Table 2: Summary of the reaction time averages and standard deviation of the two experimental conditions. Our findings revealed that participants acting on congruent trials did experience an improved reaction time when compared to incongruent trials.
In addition to not examining past research entirely, our experimental design possesses other limitations. Despite some of the downfalls of our design, our findings may suggest, that studying related experiments of similar complexity may be administered via the internet without a researcher present. It would be interesting to see how RT is influenced when the amount of noise pollution is increased, as this would mimic a more real life environment. We do use cookies to store information, such as your personal preferences when you visit our site. You can choose to disable or selectively turn off our cookies or third-party cookies in your browser settings, or by managing preferences in programs such as Norton Internet Security. You should consult the respective privacy policies of these third-party ad servers for more detailed information on their practices as well as for instructions about how to opt-out of certain practices.
We collect the e-mail addresses of visitors those who post messages to our guest book or suggestion board. By visiting the external links shown in Link page of this site, visitors are stipulated with the Privacy Policy and Terms of Services of respective web sites they visits.
If you require any more information or have any questions about our privacy policy, please feel free to contact us by email. Use of this service is at your own risk and that the service and any information contained on or provided through this service is provided on an "as is" basis. SCHWARZENEGGER: When I was 18 and still in the army, I entered the European body-building championship and won. SCHWARZENEGGER: I look forward to it, and when it starts, I tell myself that I have to go through this because damn few people can. SCHWARZENEGGER: I've torn pectoral muscles, fibers in my knee, in my thighs, and once I had to have an operation to repair torn cartilage. SCHWARZENEGGER: Really, though in my case, women have told me they're curious about its size—you know, outgoing chicks who're just trying to be outrageous or horny. SCHWARZENEGGER: Are you asking if my basic motivation in building my body was to pick up girls?
SCHWARZENEGGER: I don't have any sexual hang-ups, but I'm sure there are bodybuilders who have trouble with sex, and obviously the body building hasn't helped.
SCHWARZENEGGER: In the past five or six years, I haven't had to do that, but I used to do all kinds of numbers in the gym just to make it clear that I was the best. SCHWARZENEGGER: The general definition of being muscle-bound is that you have so many muscles that you can't move freely. SCHWARZENEGGER: No, I felt great because I was the first athlete to be in a museum displaying his work of art, which just happened to be my physique. SCHWARZENEGGER: Yes, I've been going to acting school and I know that this is what I really want to do. Several variations on the biceps curl transfer some of the load from the biceps to other flexors of the elbow.
Variations on this theme include the preacher curl where the elbows rest upon a sloped bench, which helps to keep the upper arm motionless.
Participants performed on average 29.8 ms faster on congruent trials when compared to incongruent trials (See Figure 1).
However, it was suggested visual cues can also measurably influence RT when varying the difficulty of the stimuli (Simon & Wolf, 1963). This is inline with the conclusion made by Craft and Simon (1970), thus supporting their discovery.
Firstly, it does not standardize the environment in which participants complete the experiment. This would greatly lower the manpower needed to administer experiments, lower cost dramatically and allow researchers to attend other important areas while the experiments run themselves at the personal leisure of the participants. Furthermore, future studies may want to incorporate a task where auditory cues are shown simultaneously with visual cues to determine if there is an interaction between the senses in responding to congruent and incongruent cues. This privacy policy document outlines the types of personal information is received and collected by the site, how it is used and safeguard your information. The information in the log files include your IP (internet protocol) address, your ISP (internet service provider), the browser you used to visit our site (such as Internet Explorer or Firefox), the time you visited our site and which pages you visited throughout our site. This could include only showing you a popup once in your visit, or the ability to login to some of our features, such as forums. This cookie is used to serve ads specific to you and your interests (”interest based targeting”). However, this can affect how you are able to interact with our site as well as other websites. Unless you have settings that disallow cookies, the next time you visit a site running the advertisements, a new cookie will be added. You understand and agree that the information contained on or provided through this service is intended for general consumer understanding and education only and is not intended to be and is not a substitute for professional medical advice.
