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Up to 20% of people in the United States will experience migraine headaches at some point in life.
The brain chemical serotonin may play an important role in this process as it does in other conditions, including depression and eating disorders.
Even if you avoid all possible triggers, you are still likely to experience a migraine occasionally. Other methods some people have used to decrease their migraine attacks include biofeedback, yoga, acupuncture, massage and regular exercise. There are two types of medications to treat migraines — drugs that are taken when a headache starts (called abortive medications) and drugs that are taken every day to prevent migraines (called preventive medications).
When possible, an abortive medication should be taken immediately after an aura or migraine headache starts.
If the headache becomes more intense and does not respond to one or two doses of an abortive medication, pain relievers can be used to lessen the discomfort. Beta-blockers — Propranolol (Inderal) and nadolol (Corgard) have a good track record of being safe and effective.
Anticonvulsants — Of the drugs in this class, valproate (Depakote and other brand names) and topiramate (Topamax) have the best evidence to support using it for prevention.
Tricyclic antidepressants — These medications are very effective, but often have troublesome side effects such as sedation, blurred vision, dry mouth and constipation. Preventive medications (except for Botox injections) need to be taken every day to be effective. Don't be discouraged if your first choice of preventive medication does not meet your expectations.
If you have a history of migraine, you should contact your doctor if you develop headaches that differ from your usual headache or other migraine symptoms.
Most people who develop migraines will continue to have intermittent headaches over many years.
Disclaimer: This content should not be considered complete and should not be used in place of a call or visit to a health professional. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records.
Although high blood pressure can cause symptoms such as headache and pounding heartbeat, it often causes no symptoms at all.
You may not recognize the damage that silent hypertension has been doing to your body until you suddenly are stricken with a major disease. If your blood pressure is high, your doctor should examine your eyes, heart and nervous system, to look for evidence of damage from hypertension. If there is no such evidence, you should return for at least two more blood pressure measurements. People with diabetes, kidney disease or heart problems are at higher risk of complications from hypertension. Pelvic inflammatory disease is the most common preventable cause of infertility in the United States. Pelvic inflammatory disease is most common in women younger than age 25 who have more than one sex partner. Your doctor will ask about your medical history, including the sexual habits of both you and your partner or partners.
The diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease is not always easy because the site of infection cannot be examined easily. During the pelvic examination, your doctor may swab the inside of your cervix with a sterile, cotton-tipped swab.
Laparoscopy — A slender, telescope-like instrument is inserted through a small incision in the navel or just below it. Ultrasound — An electronic device is moved over the abdomen or placed in the vagina, creating echoes that are transformed into images of organs for viewing on a screen.
Most cases of pelvic inflammatory disease clear up after 10 to 14 days of antibiotic treatment.
Other than avoiding sexual intercourse, there is no guaranteed way to prevent pelvic inflammatory disease.
Because most cases of pelvic inflammatory disease are linked to STDs, treating a woman's sex partners is essential to prevent repeat infections.
The primary treatment for pelvic inflammatory disease is antibiotics, and in most cases, antibiotics alone can cure the infection. If you are being treated for pelvic inflammatory disease, call your doctor two to three days after beginning treatment to report your progress. Some women with a severe infection need to be hospitalized to receive antibiotics intravenously. As with any significant infection, bed rest or reduced activity is important to promote recovery. Getting prompt treatment and follow-up care can cure pelvic inflammatory disease and keep it from causing further problems. CDC National Prevention Information Network (NPIN) National Center for HIV, STD and TB PreventionP.O. The pancreas is the large gland located in the upper part of the abdomen, behind the stomach. In pancreatitis, enzymes that normally are released into the digestive tract begin to damage the pancreas itself. Another common cause of acute pancreatitis is a complication of a medical procedure called ERCP. If gallstones are suspected, an ultrasound examination of the gallbladder may be performed. If significant damage is done to the pancreas in a single severe attack or several repeat attacks, chronic pancreatitis can develop. Most first episodes of acute pancreatitis that are not related to alcohol use cannot be prevented.
If the cause is gallstones, gallbladder surgery will usually be recommended to prevent future attacks.


