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You can do-it-yourself: building a timber deck is really not that hard if you keep it simple. For many homes in bushfire prone areas timber decking is not an option, due to its combustibility. For many houses that have decks on top of one another waterproofing the lower deck can be tricky.
There are now under deck ceiling systems on the Australian market that not only waterproof a lower deck but can also redirect rainwater and are easy to remove quickly if required. For simplicity we will assume the deck is square and has a floor level no higher than 300mm off ground level, thus not requiring a balustrade. Sit down together with your list of requirements, your visual research and the simple plan of your house.
Look at your list and ask yourself "Where on my house plan is there space that meets my list of requirements." You will probably find that no space immediately meets all your requirements, so work with the location that ticks most of the boxes.
Once a location has been decided, you will need to ensure there are no services such as plumbing and electrical running in this area.
Design a deck is something you could undertake yourself or you could engage a draftsperson to draw it for you.
Make sure you have the correct materials for the job to prevent things like premature corrosion, wood rot and termite damage. Do not use standard treated pine for decking on the southern side of your home as it will be prone to wood rot.
Ensure that your deck is built using galvanised or stainless steel connectors such as nails. Separate the bearers and joists with plastic separators if possible to prevent premature wood rot between these members.
To set out the shape of your deck, measure the depth of the deck off the house wall with a string line and locate a timber stake in the ground for all corners of the deck. Take the long straight piece of timber and prop-up it against the house at a 90 degree angle along the string line, with the long piece of straight timber (95mm end) sitting vertically.
Once you can see the concrete start to thicken place the post in the hole, push them down as far as they will go and hold the post until it stands on its own. Check that your post is completely vertical by holding your spirit level vertically on all four sides of your post.
Now get your spirit level, place it on the top of the bearer, and move it up and down a little until it is horizontal. Note: If you intend to cover your deck with tiles you must provide a fall from the house to the outside of the deck to prevent rainwater entering your home.
The engineering drawings will note how often and at what centres you must lay your joists on top of your bearers. If you are using a timber that is prone to lots of movement and splitting it is wise to drill all ends of the boards and screw them down to the joists.
If your deck is unprotected from rain you will need to provide spacing between the boards of about 5 to 10mm. The connection between your deck and entrance into the house should be scrutinized by a professional to ensure that waterproofing issues have been considered. The deck should be coated with something that will help protect it from the sun, rain, and attack by fungus. It’s a good idea to get expert advice because there are many types of timber finishes on the market. No matter who builds your deck it will need to be checked by someone with technical or building knowledge.
Undertaking the construction of a simple deck can be a rewarding experience, however if you are looking for a professional, take a look at our directory of local. The 1200 business categories you can select from include everything from architects to cleaners. Find an architect, interior designer, expert tradesperson, landscaper, gardener, and many more home improvement experts. Practicing professionals will try their best to answer any relevant questions you may have.
This Make Your Own Blueprint tutorial will walk you through the detailed steps of how to draw floor plans for your new home design. For this tutorial, we are assuming that you have already completed your house design sketches.
Some may ask why would anyone make their own blueprints by hand when we have many relatively inexpensive home design software products available. It takes a long time to truly learn how to use the house design programs to completely generate the cross sections, framing and other blueprint details that you need to get your building plans approved. Most of the inexpensive programs (less than $250) do not generate the kind of details required for full construction drawings. Most of the home design programs can produce accurately dimensioned floor plan drawings of the quality required for your building permit. The home design programs are great for allowing you to draw floor plans in 2D then visualize them in 3D.
Whether you are using home design software or drawing your blueprints by hand, the first drawings to start with are your floor plans. Your local art supply store should have all the of drawing tools you will need to make your own blueprints.
This line would measure 9 inches on your drawing and would represent 36 feet for the built house.
For this tutorial we will move in a clockwise direction starting at the upper left hand corner of your drawing. The construction drawings for the floor plans need to be properly dimensioned for the framing crew. Use a pencil, your architect's scale and a straight edge to draw what the total inside dimension of the first wall will be until it meets another wall (your exterior walls could be anywhere from several inches to a couple of feet thicka€”for a straw bale home for instance).

