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Using an online project management tool such as EPM Live gives you the scheduling tools needed for on time project delivery. Practice efficient and effective communication throughout the engagement and make sure the project customer is always well informed of project status and any issues that are affecting the project. The bottom line is you can succeed at any two of these key determiners and still be considered a failure.  You can bring the project home successfully, in your opinion, and be very proud of your team’s efforts in meeting the timeline and the budget, and still end up with a customer who is less than satisfied for various reasons including system usability for the end user if there were any glitches in the requirements along the way. Ensuring the compliance of individual projects with the enterprise architecture is an essential aspect of architecture governance (see 50. The IT Governance function will define a formal Architecture Compliance review process (see 48.3 Architecture Compliance Reviews) for reviewing the compliance of projects to the enterprise architecture.
An Architecture Compliance review is a scrutiny of the compliance of a specific project against established architectural criteria, spirit, and business objectives. First and foremost, catch errors in the project architecture early, and thereby reduce the cost and risk of changes required later in the lifecycle.
Identify services that are currently application-specific but might be provided as part of the enterprise infrastructure.
Document strategies for collaboration, resource sharing, and other synergies across multiple architecture teams.
The Architecture Compliance review can be a good way of deciding between architectural alternatives, since the business decision-makers typically involved in the review can guide decisions in terms of what is best for the business, as opposed to what is technically more pleasing or elegant. The output of the Architecture Compliance review is one of the few measurable deliverables to the CIO to assist in decision-making.
Architecture reviews can serve as a way for the architecture organization to engage with development projects that might otherwise proceed without involvement of the architecture function. The enterprise architecture and Architecture Compliance helps ensure the alignment of IT projects with business objectives. Architects can sometimes be regarded as being deep into technical infrastructure and far removed from the core business.
Since an Architecture Compliance review tends to look primarily at the critical risk areas of a system, it often highlights the main risks for system owners. The latter point identifies the ongoing change and adaptability of the architectures to requirements that may be driven by indiscipline, but also allows for changes to be registered by faster moving changes in the operational environment.
Timing of compliance activities should be considered with regard to the development of the architectures themselves. Compliance reviews are held at appropriate project milestones or checkpoints in the project's lifecycle.
The Architecture Compliance review is typically targeted for a point in time when business requirements and the enterprise architecture are reasonably firm, and the project architecture is taking shape, well before its completion. The aim is to hold the review as soon as practical, at a stage when there is still time to correct any major errors or shortcomings, with the obvious proviso that there needs to have been some significant development of the project architecture in order for there to be something to review. Inputs to the Architecture Compliance review may come from other parts of the standard project lifecycle, which may have an impact on timing.
For smaller-scale projects, the review process could simply take the form of a series of questions that the project architects or project leaders pose to themselves, using the checklists provided below, perhaps collating the answers into some form of project report to management. Where the project under review has not involved a practicing or full-time architect to date (for example, in an application-level project), the purpose of the review is typically to bring to bear the architectural expertise of an enterprise architecture function.
In most cases, particularly in larger-scale projects, the architecture function will have been deeply involved in, and perhaps leading, the development project under review. In all cases, the Architecture Compliance review process needs the backing of senior management, and will typically be mandated as part of corporate architecture governance policies (see 50. Manages that part of the organization that will depend on the success of the IT described in the architecture. To ensure that the processes to satisfy the business requirements are justified and understood.
To ensure that the architects have a sufficiently detailed understanding of the customer department's processes.
Members of the customer's organization who have input to the business requirements that the architecture is to address.
Anyone, whether IT or business-oriented, with an interest in or responsibility for the business area affected. The following review checklists provide a wide range of typical questions that may be used in conducting Architecture Compliance reviews, relating to various aspects of the architecture. Some of the checklists include a brief description of the architectural principle that provokes the question, and a brief description of what to look for in the answer. Occasionally the questions will be written, as in RFPs, or in working with a senior project architect. The checklists provided here are designed for use in individual architecture projects, not for business domain architecture or for architecture across multiple projects.
