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UNESCO identifies World Heritage Sites as places that belong to all the peoples of the world, irrespective of the territory on which they are located.
Built in the 3rd millennium BC in the memory of the kings, its an explicit example of fine Ancient Indian architecture.
Qutb Minar, Alai Darwaza, Alai Minar, Qubbat-ul-Islam Mosque, Tomb of Iltumish, and Iron Pillar.
One of the most popular World Heritage Sites in India, the Qutub Minar was built in 1193 by the first Muslim ruler of Delhi, Qutub-ud-din Aibak of the Mamluk Dynasty, after defeat of Delhi’s last Hindu Kingdom. The Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, located in the Panchmahal district of the Indian state of Gujarat. Pattadakal is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and an important tourist site located in Karnataka.
Located in Madhya Pradesh, Khajurao is an important UNESCO World Heritage site in India. Khajuraho is unique heritage site which is famous for a group of Hindu and Jain Temples situated 175 km south east of Jhansi. One of the recent additions to the list of World Heritage Sites in India (2013), this place is famous for its unique Rajput Military Defense Architecture. Bodh Gaya is located almost 96 kilometer away from Patna, Bihar and is one of the UNESCO World Heritage sites in India.
Saint Catherine’s Chapel, Church and Convent of Saint Francis of Assisi, Basilica do Bom Jesus, Igreja de Sao Francisco de Assis, Church of Saint Cajetan and its seminary, Church of Our Lady of the Rosary and Church of Saint Augustine. The 15th and 16th centuries mark the coming of the Portugese to India and they established themselves at Goa, along the Konkan coast in the South-western part of India. Brihadisvara Temple, Thanjavur, Brihadisvara Temple, Gangaikondacholisvaram and Airavatesvara Temple, Darasuram. The Pancha Rathas Temples, Ganesha Ratha, Cave Temples of Mahabalipuram, Structural Temples including the Shore Temple and the Olakkannesvara Temple and the Descent of the Ganges. The Temples are situated in the town of Mahabalipuram which is approximately 58 kilometers from Chennai in the Coromandal Coast of Bay of Bengal.
Declared a Unesco World Heritage Site in 2003, the Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka is the place were the earliest traces of human life on Indian subcontinent was discovered.
One of the first World Heritage sites in India, the Ajanta caves date back to around 2nd century BCE to 650 CE and consist of the finest masterpieces of 31 rock cut Buddhist cave monuments, paintings and sculpture.
The Ellora Caves are an important UNESCO World Heritage site and an archaeological site, ranging 29 kilometers Northwest of the city of Aurangabad. The Ellora Caves are well known for their Indian-rock cut architecture.
The Elephanta caves are located on an island in the Arabian City, not very far from the city of Mumbai.
Famous for its one horn rhinoceroses, Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Assam and is one of the untouched natural areas in India. Manas Wildife Sanctuary is a protected wildlife reserve and one of the UNESCO World Heritage sites in India. Also known as Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, Keladeo National Park is located in the Indian state of Rajasthan. The Nanda Devi is the highest mountain peak of Uttarakhand and the highest mountain peak of India also because the Kanchenjunga is known to share its border with Nepal.
The Valley of Flowers is a National Park near Nanda Devi peak which stretches upto 8 kilometers in length and 2 kilometers in width. Famous for the Royal Bengal Tigers, the Sunderban National Park is a known Tiger reserve and a Biosphere reserve located in the Indian State of West Bengal.
The Western Ghats or the Sahyadri mountain ranges lies along the western coast of Indian Peninsula. This World Heritage Sites in India was built by Begum Bega, the first wife of Humayun between 1565-1572.
Situated in the centre of the historic city of New Delhi, the Red Fort was built by emperor Shah Jahan when he shifted his capital from Agra to Delhi, or what was known as Shahjahanabad at that time.
Chattrapati Shivaji Terminus, formerly known as the Victoria Terminus is the headquarters of Central Railway in Mumbai. Not very far from the popular beach town of Puri, the Sun Temple at Konark is a 13th century temple situated in Konark, Odissha. Situated quite close to the Taj Mahal, the Agra Fort is one of the most important monumental structures built by the Mughal empire.
The the name of the city itself denotes the victory (Fateh) of Akhbar over Chittore and Ranthambore, Fatehpur Sikri constitutes of four main Monuments. One of Seven Wonders of the World, White Marble Mughal Architecture, the Taj Mahal was build by emperor Shah Jahan in the memory of his wife Mumtaj Mahal.
