Not too big, not too small, medium dogs are just right for an owner who wants a dog with a little more substance without tipping the scales.
Developed in Afghanistan (from ancient lines, likely Egyptian), the Afghan Hound was bred to hunt large game, pursuing his prey by sight, in both mountains and deserts.
The Airedale originated in England as an all-around working dog, hunting small game and guarding homes. The American English Coonhound is derived from a combination of English Coonhounds brought to the New World by wealthy English land owners and Virginia Hounds, which had arrived with earlier settlers and were more adept at traversing rough terrain and harsher weather. This canine product of the American melting pot is a true success story, a bulldog-terrier cross that made its way out of the fighting pits and into the hearts of dog lovers. The Amstaff, a cross between the old English Bulldog and one or more terriers, was truly “made in America.” Originally known as the Staffordshire Terrier, American was added to the names to avoid confusion with their British counterpart, the Staffordshire Bull Terrier. Also known as the Brown Spaniel, this is an American breed that was developed in the Midwest to spring and retrieve waterfowl, but it's an all-around shooting dog that will also bring in rabbits, grouse, quail and pheasant.
Did you get the test??After guessing for years, I finally ordered a Heritage Quest DNA test for my mom's dog as a mother's day gift--it was so fun to finally find out what Ella was mixed with!
I have a dog that looks EXACTLY like that and I know that mine is an Aussie English Setter mix. PLUMBING VENT DEFINITIONS, TYPES - CONTENTS: Definition of plumbing vent terms, types of plumbing vents. This article defines plumbing vent system terms, distances, and functions, and other specifications and code requirements.
We define the soil stack, waste stack, wet vents and dry vents, and we summarize the distances permitted between plumbing fixtures and their vent piping.
Our page top sketch of a plumbing stack vent and other sketches included below are provided courtesy of Carson Dunlop Associates. Imagine a full soda bottle with its cap off, turned upside down: the soda does not flow nicely out of the bottle.
Now perform the same experiment, but punch a hole in the bottom of your soda bottle just before you turn it upside down. Here we show the main building vent pipe, the plumbing stack vent, connecting inside plumbing drains to a vent pipe that extends above the building roof in order to let needed air into the drains and to vent sewer gases harmlessly above the building. Below we explain how building plumbing vent systems work and why plumbing vents are needed for drain function and plumbing drain safety. Where there is a snow-cover risk (snow can block the plumbing vent) the vent should extend 24" above the roof surface. The soil stack pipe, as shown in Carson Dunlop's sketch, carries waste from toilets to the house trap (if one is installed) and there connects to the sewer line extending outside the building and on to a public sewer or private septic system. The soil stack pipe is normally extended outdoors above the building roof, as shown in the page top sketch.
Other main building drain piping sections that slope closer to horizontal are connected to the soil stack but move waste horizontally where needed in a building. The waste stack pipe shown in the sketch refers to any other vertical drain piping in the building that does not carry soil (sewage) from a sanitary fixture (toilet). As we discuss at DRAIN NOISES, if the horizontal distance between a plumbing fixture and the vertical vent piping is too great, the fixture may not drain properly, producing slow drainage or gurgling noises. Poor drainage is not just an annoyance, it can be unsafe since there is also the risk that the poorly-vented plumbing fixture will lose the water from its plumbing trap, then permitting sewer gases into the building. As we show in Carson Dunlop's sketch, the distance allowed between a plumbing fixture (actually the fixture plumbing trap) and the vertical vent piping varies between a minimum and maximum as a function of the pipe diameter. Below our tables 1 and 2 summarize common plumbing code specifications for fixture venting and vent pipe sizes and distances that a plumbing fixture can be located (horizontally) from the vent stack.
Special routing and connections are required for proper venting of plumbing fixtures such as kitchen island or peninsula sinks or dishwashers - plumbing fixtures that are located where a direct vertical vent stack connection is not possible. Basically,larger piping diameter allows longer distances between a plumbing fixture and its vent stack. But if a plumbing fixture is close enough (five feet or less) to the main waste stack pipe (vent), the fixture does not usually require its own plumbing vent piping, and it is considered a direct-vented plumbing fixture. Of course this rule presumes that the drain piping between the fixture trap and the waste stack is properly installed and properly sloped.