What key issues have been identified or analyzed that the project believes will drive evaluations of hardware and operating systems for networks, servers, and end-user devices? What is the quantity and distribution (regional and global) of usage, data storage, and processing?
What applications are affinitized with your project by similarities in data, application services, etc.? What hardware and operating system choices have been made before functional design of key elements of the system?
What are the essential business and technical requirements for not using corporate standards?
What is your process for evaluating full lifecycle costs of hardware and operating systems? Describe how error conditions are defined, raised, and propagated between application components. Describe the general pattern of how methods are defined and arranged in various application modules. Describe the general pattern for how method parameters are defined and organized in various application modules. Describe the approach that is used to minimize the number of round-trips between client and server calls, particularly for out-of-process calls, and when complex data structures are involved. Describe the extent to which objects are created, used, and destroyed versus re-used through object pooling. Describe the approach and the internal documentation that is used internally in the system to document the methods, methods arguments, and method functionality. Do components support all the interface types they need to support or are certain assumptions made about what types of components will call other components either in terms of language bindings or other forms of marshaling? Describe the extent to which big-endian or little-endian data format problems need to be handled across different platforms. Describe how time and date functions manage dates so as to avoid improper handling of time and date calculation or display.
Describe what tools or processes have been used to test the system for memory leaks, reachability, or general robustness.
Describe to what extent the system components are either loosely coupled or tightly coupled. What requirements does the system need from the infrastructure in terms of shared libraries, support for communication protocols, load balancing, transaction processing, system monitoring, naming services, or other infrastructure services? Describe how the system or system components rely on common messaging infrastructure versus a unique point-to-point communication structure.
Is there need for capabilities that are not provided through the enterprise's standard infrastructure application products? Describe the business requirements for enterprise infrastructure application capabilities that are not met by the standard products.


Are any of the capabilities required provided by standard products supporting one or more line-of-business applications? Describe the process requirements for business application capabilities that are not met by the standard products. What business actions correspond to the deletion of the data and is it considered part of a business record? What are the data model, data definitions, structure, and hosting options of purchased applications (COTS)? What are the rules for defining and maintaining the data requirements and designs for all components of the information system? What shareable repository is used to capture the model content and the supporting information for data? What is the physical data model definition (derived from logical data models) used to design the database? What data owners have been identified to be responsible for common data definitions, eliminating unplanned redundancy, providing consistently reliable, timely, and accurate information, and protecting data from misuse and destruction? What are the data entity and attribute access rules which protect the data from unintentional and unauthorized alterations, disclosure, and distribution? What are the data protection mechanisms to control access to data from external sources that temporarily have internal residence within the enterprise? What is the discipline for managing sole-authority data as one logical source with defined updating rules for physical data residing on different platforms? What is the discipline for managing replicated data, which is derived from operational sole-authority data?
What tier data server has been identified for the storage of high or medium-critical operational data? What tier data server has been identified for the storage of decision support data contained in a data warehouse? What are the standardized distributed data management services (e.g., validation, consistency checks, data edits, encryption, and transaction management) and where do they reside? Security Awareness: Have you ensured that the corporate security policies and guidelines to which you are designing are the latest versions?
Authorization: Provide a process flow from beginning to end showing how a user requests access to the application, indicating the associated security controls and separation of duties.
Access Controls: Document how the user IDs, passwords, and access profiles are added, changed, removed, and documented. Sensitive Information Protection: Provide documentation that identifies sensitive data requiring additional protection. Audit Trails and Audit Logs: Identify and document group accounts required by the users or application support, including operating system group accounts. Describe the process or tools available for checking that the system is properly installed. Describe tools or instrumentation that are available that monitor the health and performance of the system. Describe the tools or process in place that can be used to determine where the system has been installed.
Describe what form of audit logs are in place to capture system history, particularly after a mishap.