The mountain railways of India comprise of the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, the Nilgiri Mountain Railway and the Kalka-Shimla Railway and are a part of the World Heritage Sites in India. North Bengal is one of the most beautiful scenic temptations on Earth. This means, these World Heritage Sites in India are considered to be of immense cultural and natural importance in the world. The park includes the upper mountain snow melt and glacial water melt origins of several rivers, mainly the tributaries of the river Indus. Constructed during the time of the Solanki dynasty, legend says that it was constructed in the honour and memory of Bhimdev 1, the son of the founder of the dynasty, by his widowed queen Udayamati.
The Qutub Minar is one of the several other buildings located within the Qutub complex, and it occupies the centre stage mainly due to it’s height.
Centred around the city of Champaner or Muhammadabad built by Sultan Mahmud Begada of Gujarat, it’s a very significant place historically and culturally.
It is famous for its Chalukya style of architecture that originated in Aihole and blended with the Nagara and Dravidian styles of architecture. They are well known for their Nagara style symbolism and erotic figures and sculptures. These sensuous stone carvings of human and animal form in erotic poses are very aesthetically portrayed and stand testimony to the rich cultural heritage of India. It includes six majestic forts in Chittorgarh, Kumbhalgarh, Ramthambore fort, Gagron Fort, Amber Fort and Jaisalmer Fort. And the advent of the Portugese marks the introduction of Christianity in the Indian subcontinent. Churches in Goa are examples of development of architecture, sculpture and paintings by spreading forms of Manueline, Mannerist and Baroque art throughout the countries of Asia where Catholic Missions were established. Its core was a hemispherical brick structure built over the relics of Buddha and was crowned by the Chatra which symbolizes rank. The Brihadisvara Temple, the Temple at Gangaikonda Cholapuram and the Airavatesvara Temple are the most important of all of these temples.


These temples were built under the reign of the Pallava rulers and the striking feature of these temples is the fact that they are all carved out of rock and an important in terms of ratha architecture in India.
They’re located at the foothills of the Vindhaya Mountains in the Deccan Plateau and are an archaeological site for the Mesolithic period (more than 100,000 years ago) and thus indicates the beginning of  the South Asian Stone Age. There are about 34 rock cut temples and caves which can be dated to about 600 to 1000 AD, are important in terms of understanding the lives of the people living in these times. It is said that this World Heritage Site in India, was a project initiated by the Lord Curzon when his wife failed to see a single Rhinoceros in the region and urged her husband to take measured regarding protection of these endangered species.
A home to about 366 different species of birds, it’s also known for being the wintering and nesting ground for several non-indigenous, migratory birds. It is famous for the astonishing variety of flowers which covers the entire valley like a bed sheet. It was built by Frederick William Stevens with the inspiration from Victorian Italianate Gothic Revival architecture and traditional Mughal buildings between the years 1878-1888, and gave Bombay the face of being the International Mercantile Port of India.
It is an astronomical observatory which was built by the Rajput King Sawai Jai Singh of Rajasthan in 1738 CE.
Though built in Mughal Era,during the time of Akbar, the Agra fort is a fusion of Persian art of the Timurid and  the Indian forms of architecture. This is so because the fort was originally a brick monument known as Badalgarh, held by Raja Badal Singh, a Hindu Shikarwar Rajput King.
The Jama Masjid, The Buland Darwaza which is the greatest door of Asia made of a specific wood imported from Australia which would sink in water. Fun Toy Train, beautiful Tea Plantations and long tunnels or the Tiger Hills, all will cater to your delight. With the latest entry of The Great Himalayan National Park and Rani ki Vav, India now has 32 of these!