In many buildings we find that the toilet is located quite close (within 5 feet) of the main building waste stack.
When you flush a toilet it sends a sudden large volume of waste and wastewater into the building drain waste vent (DWV) piping.


It is exactly this condition that produces the gurgling or even siphonage out and loss of water in nearby sink or tub traps when you flush a toilet in a building where the vent piping is inadequate. A toilet that is located too far from the soil stack can be wet vented as shown in Carson Dunlop's sketch. But a wet vented fixture requires a larger drain pipe diameter in its wet portion as we show in the sketch. Also note that wet vented fixtures (toilet, bathtub, shower, or floor drain) are permitted for bathrooms on the same floor level, not between floors. An AAV is basically a one-way valve that allows air to enter the drain to satisfy the vacuum caused by water passing down the drainage system, but that prevents sewer gases from backing up through the vent into the building. If a plumbing drain is not vented to the atmosphere drain performance is likely be slow and noisy. Standard plumbing vent lets air in at the rooftop: When a sink, toilet, shower or tub or similar plumbing fixture empties into its drain system in a standard plumbing arrangement, the vacuum that would be caused by water running down the drain pipe is relieved by air that enters the piping system through the plumbing vent stack.
Air admittance valves, studor vents, vacuum breaker valves, or the V-200: these products are used in both new construction (where permitted by the local plumbing inspector) and as a retrofit where a building plumbing fixture is having drain problems such as trap siphonage because the fixture is not vented or not adequately vented.
Plumbing guidelines and rules define the allowable distance between any plumbing fixture and the plumbing vent stack; if a fixture is located too far from the vent, its drainage may be poor and there is risk of plumbing trap siphonage and dangerous sewer gas release in the building. Where a conventional plumbing vent system is not available or not feasible the local plumbing inspector may permit an air admittance valve to be installed. An air admittance valve is designed to allow air in to the drain piping system to which it is connected whenever pressure in the drain system is below atmospheric pressure outside the valve. Air admittance valve (AAV) lets air in at the valve opening: the vacuum created by water passing down the drain system opens a valve in the AAV to permit air to enter the drain system, thus satisfying or relieving the vacuum, both to improve drainage and avoid drain noises. The AAV closes when there is no vacuum in the drain system - that is when wastewater is not passing down the drain, preventing sewer gases from passing back up the drain system and out through the AAV. Air admittance valves are located close to the fixture they serve, and are placed above the drain line as well as 6" above the P-trap weir as shown in the V-200 AAV installation instructions illustrated below. Air admittance valves (AAVs) also have to withstand the positive pressure that can occur in some public sewer systems, in forced-main public or private sewer or septic systems, in plumbing drain systems using a sewage ejector pump, or in a blocked private septic system or in systems located in hilly terrain. If you smell sewer gases in your building conditions could be dangerous (risking a methane gas explosion) or unsanitary.
The table below gives required clearance distances to various building features and cites pertinent model plumbing codes. Nearest window, door, opening, air intake, or ventilation shaft: distance to plumbing vent. We interpret this rule to apply to the required separation distances between a plumbing vent and nearest chimney on the building - Ed. Vent pipes shall terminate not less than 6 inches above the roof, measured from the highest point where the vent intersects the roof. EXCEPTION: Where a roof is used for any purpose other than weather protection, vents shall extend at least 7 feet above the roof and shall be properly supported. Continue reading at PLUMBING VENT REPAIR or select a topic from the More Reading links or topic ARTICLE INDEX shown below. Our recommended books about building & mechanical systems design, inspection, problem diagnosis, and repair, and about indoor environment and IAQ testing, diagnosis, and cleanup are at the InspectAPedia Bookstore. Sewage Levels in Septic Tanks - what are normal and abnormal sewage levels in septic tanks and what do they mean about tank condition, leaks, etc. The Illustrated Home illustrates construction details and building components, a reference for owners & inspectors.
