#### Model train sizes comparison,plans train lego 60052,model trains 3801 instructions - Good Point

Basically, the Scale of a Model refers to the size of the Model in comparison to the real item that it models. Apart from the obvious size characteristics, Scale also implies other things, such as manufacturing limitations, realism and also has practical implications. Introduced by Marlin in the early 1970’s, this was the smallest commercially available scale for many years. Even today, Marklin remains the only major company making a complete range of Z-scale products, though at least one other manufacturer makes the trains and several make scenic accessories. The rails of the track are spaced 9mm apart, the real rails being spaced the same as for Z-scale. Arguably the most common model railway scale in the world, HO Scale remains one of the most important commercial scales and is very popular in most countries. Note that the real-world equivalent spacing of the rails varies with scale, but then so did train tracks vary with place and era. The minimum turn radius of 24″ (610mm) corresponds to a startling 14m scaled, although it is acknowledged at a lot of rolling stock modelling longer items will not handle the minimum radius.
A Number on Specialized Scales have been adopted by modellers seeking prototypical dimensions. Realism here refers to how closely a Scale resembles the real-world operational characteristics. Keep in mind that limits are not firm; as the turn gets tighter and tighter, more and more rolling stock becomes unable to negotiate the turn, or the length of train that can make the turn gets shorter and shorter. These are just some of the issues when we truly start to consider prototypical layout design and operations, and we will discuss this further in another article. To make measurements in your scale, simply multiply the actual length of the prototype by the appropriate factor.
In some cases it is more practical to use the nearest fractional value to define the measurement. For example to convert HO measurements to O scale measurements, multiply the HO factor by 1.815 to get the O scale value. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. SCALE MINIATURES (for Model Railroading, Scale Modeling, Smaller Scale Miniaturists, Set Designers and Scale Diorama Scenes). This little set (still intact in its original box) I enlarged over a short period of time with odds and ends of secondhand Italian "Rivarossi" stuff. The Helsinki Model Railroad Club has a fantastically detailed layout, with accurately modeled Finnish engines & rolling stock, period buildings etc. The track gauge also dictates the size of the entire layout, because you must be careful not to make the curves so tight that the rolling stock has difficulty following them.
Isn't it strange how so many of the great animators working at the Disney Studio during animation's golden age were railroad hobbyists? Turnouts are driven by a capacitor pulse that ensures sufficient energy for the short time needed to set the turnout. Electrically, this layout is run on "separate half-wave pulse modulated DC", which means I can run two engines (each equipped with a diode inside) independently, provided they run in different directions.
Covering the plywood supports with cardboard and thick aluminum foil gave me a good base for the landscape.
Note that there are two small "hills" on top of the large hill - these are covers for openings that enable me to rescue a train that might have derailed in the tunnels! Painting with acrylics (animation cel paint, actually!) mixed with a little sawdust gave me the right texture. For landscaping, more sawdust, natural stones and lichen which I colored in a mixture of water color and glycerine. I made trees by twisting together thin, soft copper wire for roots, trunks and branches, painted them brown, and then glued colored sawdust to the branches as foliage.
There are a few "Hall-element" magnetic transducers under the track, and small magnets under each train's first car that makes the layout automatic: The lights go red, one train stops at the station, until the other clears the 3-turnout area - then the light goes green and the first train can continue. It is interesting and challenging to photograph any miniature model - you have to know your camera equipment well, and be familiar with the pitfalls of depth of field, camera shake, etc.

I prefer to use 35mm 100 ASA slide film, mostly using a macro-focusing 24-48mm wide angle zoom lens (wide angle lenses give better perspective and greater depth of field). I have a large picture file (250 K, 600x800, high quality JPG) on a separate page, a miniature on the right. I have also shot 3-dimensional pictures of the layout, one example can be found on my 3-D page.
The pictures were scanned (with a Minolta Dimage Dual scanner) from negatives taken in very weak light with a Minolta Vectis S-1 APS camera loaded with 200 ASA print film.
The lighting inside the houses is simple: I used ordinary flashlight bulbs (a few each in series), and some transparent paper in the windows for diffusion. The street lights are yellow, "diffuse" type, 3 mm diameter LEDs mounted on pieces of thin but stiff plastic tubing.
Did you know that there are hundreds, perhaps thousands, of different stamps with railroad motifs? This is the equivalent of having a real-world, full-size track that turns with a radius of 54m, when scaled up. This is the equivalent of having a real-world, full-size track that turns with a radius of 33m, when scaled up. Tighter turns would require a more acute angle between the axes of subsequent coaches, and buffers or coupling mechanics reach the end of their travel.
I model in HO because when I started 50 years ago it was the best option in terms of space requirements, availability of equipment, and cost. In the interest of model railroading is very effective especially simply because the parties are at a competitive price. Note the "joystick" type engineer's control handle (wooden dart with suction cup) - quite advanced for 1954! N scale is also becoming more common, thanks to its smaller size, and is provided by several manufacturers. The scales on these gauges vary, sometimes the rolling stock is modelled on narrow-gauge prototypes, which means the scale is larger than for "ordinary" gauge prototypes.
Here's a scale model of the Tk3, displayed at the Finnish Railway Museum, in Hyvinge, less than an hour's drive north of Helsinki. Ward Kimball, Ollie Johnston, Carl Fallberg, to name just a few - oh, and let's not forget Walt Disney himself! A layout with nice possibilities needs several concentric loops of tracks plus landscaping, hills, tunnels, bridges etc. As you can see, I have economized and used a minimum amount of the rather expensive turnouts. To learn how I shot these video clips (with a sugar-cube sized video camera), go to the "Mini video camera"-page. I can park a train on the inner one of the tracks that run over the hills, or on the inner loop. It is important that the painted surfaces look a bit rough - there are no enamel-smooth cliffs in nature! I've spent many hours looking for interesting camera angles, choosing the right lens & lighting when photographing my layout. The best lighting is natural window light or electronic flash ("bounced" via ceiling or wall) to avoid harsh shadows - sometimes using a large white cardboard as a reflector to lighten up the shadow side. It shows the entire layout from an angle not seen on this page, so if you don't mind the little wait, click to enlarge!
However, this special camera lacks any focusing mechanism (hard to construct on a revolving-lens camera), so I had to use a close-up diopter lens, which doesn't give the best possible results - because of the rotating optics and the distortion introduced by the diopter, there is a slight horizontal smear even on those parts of the image that ought to be in perfect focus. I added the sky and corrected the colors on my Mac - the pictures originally had a very strong orange hue, due to the overhead artificial light which I dimmed to barely a glow. The LEDs are bent on their leads to a horizontal position, and painted with silver paint on the top, to simulate the reflectors of real street lights.
Neither the service provider nor the domain owner maintain any relationship with the advertisers. I would have loved to model in O gauge, but the cost and space requirements were out of reach.

I built some houses from plastic "Faller" kits and a few of my own design of painted cardboard.
Engines of the 5" (127 mm) gauge are usually 1:12 scale, and can often pull a train of half a dozen or more adult passengers - see below!
At the museum, there are several restored old locomotives on display, click here for a page with a few pictures of them. A standard "HO"-scale layout of the functionality I wanted would have required four or five square meters of space - one third of the room! They really look much better than the molded plastic trees you can buy, and are a lot cheaper and really fun to do. The f-stop must be as small as practically possible to get enough depth of field, so this means long exposure times with the camera on a tripod.