The initiatory system of the Enochian Temples divides the path of initiation into four major stages, distinguished primarily by the types and sources of the influences they are sensitive to. Of all the great ancient cultures perhaps no two share more parallels than those of the Celtic and Vedic peoples. Lactose tolerance in western India may be connected to the Bronze-Age movement of Indo-European-speaking people into South Asia. The Indian women's football team created history in Guwahati on February 15 when they clinched their second consecutive gold medal at the South Asian Games after defeating Nepal 4-0 in the final.
Mount Baden-Powell in the San Gabriel Mountains near Wrightwood, is well-known for its hiking trails, snow play areas, grand vistas, and massive stature, but few know the extraordinary history behind the peak and its unique name. According to the British scientist Gordon Child and Indian archaeologist Kashinath Narayan Dikshit, the first discoverers of iron foundries were Armenian highlanders, and the “epicenter of the Iron Age revolution was the mountains of Armenia”. The meeting heard an excellent talk about the origins, history and qualities of pearls by Jason Middleton, a gem buyer supplying high quality jewels to the jewellery trade.
Linked very closely with fishing is boat building, an old established industry dating back to 1850.
The boat-building yards at Porthleven employed many hundreds of men at one time and another.
Fishing boats of all descriptions, and pleasure craft of every type were turned out from the boat-building yards. In the 1914-18 war some important boat-building contracts were carried out for the Government. Unfortunately, the time came when the fashion in fishing-boat building changed from wood to steel and on top of that, in 1922 depression came to the herring trade. There was also a `Steam Box`, a contrivance to accommodate the heavy planks which went into the construction of the boats on the stocks in the long sloping shed, which reached almost to the waters edge at normal high tides.
These planks were subjected to a thorough process of steaming in a long box shaped container, longer than the plank itself. Even Porthleven men, accustomed as they might have been to handle hot pieces of timber, would not tackle this maneuver without ample protection. With tapping and banging the piece would be secured with heavy copper nails on to the rib of the craft under the expert eye of the foreman. Rear of the boatyard showing the timber yard with St Bartholomew`s Church in the background. There was a weighbridge associated with the local timber yard of Messers Harvey & Company sited in the roadway. To maintain their rights, the owners used to close the right of way to all traffic one day a year and even a public service vehicle was not excused this insistence of the Company in establishing their `rights`. Before embarking on his own account in 1850, Richard Kitto served his apprenticeship at Symons’ yard at Penzance. At the onset, he envisaged a potential market for net making and in 1853 he was responsible for bringing the first net making loom into Cornwall. Richard Kitto·s boat building and net making went hand-in-hand to meet increasing demands for craft of varying kinds.
At the end of the century, Porthleven was an extremely busy port, with Kitto·s employing over 100 shipwrights and subsidiary trades from within the village and district.
Among the biggest commissions undertaken by Kitto·s was the building of motor vessels for the Hudson Bay Company and designed for their fur trading expeditions in the Arctic. Before the discovery, however, the Hudson Bay Company had placed an order for another vessel, the Fort York. As well as the various fishing and commercial craft, Kitto·s built a number of yachts for services far afield. World War 1 followed in a few weeks and the men were employed instead on work for Admiralty contracts: barges, pontoons and numerous small craft. The immediate post-war years proved fatal to the industry: ·fashions· had changed and the herring trade depression finally forced the closure of the boat building interests of R.
In the heyday of shipbuilding at Porthleven, as many as twenty apprentices were employed by Kitto·s and when trained were regarded as among the best to be found. Fortunately, the business of net making never suffered to the same degree as ship-building from the post-war depression, for when fishing net orders declined, the firm was able to direct its resources to the manufacture of netting for the commercial market, and consignments were sent to all parts of the British isles. Recently, the looms which still produced fishing nets with a marked degree of greater precision than that made by the automatic machine were sold to the scrap merchant.
The new company of Bradshaw Ltd, in addition to manufacturing carpets, are also producing fishing nets. Wizard Island, a cinder cone, viewed from the shore of Crater Lake, Crater Lake National Park.