It is home to about 375 fauna species and several floral species, including some very rare species of plants and animals such as blue sheep, snow leopard, Himalayan brown bear, Himalayan Tahr, musk deer spruces, horse chesnuts and huge alpine meadows. The ruins at Hampi are a collection of heritage sites depicting the fine Dravidian style of art and Architecture. It is at Pattadakal that all the Chalukya kings were coronated and was the capital of the Chalukyas as well. The famous Mahabodhi Temple was established in the reign of Ashoka the Great in about approximately 250 BCE. The stupa was vandalized during 2nd century BCE and renovated during the Satavahana Period when the gateways and the balustrade were built and colored. The Brihadisvara temple was built under the reign of Rajaraja 1, and is a milestone when it comes to Chola architecture. The group of monument includes 40 sanctuaries including largest open-air-bas-relief, eg, Ganga’s Descent. The rock shelters comprise a group of 5 rocks which were discovered only in 1957, and are renowned for the Mesolithic era carvings and paintings. The presence of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain temples and sculptures portray the tolerance which was extended towards different faiths and beliefs in Ancient Indian History. This park lies on the flood plains of the river Brahmaputra and consists mainly of dense grasslands, forests and also has several streams and lakes running through it. It has its importance back from the era of Puranas and Upanishads, remarked several times in the mythological works of the Hindus. This World Heritage Sites in India is home to more than 600 species of Flora and over 520 species of fauna. It constitutes sever national parks, reserve forests and wildlife sanctuaries in Kerala , Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra. It’s a tomb complex consisting of several smaller monuments including the tombs of Isa Khan Niyazi, an Afghan noble in Sher Shah Suri’s court of the Suri dynasty. Under Shah Jahan, Mughal art and architecture reached it’s zenith, and the Red Fort is the perfect example of that. In some ways, the plan of the terminal though it has Italian and Victorian era elements, reminds us of the Indian palace architecture, and is a good example of the blending of an indigenous and western style of art. The Sun temple is in the shape of a gigantic chariot with carved stone wheel, pillars and walls and is led by 6 enormously carved horses. After invasion, Sikander Lodi was the first Sultan of Delhi to shift to Agra and live in the fort. Panch Mahal or Jada Baai ka Mahal, which is also considered as the origin place of the Navaratnas (Birbal, Tansen etc). It was completed in 1653 with then estimated cost of 32 million Indian rupees which would today stand upto 58 billion Indian rupees. Built during the 19th and early 20th century, these engineering marvels were a bold and ingenuous solution to the problem of connectivity in the rugged mountains and a gem in the heritage of India. Out of these 32 world heritage sites in India, 25 sites are of cultural importance and 7 are of natural importance. It is one of the newer additions to the list of World Heritage Sites in India and is a part of the Himalayan Biodiversity Hotspots. Coniferous Forests, Snowy Peaks (elevation range of 4,100m), Pristine Glaciers adds sublime colours to its beauty.
Most of the sculptures in the well are devoted to Lord Vishnu in the form of his 10 avatars, which signify his return to the world. It was built by Aibak to honor the famous Sufi saint  Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki. Near to Qutub Minar is the Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque, which was built on the ruins of the Lal Kot of the previous Hindu kingdom and is also known to be one of the firts mosques in the country. Also deemed to be of mythological significance, a larger part of Champaner-Pavagarh is still unexcavated. The most important heritage monument in this site is the Virupaksha Temple, which continues to be a very important religious centre for the Hindus. Notable for the numerous temples constructed by the Chalukya rulers, it includes 8 temples dedicated to Lord Shiva and Jain and Shaivite sactuaries. The sheer length and expanse of the forts is enough to portray the power and strength of the Rajputana rulers and chieftains. Due to their different, yet beautiful architectural forms, these churches have been included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India. The most famous among these monumnets is the Basilica do Bom Jesus which contains the relics of St. Apart from the Sanchi stupa, several other structures exist here, such as monolithic pillars, temples, palaces and monasteries. The temple at Gangaikondacholapuram was patronized by Rajendera 1 and was dedicated to Lord Shiva.


These World Heritage Sites in India, constitutes the art of Pallava Period with sites likes Pancha Rathas, Dharamaraja Ratha, Arjuna Ratha, Draupadi Ratha, etc. These paintings are instrumental in telling us about the life and activities of the hunter gatherers who preceded us, and shows the coming together of art form and landscape, during that age. Second, the caves of Vakataka Period under the reign of Emperor Harishena of Vakataka Dynasty. Excavated site consists of Charanandri Hills, Buddhist Hindu and Jain rock-cut temples, Viharas and Maths of 5th and 10th century. Kaziranga contains about 15 endangered Indian faunal species, of which the Rhino is the most endangered. Other mammals include capped langur, hoolock gibbon, tiger, leopard, sloth bear, Ganges dolphin, otter, wild boar, water buffalo, gaur, sambar, swamp deer, hog deer and Indian muntjac. The lush green forested hills and dense vegetation of the surrounding areas provide a comfortable environment to the several endangered species of animals who reside here. The hills cover 160000 square kilometer area with a length of 1600 kilometer, width of 100 kilometer and a heights of 1200 meters. Due to several reasons such as pollution, traffic, construction work etc, there have been reports of damages to this site. The Agra Fort includes a number of monuments like Khas Mahal, Sheesh Mahal, Muhamman Burie(an octagonal Tower), Diwan-e-Khas, Diwan-e-Am, Moti Masjid and Nagina Masjid.
