymph nodes. Sore throat on the other hand is a manifestation of pharyngitis and is characterized by pain and irritation of the throat that is usually aggravated by swallowing.
Pharyngitis is often caused by viruses commonly causing colds and flu while most viral illnesses can result to the inflammation of the pharynx. Influenza A and B are among the six genera of RNA viruses that cause influenza in humans and other vertebrates and other mammals. The goal of treatment is directed towards the relief of symptoms and prevention of further medical complications. The mode of transmission or spread of the disease is basically through respiratory droplets such as from sneezing and coughing. Macrolide antibiotics such as azithromycin are prescribed for those who have a penicillin allergy.
Antibiotics are usually administered for five to ten days, but the length of treatment might vary depending on the severity of the infection. Another option for pain relief and healing is herbal tea, which often includes throat-soothing ingredients such as licorice and honey.
The test is noninvasive and cheap, so if you are the doctor with a kid with a fever, it's worthwhile to ask for it if the doctor doesn't do one automatically. She also told us to throw away his toothbrush once he'd been on the antibiotics for twenty-four hours.
The spread of the disease is prevalent in close communities and to those living in places such as military barracks where close contact is common.

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16.01.2014, author: admin

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