Try our scramble puzzle of the Australian States and territories, our word search of Australian cities, or enjoy some of our printable puzzles with Australian animals as their theme! Can your child spot the differences between these two pictures, filled with Australian animals? Print this word scramble puzzle for the kids to un-jumble into the names of Australian states and territories. Ranging from 20-60 lbs, these sturdy and reliable breeds like the Australian Shepherd, the French Bulldog and the American Pit Bull Terrier, are not going to fit in your purse, but you still might be able to pick them up. To me , your dog look like its an Australian shepherd mixed with either Labrador or Golden Retriever .
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We explain how plumbing vents work on buildings, why plumbing vent piping is needed, and what happens to the building drains when the vent piping is not working.


Allow building drains to flow freely by allowing air into the drain system, avoiding the vacuum and slow drainage that would otherwise occur at fixtures. As some soda spills out, the spillage has to nearly stop to let some air into the bottle to fill the vacuum created by the soda leaving. In these notes, the plumbing stack vents and other sketches included below are provided courtesy of Carson Dunlop Associates. Note that there are other restrictions: for a roof that is also used as an occupied space, for example, the vent has to extend at least even feet above the surface and be secured with stays. That is, dry vent piping carrying only air, sewer gas, or moisture to above the roof line is unrestricted. If a plumbing fixture is located too far from the main building vent stack, then its own drain pipe must have its own vent stack connection piping. This surge of wastewater can certainly create a vacuum problem in the waste line if the vent piping system is inadequate, blocked, or missing entirely. The drain piping for a sink (basin) or other fixture located closer to the soil stack than is the toilet can provide a pathway to let air into the horizontal waste piping used by the toilet to carry waste to the soil stack. This diameter increase helps assure adequate air flow into the drain system in the event that the sink basin (in this example) happens to be draining at the same moment that the toilet is flushed.
Worse, the vacuum created by water passing through the drain waste piping system can cause water to be siphoned out of plumbing fixtrure traps. If we did not relieve that vaccum pressure in the drain line the drain would pass wastewater poorly, slowly, and often with a bubbling or glub glub noise. Where high sewer gas pressures are anticipated, the sewer piping system should include a vent to the building exterior. No vent terminal shall be located directly beneath any door, window, or other ventilating opening of a building or of another building, nor shall any such vent terminal be within 10 feet horizontally of such opening unless it is at least 2 feet above the top of such opening. The Horizon system runs on always-available cloud-based software for office computers, laptops, tablets, iPad, Android, & other smartphones.
The text is intended as a reference guide to help building owners operate and maintain their home effectively. Many of the medium sized breeds are appealing to families who have smaller children, but don’t have the space for a larger dog. Include the title of the page or the link to the main page in the email to make it easier for me to match up.
Because sewer gases may flow back up into the building drain piping from a public sewer or private septic system, and because some sewer gases are included in building waste flowing through the piping, the plumbing vent system needs to carry these gases outside, usually above the building roof, where they are disposed-of safely and without leaving unpleasant, or possibly dangerous smells and gases inside the building.
However the piping does need to be protected from nails - use nail plates to protect vent and drain piping both where where piping passes through studs, joists, or rafters. Our sketch above shows a toilet located close to the waste stack - an installation that should work fine. The loss of that trap water will in turn permit potentially explosive sewer gases to enter the building. And some suppliers (National Builders Supply) recommend locating AAVs or PAPA devices throughout the plumbing system to improve drain performance by handling variations in air pressure in the drain-waste-vent system (DWV system), and to avoid trap siphonage. Vanity Installation Kit, and the Oatey 20 DFU Sure-Vent (Oatey 39016 or 39017 and other models).
Special Offer: For a 10% discount on any number of copies of the Home Reference Book purchased as a single order.
Thanks to Alan Carson and Bob Dunlop, for permission for InspectAPedia to use text excerpts from The Home Reference Book & illustrations from The Illustrated Home. The Oatey SUre-Vent 39016 includes ANSI ASSE certifications stamped right on the valve top. Carson Dunlop Associates' provides extensive home inspection education and report writing material. Knowing his breed info helped us research, understand, and provide a good quality of life for our very-active boy. Special Offer: For a 5% discount on any number of copies of the Home Reference eBook purchased as a single order.



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