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The APA Quick Study is a concise guide to the basic features and essential rules of APA (American Psychological Association) style.
Warning!  APA style is plagued by exasperating nuances that are easy to trip over, even at a basic level. The APA Manual once cautioned: "The Publication Manual is not intended to cover scientific writing at an undergraduate level. There are three basic styles of references: (a) author-date, (b) bibliography, and (c) note, as in endnotes or footnotes. The block formats illustrate how these rules are applied to format references to the most common sources.
APA style asks that the digital object identifier (DOI) be added to references to journal articles (or any document that has one).
Ideas and direct quotes are cited in the text using parenthetical citations in the form: (Author, date). Remember: APA documentation has a passion for parentheses, and follows conventional punctuation, except after URLs and DOIs in references. Chapter 6 in the 2001 edition of the APA Manual (5th ed.), "Material Other Than Journal Articles," gives instructions for formatting papers in their final form for a class, thesis, or dissertation, a final manuscript. There are two rules to note, both standard usage in research writing: (a) define acronyms, and (b) never use lowercase or Latin abbreviations in plain text.
Technically APA is an initialism since each letter is pronounced separately, while NASA is a true acronym since it is pronounced as a word. Scare quotes is the term given to adding emphasis by placing a word or phrase in quotation marks. They indicate the term is being used ironically, or is a slang, coined, or invented expression. The main and simple purpose of the APA reference page is to ensure that the reader can locate and retrieve the sources cited in the paper. Before delving into specific types, here are some basic rules to take note of when writing an APA reference page. Each source cited in the paper should appear twice—it should be cited in the actual text and then listed on the reference page. The page should be labeled “References,” centered at the top of the page and without any formatting (do not bold, italicize, underline or use quotation marks).
All lines after the first line of each entry should be indented half an inch from the left margin. Author’s name should follow the format: last name and then initials of the first and middle name (if provided). For shorter works such as essays and journal articles, do not bold, italicize, underline or put quotation marks. When attributing books, chapters, articles or Web pages, capitalize only the first letter of the first word of a title or subtitle. When referencing a Web page with no author, cite the title of the article followed by the year it was written in parentheses.

For more visual guidelines especially on the elements of the page structure, here are some sample APA reference pages.
Notice that the entry has four essential elements: the author’s name, the year of the publication, the title and additional information on the publication.
When creating your APA reference page, do not forget to list down even the non-print sources such as interviews or documentaries. Admittedly, this is a bit more tedious than doing a non-APA reference page but this is something that can be done with a lot of help along the way.
There are separate instructions for preparing a paper for publication, a copy manuscript (the main focus of the Publication Manual), and for presentation in its final form for a class, or seminar, a final manuscript. It can also refer to a style of presentation, as in the style of the American Psychological Association. APA style uses the author-date style, with text citations placed in parentheses (parenthetical citations) in author-date format. APA style calls for parentheses or brackets around a lot the material that goes into composing a reference. For final manuscripts follow conventional rules in the text (only)—double space after the end of a sentence—to improve readability. These are: (a) author, (b) date, (c) title, (d) publication information, and (e) Internet access information. All titles are formatted lowercase (sentence caps): only the first word, the first word after a colon, and proper nouns are capitalized. By convention (shared with other styles) no publisher is given for journals and other periodicals, the title or name of the journal (in italics) is sufficient.
Three changes are called for: (a) block paragraph spacing, (b) tables and figures embedded in the text (not on separate pages at the end of a paper), and (c) the consolidation of the title and abstract pages on a single page. They may insist that the APA Manual be followed precisely, even when it makes no sense to do so (left, above). Titles (and other headings), the abstract, author information, block quotes, table headings and notes, and references are all block paragraph spaced.
But when preparing a final manuscript---a class paper, thesis, or dissertation---they are inserted at the appropriate place in the text. There are five topics that merit special attention: some practices shared by other styles, some unique to APA style.
Unless they are very familiar, like FBI or CIA, a reader can remember just a few in the course of a research paper.
Titles of books and volumes, reports, Web Pages, and the names of journals are also placed in italics. They may be edited to do so according to sensible rules specified in the APA Manual and abstracted in APA Lite. The APA Manual insists that datum is the singular form of data, though dictionaries disagree (p. And because sources come in many different shapes and sizes, APA has guidelines on page structure for different kinds of publications that need to be attributed.

If an author has multiple articles, list down in chronological order from oldest to newest.
If there are two authors, use the ampersand instead of using “and.” If there are up to seven authors, list down the last name followed by initials.
You may also capitalize the first word after a colon or a dash in the title, and, of course, proper nouns.
There are specific rules for each source so it is important to identify the type of material you used to determine which formatting rules apply. This process ensures that your paper gives proper credit to the people and their body of work which have been instrumental in the creation of your own. While the APA Lite focuses on the details, the Quick Study highlights those features that are trademarks of APA style.
There are five sets of rules that merit particular attention: (a) abbreviations, (b) capitalization, (c) emphasis, (d) numbers, and (e) quotations. References and citations must correspond, that is, everything cited in the text must be referenced, and only the works cited are included in the reference list.
It puts a period after all abbreviations or initials, and commas between items in a series, like the names of several coauthors to a work. With two or more authors the last author's name is preceded by an ampersand (&), an APA trademark.
Titles of books and the names of journals (journal names are capitalized as proper nouns) are placed in italics.
The APA Manual also expresses a preference for a fairly large, 12-point, font, but accepts a smaller (10-point) elite typewriter-sized font as well. If many pages come between the first usage and subsequent usage, the reader can forget what the acronym stands for. If there are more than seven authors, write down the first six and then use ellipses after the sixth author’s name.
If the documentation is poor or incomplete the dialogue sputters and fails, becoming little more than noise. However, the latest edition of the APA Manual now expressly allows tables to be single-spaced throughout.
This can also be written, "the APA (American Psychological Association) publishes a style guide.
When there are two or more coauthors, the last author is preceded by an ampersand: (Author, Author, & Author, 2006).

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