What drove me to become the world's greatest bodybuilder is no different from what drives other athletes to become great tennis players or boxers or jockeys.
It was just like having a vision—you know, like when you hear a person say, "I saw Jesus and he talked to me, and now I'm so happy with life because I know I'm going to be taken care of," and all of a sudden he's relaxed, he's not haunted anymore—well, it was like that. It was my first competition and, even though it was the junior division, I instantly felt like King Kong, as if I'd already won the Mr.
It's like any other sport: You have to do what nobody else can do, and the only way is to push yourself past the limit. Maybe he's lifting five pounds, maybe only a single pound, but it can make all the difference.
There's often a point where you say, "It's getting too intense here." Your partner might be a little scared of the next set because you've been pushing him too hard, so you'll crack a joke and go over to somebody else and bullshit a little.
I don't say, "Arnold, how do you look?" but rather "Let's check out this body in the mirror and see what it looks like today." Professionally, I have to be detached in order to be critical of it. It's true that I was in perfect proportion, but I weighed 228 pounds and I wanted to be 240, overall just bigger.
The cock isn't a muscle, so it doesn't grow in relation to the shoulders, say, or the pectorals.
A girl can talk about my nose, my teeth or my accent—anything that gets a conversation going is fine with me.
I've been approached by waitresses, stewardesses, teachers—come to think of it, there have been a great many teachers, women who are smart. If a girl comes on strong and says, "I really dig your body and I want to fuck the shit out of you," I just decide whether or not I like her. I can't sleep before competition and I'm up all night, anyway, so instead of staring at the ceiling I figure I might as well find somebody and fuck.
There are bodybuilders who are afraid of indulging in sex or even of playing other sports for fear of harming their bodies.
It's like Ali doing something dirty in the ring—not many people are going to take it too seriously. I don't know of any bodybuilder in that category; in fact, many of them are quite active in other sports.
For example, many women seem to have hang-ups about going out with me because they feel they have to be in the same shape that I am. When I was playing soccer at the age of 14, the first thing we'd do before going out onto the field would be to climb up on one another's thighs and massage the legs; it was a regular thing. I've been in America for only eight years, but there's been a change and it's getting better. One group of variations involves postures that hold the elbows in front of the trunk, shortening the biceps and forcing the brachialis to do more work. Well, I don’t know who wrote this book, but you all have got to stop calling each other sluts and whores. Now, it took the help of a good, good friend to make me know and understand that, and I do understand that and I’m grateful. It’s about heart, it’s about feelings, moving people, and something beautiful, and it’s not about notes on a page.
From this, Craft and Simon (1970) conducted a study where they found that participants showed a faster reaction time when visual stimuli were congruent to the response button location. Without a sense of the general noise pollution and lighting conditions under which participants completed the study, it would be very difficult to generalize our findings to other settings. Some of these advertisers may use technology such as cookies and web beacons when they advertise on our site, which will also send these advertisers information including your IP address, your ISP , the browser you used to visit our site, and in some cases, whether you have Flash installed. The ads served will be targeted based on your previous browsing history (For example, if you have been viewing sites about visiting Las Vegas, you may see Las Vegas hotel advertisements when viewing a non-related site, such as on a site about hockey). This could include the inability to login to services or programs, such as logging into forums or accounts.
Always seek the advice of your physician, nurse, or other qualified health care provider before you undergo any treatment or for answers to any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. I didn't get into body building until I was 15, and, at the time, my parents thought I was crazy to get deeply involved with something for which there was so little precedent in Austria. As time passed, I began to see it as a way out of Austria, an escape from the everyday life around me.
He was publicized in the muscle magazines as a businessman and movie star, and the combination of the two so impressed me that all I could think of was winning the Mr. But in Austria, the mentality was the reverse; winning against the Americans was unthinkable.
Discipline is what you use when you don't want to do something, when you have to force yourself.
The relationship between the two of you is very close—closer than most marriages, in fact—and he has to understand when you're trying to chicken out, as well as when you really have to put the weights down, when you absolutely can't go on. What it means is that somebody is helping, paying attention and really giving you his energy. Injuries happen when your mind is beyond your body, largely when you think you're King Kong and lift weights heavier than the body can handle.


