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They are considered the next generation in trains, running at 125 mph and offering a more efficient all electric ride — and a few of them were on display Monday morning at Siemens Sacramento plant. The new fleet, 70 in all, are being sent to the East Coast to replace older outdated trains. Although built here, don’t expect the trains to be on California railways anytime soon. Siemens has unveiled the design of the Class 700 electric train that promises to revolutionise rail-traffic on London’s Thameslink route, promising greater reliability and energy efficiency. The research and development facility in Malvern is now seeking talented individuals to join our team as Graduate Electronic and Software Engineers. You will test new technologies and solutions in the field of electrical power systems through work on a wide range of technical projects. We are looking for Engineers and scientists in various technical fields for our locations in Munich and The Hague. Bacon slicer (UK): Slang term for a cutoff controlled by a wheel operating through a worm and nut, rather than the more usual quadrant lever. Balloon: A large section of looped track usually at the end of a spur or branch which allows trains to turn around for the return trip.
Base plate (UK), tie plate (US): An iron or steel plate used to spread the weight of rail over a larger area of sleeper (tie) and facilitate a secure, low maintenance, fastening with bolts or clips. Beep: A one-of-a-kind switcher locomotive (also referred to as the SWBLW) built by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway in 1970. Blower: On a steam locomotive, a steam pipe leading into the smokebox, causing necessary draft in the chimney (stack) when the engine is not running. Bo-Bo (Europe): A locomotive with a 4 wheel per truck configuration, each individually powered, as opposed to a 6-wheel "Co-Co" configuration.
Bogie: The undercarriage assembly incorporating the wheels, suspension, brakes and, in powered units, the traction motors. Bonds: Short wires used to bridge gaps in electrical circuits, usually at track circuit joints or between rails. Brake van (UK): A heavy vehicle with powerful brakes which was attached to the rear of goods trains in the days when most wagons were not fitted with a continuous braking system. BRUTE: British Rail Universal Trolley Equipment - type of platform trolley found on stations all over the UK rail network from the late 1960s to the early 1980s. Buckeye coupler: A form of coupler which will lock automatically when the two parts are pushed together. Buck (US): A term used for pushing railroad cars with a locomotive then allowing them to roll under their own momentum into a siding. Buffer stop: The barrier installed at the end of a dead end track to prevent rail vehicles from proceeding further.
Bull head rail (UK): A steel rail section commonly used in 60ft lengths on almost all railway lines throughout Britain until c1950, which due to its shape must be supported in cast iron chairs that are screwed to the sleepers.
Caboose: A railroad car attached usually to the end of a train, in which railroad workers could ride and monitor track and rolling stock conditions. Carbody unit or cab unit (US): A locomotive which derives its structural strength from a bridge-truss design framework in the sides and roof, which cover the full width of the locomotive.
Centralized traffic control (CTC) (US, AU): A system in which signals and switches for a given area of track are controlled from a centralized location. Chair (UK): A cast iron bracket screwed to the sleeper and used to support bull head rail that is held in place by a wooden key (wedge) or spring steel clip. Co-Co (EU): A heavier duty locomotive with 6 wheels per bogie configuration as opposed to a 4-wheel "Bo-Bo" configuration. Colour light signal: A signal in which the colour of the light(s) determine the meaning of the aspect shown. Colour position signal: A signaling system that uses both colour and light position to determine the meaning of the aspect shown.
Compromise joint: A special joint bar used to join rail ends of two different cross-sections while holding the top running surface and inside gauge surface even. Cowl unit (US): A locomotive whose sides and roof are non-structural, and cover the full width of the locomotive.
Crew driver (US): Person(s) operating ground transportation vehicles for transporting railroad crews to and from various locations.
Cut off: A variable device on steam locomotives which closes the steam valve to the steam cylinder before the end of the piston stroke, thus conserving steam while allowing the steam in the cylinder to expand under its own energy. Cutting: A channel dug through a hillside to enable railtrack to maintain a shallow gradient.
Cylinder: The central working part of a reciprocating engine, the space in which a piston travels. Dead man's handle or Dead man's switch: A safety mechanism on a train controller which automatically applies the brake if a lever is released. Demurrage A charge levied by a railroad to a shipper for excessive delay in unloading cargo.
Diesel multiple unit or DMU: A set of diesel-powered self-propelling passenger rail vehicles able to operate in multiple with other such sets. Ditch lights: A pair of lights, usually found on modern locomotives, located several feet below and outboard of the main headlight, that may alternately flash while the train is in motion.
