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Indian Railways operates 7,566 locomotives,37,840 Coach vehicles and 222,147 freight wagons.
In the year 1851, the first train in India became operational and was used for the hauling of construction material in Roorkee. In the year 1907 for the first time in its history, the Railways began to make a tidy profit and almost all the rail companies were taken over by the government. Indian Railways operates 8,702 passenger trains and transports have around 5 billion annually across 27 states and three union territories (Delhi, Pondicherry and Chandigarh). Many cities in the states all over the country have their own dedicated suburban networks to cater to commuters. In India Kharagpur railway station is regarded as being the world's longest railway platform at 833 m (2,733 ft). The Trivandrum Rajdhani train travels non-stop between Vadodara and Kota, covering a distance of 528 km (328 miles) in about 6.5 hours. Indian Railways Industry is one of the largest rail networks in the world with total 63,465 route kilometers at the end of 2005-06. Number of Public Sector Corporations help Indian Railways to maintain, develop and modernize its systems.
Centre for Railway Information Systems (CRIS) Container Corporation of India Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India Indian Railway Finance Corporation Indian Railways Catering and Tourism Corporation IRCON International Ltd. Railway Recruitment Boards conduct the mass recruitment of operational staff positions in Railways. Indian Railways Industry is divided in to 16 railway zones, which has the aim of efficient carrying out of operations, construction and maintenance of coaches, railroad construction, recruitment and maintenance of workforce. The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, a narrow gauge train with a steam locomotive is classified as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Duke's son Mercer Ellington recalled that he found Take the "A" Train in a garbage can after Strayhorn discarded it because it sounded too much like a Fletcher Henderson arrangement. In the time-honored jazz tradition, Strayhorn built "A" Train on the harmonies of an earlier piece, Jimmy McHugh's Exactly Like You (1930), but camouflaged the source well. The Lyrics Strayhorn said he was writing subway directions, as there was a new subway line and people were getting confused about the best way to get to Harlem.
Take the "A" Train Sheet Music, undatedSam DeVincent Collection of American Sheet Music, National Museum of American History Archives Center. Ellington and Strayhorn sometimes playfully gave their manuscripts pseudonyms as titles; here La Tram stands for Take the "A" Train. Billy Strayhorn arranged these parts for saxophonist Johnny Hodges ("Rab" or "Rabbit") and Jimmy Hamilton (clarinet) for Take the "A" Train, for the 1957 recording Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Duke Ellington Song Book, in which she was accompanied by the Duke Ellington Orchestra. The history of Polish armoured trains starts shortly after Poland regained its independence in 1918. The general make up was always the same and varied only in detail, such as the type of artillery car. Even though it might seem that armoured trains present a perfect target for aircraft, they managed to survive attacks by the German Luftwaffe (Air Force), and armoured train No.
Throughout the campaign the armoured trains provided the Polish Army with what it lacked most—mobility and firepower in an well-armoured package.
Then alteast a decade later in 1844, the then Governor-General of India Lord Hardinge allowed private entrepreneurs to set up a rail system in India. Then a few years later, in 1853, the first passenger train between Bori Bunder, Bombay and Thana covering a distance of 34 km (21 miles) was inaugurated, which formally gave a way to the birth of Railways in India.
As the First World War struck the railways were used to meet the needs of the British outside India.