Describe the capabilities of the system to dispatch its own error messages to service personnel. What is the strategic importance of this system to other user communities inside or outside the enterprise?
What computing resources are needed to provide system service to users inside the enterprise? Describe the design that accommodates changes in the user base, stored data, and delivery system technology. Describe how each and every version of the software can be reproduced and re-deployed over time.
Describe the current user base and how that base is expected to change over the next three to five years. Describe the current geographic distribution of the user base and how that base is expected to change over the next three to five years.
Describe how many current or future users need to use the application in a mobile capacity or who need to work off-line. Describe what the application generally does, the major components of the application, and the major data flows. Describe the instrumentation included in the application that allows for the health and performance of the application to be monitored. Describe the rationale for picking the system development language over other options in terms of initial development cost versus long-term maintenance cost. Describe the systems analysis process that was used to come up with the system architecture and product selection phase of the system architecture.
Describe how the look-and-feel of your presentation layer compares to the look-and-feel of the other existing applications. Describe how the presentation layer of the system is separated from other computational or data transfer layers of the system.
Can this application be placed on an application server independent of all other applications? Is there any peculiar A&D data or processes that would impede the use of this software? Describe the infrastructure that is in place to support the use of the methods through the end of the project and anticipated releases. Describe the infrastructure that is in place to support the use of the tools through the end of the project and anticipated releases? Describe how the project will promote the re-use of its deliverables and deliverable content. What impacts will the new design have on existing business processes, organizations, and information systems? Understand clearly the objectives of those soliciting the review; and stay on track and deliver what was asked for. If it becomes obvious during the discussion that there are other issues that need to be addressed, which are outside the scope of the requested review, bring it up with the meeting chair afterwards.
Reviews should include detailed assessment activities against the architectures and should ensure that the results are stored in the Enterprise Continuum. In the main Contents frame in the left margin of the page, click the relevant hyperlink to load the Contents List for that Part of the TOGAF document or go direct to a chapter within the document. Within a chapter you can select Previous and Next at the top and bottom of the page to move to the previous or next chapter, or select Home to return to the welcome page.
Downloads of TOGAF®, an Open Group Standard, are available under license from the TOGAF information web site. TOGAF is a registered trademark of The Open Group in the United States and other countries. In comparison, Canada and Norway offer generous benefits that can be shared between the father and mother, France offers about four months, and even Mexico and Pakistan are among the nations offer 12 weeks paid leave for mothers. American women are offered 12 weeks of unpaid leave under the Family and Medical Leave Act, which exempts companies with fewer than 50 paid employees, but in 2011, only 11 percent of private sector workers and 17 percent of public workers reported that they had access to paid maternity leave through their employer. Women are forced to put their careers and financial future at risk simply because they want to have children. Youa€™ll be joining the 130,000 Smart Insights members from 80 countries who trust our advice to Plan, Manage and Optimize their marketing.


Sharing advice on selecting and using these tools to get better results from digital marketing was one of the drivers behind setting up Smart Insights and we'll soon be launching a marketplace to feature these tools - get in touch if you'd like to be featured in our new directory.
However, the range of tools to gain insight is daunting and this has been highlighted again by the new Gartner Digital Marketing Transit MapA - newly updated for Spring 2015. It's a great complement for Scott Brinker's Digital Marketing Landscape mapA which you may know - I personally prefer since it has clearer groupings of technology categories and specific tools shown by popularity. To the south are the a€?business districtsa€? that connect with other parts of the organization: IT, sales and service, general marketing, business intelligence and general advertising, which is often outsourced to agencies.
The stop in the center, labeled a€?digital marketing hub,a€? is the central station where all of the functions converge. In the northeast are services concerned with engagement quality: creative and user experience.
Maps like this can help in reviewing tools available against what you currently have in place as part of reviewing your use of insight, so I hope some may find this useful - let us know what you think? Dave … glad you made sense of those because I was going crossed eyed with the joining up of all the different dots, inc.