Their trip is such a mental one that they are often attracted to men who are big and muscular.
You're not supposed to talk while you're posing, for example, yet I used to do it all the time and it would blow the other guys' minds. Many in California are punks, beach bums just lying around in the sun and maybe collecting unemployment. If they're overweight, they're insecure, because they don't understand that I don't look at women the same way I look at myself. None of us had a thought of being gay, absolutely not, and it's the same with most bodybuilders. Jon Voight, Warren Beatty, Sylvester Stallone—I've gotten to know these people and they're a lot of fun. Because of those two strikes, there are some people in this world who will assume that you know less than you do. We sought to verify their findings by replicating their experimental design, with the use of modern technology. A possible mechanism for slower reaction time on incongruent trials may be explained by auditory research, which suggests that the conflict of irrelevant and relevant cues results in interference and affects performance to a significant degree on RT (Simon & Small, 1969). Also, generalizing our findings to different populations would be misleading, as age may influence RT in response to a visual cue (Simon & Wolf, 1963). For instance, our findings suggest that buttons that require operator interaction be placed on the corresponding side to that of presented cues that determine when button press is required. This is generally used for geotargeting purposes or showing certain ads based on specific sites visited. More detailed information about cookie management with specific web browsers can be found at the browsers' respective websites. Nothing contained on or provided through the service is intended to be or is to be used for medical diagnosis or treatment.
I'd look out my parents' window and see people talking over a cup of coffee for two hours or more, and I knew it wasn't for me. When you lift weights, there's a certain point in the repetitions at which it really starts aching—where you can't go on any further, and the body starts shaking, and you know you have to press one more time.
The best example I can think of was one day when Franco Columbu walked into the gym, went down into a squat with 500 pounds on his shoulders and couldn't come back up.
Maybe 50 percent respond positively right away, while another 25 or 30 percent need a while to adjust to my size and to realize that ordinarily my muscles are soft, just like anyone's, only bigger.
If I tell myself to train the thighs, then the calves, it's boom, boom, mind-thighs, mind-calves, mind-this, mind-that. What Moss and others are talking about is a totally mental thing: If you feel that something's going to affect your body, then it definitely will.
If we were going through the compulsory poses—a double-biceps pose, say—I'd just turn to the guy next to me and say, "What a shame, what a disadvantage for you," or I'd psych him in reverse by aying that the disadvantage was mine, that he was definitely going to be the one to win.
I'd always wanted to tell people that when I work on my body I'm thinking about classical sculpture, so I jumped at the chance to show off body building as an art form.
Stallone's into body building, and Jack Nicholson had a birthday party for me after we finished Stay Hungry.
And now, I’ve got a message for those people out there who’ve abandoned you and written you off!
So you better make up your mind, because until you have the balls to look me straight in the eye and tell me this is all you deserve, I am not letting you fail. The game plan, the fundamentals, gentlemen, moving the sticks, what we’re going to be doing out there. In their study, location of the cue was irrelevant, while the cue itself provided relevant information to the response assessment. More fundamentally, the personal computers on which participants ran the experiment all differ from one another. Doing so may result in faster execution of desired actions and may serve a fundamental role in fields where split second decisions are common place such as the military and aviation industry.
It does NOT track personal information about you, such as your name, email address, physical address, telephone number, social security numbers, bank account numbers or credit card numbers.
All data and information is provided here with no guarantee of accuracy or validity and should be independently verified.
They couldn't see any future in the sport; but there I was, lifting weights two or three hours every day.
I had no idea, really, of what a stage even looked like, but I saw myself standing there, posing and winning.
I was living in Munich at the time, hanging out with night people—entertainers, hookers and bar owners—and I had a girlfriend who was a stripper. Sometimes your body really gets bombed out: You try to go through this pain thing, but your body won't push the weight, and your partner will help you with his fingers just enough so that you can handle it. I lived with a woman for five years, a very smart lady who teaches English at a college in California. Bodybuilders party a lot, and once, in Gold's—the gym in Venice, California, where all the top guys train—there was a black girl who came out naked. I've always found that sex gives me a kind of calm, and I'm much more in control because of it.
