Responsive web design has changed a lot since then, and it even evolved in just the last two years since I wrote my beginner’s guide to responsive web design. As I mentioned in the introduction, responsive web design solves the problem of making the same code work across multiple screen resolutions.
Practically speaking, this involves three main principles that come together to form the whole that is responsive design. These percentage values can then be used in CSS simply by applying them to the width, margin, and padding properties. There have been many advances in responsive images (detailed later in this post), but the core idea is that images should be able to shrink within the confines of a fluid grid. This will tell the browser that any images should only ever be as large as their pixel value, which will ensure that the image is never stretched or pixelated. If you take our original two column layout and try to shrink it down to a mobile phone, it’s a bit challenging. Additionally, here’s a modified version of the previous CodePen embed so that you can see what this looks like in context. Designing a responsive site with a mobile first approach is a natural evolution of both ideas. Front-end frameworks like Foundation and Bootstrap have been around for some time, but more recently they’ve become responsive frameworks.
Beyond just multiple screen resolutions, web designers now have the added challenge of multiple pixel densities. If photographs or any kind of JPEG images are required (and they almost always are), typically you can get away just making them twice the size of their parent container.
Responsive web design can be a bit overwhelming at first, but if you need some additional resources, I recommend visiting the site This Is Responsive.
Hey Nick, what about tiny, squashed up little boxes, and 960px containers with a drop shadow behind them?
Thanks for such a nice information i trying to Optimize my site for responsive this post is very useful for my website development.
Responsive web design refers that web pages should display its content to fit any devices like Desktop.
Those twin forces also bedevil designers when it comes to actually testing their elegant RWD designs on leading phones.
That’s why Mobile1st has released Mobilizer, its online testing lab that enables you to test (and locally test) your website across 14+ leading mobile devices in a matter of seconds right from the comfort of your desktop browser.
I’d be interested if teamtreehouse needs someone to write such a detailed article and provide insights on a topic.
Is there any open source tool that gives responsive results in percentages of a particular website. Front end development teacher, Nick Pettit updates you on all that’s changed when it comes to making websites work on mobile devices. Not long ago, websites were typically designed specifically for laptop and desktop screen resolutions.
The basic principles of responsive web design that Ethan wrote in his article are just as relevant as ever. Instead, it’s better to let the website respond to its environment and adapt fluidly. This is an idea that was carried over from the print industry, where a magazine or a newspaper was always going to be the same fixed size. In this case, the width of the browser window is the context and the wrapper is the target. Here’s an example I created on CodePen demonstrating what that might look like in HTML and CSS. Typically smartphones are used in portrait mode, meaning that the screen is taller than it is wide. Please note that unless you resize your browser window to a smaller screen size (or you’re on a mobile device) this will look the same as the previous example. For example, if a mobile layout that takes up 100% of the browser width were stretched to a desktop size, the space wouldn’t be very well utilized.
In practice, you might have many more media queries at sizes that are appropriate for your content. Mobile first is the idea of designing the smartphone experience first and then working upwards to tablets, desktops, and possibly beyond.
As demonstrated in the previous example, it can be tricky to cram a multi-column layout into a smaller screen space. Phones, tablets, laptops, and even some desktops, might have 2x or even 3x the number of pixels. So for example, if the parent is 400 pixels wide, the image inside should be at least 800 pixels wide.
There you can find responsive design patterns, more responsive resources, and responsive news. If you have any responsive links or thoughts that you think are essential for web designers and developers to know about, please share in the comments! Every few months we have to update or tweak our boilerplate to accommodate be(tter) practices and a wider spectrum of issues.
I just started taking classes on Treehouse a couple of weeks ago and am enjoying it thoroughly! This rule says that the image will never exceed the width of its container, but if an alternative `width` rule is set, it could potentially stretch an image beyond its actual pixel size. I think I may have just phrased this strangely, but perhaps you can provide an example of what you’re talking about? Made may sit back and think of the things i’ve done in the past and how it affects things i do now. As you point out, there’s a centrifugal force and a centripetal force that together are driving website designers towards RWD. Let suppose if I visit one page with that tool it should display that 90% of page is responsive and 10% is non-responsive due to these elements. In order for the site to look exactly the same, you can divide the target by the context to get a percentage value.
As another example, let’s say that you have a two column layout inside of your 960px wide site. So for example, if an image with a width of 800px is placed inside a container that’s only 600px wide, the image will also shrink to be 600px wide.
This lends itself to websites that scroll vertically, but it’s not good for wide layouts with several columns. Instead, it’s much better to start simple, then work upwards to more complex designs. This is a huge step forward, because most of the time you don’t need to do any fluid grid calculations at all.
In my own opinion, I think the best way to handle high DPI displays is to use an SVG first approach.
Web designers approached the new challenge with a myriad of solutions, but the clear winner was Ethan Marcotte’s seminal article on Responsive Web Design back in May of 2010. Rather, a website might appear in a large format like on a television, or on a very small screen like a smartphone (or even a smartwatch). The left column is a sidebar that’s 300px wide and the right column is the main content area at 640px wide. In fact, creating a mobile experience first may benefit the desktop layouts as well, because the user experience will naturally be more focused. Rather, the responsive grids included with a modern front-end framework just works immediately.
In other words, anything that’s not a detailed photograph or illustration should be an SVG, because they can scale to any resolution and the file sizes are typically small. For this reason, responsive websites are built with relative units like percentages, rather than fixed units like pixels. Media queries are a CSS technology that have been available in browsers for several years now, and they’re a core component of responsive design. Having said that, I was positively surprised to see several designs from the Nordic countries having made the cut, as well as that lovely Peruvian entry.Chris W. For example, you could write a media query that will only apply CSS if the browser reaches a specific width.
That means that when a design is too large or too small, a media query can be used to detect the site width and serve CSS that appropriately rearranges the site’s content. I don’t think their design blog is even the best design, though it does have some really cool details, such as the roman numerals for line numbers when they post code.
Using the previous two column layout as an example, let’s say that we want to move the sidebar up to the top on mobile screen sizes. Dec 20 2008As Toumas said many of these have been around a long time and have enjoyed some good exposure but that doesn’t discount the fact that this is a very good list.
Nice job Jacob.jd Dec 20 2008OK – with 100 million blogs out there, how did these 40 manage to show up here?
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