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Over the last few decades, the number of people exploring the hearing aids Australia market has significantly increased. Fact: Although many people consider that hearing aids Australia retailers offer are for elderly people only, hearing loss is common among younger population as well.
To create greater awareness of Hearing Awareness Week, PeoplePledge wanted to share 10 interesting facts about Australian children with a hearing impairment or who have had a loss of hearing. The resource may also contain words and descriptions that could be culturally sensitive and which might not normally be used in public or community contexts. Sensorineural hearing loss relates to damage to the hair cells in the inner ear, auditory nerve or brain.
Conductive hearing loss relates to a problem in the transmission of sound through the outer and middle ear.
Children with recurrent, persistent and chronic OM conditions for more than 3 months should be seen by an audiologist. In a hearing test sounds are played at a particular frequency (pitch) at different intensities (volume) usually increasing from soft to loud. Across the top of the audiogram are numbers representing the frequencies of sounds that are to be tested. Air and bone conduction tests are used to work out what type of hearing loss a person might have. Sensorineural hearing loss is defined as a difference of 15dB or less between the air conduction thresholds and the bone conduction thresholds of a given ear, and the air and bone conduction thresholds are worse (higher) than 15dB. Conductive hearing loss is when bone conductor thresholds are 15dB better (lower) than air conduction thresholds and the bone conduction thresholds are 15dB or less.
There are certain symbols to indicate if test results are from the right or left ear, and whether tests have been masked or not. Any of the above symbols with an arrow pointing downwards means that there was no response at that frequency.
There is some uncertainty about the degree of hearing loss associated with different forms of OM, but it is generally agreed that children with persistent OME, recurrent AOM or a perforation (wet or dry) for more than three months are likely to suffer from significant effects of hearing loss and should be referred to an audiologist and an ear, nose and throat (ENT) specialist. Do sudden loud noises wake the baby?Does the baby cry at very loud noises?Does the baby jump at sudden loud noises like the door slamming or dog barking nearby? Does the baby sometimes turns its eyes and start to turn its head to see where a noise comes from? Does the baby turn to find things heard but not seen?Does the baby gurgle, coo or babble to unseen sources of voices or other sounds? Does the child talk in 3 word sentences?Are you able to have a conversation with the child? Does the child sit too close to the television?Does the child respond to you when you call them from a distance or when they have their back to you?Does your child have trouble listening in noisy places i.e. Parents need to be aware of ways to communicate more effectively with children with hearing loss i.e. Darwin Otitis Guidelines Group (2010) Recommendations for clinical care guidelines on the management of otitis media in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations. The 2004-05 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey (NATSIHS) is the largest health survey of Indigenous Australians conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). It should be noted that all results presented in this publication are based on information reported by respondents and may therefore differ from information collected using other methods or sources.
This summary of findings represents only some of the insights that can be obtained from the 2004-05 NATSIHS. The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population at 30 June 2001 was estimated to be 458,500, or 2.4% of the total Australian population.
In 2001, around 90% of the Indigenous population were identified as being of Aboriginal origin, 6% were identified as being of Torres Strait Islander origin and 4% were identified as being of both Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander origin.
In 2001, the largest proportions of the Indigenous population were living in New South Wales (134,900 people or 29% of the total Indigenous population), Queensland (125,900 people or 27%) and Western Australia (65,900 people or 14%).
The Indigenous population is relatively young, with a median age of 21 years compared to 36 years for the non-Indigenous population. Self assessed health status provides an indicator of overall health; it reflects an individual's perception of his or her own health. In 2004-05, just over three-quarters (78%) of the Indigenous population reported their health as either good, very good or excellent (similar to the 77% recorded in the 2002 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey (NATSISS) and up slightly on the 73% recorded in the 2001 NHS(I)) and 22% reported their health as fair or poor (consistent with 23% in the 2002 NATSISS) (table 1 and the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey 2002, cat. The 2004-05 NATSIHS collected information on the social and emotional wellbeing of Indigenous adults (aged 18 years and over) using selected questions from the SF-36 and the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale. Responses to questions from the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale showed that almost one in ten Indigenous adults (9%) reported feeling nervous all or most of the time.
Around two-thirds (65%) of Indigenous people reported at least one long term health condition. The proportion of Indigenous people with at least one long term health condition varied markedly with age, from 44% of Indigenous children aged 0-14 years to 97% of older Indigenous people (aged 55 years and over). A higher proportion of Indigenous Australians than non-Indigenous Australians reported more than one long term health condition in age groups between 25-54 years. After adjusting for age differences between the two populations, Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians were equally likely to report a long term health condition (table 6). Consistent with results from 2001, asthma was reported by around one in seven Indigenous Australians (15%) in 2004-05 (table 1).