Besides they pass thru the most beautiful terrain and you would love to take a romantic and fun ride here. It’s a wildlife conservation site, hence hunting of any of these animals is strictly prohibited.
Apart from being a place for storage of water, this vav also has a spiritual meaning attested to it. It includes 11 different types of heritage monuments that are- Mosques, Temples, Tombs, Gateways, Fortresses and walls, Palaces and Pavilion, Helical Wells, Custom house and Greneries all belonging to 16th century.
The important monuments are- Virupaksha Temple, Sangameshwara Temple, Chandrashekhara Temple, MallikarjuTemple, Kashivishwanaath Temple, Galganath Temple, Jain Temple and many more. The Kandariya temple is the most prominent of all of these temples in the Khajurao complex.
Currently, the Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya comprises the 50 m tall Mahabodhi Temple, the Vajrasana, sacred Bodhi Tree and other six sacred sites of Buddha’s enlightenment, surrounded by numerous ancient Votive stupas. It remained a major pilgrimage site for the Buddhists till about 12th century AD, after which the religion declined in popularity. And the the Airavatesvara temple was built during the time of Rajaraja II, and is aesthetically different from the other two.
The style of Ajanta art and architecture has had a revolutionary impact on the way in Indian art and architecture has progressed all throughout history. These caves are famous for their rock-cut sculptures and carvings depicting Shiva as the Creator and the Destroyer of the Universe.
The Wild Life sanctuary is a Project Tiger Reserve, Elephant Reserve, Biosphere Reserve and a home for number of endangered species like Assam Roofed Turtle, Hispid Hare, Golden Langur and Pygmy Hog. Besides birds, there are 379 floral species, 50 species of fish, 13 species of snake, 7 species of lizard, 7 species of amphibians, 7 turtle species and variety of other invertebrates. Home to the critically endangered Royal Bengal Tiger, there are also other animal species such as the gangetic dolphin, spotted dear, wild boar and other mammal and amphibian species.
It has an extremely high bio-diversity and ranks among the top 8 in World’s Biological Hot Spot Locations. The Red Fort is one of the most popular UNESO World Heritage Sites in India and is managed directly by the Archaeological Survey of India. The temple is originally said to be built at the mouth of river Chandrabhaga but the waterline receded since then. The observatory consists of instruments which were used to calculate celestial coordinate systems, the horizon-zenith local system, the equatorial system and the ecliptic system. This is probably the monumnet that is most recognized the world over for its association with the heritage of India. It is designed as an inverted temple and is divided into seven levels of wells each having it own importance as per the religious and mythological works mentioned in canonical literature. These monuments are collectively known as the Qutub Minar Complex and represent one of the earliest known symbols for Islamic Architecture in India. One can observe a transition from the previous Hindu forms of architecture to the Muslim culture and forms of architecture. Owing to all these factors, Bodh Gaya is considered to be the most holy pilgrimage spot for the Buddhists. These temples stand testimony to the architectural splendour and beauty of Chola art, architecture and sculpture. Having mainly carvings and sculptures related to the life of Buddha, one can say that this marks the beginning of Indian Classical Art. The most important of all the caves here is Cave 1, where one can see the Sadashiva at the entrance of the cave, which depicts 3 sides of Shiva: as the Creator, Preserves and Destroyer.
The forests along the Western Ghats are home to about 325 species of flora and fauna, which included endangered, rare and critically endangered species of plants and animals. This World Heritage Site in India reflects the grandeur of the traditional style of Kalinga Architecture which was prevalent then. One of India’s best preserved observatories, this monument is a great example of the scientific as well as the cultural heritage of India. These temples are living temples and the rituals and festivities which were observed by people thousands of years ago, are still held.
The caves are carved in solid basalt rock and lie 10 kilometers east to the city of Mumbai.
Hence, these 3 temples reflect the ancient culture and heritage of the Tamilians and form an inseparable part of their ancient history. Also, these forts had unique water storage and harvesting structures, which are actually being used even today.



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