Thomas Clapham, a late 19th century naval architect who is credited with many innovations in Sharpie design, was a strong advocate of the type. ASTORIA, OREGON - JANUARY 10, 2013 - This is the newly renovated Astoria Railroad Depot at the eastern edge of the Columbia River Maritime Museum. Here is a local secret that even the most seasoned Oregon Coast traveler may not have known: A visit to the Coos Bay Boat Building Center should be on your list of things to see while visiting Oregon’s Adventure Coast! In it’s earliest days, The Hollering Place was a strategic site for communication, trade, and travel. In 2009, the City of Coos Bay partnered with the Oregon Downtown Development Association to build a Heritage Campus at the Hollering Place site as part of the Hollering Place Project.
The Coos Bay Boat Building Center is one of the components of the city’s Heritage Campus which includes facilities for various workshops and classes for the preservation of our heritage. If it isn’t on your list of places to check out on your next Oregon Coast adventure, it ought to be! In addition to hands on boat building classes and activities, it features The Sjoberg Gallery & Chandlery and a library stocked with maritime stories and history along with numerous reference materials. See Table of Contents for further available material (downloadable resources) on History Of India The Bronze Age. On serving an apprenticeship, many builders went into Government dockyards, and others found employment in the shipyards of America.
The late Earl de la Warr, while spending a holiday at Porthleven some years ago, had a beautiful yacht built, The Lady Hilda.
At the harbour head there was a large, by local standards, ship or boat building shed with the name BOWDEN painted on the roof in very large white letters and easily discernable at many vantage points in the village. When sufficient time was deemed to have elapsed to process the wood plank, each piece was hurriedly removed by a number of men, each wearing padding and protective wear to their hands.
The process of caulking and pitching would follow and the whole performance would be repeated as the boat gradually took shape. For a year or two he went to sea in the Mercantile Marine, but returned to set up business ashore.
The loom came from Bridport and was installed in a shed at the rear of his residence from where the net making business began. Orders came from South Coast ports, including Ramsgate, Brighton, Folkstone, and from East Coast ports of Lowestoft and Yarmouth.
Timber was obtained mainly from the estate at Trelowarren and, occasionally by coastal route from Exeter and Southampton.
The first of two vessels, the Fort Churchill was completed in 1913 and she left Porthleven in July on the start of her long voyage. She was completed just as the First World War broke out and was sailed to Falmouth for clearance.
Some of them eventually competed in the famous Keil Regatta and there was intense delight when the Commodore of the Keil Committee placed an order for his personal yacht. From time to time, many went to work at other yards; a number also went overseas to the Camden shipyards in the USA, but wherever they went, the reputation of Kitto and son was an acknowledged passport for employment. The products ranged from nets for horticultural purposes to the supply of goal nets for the famous Arsenal Football Club. When, at times, the Porthleven fleet landed enormous quantities of pilchards, Kitto and Son could handle as many as 1000 barrels for their storage tanks. Kitto and Son were once more geared to the war effort and at the peak of hostilities the firm employed as many as 1000 cottage workers in the manufacture of camouflage nets in addition to the production at the firm·s works of these and other paraphernalia. The looms were in good working order and included the original loom which came from Bridport over 100 years ago.
Through trial and error and working with the resources at hand, a uniquely American type evolved and the New Haven Sharpie was born. All rights reserved (About Us).The material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the prior written permission of Oregon Live LLC.
Travelers would holler across to the village and someone would paddle over to provide passage. Modeled after the renowned Center for Wooden Boats in Seattle, WA, The Coos Bay Boat Building Center preserves and celebrates the our maritime heritage through a variety of hands-on activities and classes that will delight visitors of all ages! Everyone is invited to visit the Boat Building Center every Saturday from 11am-3pm for lectures, classes, or simply seeing and hearing about renovation projects that have deep historical significance to Coos Bay history. The old established boat-building yards have now disappeared and boat-building at Porthleven is now extinct. The strangest and perhaps the most puzzling of all to the initiated was the lack of explanation of the reason for the terrible state of the short length of roadway from the Square to the corner at the end of the harbour head.


