But the European navigators showed little interest due to the lack of valuable resources.Captain James Cook was the first navigator trying to explore the whole Polynesia Triangle.
But due to the difficulty in sterilizing the traditional tools, the Ministry of Health banned tattooing in French Polynesia in 1986.Although many years passed, tools and techniques of Polynesian tattooing have changed little. For a strictly traditional design, the skill gets handed from father to son, or master to disciple. Each tattoo artist, or tufuga, learned the craft over many years of serving as his master’s apprentice.
Polynesian peoples believe that a person’s mana, their spiritual power or life force, is displayed through their tattoo. For example, sea creatures are very common Polynesian symbols, like mantas, sharks, bonitos and sea urchins. Each of them has a meaning related to its inner nature and embodies the meaning by tattooing it on to the body. It depends on the degree of evolution of various traditions from the original common tattoo designs, like Lapita, which is a former Pacific archeological culture.
Ancient original styles mainly consist of some simple patterns, like straight lines, repeating on the body. These geometrical styles can be found in Hawaiian and Samoan tattoo traditions, or in tattoos from Fiji, Palau, Tonga, etc.
Because the age is too far from nowadays, the meanings of these patterns are almost lost, or debatable. The tattoos and their location on the body were determined by one’s genealogy, position within the society and personal achievements. Tattooing was operated by high trained shamans (tahua) in the religious ceremony, who was an expert in the meanings of the tattoo and skills of the art.Before getting tattooed, a person should experience a long period of cleansing.
During this period one would fast for a fixed length of time and abstaining from sexual intercourse or contact with women.
The tattoo practice generally marked both rites of passage and important events in a person’s life.
The position of tattoo on women’s body was limited to hand, arms, feet, ears and lips.
One saying is that girls at the age of twelve would get tattooed on their right hands, and since when they were permitted to prepare the meals and join in the process of rubbing of dead bodies. After my participation in the 2013 Ironman world championship I got stunned after seeing the locals with their polynesian tattos. I wanted to give myself a souvenir and something that always give back the great memories from my trip to hawaii.
My name is obviously hispanic, so yes I consider myself 100% latino but with an amazing love of Polynesian culture. I guess I was too lose with the 100% comment because my estrange great grandpa was actually from Samoa. I would like to get a tribal tattoo but I wouldn’t want to claim any tribal rights as to not offend anyone. I just love the designs and I would like something that could represent who I am and what I have accomplished so far. Your Great Grandfather would be proud of you for acknowledging you have a link to our ways, his ways. If you can find out more about his place or status in Samoa, you may be entitled to his markings. If not, there are plenty of modern designs which have no direct tribal or lineage link, you could conceivably choose from.
If that is the case however, you should choose based on your personality, and indications of strength and honor.
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