In 2004-05, around one in eight Indigenous Australians (12%) reported a long term health condition associated with the circulatory system, such as heart disease or hypertensive disease, consistent with the 11% reported in 2001. Hypertensive disease (high blood pressure) was the most commonly reported heart and circulatory condition among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in 2004-05, affecting 22% of those aged 35 years and over (table 9 and Technical Note: table 2).
Diabetes (including high sugar levels) continues to be a significant health issue among Indigenous Australians, with an overall prevalence of 6% in 2004-05 (table 1).
Consistent with results from 2001, diabetes was almost twice as prevalent among Indigenous people in remote areas (9%) as it was in non-remote areas (5%) in 2004-05 (table 1).
The 2004-05 NATSIHS collected information from private dwellings only and not from health care facilities.
In 2004-05, kidney disease was reported by 2% of Indigenous people overall (3% in remote areas and 1% in non-remote areas) (table 1).
After adjusting for age differences, rates of kidney disease were much higher in the Indigenous population than in the non-Indigenous population (table 6). An individual's health related actions, and access to health professionals and services are important factors in the successful prevention and management of health conditions.
Around one in six Indigenous people (16%) had been admitted to hospital in the 12 months prior to the 2004-05 survey (table 1). In 2004-05, the rates of consultation by Indigenous people with health professionals were similar to those reported in 2001. After adjusting for age differences between the two populations, Indigenous people were equally as likely as non-Indigenous people to have visited a doctor, one-and-a-half times more likely to have consulted an 'other' health professional and more than twice as likely to have visited the casualty or outpatients department of a hospital in the two weeks before the survey.
In the 2004-05 NATSIHS, the ABS collected information for the first time about the oral health of Indigenous people, in addition to the information on recent visits to health professionals. While more than three-quarters (78%) of all Indigenous people aged 15 years and over had lost fewer than five adult teeth in their lifetime, the proportion who had lost five or more teeth ranged from around 1% of people aged 15-24 years to 61% of those aged 55 years and over. In 2004-05, half the adult Indigenous population (50%) were current daily smokers, that is, people who smoked one or more cigarettes per day, on average. After adjusting for age differences between the two populations, Indigenous adults were still more than twice as likely as non-Indigenous adults to be current daily smokers (table 6). For Indigenous people aged 18 years and over who accepted the substance use form, reported rates of illicit substance use (in the 12 months prior to the survey) were 25% in 2002 and 28% in 2004-05 (table 20). Many of the principal causes of ill-health among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are nutrition related diseases, such as heart disease, Type II diabetes and renal disease (see The Health and Welfare of Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples 2005, ABS cat.
In non-remote areas, the intake of vegetables was broadly similar between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people. In 2004-05, around seven in ten Indigenous people either sometimes (25%) or usually (46%) added salt after cooking. Over three-quarters (79%) of Indigenous people usually drank whole (full cream) milk in 2004-05, with 16% reporting reduced fat or skim milk.
The 2004-05 NATSIHS collected information relating to the frequency, intensity and duration of exercise undertaken by Indigenous Australians living in non-remote areas. The proportion of people that are overweight or obese within a given population can be determined by first calculating an individual's Body Mass Index (BMI) score (from reported information on height and weight) and then grouping people into BMI categories.


Just under one-third (31%) of Indigenous people aged 15 years and over were recorded as being in the normal or healthy weight range in 2004-05, with a further 23% in the overweight category and 24% classified as obese (table 21 and Technical Notes: table 2).
In 2004-05, the majority of Indigenous women aged 18-64 years who had had children, reported having breastfed them (84%), consistent with results from 2001 (86%).
In 2004-05, around nine in ten Indigenous children under seven years of age in non-remote areas were reported as being fully immunised against diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, polio, hepatitis B, measles, mumps, rubella and haemophilus influenza type B (HIB).
In addition to information on a range of early childhood vaccinations, the 2004-05 NATSIHS also collected data on vaccinations against influenza and pneumonia among Indigenous people aged 15 years and over. More than half (60%) of Indigenous people aged 50 years and over reported that they had been vaccinated for influenza in the 12 months before the survey and 34% for pneumonia in the last five years.
Information on mammograms has been collected for Indigenous women aged 18 years and over in both the 2001 and 2004-05 surveys.