This division is the most preferred form of long distance transport in most parts of the country. Currently, suburban networks operate in Mumbai (Bombay), Chennai (Madras), Kolkata (Calcutta), Delhi, Hyderabad and Pune. Ghum station along with the Toy Train route is the second highest railway station in the world to be reached by a steam locomotive.
In 2005-06 it has handled total 666.5m tonnes of cargo and around 5,832m passenger traffic.
Out of the 27 million people employed in the organized sector, Indian Railways industry accounts for 6% directly and an additional 2.5% indirectly. This compelling dance number became a hit recording, and Ellington made it his orchestra's signature tune from 1941 until the end of his life.
This score is from a re-orchestration of "A" Train for a 1952 recording date that featured singer Betty Roche and saxophonist Paul Gonsalves. At that time, the original manuscript was not available to scholars, so the piece was transcribed note-fornote from the original 1941 recording. They were one of the most important weapons in the war against Bolsheviks in 1919 and 1920.
Leading the way, but within sight of the train, were two TK3 or TKS tankettes and an FT-17 tank mounted on individual self-propelled railcars. Each armoured train was followed by a supply train carrying ammunition, coal, and other supplies such as track for repairing damaged rail lines.
In the end, six out of ten trains were destroyed by their own crew because they were surrounded or had no ammunition.
Despite their limitation, the armoured trains fought well and were sometimes able to influence the outcome of individual clashes, such as the battle at Mokra.
Very early each state hood started its own rail systems and the network spread to the regions that became the modern-day states of Assam, Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh.
During 1985, steam locomotives were phased out in favor of diesel and electric locomotives. In South India and North-East India buses are the preferred mode of transport for medium to long distance transport. The railways have enhanced freight revenue by increasing its axle loading, improving customer services and adopting an innovative pricing strategy. Indian Railways is the largest Indian public sector undertaking and largest railway system in Asia run with 12000 trains a day & 63000 route kms of track.
For each single zone there are Divisional Offices headed by Railway Divisional Managers who get the reports from divisional officer cadres such as divisional officer engineering, mechanical divisional officers, electrical divisional officers, signal & telecommunication divisional officers, divisional accounting officers & divisional personnel. There are various versions of the lyrics to this piece, and singers have often taken liberties with the words.
For the benefit of musicians and scholars, this edition includes parts for each of the instruments, a conductor's score, and an essay by the noted composer and conductor Gunther Schuller.
The main part of the train started with an empty platform car with a lookout and brake installation so the train could be stopped in case of danger.
The crew spent two days repairing the rail line and even rebuilt a large part of an embankment, before proceeding. 51 was sent to patrol Sarny-Rokitno area where it encountered a Soviet motorised column and destroyed a number of armoured cars and trucks. Two were damaged and withdrawn from fighting, one derailed, and one captured by the Red Army in Lvov after the fighting ceased. Due to Interest of investors in the UK led to the rapid creation of a rail system over the next few years.

In the year 1901 A Railway Board was constituted, but the powers were still formally held by the Viceroy, Lord Curzon.
In India a standard passenger train consists of 18 coaches, but some popular trains can have up to 24 coaches. Himsagar Express between Kanyakumari and Jammu Tawi, is longest run train in terms of distance and time on Indian Railways network which covers 3,745 km (2,327 miles) in about 74 hours and 55 minutes. However, in 2001 the hostilities between the two nations saw the line being closed, though it is scheduled to be opened soon.
It has been widely recorded, by musicians ranging from Cab Calloway, Lawrence Welk, and Henry Mancini to Phyllis Hyman and Bobby McFerrin. It is impossible to give the exact number of armoured trains used in the period from 1918 to 1921.
The platform car was followed by an artillery car, usually armed with one 75mm gun and one 100mm howitzer. Armoured trains were usually attached to other units and were tasked with patrolling, providing artillery support and covering withdrawals. Meanwhile, its train was sent south and reached Ciechanów where fighting was already under way.
The train patrolled the area and supported Polish units until it was damaged by Soviet planes on 22 September.
Coaches are designed to accommodate anywhere from 18 to 72 passengers and may actually accommodate many people during the holiday seasons and on busy routes.
It takes up the task of carrying nearly 11 million passengers and 1.2 million tonnes of cargo per day. In 2000, National Public Radio selected "A" Train as one of the "NPR 100"—the hundred greatest songs of the 20th century.
There were several dozen of them, some improvised and some set up with anything that was at hand.
The Land Coastal Defence also had three improvised armoured trains at its disposal and in mid-September Warsaw Defence Command formed two more improvised trains.
Behind it was the assault car with a long-range radio, armed with machine guns and carrying an assault platoon of infantry. 51 that was operating in southern Poland supporting the 1st Mountain Brigade and the 10th Motorised Cavalry Brigade. The coaches in use are vestibules, but some of these may be dummied on some trains for operational reasons.
The train has a compartment that serves as an operating room, a second one which serves as a storeroom and an additional two that serve as a patient ward.
When military operations ceased in 1921, only the twelve most combat effective trains were left in service. Next was the locomotive with an armoured tender carrying coal, with the commander’s station on top. The train travels around the country, staying at a location for about two months before moving elsewhere. This was followed by another artillery car, a platform car, and more tankettes and a tank on their rail cars.The train could operate equally well travelling in reverse. Each coach has different accommodation class in which the most popular being the sleeper class.

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