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14.02.2014
Your ears, nose, and throat are all part of your upper respiratory system, explains Paul Jones, MD, director of pediatric otolaryngology at Rush University Medical Center in Chicago. When left untreated, an ear infection can lead to a more serious infection, permanent hearing loss, and problems with speech and language development — so speak to your doctor right away if you think you or child have an ear infection. Ear wax is a natural protector against infections, explains Jones, and you should never try to remove it or you may end up pushing the wax further in … and needing to have it removed by an ear, nose, and throat specialist. However, in some cases, excessive ear wax can accumulate in the ear canal, possibly causing ear pain, a plugged sensation in the ear, itching, ear odor — even hearing loss. Nosebleeds happen due to a number of different causes — dry air, allergies, colds, migraine headaches, even cocaine use. When you speak, air moving through your vocal cords (1) causes vibrations and results in sound. Lifestyle choices are often to blame for a dry throat, Jones says — too much caffeine or alcohol, not enough water, and smoking cigarettes (menthol, too, can dry out the throat). From our SponsorsEveryday Solutions are created by Everyday Health on behalf of our sponsors.
Nose cancer is the 5th most common cancer in males and 10th most common cancer in female in Singapore. Screening includes a detailed history and an examination of the post nasal space which is an area at the back of the nose. Individuals with symptoms of neck lumps, nose bleed, bloodstained sputum and hearing loss should have an ENT check. TOOLS & RESOURCES Ovulation Calculator Due Date Calculator Detecting Ovulation Am I Pregnant? POPULAR Crying & Colic Bathing & Body Care Diapering & Bottom Care Childcare Activities & Play Is It Normal? How to tell if your baby has an ear infectionThe easiest way to tell if your baby might have an ear infection (or any other illness, for that matter) is by observing a change in his mood.If your baby turns fussy, or starts crying more than usual, be on the lookout for a problem. Find out whether it's simply a garden-variety sore throat or an indication of epiglottitis, a potentially serious infection. Find out why your baby, toddler, or older child has bad breath and what you can do about your child's bad breath.
Ear infections are common in toddlers and older children, causing ear pain, trouble sleeping, and other symptoms.
Discuss whether prescription drugs or watchful waiting is the best treatment for your child's ear infection. Baby's mouth sores may look nasty, and might be pretty painful, but the condition isn't serious. Connect with us Sign up for our weekly emails that detail your baby's development Get our FREE apps My Pregnancy & Baby Today Mom Feed Like us on Facebook Follow us on Pinterest Follow us on Instagram Follow us on Twitter BabyCenter Blog BabyCenter Community Love us?
This Internet site provides information of a general nature and is designed for educational purposes only. They share anatomy and have similar mucous membrane linings, which means they get similar infections; an infection, an allergy, or another problem affecting one of them (from ear pressure pain and strep throat to problems with your sinuses and constant phlegm in the throat) may also affect the others. Otitis media, an ear infection of the middle ear, occurs when the mucosa (the lining of the upper respiratory tract that secretes mucus) swells because of a cold, respiratory infection, or allergy, and the Eustachian tube (3) gets blocked.
The doctor may prescribe an antibiotic to kill the bacteria and recommend pain medications or prescription ear drops. If you want a way to keep ear wax to a minimum, says Jones, you can try flushing your ears by putting a few drops of hydrogen peroxide in each ear once a week.


