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02.03.2014
This pressure can cause the inner ear to send abnormal messages to the brain resulting in dizziness, vomiting and dulled hearing. The exact cause of Meniere’s disease is not known but there may be links to circulation problems, viral infections, allergies, the immune system, migraines, or genetic factors.
The inner ear consisting of the cochlea, the auditory (hearing) nerve and the brainPeople who have problems with the outer and middle ear have conductive deafness (e.g. In your inner ear is the organ of hearing (cochlea) and inside the cochlea are various chambers – one of which contains a fluid called endolymph. The cause of this pressure is not yet fully understood although there are several possibilities under investigation. Thanks to Ann-Marie Hawkins, Senior Audiologist at the University Hospitals of Coventry & Warwickshire for her support in creating this page. Children experiencing inflamed nasal and throat passages may be more susceptible to developing a secondary condition, such as an ear infection.
An infection of the inner ear, technically known as labyrinthitus, can hamper a person's normal sense of balance.
Otis media, or a middle ear infection, is characterized by deep ear pain, as well as fluid present within the ear.
Some ear problems may seem entirely ear-related when, in fact, they are symptoms of another condition altogether. The ear is protected from infection by wax which is continuously produced by small glands in the ear. There are three variations of this infective inflammation of the ear : Acute, Chronic-Secretary chronic separative.
1) Acute : The inflammation frequently affects babies and children particularly in children in winter. A group of symptoms that gets worse in the inner with attacks of vertigo and buzzing in the ear, may lead to progressive deafness. Audiogram: An audiogram is a graph which audiologist use to record results using symbols to depict the threshold for each ear as a function of frequency and intensity. It is thought to be caused by unusually large amounts of a fluid called endolymph creating a build up of pressure in the inner ear. Meniere’s ‘attacks’ are thought to be triggered by too much endolymph causing pressure in the cochlea – the hearing cells and balance cells in the inner ear are damaged during an ‘attack’. The Meniere’s Society states that the disease affects between 1 in 2000 and 1 in 20,000 people. While an infection is often the culprit of ear pain, many other circumstances may produce an earache as a symptom.


If an ear, as well as the area surrounding it, is red and swollen, a serious infection may be present.
For example, during or following a flight, barotrauma, or "popping" in the ears, can result from changes in altitude or pressure.
If ear pain occurs while biting down, and coincides with tooth pain, it may be a tooth issue requiring dental treatment.
I shadowed my supervisor while she performed audios on different patients and I have gained valuable and useful skills during my observations.
It is known as the most common type of hearing loss and more than 90% of people who are hard of hearing have sensorineural hearing loss.
A person who suffers from a mixed hearing loss usually has strengths and weaknesses in their hearing. Air conduction: Is the course of sounds that are conducted to the inner ear by way of the outer and middle ear.
The reason to do this is to prevent sound from the side being tested from going over to the good side. It commonly starts between the ages of 20 and 50 but can occur at all ages and in either sex. A diagnosis from a physician is typically required to determine the exact cause of most ear problems. While ear infections may clear up on their own within one to two weeks, a physician can make an accurate diagnosis, and determine whether or not a treatment, such as use of antibiotics, is needed.
Another pressing condition requiring immediate medical attention is a ruptured eardrum, which involves a very sharp, sudden pain followed by thick, pus-filled or bloody drainage leaking from the ear canal. Barotrauma typically fades quickly; however, if pain is severe or lasts for hours, a doctor visit may be required for treatment. Ear pain during jaw cracking, or in conjunction with jaw tenderness, may be a symptom of Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome (TMJ), which is actually a jaw joint disorder. Problems affecting the ear include earache, discharge noises in the ear rash and ear injury Head injury and loud and sudden noise can serious damage to the middle or inner or the nerve of hearing.
I developed a variety of insights on the different degrees and types of hearing losses, differences between air and bone conduction, and the symbols used on an audiogram. As for the third diagram, I explained what an audiogram is and created a mapping key that is used when performing audio evaluations on a patient.
Someone that has that same hearing for air and bone conduction usually has normal hearing or sensorineural hearing loss.


Mastoiditis, an infection of the bone behind the ear, may present itself through headache pain and redness, or tenderness, behind the ear. Conductive hearing loss can often be medically treated, and in many cases, hearing can be restored. This type of hearing loss results from a conductive and sensorineural hearing loss mixed together.
Someone who has poorer hearing by air than bone eventually has conductive or mixed hearing loss. Alternatively, this could signify an enlarged lymph node as well; both cases do require medical attention. Fluid, pressure and stuffiness unable to be cleared by coughing or swallowing, combined with cold symptoms, may actually be a blocked eustacian tube, which may either go away on its own, or need to be checked by a doctor if it persists for days. For individuals with permanent conductive hearing loss treatment such as hearing aids or bone-conduction hearing aids may be a feasible treatment option. Once they become damaged they are unable to convert sound vibrations into electrical signals required by the auditory nerve.
With this degree of hearing loss the person appears to be able to hear soft sounds, can hear a normal conversation in a quiet room, has difficulty in a noisy environment, and cannot hear whispered conversation or speech from a distance. During audiogram evaluations the patient wears either headphones or inserts depending on the size of their ear canal for better results. When testing the hearing by bone, patients wear headphones positioned on the temple and cheek. The electromechanical transducer, which converts electric signals into mechanical vibrations and sends sound to the inner ear through the cranial bones. A person who suffers from this type of hearing loss typically states that they can hear people speak, but not understand what they are saying. A patient with this degree of hearing loss has difficulty hearing a normal conversation in a quiet room, and they must use lip-reading or amplification to comprehend most words. A moderate-severe hearing loss ranges from 55-90 dB HL and a person who suffers from this hearing loss cannot hear a conversation without being spoken loud enough into the ear by the speaker.
A patient who has a profound hearing loss ranges from 90+ dB HL, cannot understand speech even if their being yelled at, and they can only hear very loud sounds.



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