Ninety-five percent of the people training with weights are into this health thing, and it's a different mentality entirely. After the show, a lot of people came backstage and said it was fantastic, that they'd never thought of body building as art before.
All my bodybuilder friends were there, really a mixed crowd—actors, bodybuilders, weight lifters, karate guys and writers—and it was great. I realize there's only one Arnold in the world, that there's never been an Arnold before, and the one thing that won't work on the screen is my being an ass-kicker. When you go for a job, the person giving you that job will not want to hear your problems; ergo, neither do I. These differences may include their performance which may affect the presentation of the stimuli and differing sizes of monitors which may impact the viewing of the stimuli. He'll stand behind you and lift with his fingers and make it possible—but just barely possible—for you to make the lift, and then on the next repetition, maybe he'll help a little bit more. I reminded Franco that four people from New York were watching the great Franco Columbu, the world's strongest bodybuilder, crashing down under a mere 500 pounds. Olympia contest in 1972, we had girls backstage giving head, then all of us went out and I won.
He was enormous, really fantastic, and the audience was screaming for both of us, so you knew it was going to be close. When the Russians were lifting weights in preparation for the Olympics—for the shot-put, the hammer throw and things like that—the Americans picked up on it immediately. If Robert De Niro kills in Taxi Driver, it's perfect, because he's a little guy and people are 100 percent behind him. When you breathe, you inhale and you exhale, but every single time that you do that you’re a little bit different than the one before.
In their experiment, they reasoned that a slower reaction time which was observed for the incongruent trials was due to the presentation of irrelevant location information.
At the same time, no researcher was present to clarify any questions participants may have had about the experiment, whereas all past studies have had the researchers present during testing. Universe had come from America and, as it later turned out, I was the first one to break that pattern. The guys who are working their way up often say they have to sleep ten hours a day and they try not to get laid more than three times a week, but, sooner or later, most of them find out that all this means shit. After about 15 minutes of posing, I told him I thought I'd had enough and that we ought to quit, just walk off.
I can look at a chick who's a little out of shape and if she turns me on, I won't hesitate to date her. Gay people are fighting the same kind of stereotyping that bodybuilders are: People have certain misconceptions about them just as they do about us.
For me, that isn't the right kind of role, because I'm big and therefore I have to play the opposite kind of guy.
Our study did replicate the portion of their experiment that examined this idea, and thus we can only speculate about the mechanism for this discrepancy. If you can't go through that pain period, that dead point, then competitively you won't make it. There are a lot of people here watching and they think that the muscle magazines are all bullshitting." He looked around and started breathing heavily, so I pushed it further. Whether you sleep two hours or ten, get laid a dozen times a week or not at all, eat three meals or five, at the end of the week you look absolutely the same; there's no difference. Do you know what speed it takes to do a snatch, to lift a 700- or 800-pound bar bell so fast that you can raise it over your head? Well, I have absolutely no hang-ups about the fag business; though it may bother some bodybuilders, it doesn't affect me at all.
But I know enough about chemistry to know that a chemical by itself may be poisonous but not poisonous when in a compound with other chemicals.
Did they wait until it was too late to make from their lives even one iota of what they were capable? Other than the fact the pride that it gives us and the respect that it demands, we love to play the game, so let’s go out there and have fun tonight.
I bet him $20 in front of everybody that he couldn't do another repetition and then offered an additional $50 if he could go on and do eight reps.
They think that the head is carried around by something very mysterious, and they're not aware that it's the body, something they should be in tune with. Alexiev can't run because he weighs 375 pounds, a weight he needs in order to handle the bar bell. But you can turn that around and make liars out of those bastards in exactly one hour when you take that test and pass it and win! Because tomorrow, if you give 100 percent of yourself tonight, people are going to look at you differently. When training for the Olympics, he lifted weights for two hours daily, squatting with almost 500 pounds.


He ripped the weight out and just started going up and down as if there were no end, as if he were going to do 50 repetitions.
