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Meningitis is caused by the inflammation of the meninges, the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord.
There are an estimated 1.2 million cases and 135,000 resulting deaths worldwide caused by bacterial meningitis. Meningitis infection is produced if the bacteria are able to cross the blood-brain barrier. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends screening for bacterial meningitis during the third trimester of pregnancy (at around 35 to 37 weeks). If behavioral changes are not disappearing, it may be helpful for the survivor to talk to a counselor. The meningococcal vaccine is recommended for college and high school students prior to entering a dorm.
If you have been exposed to someone with meningococcal meningitis, your doctor may recommend antibiotics in order to decrease the risk of getting and spreading infection. The site is maintained by students from the University of California, Santa Barbara who have studied advanced topics in human sexuality.
How To Make Your Own DIY Table Football Set Nanny Anita 13 May, 2016 Get Summer Ready with These Gorgeous New Bits for Cool Kids My Baba 12 May, 2016 Can You Explore Tokyo In 48 Hours? Though only a small number of people exposed actually get ill, any person carrying the bacteria can still be contagious until his or her body develops an immune response (a few days to a few months after infection).

This barrier normally prevents large molecules from entering the cerebrospinal fluid, allowing the brain to continue functioning optimally. Infants younger than one month old are at a higher risk of contracting bacterial meningitis since their immune systems have not fully developed. An antibiotic is chosen based on the specific type of bacteria that is causing the infection. If any bacteria are found, the woman is given antibiotics to prevent infection of newborns. It is effective for three to five years but does not protect against all strains of the bacteria. Little Tikes Go Green Playhouse My Baba 15 May, 2016 Spicy Turkey Burgers with Avocado Cream Jane Clarke 13 May, 2016 Can You Explore Tokyo In 48 Hours?
Most cases of viral meningitis are relatively mild, with symptoms of headache, fever and general ill feeling, and those affected recover without medical treatment. Signs of disease in infants may include a bulging of the soft spot on their head or a lack of alertness.  If you think you or your infant has bacterial meningitis, contact your doctor immediately. About one in five cases of meningococcal septicaemia are fatal, making it more likely to result in death than meningitis. Antibiotics are used for one to three weeks and can help prevent and reduce the spread of infection.
If the meningitis is able to damage nerve cells, the person can be left with epilepsy, learning difficulties, problems with coordination or speech, or a change in behavior.
The vaccines are noninfectious, meaning that they can be taken during pregnancy or breastfeeding without harming the infant.

However, if the bacteria are able to break through the immune system and travel through the bloodstream, they can infect the brain and create harmful swelling. Due to this, secretions are mainly contagious as large droplets (such as sneezing in someone’s face or French kissing), rather than from simply having a conversation with an infected person.
Following immediate hospitalization, the patient will be given oxygen and resuscitation fluids. Bacterial meningitis is most commonly spread in close-contact groups, such as those in grade schools, college campuses, military camps, and corrections facilities.
The bacteria can also be transferred through stool, so it is important for you and your child to wash your hands regularly to avoid infection.
If the patient has septicaemia, these fluids will allow their blood volume to return to a normal level.
Therefore, it is important to make sure the patient receives a hearing test within four weeks of treatment. Meningococcal meningitis is less likely to produce long-term effects than the other types of bacterial meningitis.

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