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13.07.2015
Heritage Railway Sites can be an exciting starting point for teaching and learning about Victorians.
Find out whether your local heritage railway has Victorian engines and rolling stock that are in running order. Even if your local railway doesn't have the necessary stock, steam railway technology was invented in Victorian times and many stations, engine sheds and other buildings from that era still exist on Heritage Railways so some links are usually possible.
If you can find someone, (an LEA Advisor, Education Consultant or a parent) who knows about education and also has links in the Heritage Railway sector, this can save a lot of time.
Get your link person to negotiate a visit or series of visits that covers the curriculum you want the children to access.
Remember in your planning that the heritage railway has to cover its costs, so tailor what you want to do with your class with what is cost effective. The Historicial Model Railway Society (HMRS) gives grants to schools undertaking projects that are about the history of railways in the United Kingdom.
Another good thing about sharing a project with other schools is that you can use ICT to help with the planning and getting the children involved. Keep liaison with the railway going all the way through the planning and the teaching phases, because that will help them to help you get the most out of the visit. Before you take the children you may, if time allows, want to do a pre-visit because whilst most Heritage Railways will have a risk assessment you can use, there is nothing like seeing it yourself, meeting the staff and adapting their risk assessment for your children. A 12-year-old black boy, tears streaming down his face, and a white police officer embrace in the middle of a Ferguson-related demonstration in Portland, Oregon. The Oregonian was the first media outlet to publish the photo by 20-year-old freelance photographer Johnny Nguyen.
Nguyen captured a few snaps of Devonte, then turned around to get some shots of other people. Victorian ChildrenVictorian Children and Life in Victorian TimesA comprehensive Victorian Children history guide with facts and information on how the Victorian times impacted children in work, play, education and home life. There were laws that were passed over a period of several decades that slightly improved the working conditions and treatment of children. The thought of using children for working the coal mines was very attractive to mining companies. One of the on the job aspects of Victorian Child Labor was the dreadful working conditions. Some children developed permanent spine deformation from having to walk stooped over constantly. Due to the lack of safety awareness in the mines and all of Victorian child labor for that matter, Death was a constant and ever-present danger. 1833 Factory Act, this banned children from working in textile factories under the age of nine. 1836 Registration of Births, Deaths and Marriages, this enabled factory inspectors to check the ages of children working in factories (only applicable in England and Wales). 1842 Mines Act, this banned the employment underground of boys under the age of ten and all women and girls. 1844 Factory Act, this classed women as young persons under the age of eighteen and limited the hours of both groups to twelve on weekdays and nine on Saturdays. 1847 The Ten Hour Act, this cut the hours of women and the under-eighteens to ten a day and 58 a week. The life of a chimney sweep in Victorian times was nothing like what you see in Mary Poppins.
A Victorian Child Chimney Sweep may have been the most dangerous job for children in the 1800’s, especially when the child first started doing the job. Orphans were sometimes taken and put into (for lack of a better word) slavery, and then put back on the street when they grew too big for the chimneys.