If you suspect you have acute pancreatitis, do not eat or drink anything until you see a doctor. The adolescent stage may prove to be the most critical period for both children and the parents. This entry was posted on April 28, 2011, 4:36 am and is filed under Alcohol Abuse, Drug Addiction, Raising Healthy Kids, Tobacco Abuse.
Causes of Hair Fall Male pattern baldness (MPB) or androgenetic is responsible for hair loss in men. Most people who have migraine experience repeated attacks of headaches that occur over many years. The pain of migraines is associated with swelling in blood vessels and irritation of nerves that surround the brain. In a typical aura, a person suddenly will develop blurry or distorted vision or will see pulsating lights. Some people are more likely to experience migraines when they are under stress, while others develop migraines when stress is relieved (for example, the day after exams or an important meeting).
For example, a computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the brain usually will be normal. However, identifying your headache triggers can help to reduce the frequency and severity of migraine attacks. And many people who get migraines have frequent and severe headaches no matter how well they avoid triggers. People who have a headache several times per year often respond well to nonprescription pain relievers. The decision of whether to take a daily preventive medication or abortive medications is a personal choice.
This can be a challenge for people with frequent auras or headaches because overusing abortive medications can lead to chronic daily headache, a headache disorder that describes headaches that occur day after day without a specific cause or diagnosis.
The type and amount of pain reliever you should take varies depending on how you responded to the medication previously and how much other medications you took when the headache started.
However, the medical evidence supporting its effectiveness is not as strong compared to other drugs. In choosing which medication to try first, you and your doctor will evaluate the benefits and the possible side effects. You and your doctor may need to try three or four different strategies to find the best one for you. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. It represents the pressure the heart generates when it beats to pump blood to the rest of the body. It is the most common serious infection among young women, with approximately 1 million new cases diagnosed in the United States each year.
The infection can cause tissue inside the fallopian tubes to become scarred, which can damage the fallopian tubes or block them completely. Women who have had an STD have a higher risk of getting pelvic inflammatory disease, as do those who have already had a previous pelvic infection. Ultrasound can help the doctor see if the fallopian tubes are swollen or there is an abscess, which is a collection of infected fluid. However, women who are in stable sexual relationships with only one partner have very little risk if neither person was infected with an STD from a previous partner. All recent sex partners of a woman with pelvic inflammatory disease should be examined by a doctor and treated as if they had both gonorrhea and chlamydia.
Because pelvic inflammatory disease often is caused by more than one type of organism, two or more antibiotics may be necessary. If your condition is not improving, you will need to visit your doctor again to have another examination. If fever and pain do not improve after several days, you may need a pelvic ultrasound or computed tomography (CT) scan to see if an abscess has formed. Pain and discomfort can be relieved with pain medication, hot baths and heating pads applied to the lower back and abdomen. Follow your doctor's advice closely, finish all your medication and return to your doctor for all scheduled checkups. Anyone who already has had one episode of pancreatitis caused by alcohol should stop drinking entirely. However, taking steps to prevent gallstones may help to prevent gallstone-related acute pancreatitis. During the test, the doctor may make a tiny cut into the opening of the bile duct to treat current or future blockage.
At this time, a parent’s role in a child’s life will be challenged and a lot of factors can help make or break a child. Most of these risks are health-related, according to a survey conducted by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). In the adolescent years, this is when a child feels that he needs to have a sense of belonging. Alcohol Use – About 20% of teens confess that they had their first drink before the age of 12. Sex – There are teens 14 to 17 years old who already engage in sexual activities, and 30% of them do it without proper birth control methods. Drug Use – Young adult marijuana users aged 18 to 21 all say they had their first drug encounter before they turned 13.
There are many causes for lose hair and thinning hair, including serious diseases and extremely stressful events.
The typical migraine headache is throbbing or pulsating, and often is associated with nausea and changes in vision. Two-thirds of people who get migraines are women, probably because of the influence of hormones. It's the pain processing networks, or centers, in the brain that are overly reactive or dysfunctional in migraine.