Kitto and son on the retirement, because of advancing years, of the founder’s grandson, Mr. Porthleven was now in a position of being able to build the boats and equip them with sails and nets: a unique achievement for a village of its size. The firm also did considerable trade with France for the building of the ·Dandee· and ·Yorkee· class of fishing vessels. Gangs from the yards would cut the trees at the local estate and after felling, the huge trees were transported on long wheel base wagons over rough roads and hauled by teams of six, and sometimes 12 horses, Messrs. In September of that year she was laid up in ice in the Far North and in the November was carried away when the ice snapped. Many became foremen of their respective yards and each enjoyed the respect and prestige they had inherited from their native village. In the immediate post-war years, a steady demand for nets for the fishing industry kept production at a good level but the gradual effect of foreign competition and the wider use of automatic looms had a serious effect. Now, with the transfer of the premises to a newly formed company as carpet manufacturers, the retirement of Mr. The type was at once, long, narrow, fast, graceful, and able to carry their amazingly heavy loads to weather.
As the type evolved and migrated south to North Carolina, Florida, the Keys and interestingly east, to France, Thomas Clapham and others adapted the Sharpie to new purposes. The Hollering Place became the site of the first European settlement and Empire City was the first Coos County seat!
Whether you are a history buff, a naturalist, or a visitor who loves it all, there is something for everyone! During their years of business they turned out from their shipyards, fishing boats for Lowestoft, Yarmouth and Aberdeen, as well as boats for Cornish fishing ports. This portion was administered by Harvey & Co, who would not carry into effect repairs so urgently needed. The firm made nets for all the big fishing ports of the country, and during the war employed 1,000 cottage workers in making camouflage nets and other war paraphernalia. Kitto’s aspirations, came up for auction as a result of trading depressions, but these events, apparently did not deter the indomitable shipwright and he began by building small coasting schooners of about 50 tons and also fishing craft, principally for the Cornish ports. The Porthleven fleet which sailed to Aberdeen in search of fish was evidence of the sound craftsmanship of Kitto·s boats; many orders came from the Scottish ports and Kitto·s adapted themselves to the transition from sail to steam and motor driven boats. Tyacks of Carleen, were regarded as the biggest carters in the county and the arrival of their wagons in the village was an impressive sight. Nearly 12 months later in August 1914, the Fort Churchill was found 800 miles away, off Greenland, with her hull in perfect condition, an event which brought immense prestige to the Porthleven builders. She had been given a code flag by the Admiralty authorities and had sailed round the Lizard to anchor off Porthleven for a farewell celebration.
The fish curing industry was relatively short-lived as foreign competition increased and the Italians began to enjoy a better standard of living.
Their flat bottomed hulls made them simple to build and enabled them to navigate the shallow oyster beds. From a flat bottom inshore oyster boat, to among other things racing and cruising yachts, mail and cargo vessels intended for more ocean going and coastal work. When rain fell large pools of water had to be negotiated and at one spot vehicles had almost to perform an `S` bend to eliminate the possibility of becoming `stuck`. They built a number of steam drifters and those for Lowestoft and Yarmouth were among the first to operate on the East Coast. The task of the sawers too, was a long and arduous one, often involving an operation lasting from early morning until late in the evening.
In the meantime the allocation of her code flag had not been reported to the coastguards, who read it as having its International Code significance ·I require the service of a doctor·. The heir to the Austrian-Hungarian throne, Archduke Ferdinand, was murdered in June 1914 and the Commodore was prompted to write Messrs. Portheleven built steam trawlers were also provided for the well known Aberdeen Glen Line Company. Accordingly, coastguards and medical assistance was forthcoming to the Fort York as she anchored off Porthleven, but there was both relief and amusement when the purpose for wearing the flag was revealed. The net machine which, for 109 years had done such yeoman service, was dismantled and sold for scrap, and the old firm of Kitto’s closed down in 1959.



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