Use your T-square (or a protractor for a wall not at a square angle to the previous wall) and architect's scale to draw the next wall. Continue in this fashion, clockwise around your drawing until the inside framing side of all of you exterior walls are drawn. The next step as you make your own blueprint is to draw your doors and windows onto the floor plan. Draw the appropriate door or window symbol from the blueprints symbols glossary to properly identify it.
For ceiling mount items, draw the following fixtures on the floor just below the spot where the item would be installed. Detail the plans by indicating for each room how the floors will be finished and any required sub-flooring. Note that not all required dimension lines are shown in the plan belowa€”this is for ease of viewing.
Furniture should not be included in your construction drawings but for your own design purposes it is a good idea to use scaled furniture cutouts during the design process to ensure you have designed adequate space for all rooms and circulation paths. Continue on to the next house construction drawing tutorial modules: How to Draw Elevations and Drawing House Cross Sections. Check out our free House Design tutorial, from initial home planning to creating full construction drawings. Go to our main Blueprints Page for links to how to read blueprints and reference pages with basic floor plan symbols used on construction drawings. This flat design floor plan sample shows layout of furniture, kitchen equipment and bathroom appliance. China, officially the People's Republic of China, is a sovereign state located in East Asia. The vector stencils library China contains contours for ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software. This creative classroom floorplan sample was created on the base of the article "The Creative Curriculum and Classroom Layout" from the website of Bay Mills Community College.
If your home is in a bushfire prone area or you want a maintenance free timber deck you may like to try a timber composite product. The Timberlast product is made to last and will not rot, splinter or require painting or oiling.
In the past if a home owner wanted to waterproof a lower deck 'Colorbond' was fixed to the underside of the upper deck. Generally, a deck that has a floor level higher that 900mm off natural ground will require council approval. Have a good "Google" around, keep your eyes open when you're out and start to consider what style of deck would best suit your home.
Chat to your neighbours about what you have in mind and if privacy becomes an issue, add a screen to the design.
If you don't engage a draftsperson you will need to consult an engineer to specify the size of the timber members required for the job. For a simple square deck you will only need to make one triganometric calculation (see free calculator software here). Vertical set-out is important to ensure the step down from the house to the deck is sufficient.
Ensure the top of the timber is lined up with the deck floor level marked on the house cladding. Move the post a bit until all sides of your posts are perfectly straight (with the spirit level bubble in middle). The bearers can be attached directly onto the side of the posts using structural bolts, or the bearers can be notched into the posts using a chisel, then bolted into the post. Normally joists are laid across and on top of the bearers at 450mm centres and then fixed with a galvanised connector plates. You will need to use a spacer of some kind so that the boards have a consistent distance between them. An oil-based coating will enhance the appearance of the timber, stop it splitting, and extend the timber's life. Use our handy and free online deck cost calculator to estimate the cost of a new timber deck. Learn about 12 most common mistakes home-owners make when the build a deck on their own (DIY).
This process can be followed by those drafting their blueprints by hand or using home design software. If you are just starting out with your home design, check out our free Home Design Tutorial. Rather a good approach if you want to keep costs down is to do some drawing with design software and some hand drafting. Using your own floor plan sketches or your results from the Draw Floor Plan module of our house design tutorial, start by drawing the exterior walls of the main story of your home.
But building trades people will often use an architect's scale (or ruler) while they are building to check various dimensions on your drawings. This is where you will write the name of the view you are drawing (floor plan, elevation, cross section), the scale of the drawing, the name of the house (could just be the family name), designer's name and date. Luckily I was watching the pour when I noticed the pads for the structural posts were being poured in the wrong location. You will want to roughly center your first floor plan view in the space on the paper available excluding the title block.
That is you will not be drawing the finished dimensions of the rooms once drywall or other finished wall surfaces are installed.
The room size difference with the drywall installed is very small and will only make about an inch of difference for any given room (a half inch of drywall on either side of the room). One more dimension line should run along each exterior wall to locate all window and door openings. See our tutorial module Draw Floor Plan for more information and furniture blueprint symbols.