Bosses underfed children so that they would be thin enough to continue going down chimneys. In 1788 a law against the use of young children under the age of eight as chimney sweeps was enacted.
In 1875, a 12-year-old boy name George Brewster died in an accident after his Master Sweep made him climb the chimney at Fulbourn Hospital to clean it.
The Chimney Sweepers Act 1875 made sure that all chimney sweeps had to be registered with the police.
In 1881 Thomas Agnew, a Liverpool businessman visited the New York Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. Toussaint L'Ouverture, a Maroon* leader from Haiti, he defeated both British and French armies.
Warships in the bay, buildings burning and general chaos on shore, as the French military are chased from Saint Domingue, 1820.
A slave rebel from 'Narrative of a Five Years' Expedition, against the revolted Negroes of Surinam [between French Guiana and Guyana]. Many of these pictures are taken from a large collection of pictures covering all aspects of the Trans-Atlantic slave trade at The Atlantic Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Americas: A Visual Record (University of Virginia). We have put a list of Heritage Railways here that appear to have Victorian trains, but things change all the time, so check here first and ask your local Heritage Railway. The railway too may have an Education Officer, quite often a retired teacher and that person is ideally placed to work with you. It may be that the railway was built in Victorian times and an archive of what are called deposited plans may exist at the railway or the local authority . Costs vary depending on the size of engine, train and railway, but a good rule of thumb is that it costs roughly £1500 to use a steam engine for a day.
Make sure that the Heritage Railway has all the appropriate policies in place, most will have a Child Protection Policy, people who are CRB checked and some of them will have the Quality Badge for Learning Outside the Classroom. Bret Barnum approached Devonte and extended his hand, the boy’s mother, Jen Hart, wrote in a Facebook post. His response about his concerns regarding the level of police brutality toward young black kids was met with an unexpected and seemingly authentic (to Devonte), ‘Yes. Within hours of its posting on Facebook, the photo had been shared more than 150,000 times, according to the Oregonian.
Since then, Nguyen said, he has received hundreds of emails and messages saying how the photograph made people feel more hopeful, that it restored faith in humanity or brought them to tears. It wasn’t until people like Lord Shaftesbury and Thomas Agnew took action that true change took place.
Steam powered everything from trains and steamships to factories that used steam to power their machines.
Children were much smaller, enabling them to maneuver in tight spaces and they demanded a lot less pay. Considering that Victorian Children would work from 12 to 18 hours a day it is easy to see how respiratory problems could arise. The Durham Mining Museum website has several lists  of mine disasters with names and ages of the casualties. Being sent down the chimney the first several times would cause the child’s arms, elbows, legs and knees to be rubbed and scraped raw.
Furthermore, the master sweep had to offer proper clothing as well as decent living conditions and had to allow the children to go to church on Sundays. Under this act it was not legal to make someone or even allow person under the age of 21 to climb up or into a chimney for the purpose of cleaning it.
A man called Lord Shaftesbury was obviously touched by the story and the spattering of public outcry that followed.


He was so impressed by what he saw that he went back to England and started the Liverpool Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children.
Bravely collected information from Bristol and Liverpool that would be used in the Abolition Bill of 1807.
Try putting a notice on your school's Virtual Learning Environment in the Parent Section, it may be that a parent, grandparent or another member of one of your families may be just the person you are looking for. Deposited plans were what had to be sent to Parliament in order to obtain the necessary Act before the railway could be built. Therefore, if your proposal includes a train ride, 2 actors to play Victorians, a Punch and Judy Show, plus some Victorian Re-enactors, all of whom have to be paid, the costs will soon mount up, particularly if you want the railway to make it a special children's day where the line is closed to the general public. The grant won't cover the whole cost of your project but it is worth applying for and naturally, as they haven't got endless funds, you need to apply early.
However, we will look into some of the more prevalent jobs that children did in Victorian times. It was dark in the mines making it hard to see and at times would cause permanent problems with sight from the constant strain on the eyes. Falling was a major fear for chimney sweeps or getting stuck in the stacks also, both could cause death very easily. He proposed a new Act that would superseded the Chimney Sweepers and Chimneys Regulation Act of 1840.
This set the ball rolling and the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (SPCC) was created in 1891.
Such projects are difficult for one school to fund, but if you can team up with some other schools near you and increase the number of children, the cost per child can remain manageable. The HMRS may also be able to help children's classroom work by supplying scans of Victorian Railway Carriages, drawings and photos of locomotives. Full videoconferencing facilities are free to schools but need a better webcam (around £250) but they give fantastic quality over schools broadband networks.
The boss would then wash their wounds with salt water and send them down another chimney without sympathy.
During the 1800’s awareness began to grow toward the ills of child labor in factories and elsewhere. There were little or no safety measures put in place in Victorian times so the occurrence of an injury and even death was not uncommon. Edwards, The Proceedings of the Governor and Assembly of Jamaica, in Regard to the Maroon Negroes - A copy of this book is available in Bristol Central Reference Library.
Remember too, that each train, though it varies with the type of coaches, can carry around 200 children and adults, so sharing the project with other schools really is a good idea. There were a few reported cases of children getting stuck in chimneys and no one even knowing it, leaving them to die alone from exposure or smoke inhalation or worse. Laws were passed and then amendments to those laws were passed until the use of children under the age of 16 years of age was prohibited for full-time work. Railways made it possible for ordinary people to travel in large numbers for the first time, so once the railway came it was quite usual for more industry and thus more homes for the workers to follow it. However, if you only want to take one class and are willing to share a train with the paying public, Heritage Railways will often reserve a carriage or part of it for you and charge an educational rate. It might be possible, using either of these systems to find an expert in Victorian railway history for your children to question.
The railway may also have been built and engineered by significant Victorian entrepreneurs and engineers and their stories can help children to understand the era.




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