Down: (UK) A direction (usually away from London, other capital city, or the headquarters of the railway concerned) or side (on left-running railways, the left side when facing in the down direction).
Driver (UK): Steam locomotive driving wheel, particularly in "single driver" (one driven axle) engines.

Driving Van Trailer or DVT: An end carriage from which the train can be driven when the locomotive is at the rear of the train, push-pull operation. Electric multiple unit (EMU): A set of electrically powered self-propelling passenger rail vehicles able to operate in multiple with other such sets. Elevated railway: One typically built on supports over city streets, commonly called "the el" or simply the "The L". Embankment: A raised pathway on which rail tracks are placed to maintain a shallow gradient when passing over depressions in the terrain. Empty Coaching Stock train, or ECS: A train used to bring carriages into (or out of) service. EMD: Electro-Motive Diesels, Inc, the world's second largest builder of railroad locomotives.
Event recorder - A device that continuously captures analog and digital train systems information and stores that data for a minimum of 48 hours. Fairlie: A type of articulated locomotive, typically (but not exclusively) with two boilers and connected fireboxes in a central cab.
Fall plate: A heavy, hinged steel plate attached in a horizontal position to the rear of the locomotive footplate or front of a locomotive tender.
Fettle, fettling: Making repairs to rail track, especially concerned with maintaining the drainage of the ballast, and the proper cant of the rail track and rails.
Fiddle Yard: A concealed group of sidings used in model railways to provide more realistic operation in limited space.
Fishplate (UK), Joint bar (US): A metal plate that joins the ends of rails in jointed track.
Flatcar (US): A type of rolling stock, which can be a flat-bottomed car with no sides on which freight (including intramodal shipping containers) can be stacked.
Flashing Rear-End Device (FRED) (US): A small marking device with a flashing red light mounted on the end of the train. Funnel: A Thomas the Tank Engine misnomer for a chimney (UK) or smokestack (US), although it is also used in Australia (Victoria at least). Fusible plug: A threaded plug, with a soft metal core, that is screwed into the crown plate of a firebox. Go-devil: A hand-powered railroad car (see Handcar and Draisine ), or a small gasoline powered railroad car . Gondola: A type of rolling stock with a flat bottom and relatively low sides, used to haul material such as ore or scrap, and loaded and unloaded from the top. Grab bar: A handle on the side of a car to allow switching personnel to hold on (also known as a "grab iron"). Guard rail (US) Check rail (UK): A double rail section of track, sometimes found in train yards and on bridges to prevent derailments or limit damage caused by derailments , by having rail on both sides of the wheel flange. Hammerhead style (slang, US): The practice of running a Diesel locomotive with its long hood forward. Heavy rail (US): A city-based transit rail system that runs on its own dedicated track and often underground. Heavyweight (US): During the period between about 1910 and the mid nineteen thirties, most passenger cars in the US were built with three axle trucks, concrete floors, and riveted, double walled sides and often weighed 90 - 100 tons or more.
High rail: The upper rail in a curve or superelevation which typically experiences the higher lateral loads and greater wear. Hood unit (US): A locomotive whose sides and roof are nonstructural and do not extend the full width of the locomotive.
Horn blocks: Plates lining the axlebox cut-outs in a locomotive frame to allow smooth vertical movement under control of the springs.
Hotbox detector: A device attached to the track which monitors passing trains for hot axles, and then reports the results via a radio transmission (US) or a circuit to the signal box (UK). Hotel power (US): Electric power used to provide for the comfort of passengers aboard a train en-route. Hump: A raised section in a rail sorting yard that allows operators to use gravity to move freight railcars into the proper position within the yard when making up trains of cars (that is, humping the cars). Hunting: Swaying motion of a railway vehicle or bogie caused by the coning action on which the directional stability of an adhesion railway depends. Infill station (sometimes in-fill station): A train station built on an existing passenger line to address demand in a location between existing stations.
Interlocking (US): Any location that includes a switch or crossing of two tracks, derived from the early practice of installation of a system of mechanical equipment called an interlocking plant to prevent collisions.
Jerk a lung (North America): To break a train in two, usually by shearing the knuckle pin in a coupler, often caused by the application of excessive head end power. The Fleet Strategy Plan calls for Amtrak's entire fleet of passenger rail cars and locomotives to be replaced over the next 30 years. Through Siemens Mobility Division, the company will build 70 electric locomotives with energy efficient features for Amtrak's Northeast and Keystone Corridor lines. Already a producer of light rail trains in America, every third light rail vehicle in the United States is one of Siemens'.