Consistent with results from 2001, just over half of Indigenous women aged 18 years and over reported having had regular pap smear tests (52% in 2004-05 and 53% in 2001). Reported use of common contraceptives by Indigenous women aged 18-49 years has changed very little since 2001. The hearing aids help in dealing with hearing loss and hearing issues, but as of now, these devices cannot restore the hearing to normal. However, the designers have given their best to make the hearing aids as invisible and inconspicuous as possible, so you won’t feel old, frail and weird.
Today’s hearing aids will not produce a sound like a squawking annoying lady in an office whenever you hug a person. Please download the latest version of the Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Apple Safari, or Windows Internet Explorer browser. These facts are sourced from Hear For You, a non-profit organization in Australia that aims to help parents, families and children affected by hearing loss.
There are over 20,000 children and adolescents in Australia with some form of hearing impairment.
International research has shown that children who have problems making themselves understood are at high risk of social isolation and are 4 times more likely to have a mental health disorder. The risk of having a mental health issue is not associated with the degree of hearing impairment. More than 83% of deaf children and adolescents attend mainstream schools where they are often the sole student in their class or school who is deaf.
Employment opportunities for deaf and hearing impaired people are significantly less than for hearing applicants. Central Auditory Processing Disorder (CAPD) is a common term when a child is diagnosed with hearing impairment. For example, some information may be considered appropriate for viewing only by men or only by women.
Sensorineural hearing loss can be caused by: exposure to loud noises, ageing, meningitis, viruses, genetic factors, certain drugs, certain pre-natal conditions. Conductive hearing loss can be caused by: wax blockage, perforated eardrum, various forms of otitis media (OM), otosclerosis (abnormal growth of bone in the ear), or a break in one of the middle ear bones. A person may have normal hearing or slight, mild, moderate, moderately severe or profound hearing loss. When the person hears the sound they raise their hand or press a button to let the audiologist know they have heard the sound. Sometimes the symbols will be colour coded with red representing the right ear and blue representing the left ear. A hearing loss of 35dB or more in the better ear is considered disabling, but even a loss of 20dB occurring during speech development and early schooling may have negative social and educational consequences.
Does the baby make a variety of babbling sounds?Does the baby enjoy playing with noisy toys or objects?Can you soothe the baby with your voice? Teachers should try to reduce background noises such as: people talking and moving, outside traffic, air conditioners and building site operations. Excluded material owned by third parties may include, for example, design and layout, images obtained under licence from third parties and signatures. The sample size was 10,439 persons (or about one in 45 of the total Indigenous population), considerably larger than the supplementary Indigenous samples in the 1995 and 2001 National Health Surveys (NHS(I)). For further information on data quality refer to the Explanatory Notes and the Technical Note. Readers interested in undertaking further analysis of the data are referred to the National Health Survey and the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey 2004-05: Data Reference Package (cat. Around one in four Indigenous people (26%) were living in remote areas compared with only one in fifty non-Indigenous people (2%).
Indigenous people in 2001 represented less than 4% of the total populations in all states and territories, except the Northern Territory where they comprised 29% of the population.
As age is closely associated with health, care should be taken when comparing information for these two populations.
This measure is dependent on an individual's awareness and expectations regarding their health, and may be influenced by factors such as access to health services and health information. The proportion of people aged 15-24 years reporting fair or poor health was 9%, compared with 50% of people aged 55 years and over (table 7). Questions were also asked regarding feelings of anger, the impact of psychological distress, stressors, and cultural identification. Indigenous people in remote areas were more likely to report having had these positive feelings all or most of the time, than were Indigenous people living in non-remote areas (table 11). When asked how often they felt without hope, 7% said that they had this feeling all or most of the time. Indigenous people in remote areas were less likely to report a long term health condition than those in non-remote areas (57% compared with 68%) (table 1).
The reporting of multiple conditions also varied with age - with 9% of children aged 0-14 years compared to 79% of older Indigenous people reporting more than one long term condition (table 9).
Young people (aged 0-24 years) and older people (aged 55 years and over) in both populations had similar rates (table 9).
In addition, 6% of Indigenous people reported diabetes and 2% reported kidney disease (table 1).
For example, 81% of those with kidney disease, 77% of those with back problems and 75% of those with diabetes reported a stressor (other than serious illness or disability).