Security alarms are used in residential, commercial, industrial, and military properties for protection against burglary (theft) or property damage, as well as personal protection against intruders. Its rich set of samples and templates, and specific features to draw diagrams faster make this software as comfortable as possible for drawing workflow diagrams. Use the ConceptDraw PRO professional Mac OS X software for drawing workflow diagram. This library is contained in the Continent Maps solution from Maps area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. This guide will enable you to construct a deck that functions well, is cost effective and durable. It is slip resistant, fade free, easy to install, and the product looks like regular timber decking. This means it will get good sun from morning (sun rising in the east) to the afternoon (sun setting in the west). Stainless steel connectors are only used for builds in highly corrosive locations like beach front and industrial locations. The deck floor level should step down from the internal floor level by at least 75mm to avoid waterproofing problems that may occur due to driving rain.
Hold the other end of the timber out from the house 90 degrees, place a spirit level on top of the timber and move it up and down until it is horizontal (the bubble in the level is in the centre).
During the placement of each post ensure that your posts stay lined up with each other by checking their position with a string line or the straight piece of timber. The first method is easier, it just costs a little more (for the bolts) and is fine for a deck that's only 300mm off ground level.
There are probably purpose-made spacers that can be purchased at your local hardware store but you can just as easily use a bolt or piece of wood that has a thickness of between 5 and 10mm. What views remain are the cross-sections, elevation views, and any necessary framing plans. This means that every quarter inch you draw on your page represents one foot for the real house as it will be built. So before you draw your first wall, use your scale get a rough idea of how much space on the page your first floor plan will need. It is fairly standard to have the front door at the lower side of the horizontal sheet but depending on the design or shape of your home you may want to alter this. But there may be parts of your design where being out by an inch will cause problems (for instance if you are pre-ordering custom or stock cabinetry).
Such a building may be called an apartment building, apartment house (in American English), block of flats, tower block, high-rise or, occasionally mansion block (in British English), especially if it consists of many apartments for rent.
The Workflow Diagrams solution with its libraries and templates set make the possibility to identify resources that are required for work goal implementation. Decks on the south and west sides of your home will give you extremes in temperature in seasons where they are not wanted and can also make your house hotter by transferring reflected heat into your home. If this area is on a corner of your house, choose the side with better orientation, even if it has less space for a deck. There are ways to construct a deck floor level the same internal floor level, offering a seamless entry, but this is best left to the professionals.
The height of all other deck members including decking joists, whaling board (or ledger - it attaches the house to deck), bearers and posts will all be governed by this vertical level. Most professional builders will use the notching method because it produces a better quality deck.
Ensure that the bearer is at the correct level so that there is enough space above for the joists and decking to meet the floor level that you have decided upon.
This is where you may have to make your own blueprints by hand or use a more full-featured (and more expensive home design program). You can then easily modify the drawings as you drag and drop furniture, appliances and fixtures into the blueprints.
Everyone on the building site needs to know what date version of the plans they should be using. We moved the wood framing for the pads and then hand shoveled the poured concrete over to the correct location.
Mix the water and concrete together quickly with a shovel until all the dry concrete mix is a wet but not sloppy. Oftentimes, you'll realize not enough space has been allowed for certain areas once the fixtures are in or perhaps you are wasting space in some areas. Intrusion alarm systems may also be combined with closed-circuit television surveillance systems to automatically record the activities of intruders, and may interface to access control systems for electrically locked doors. Areas set aside for dramatic play, block building, woodworking, or large muscle experiences give the children options for active play.
Use the length, depth and hypotenuse as noted in the image above and confirm the position of the corner set-out stakes. Systems range from small, self-contained noisemakers, to complicated, multi-area systems with computer monitoring and control." [Security alarm.
In North America the typical terms are a studio, efficiency or bachelor apartment (bedsit in the UK).
In the Creative Curriculum, the environment typically includes space for the following activities: Blocks, House Corner, Table Toys, Outdoors, Art, Sand and Water, Library, Music and Movement. This kind of apartment usually consists mainly of a large room which is the living, dining and bedroom combined. There are usually kitchen facilities as part of this central room, but the bathroom is a separate, smaller room. Depending on the building design, the entrance doors may be directly to the outside or to a common area inside, such as a hallway. Depending on location, apartments may be available for rent furnished with furniture or unfurnished into which a tenant moves in with their own furniture." [Apartment.

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