According to a Siemens press release, the new trains will be Amtrak Cities Sprinters (ACS64), based on the latest iteration of the EuroSprinter electric locomotive. Siemens is expected to hire an additional 200 people to build the locomotives at their existing manufacturing facility in Sacramento, CA. Fifty new jobs will also be divided between facilities in Alpharetta, Georgia, and Norwood, Ohio.
The design of the new trains also includes additional safety features not yet required, such as crash energy management components and easier maintenance.

In other locomotive news, Secretary of Transportation Ray LaHood announced 54 applications were selected to receive funding under the High-Speed Intercity Passenger Rail (HSIPR) Program. The HSIPR Program is intended to help address the nation’s transportation challenges by investing in an efficient network of passenger rail corridors that connect communities across the country.
Get the inside track on the most lucrative stock plays in today's scorching-hot alternative and renewable energy markets.Sign up for the FREE Energy and Capital daily e-Letter from alternative energy experts Jeff Siegel and Nick Hodge. Parts were received from some local companies, while Siemens and other plants across the country also provided parts.
Unlike the East Coasts set, ours don’t have the electric cable system needed for such a move. However, the company said, the project will help create up to 2,000 jobs in the UK supply chain mostly in maintenance and component manufacturing. NATS provides air traffic control from centres at Swanwick, Hampshire and Prestwick, Ayrshire. The difference between the American term railroad and the British term railway (also used by other English-speaking countries outside the US) is the most obvious trans-Atlantic difference in rail terminology (see usage of the terms railroad and railway for more information). The device was slow to operate, but very precise, and therefore only fitted to long-distance locomotives where frequent changes of cut-off were not required. However, UK practice is to turn on the blower also when entering tunnels, etc, to avoid dangerous blow-back into the cab. Its function was to supplement the locomotive's braking power in slowing and stopping the train and to keep the couplings uniformly tight by selective light braking to avoid snatching and breakages. Can be used in the context of the cant of the track (the relative level one rail to another); and the cant of a rail, being the angle of an individual rail relative to vertical. On passenger trains, a conductor is also responsible for tasks such as assisting passengers and collecting tickets. Also known as master and slave, as in the British Rail Class 13 shunters at Tinsley Marshalling Yard. Such units, especially those consisting of a single vehicle, are sometimes termed railcars. They usually run between sidings and main stations, with the carriages then forming a service train to another destination. Not to be confused with the more common meaning of a convicted criminal who has been released after serving prison time.
In train order territory, extras are required to clear the main line for scheduled trains to pass. When the tender is attached to its locomotive the plate is allowed to fall to cover the gap in the "floor" between the two units. FRED also monitors various train functions such as brake pipe pressure, motion and GPS location. Some early steam engines had a smokestack consisting of a straight vertical flue and a funnel-shaped top, probably leading to the use of "funnel" to describe the entire stack.
If the water level gets too low the core melts and the noise of the escaping steam warns the enginemen. This facility already employs 750 people and is powered up to 80 percent by two megawatts of solar energy.
There are also others, due to the parallel development of rail transport systems on both sides of the Atlantic. Broad gauge is also normal in Spain, Portugal, and India (1680 mm or 5 ft 6 ins), as well as Ireland and Australia (1600 mm or 5 ft 3 ins). In earlier days of three-class travel, First and Second class, and Second and Third class composites were also built. Usually fitted in pairs: a small ejector running continuously to overcome leaks and to restore the vacuum after light braking and a large ejector operated when needed to release the brakes quickly after a heavy application or to create the initial vacuum ("making a brake" – UK) after coupling up. Typical stored data includes speed, brake pressure, dynamic brake, horn activation, track signal, etc. A center-beam bulkhead is a bulkhead flatcar with an additional wall dividing one side of the flatcar from the other, but still without any sides.[25] Flat wagon (UK). On short runs, operating the locomotive "backwards" is more economical than using a wye or turntable or operating a second locomotive.
Various terms are presented here alphabetically; where a term has multiple names, this is indicated. Some locomotives may have a second control stand to facilitate operation in the "reverse" direction. The note "US" indicates a term peculiar to North America, or "CA" may represent Canada while "UK" refers to terms originating in the British Isles and normally also used in former British colonies outside North America (such as Australia "AU", New Zealand "NZ", etc.). On some electrified railroads and rapid transit lines, the third rail which supplies power to locomotives or cars.
Exceptions are noted; terms whose currency is limited to one particular country, region, or railway are also included. Transit operations are not generally required to have event recorders, but have begun to add them voluntarily.

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