After adjusting for age differences between the two populations, Indigenous people were 1.6 times more likely to report asthma as a long term health condition than were non-Indigenous people (table 6). In 2004-05, these long term conditions were more prevalent in remote (14%) than non-remote (11%) areas (table 1). Results from the 2004-05 NATSIHS show a marked increase in the prevalence of these conditions among Indigenous people from around 35 years of age onwards, some 10 years earlier than in the non-Indigenous population. Overall, there was no change in the reported level of hypertensive disease between 2001 and 2004-05 (7%) (table 8).
The 2004-05 rate is consistent with reporting by non-Indigenous people in the NHS (13%) (table 9 and Technical Note: table 1). After adjusting for age differences between the two populations, Indigenous people were more than three times as likely as non-Indigenous people to report some form of diabetes (table 6).
For diabetes, the pattern of onset by age is very similar to that for hypertensive disease, increasing markedly from around 35 years of age onwards and with a prevalence of 32% for Indigenous Australians aged 55 years and over (table 9). Since the treatment of kidney disease accounts for around one-third of all hospital admissions of Indigenous people (see The Health and Welfare of Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples 2005, ABS cat.
Kidney disease increased with age, from less than 1% of Indigenous children aged 0-14 years to 7% of Indigenous Australians aged 55 years and over (table 9). Apart from visits to a dentist, Indigenous people were more likely than non-Indigenous people to have taken at least one of the surveyed health related actions in 2004-05 (table 6). After adjusting for age differences between the two populations, Indigenous people were 1.3 times more likely than non-Indigenous people to have been hospitalised in the 12 months prior to interview (table 6). One in five Indigenous people (20%) reported having visited a doctor (GP or specialist) in the two weeks prior to interview, 17% had consulted an 'other' health professional (e.g. Indigenous people were around half as likely as non-Indigenous people to have seen a dentist during that period (table 6). Of Indigenous people aged 15 years and over, 11% had never visited a dentist or other health professional about their teeth. ABS health surveys record little change in the rate of smoking by Indigenous people since 1995 (table 1).


In addition, in 2004-05 a further 22% reported illicit substance use at least once in their lifetime. Fruit and vegetables may be less accessible to Indigenous people in remote areas, of whom one in five (20%) reported no usual daily fruit intake compared with one in eight (12%) in non-remote areas. Indigenous people generally reported eating less fruit than non-Indigenous people (table 23). Indigenous people in remote areas (83%) were more likely than those in non-remote areas (65%) to report sometimes or usually adding salt after cooking (table 22). Those in remote areas (87%) were more likely to drink whole milk (including full cream powdered milk) than those living in non-remote areas (76%) (table 22). The proportion of Indigenous people in non-remote areas who were sedentary or engaged in low level exercise in the two weeks prior to interview was higher in 2004-05 (75%) than in 2001 (68%) (table 1).
In the 2004-05 NATSIHS and NHS, self reported height and weight measurements were collected for people aged 15 years and over.
After adjusting for non-response, the proportion of Indigenous people in non-remote areas who were overweight or obese in 1995 was 48% increasing to 56% in 2004-05, although this difference was not statistically significant (table 1). The proportion of women who breastfed their children was higher in remote areas (92%) than non-remote areas (80%) (table 27). Older Indigenous people in remote areas were more likely (80%) than those in non-remote areas (52%) to have been recently vaccinated for influenza, and were more than twice as likely to have received a vaccination against pneumonia (56% compared with 26%) (table 25). While the proportion of Indigenous women aged 40 years and over reporting regular mammograms was lower in 2004-05 (32%) than in 2001 (39%), this difference was not statistically significant (table 27). Over this period, the proportion of women who reported regular pap smear tests increased in remote areas (from 56% to 65%) and decreased in non-remote areas (from 52% to 47%, although this difference is not statistically significant) (table 27). In 2004-05, condoms (21%) were most commonly reported, followed by the contraceptive pill (14%) and contraceptive injection (DepoProvera) (8%). However, with the technology improving at a fast pace, it should not come as a surprise if one day a hearing aid which can completely restore the hearing is manufactured. Hearing aids cannot restore your hearing to normal, but they can help you hear better and help you communicate normally. Rather, it is the level of communication and social difficulty experienced, that affects mental health.
The HealthInfoNet respects such culturally sensitive issues, but, for technical reasons, it has not been possible to provide materials in a way that prevents access by a person of the other gender. If the patient can hear the sound 2 times out of 3, the audiologist plots the intensity and the frequency of the sound on an audiogram. Children with hearing loss should sit at the front of the classroom and the teacher should try to use as much face to face communication as possible. This survey, which was conducted in remote and non-remote areas throughout Australia, was designed to collect a range of information from Indigenous Australians about health related issues, including health status, risk factors and actions, and socioeconomic circumstances. The Indigenous population in private dwellings was projected for the survey to be 474,310 at 31 December 2004, around the midpoint of the 2004-05 NATSIHS enumeration period.