Their function is to equalize internal and external pressure — that’s why you experience ear-popping with elevation changes on airplanes. The septum divides it vertically (one external nostril on each side), but the nose is also separated into front and back parts. Sometimes a nosebleed can be due to blood clotting disorders or being on blood-thinning medication. Doctors test for strep when someone has a sore throat because of its dangerous complications, such as heart problems that can happen later if the strep is not treated. When all the working parts don’t come together properly, your voice can sound strained, raspy, or hoarse.
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Individuals who have family members who have nose cancer should also go for regular checks. If you have any concerns about your own health or the health of your child, you should always consult with a physician or other healthcare professional.
Understanding the anatomy of your ears, nose, and throat will help you know how to keep them in good health and free of infections. The canal leads into the slightly angled eardrum (2), also called the tympanic membrane — this transmits sound to the middle ear, which is behind the eardrum inside the skull. Adults get fewer ear infections than kids because their Eustachian tubes are bigger and more angled. Ear wax will come out naturally on its own, and constantly removing it can disturb the wax-producing glands. The front, visible part of the nose is called the anterior, which is made from cartilage; the section that leads into the throat is called the posterior. An increase in mucus production is usually due to an infection or an obstruction, which the body wants to flush out. Strep throat is most common in children between the ages of 5 and 15, and symptoms of strep include sore throat, swollen tonsils, telltale white patches on the throat, fever, body aches, and even stomach pain. Hoarseness happens for a number of reasons — your vocal cords can be swollen from a cold virus or laryngitis (which occurs when the vocal cords become inflamed or swollen, or simply because you’ve been yelling or overusing your voice). While some factors, including age, can’t be changed — as we age, our mucous glands dry up — others can be soothed. Join the conversation!Free NewslettersPersonalized tips and information to get and stay healthier every day.
If someone in your family has nose cancer, you have a 15 to 20 % risk of developing the cancer. When to call the doctor if your baby has an ear infection What's the treatment for an ear infection in a baby? The middle ear includes the Eustachian tube (3), which connects to the throat, and the ossicles (tiny bones) (4), through which sound travels. If you do get infections, you may have a Eustachian tube that genetically doesn’t work correctly, Dr. Surrounding the nose are the sinuses, normally air-filled pockets that can cause pain if they become mucus-filled or infected.
If mucus is too thick, a medication like Mucinex can make the mucus thinner so that it’s more easily swallowed. And the laryngopharynx (3), or lower section of the throat, is in front of the esophagus (4); this is where the larynx, or voice box, and the vocal cords are housed (5).


However, prolonged hoarseness can also indicate a serious problem, such as cancer, so see an ENT specialist if your symptoms don't go away. For example, a dry throat could be a sign that you’re getting a cold, Jones says, so cold medications may help.
How to prevent future ear infections Can ear tubes help with repeated ear infections in babies? But when it’s dysfunctional, such as when dust or allergies are irritating the lining, you may need to decongest it.
There are four sinus cavities — frontal sinuses, maxillary sinuses, ethmoid sinuses, and sphenoid sinuses.
Other types of ear infections include otitis externa (an outer ear infection, or swimmer’s ear) and otitis interna (an inner ear infection). Sinus tissue and your nasal passages are covered with cilia, microscopic hairs that capture dust and dirt so we don’t breathe in bacteria. Using saltwater solutions and irrigating the nose helps; talk to your doctor about appropriate techniques. A number of common problems can affect the throat: strep and other infections that cause sore throats, hoarseness, laryngitis, and tonsillitis are just a few. Very rarely, says Jones, a malfunctioning Eustachian tube could be a sign of blockage by head or neck cancer. The septum has many blood vessels near its surface, which is why the nose bleeds rather easily. Viral infections generally resolve themselves, while bacterial infections are treated with antibiotics. The bug that causes the ear infection can also affect the gastrointestinal tract.Reduced appetite. As with a blocked Eustachian tube, tumors could mimic sinusitis symptoms, especially if symptoms are on one side. You may notice your baby pull away from the breast or bottle after he takes the first few sips.Yellow or whitish fluid draining from the ear. About half of babies have at least one ear infection by the time they turn 1 year old, and most have had at least one ear infection by their third birthday. It happens when fluid builds up in the area behind your baby's eardrum and then becomes infected.Normally any fluid that enters this area leaves pretty quickly through the eustachian tube, which connects the middle ear to the back of the nose and throat. As the infection gets worse, the inflammation in and behind the eardrum also tends to worsen, making the condition more painful. As children grow to adulthood, their tubes triple in length and become more vertical, so fluid can drain more easily.When to call the doctor if your baby has an ear infectionCall at the first sign of an ear infection. An eardrum that's red, bulging, and possibly draining is probably infected.The doctor may also check whether the eardrum moves in response to a device called a pneumatic otoscope, which releases a brief puff of air into the ear. If it's not moving, that's another indication that fluid is collecting in the middle ear and may be infected.



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