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How to treat a bacterial nail infection vicks,how to get rid of ringworm on elbow pictures,how to remove shortcut virus from pc in windows xp mode - PDF Review

Onychomycosis or fungal infection of the nails is one of the most common causes of nail abnormalities and accounts for almost half of the nail diseases. It is primarily caused by dermatophytes, candida and nondermatophytic molds, and is characterized by the presence of thickened nail plate, with a yellow or cloudy appearance.
There is a distinct change in the colour and texture of the infected nails, which may appear rough and crumbly, and at times, may even separate from the nail bed. Viral warts and bacterial infections are also responsible for some cases of fingernail infection, but unlike fungus or yeast infections, bacterial infections are particularly painful, with the infection sites located under the nail or in the skin surrounding the nail. Viral warts are characterized by the presence of ingrown skin under the nail and a change in the shape of the nail. Fingernail infections are difficult to treat, as the area of infection is usually situated under the nail, making it inaccessible.
The doctors generally resort to surgical drainage of the abscess to prevent the infection from spreading. Severe cases of infection, which spread to the area across the nail-bed, may need antibiotic treatment. Topical antifungal medication such as nail paints containing amorolfine and ciclopirox, might be useful in treating mild forms of fingernail infection, where less than 80% of the nail is affected and the infection is restricted only to one or two fingernails. However, more severe cases may not respond to topical treatments alone, making it necessary to use systemic antifungal medication such as, itraconazole and terbinafine, in combination with topical treatments for effective cure.


Moreover, for topical treatment, the topical medication needs to be applied daily for prolonged periods of time.
Though there have been a few successful cases, the laser treatment for fingernail infection is still in the experimental stage, making it difficult to predict its efficacy in treating fingernail infection. Applying hydrogen peroxide onto the infected fingernails can help in fighting infection due to its microbicidal properties. It is important to diagnose the condition and undergo treatment, as an untreated fingernail infection may spread across the nail-bed, often tracking up the finger.
Once the infection spreads to the fingers, it may require extensive surgery and may even lead to other complications, which are especially difficult to treat. Paronychia - Infection Around the NailsIn chronic paronychia, the redness and tenderness are less noticeable than the acute infection.
Though the fingernail infection is usually superficial and remains localized in the skin and soft tissue, it can progress to more severe forms, affecting the entire finger and in severe cases, may even result in loss of finger or permanent disability. They are best treated with an early diagnosis, when the infection is relatively mild and comparatively easy to treat.
Appearance of redness and swelling around the sore nails, with a yellowish green colour, often indicates the presence of a pus-filled abscess.
At times, a wick may be placed in the abscess to facilitate drainage and to prevent the formation of pus.


In more extreme cases with particularly painful infections, partial or complete removal of the nail becomes necessary.
With the treatment continuing for at least a year, the risk of developing potential side-effects also increases, making it necessary to look for an alternate treatment option. However, the procedure is completely safe and may provide rapid results without any noticeable side-effects.
Regular massages of the infected fingernail with tea-tree oil helps in treating fungal infection. Apple cider or white vinegar has also been found to quite effective in treating fingernail infection. Applying saprox on to the infected fingernail can also provide relief from the symptoms of infection.




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13.05.2016, author: admin


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