To account for differences in the age structure, comparisons between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people are presented by age group or by using age standardised rates as appropriate. After adjusting for differences in age structure between the Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations, Indigenous people overall were almost twice as likely as non-Indigenous people to report their health as fair or poor (table 6). Similarly, 7% said that they felt so sad that nothing could cheer them up, all or most of the time. Of adults who did not report a long term condition, 65% had also experienced a stressor (other than serious illness or disability) (table 10). Within the Indigenous population, asthma was reported almost twice as often in non-remote areas (17%) as in remote areas (9%) (table 1). Within the Indigenous population, the rate for people aged 35-44 years (21%) was almost double the rate for those aged 25-34 years (11%). Rates of hearing loss were higher among Indigenous people than non-Indigenous people in all age groups up to 55 years of age. Indigenous Australians were admitted to hospital more often than non-Indigenous Australians across all age groups (apart from people aged 25-34 years where rates were similar).
Aboriginal health worker or nurse), 5% had visited the casualty or outpatients department of a hospital, and 4% (of people aged two years and over) had seen a dentist. This proportion was 24% for Indigenous people in remote areas compared with 6% in non-remote areas (table 15). While older people in non-remote areas reported a higher level of tooth loss and greater use of dentures than those in remote areas, a higher proportion of people aged 55 years and over in remote areas (19%) than in non-remote areas (10%) said they required dentures but did not have them (table 15). For both men and women, smoking was more prevalent among Indigenous than non-Indigenous adults in every age group (table 18). The disparity was even greater for vegetables, where 15% of people in remote areas reported no usual daily intake compared with 2% in non-remote areas (table 1). In non-remote areas, Indigenous people were much more likely to drink full cream milk than non-Indigenous people, regardless of age (table 23).
Similarly, 79% of Indigenous children under four years of age had been breastfed for at least some period, of which 13% were being breastfed at the time of the survey (table 24).
In addition, 13% of Indigenous women in remote areas and 5% of those in non-remote areas reported using a contraceptive implant (Implanon), which can prevent pregnancy for up to three years (table 27). By wearing these devices, you will improve your listening and hearing abilities, which will improve the quality of your life.
Regardless of the type and size of the batteries your hearing aid uses, replacing them is very easy once you learn how to. In a bone conduction test a small bone vibrator is placed on the mastoid prominence behind the auricle (raised area behind the external ear).
For further information on the size, structure and distribution of the Indigenous population, see Population Characteristics, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2001 (cat.
4704.0) and persons in hospital are not in scope of the NATSIHS, results may underestimate the prevalence of kidney disease in the Indigenous population. Hospital admissions were most common among older Indigenous people (aged 55 years and over) at 31% (table 14). The proportion of Indigenous Australians consulting health professionals was higher among the older age groups (table 15). Information on illicit substance use by Indigenous people aged 15 years and over in non-remote areas is available from both the 2004-05 NATSIHS and the 2002 NATSISS. While a diet high in saturated fats and refined carbohydrates increases the likelihood of developing these diseases, regular exercise and intake of fibre-rich foods, such as fruit and vegetables, can have a protective effect against disease. Of people in non-remote areas, 42% were eating the recommended daily intake of fruit and 10% the recommended daily intake of vegetables (table 23 and Technical Note: table 2).
Height and weight information could not be obtained for 17% of Indigenous people and 8% of non-Indigenous people (table 21 and Technical Note: table 2).
In each age group the disparity between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people was greater for females than for males (table 21). The range of frequencies on this audiogram match the range of frequencies for general speech.
The bone vibrator transmits sounds to the bones of the skull which stimulates the inner ear directly. Indigenous people in remote areas were around twice as likely as those in non-remote areas to have consulted an Aboriginal health worker, nurse or other health professional (27% compared with 14%) (table 1).
The National Health and Medical Research Council guidelines recommend a minimum of five serves of vegetables per day and two serves of fruit per day. Indigenous people in remote areas were not asked to specify how many serves of vegetables or fruit they usually ate on a daily basis. Teachers should be aware of using new words and ideas in English that may be unfamiliar to Indigenous children.
Comparisons of air and bone conduction thresholds are used to determine the type of hearing loss.
Parents can also help by participating in their child’s learning at child care and preschool. Writing key vocabulary on the board and using pictures or objects are useful ways to communicate new ideas.



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