But you should be aware that the story of Chicken Little is notA  a "fable character." While he did say "The sky is falling" quite a bit, this was only because he had difficulty making contact the his agent provocateur whose actual physical appearance had changed over the years. The video faculty includes Eric Hulsizer, a former Channel 8 cameramanA who photographed "Channel 8 On Your Side," and Lisa Inserra of Cox Media (the company that owns Valpack) who is active in producing television commercials for her company's clients.az?i»? In my program, I've studied drawing, camera operation, scripting, digital imaging, programming basics, copyright law, video editing, website design, sound production and editing. One of myA professors says the program is the best of its kind in the Tampa Bay area and I think he's right.az?i»?i»? Please, please, put the word out to others so that this fine program will be better known. It doesn't matter what your heritage is or whether you are still in high school or old enough for Medicare. Petersburg Collede digital arts program is filled with both talented professors and students. In your story on stadium horns, you called them vuvuzwelas, what is that funny looking symbol after the photo credits.
The image can be used freely, subject to some restrictive terms in the license, including crediting the photographer. It looks to me like he called on Curtis LeMay, Colonel Clearwater - and then realizing he had made a mistake - schluffed it into Colonel Kilgore. Here's a photo of American school children using the original Bellamy salute:A I think the photo speaks for itself.
Colonel Clearwater Dear Colonel Clearwater: What do you think about the Egyptian revolution? Fundamentalists, in any religion, are usually a reaction to what the followers perceive as injustice.
This doesn't mean Egyptian society and culture will necessarily change; it is still their culture and values. But in the long run any thing they make of it will be for their benefit (and not the benefit of the United States).
Not by rampeling down the side of the building like Tom Cruise, but by sliding in with a tourist visa when it was not open to tourists.
Clearwater: Republicans are betting that your readers don't care - that after all you did to beat them in 2006 and 2008, you're going to sit this one out. So they're whipping up their base by blocking help to unemployed workers, blocking summer jobs for teens, apologizing to the big companies that gave us the spill in the Gulf, and doing anything else they can do to stop progress. Yes, that Rand Paul, who says freedom means a private business can discriminate against African-Americans, and that President Obama holding polluters accountable for the mess in the Gulf is "un-American." And he's not alone. One candidate calls Social Security "horrible policy," while another has said that Americans will turn to "Second Amendment remedies" against Democrats. In New Hampshire, Paul Hodes is running neck-and-neck with his Republican opponent to take this seat for the Democrats. We've just started to turn our country around, passing healthcare reform, working to hold the big banks accountable for the Wall Street meltdown, pushing legislation to address climate change and end our addiction to oil.
The GOP is betting big that saying "no" and blocking progress is a path to success in November.What bet will you make?
I think the Republicans should adopt as their emblem the condom because it more clearly reflects the party's political stance. A condom stands for inflation, halts production, destroys the next generation, protects a bunch of pricks, and gives one a sense of security while screwing others.
Colonel ClearwaterDear Colonel Clearwater, Last week, my friend and colleague, Congressman Anthony Weiner, did something very good, and very gutsy. Weiner's report showed that this firm, which sells gold coins, rips off its customers while benefiting directly from Beck's Chicken Little lunacy about the economy.
Every time Beck screams that there is an impending Obama-led government takeover of the economy and your savings aren't safe, he's making a sales pitch for this sleazy advertiser.
You see, Beck's ratings have recently crashed, and most of his reputable advertisers have deserted him. Now that he's been exposed, Beck has spent the last week using his big media platform to attack and undermine Weiner - he even set up an attack website designed to damage Weiner's political standing. This collusion between big media, conservative commentators, and quack economics is a scam, but it is powerful if it remains unopposed. And we need to support people like Weiner, who have the guts to go after right-wing lunacy at the source. Consider his statement: "I beg you, look for the words 'social justice' or 'economic justice' on your church Web site. That oil disaster must be stopped, and a way must be found."I am not the original author of that sensible thought, but it has been my favorite definition of faith for a while. While we have no way of certainty for moving past them, working to find a pathway that takes us beyond our doubts is the best option in my view. Then how come Congress starts each session with a prayer and the president is sworn in on a Bible? Wants to KnowDear Wants to Know, As I said in an earlier reply, our countrys laws and structure are not based on the God of the Bible and the Ten Commandments, as Sarah Palin and others claim.