Activity, bright light or loud noises can make the headache worse, so someone having a migraine often seeks out a cool, dark, quiet place. These changes in vision will come and go over 15 to 30 minutes and alert someone that a headache is about to begin. Women who have migraines often find that their headaches occur or worsen around the time of their menstrual periods. However, your doctor may recommend additional testing if your headaches have features that are not typical for migraines, or you develop other worrisome symptoms. However, some people have only one attack in a lifetime, while others have more than three attacks per week. However, other therapies should be considered when headaches are disabling enough to interfere with usual activities and pain relievers don't work well. In the past, daily preventive medication was prescribed when a person had an average of two or more migraines per month.
Several nonprescription drugs and some relatively inexpensive prescription drugs are available. In addition, people who experience nausea with or without vomiting also can take an anti-nausea pill or suppository.
For example, if you have both high blood pressure and migraine, a calcium channel blocker or beta-blocker might be the best choice to treat both.
Researchers believe most cases develop from sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), infections that are spread through sexual contact.
Then, in about 10% of women, the bacteria migrate up to the uterus, fallopian tubes or ovaries. Any woman whose sex partner has more than one sex partner is also at increased risk of pelvic infection.
Your doctor may order a blood test to see if your white blood cell count is high, which may indicate that the pelvic inflammatory disease is more severe.
A woman with pelvic inflammatory disease should not have sex again until her sex partners have been treated.
If you have an abscess, you probably will need surgery in addition to antibiotics to cure the infection. To avoid reinfection, your sex partner(s) also should be treated, and you should follow all of the recommendations for prevention. The pancreas can become permanently damaged and scarred if attacks are severe, prolonged or frequent. This is a flexible tube with a small camera and a light on one end and an eyepiece on the other. If the episode is prolonged, and a patient cannot eat for longer than a week, nutrition may be given intravenously. One of the most important aspects that greatly affect an adolescent’s life is peer pressure. Teenagers often learn risky behaviors like drinking, smoking, use of illegal drugs, and getting into unsafe sexual activities.
How a child sees and reacts to his surroundings will all depend on how his parents brought him up. While many migraine headaches are severe, not all severe headaches are migraines, and some episodes can be quite mild. If there is any doubt about your diagnosis, your doctor also may recommend a consultation with a neurologist, a doctor specializing in illnesses of the nerves and brain. Aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin and other brand names) or naproxen (Aleve) taken at the earliest warning may be enough to stop a full-blown headache. About one in every seven women receives treatment for pelvic inflammatory disease at some point in her life.
The two diseases most likely to lead to pelvic inflammatory disease are gonorrhea and chlamydia. Less commonly, pelvic inflammatory disease can develop if bacteria get into the upper portions of the reproductive tract after childbirth, after inserting an intrauterine device (IUD) or after an induced abortion. Although oral contraceptives can prevent pregnancy, women with more than one sex partner also should make sure their partners use condoms every time they have vaginal intercourse. If you use oral antibiotics, it is important to finish all of the medication, even if the symptoms go away. ERCP is used to identify stones and tumors and to view ducts in the pancreas, liver and gallbladder. Serious complications can result if the pseudocysts burst and spill enzymes onto vulnerable tissues.
Most of the time, an adolescent becomes vulnerable and his peers would take advantage of his weakness and push him to try the said dangerous activities.
Without treatment, the same bacteria that cause these diseases also can cause pelvic inflammatory disease.
All of these procedures carry some risk of infection, especially if the patient also has an STD. One popular remedy for migraines is the combination of aspirin, acetaminophen and caffeine (Excedrin) taken once or twice per month when symptoms occur. Forcier, head of adolescent medicine at the Children’s Memorial Hospital in Chicago, says that kids who experience strong parental guidance and values are less likely to fall prey of peer pressure.
Rarely, migraines can cause unusual neurological symptoms such as dizziness, loss of vision, passing out, numbness, weakness or tingling. Migraines also have typical aftereffects, such as a feeling of exhaustion that lasts a day or two after a severe migraine headache has faded.
After pursuing alternative treatments for the virus in Mexico, Sheen’s manager Mark Burg assured fans earlier this month (Jan16) he is now back on his normal medication.



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