So most of us do not work on Sunday and some businesses are not open for business on Sunday. So we have a religious custom of not working on Sunday and a secular custom of watching football on Sunday. The Constitution states that the president must take an oath, but it does not mention anything about a Bible. Colonel ClearwaterDear Colonel Clearwater, I understand you answer, but you say customs and traditions. Wants to Know MoreDear Wants to Know More, It is important to realize the difference between a custom and a tradition. It is a custom at my house that every year we watch football on Thanksgiving Day after we eat.
A tradition is a ceremony invented for the purpose of commemorating some historical event or to develop a sense of binding in a community or religious group. Thanksgiving Day is a tradition in America that serves the purpose of reminding us of what we have from God for which to be thankful and is loosely based on the first harvest feast of the Pilgrims to celebrate their first year of survival in the New World.
It is a tradition; a ceremony we use to create a common bond among Americans by commemorating our heritage. When Congress meets, the first thing that happens is that the designated speaker calls the group together.
Colonel ClearwaterDear Colonel Clearwater, I have just seen a video about an organization called the Council on Foreign Relations.
This organization has members who were past Presidents and past Secretary of States of the United States, plus leaders in the fields of finance, industry, and other important positions in society. The spokesman on the video has concluded that this organization must be a part of world conspiracy to take over the world and put the entire world under a one-world socialist government and I agree with him.
The Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) is an organization of foreign policy experts, people concerned with international trade, prominent historians and writers, as well as others who are involved with foreign policy and international affairs.
The CFR hold speaking events with question-and-answer periods which are usually televised on CSpan or other cable stations. The speakers are usually world leaders, historians, writers, or others involved in international affairs.
Some of the speakers have included such figures as Nelson Mandela, George Soros, Thomas Friedman, Mikhail Gorbachev, and Ronald Reagan.
The journal, which I have subscribed to and read for over 25 years (plus you can buy it at the newsstands in Borders or Barnes and Noble) provides a forum for contrasting views and opinions regarding issues affecting foreign policy. Some people have made a nice living scarring others with conspiracy theories about the CFR. My advice to you is to go to the store, buy and read their journal, watch their events on CSpan, and be wary of people who wish to sell you on the idea that other people are out to get you.
Colonel Clearwater________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Dear Colonel Clearwater: Cancel my subscription to your liberal rage.
And no matter how great the obstacles may seem, we must never stop our efforts to reduce the weapons of war. We must never stop at all until we see the day when nuclear arms have been banished from the face of this earth." Ronald Wilson Reagan, 1984 Colonel ClearwaterDear Colonel Clearwater: Liberals?
I realize that there is collateral damage in war, but this is no less than cold-blooded genocide.
They were shooting at insurgents who, upon later investigation, turned out to be civilians. By saying the soldiers were shooting civilans implies that they knew they were shooting civiliansj. The real guilty party are those who convinced the American public that this war was necessary and just. Can you tell me how the "Smallest of the World's Leading Newspapers" managed to scoop "Florida's Best Newspaper?" Pedro TechadorDear Pedro, Always nice to hear from one of the Techadors.This was a WikiLeak scoop. Palin:Your statement reminds me of what Republican Congressman, Devin Nunes said during the health care vote. And now you are bringing the ghosts back into this chamber." There is no polite way to get around this. Tea Party Patriots are morons when it comes to history, economics, and how to run a society. Much like the resurgence of the Ku Klux Klan after World War I, the Tea Party Patriots are people who believe they have lost their privileged status in American society and wish to thwart others hopes for the American dream. Unfortunately, or fortunately (depending on which editor yells loudest) President Obama considers Wall Street, the banks, the Republicans in congress, and those with tea party policies as necessary players in the solution when they are, in fact, part of the problem. Both the Senior Citizens' Right to Work Act and the Family Medical Leave Act were passed this way.



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