Sticking with project management best practices throughout the project engagement, and leveraging a PPM system such as EPM Live will help keep your customer well informed the entire way, and closely monitoring your project budget and assigned tasks. Architecture Governance) function may also stipulate that the architecture function should extend beyond the role of architecture definition and standards selection, and participate also in the technology selection process, and even in the commercial relationships involved in external service provision and product purchases.
While terminology usage may differ between organizations, the concepts of levels of conformance illustrated in Figure 48-1 should prove useful in formulating an IT compliance strategy. A formal process for such reviews normally forms the core of an enterprise Architecture Compliance strategy.
This in turn means that the overall project time is shortened, and that the business gets the bottom-line benefit of the architecture development faster.
The need to conduct such a process is normally included in overall enterprise-wide IT governance policies. In such a case, the enterprise architecture function would be organizing, leading, and conducting the review, with the involvement of business domain experts. The organization of the questions includes the basic disciplines of system engineering, information management, security, and systems management.
These extensions to the checklist are intended to allow the intelligent re-phrasing of the questions, and to give the user of the checklist a feel for why the question is being asked. More typically they are expressed orally, as part of an interview or working session with the project. This should include how the request is approved by the appropriate data owner, how the user is placed into the appropriate access-level classification profile, how the user ID, password, and access is created and provided to the user. Identify the data owners responsible for this data and the process to be used to protect storage, transmission, printing, and distribution of this data. If so, has the capacity of the planned server been confirmed at the application and aggregate levels? Describe the method that will be used to incorporate changes back into the architecture designs. If not, how do you know this activity is not in conflict with or redundant to other Statements of Work? For example, they typically want to know what is right or wrong with the system being architected; not what is right or wrong with the development methodology used, their own management structure, etc. A plan for addressing the issues can then be developed in accordance with their degree of seriousness. A depersonalized approach to the discussions may help bridge the gaps of opinion rather than exacerbate them. The license is free to any organization wishing to use the TOGAF standard entirely for internal purposes (for example, to develop an information system architecture for use within that organization).
During their pregnancy, they face being fired unfairly or not being able to properly care for themselves. When I'm talking at conferences I often see mostA pens to paper when I'm recommending the many freemium tools to gain insight to improve results from marketing. Gartnera€™s digital marketing transit map presents a comprehensive landscape of marketing technologies that will enable organizations to see every kind of service and technology that is available and how they relate to each othera€?.
Project managers can easily update the schedule and send progress reports to team members straight from the Project Planner. EPM Live will make you a Rockstar in the eyes of your client and is a sure bet to end the engagement successfully.
This may help to minimize the opportunity for misinterpretation of the enterprise architecture, and maximize the value of centralized commercial negotiation. In such a scenario, the review is not a substitute for the involvement of architects in a project, but it can be a supplement or a guide to their involvement. The questions will typically be posed during the review by the business and technical domain experts. The checklists are based on material provided by a member of The Open Group, and are specific to that organization. Is the system composed of a lot of point-to-point interfaces or are major messaging backbones used instead? Also include how the user is informed of their responsibilities associated with using the application, given a copy of the access agreement, how to change password, who to call for help, etc.
Also identify audit logs, who can read the audit logs, who can modify the audit logs, who can delete the audit logs, and how the audit logs are protected and stored. It is easy to get off-track and discuss subjects that are interesting and perhaps worthwhile, but not what was solicited.
A book is also available (in hardcopy and pdf) from The Open Group Bookstore as document G116.
Without guaranteed paid maternity leave, many of these working women face significant financial hardship by having to choose between their paycheck and their families.
They should not have to worry about making ends meet without paid maternity leave on top of that. I've kept this map for reference - here's the new Digital Marketing Landscape mapA from Scott for 2015 - checkout the difference. I’m a big fan of infographics, but could have done with some some simple tables for the technology landscape ones. It is probable that a database will be necessary to manage the volume of data that would be produced in the analysis of a large system or set of systems. Alternatively, the review might be led by a representative of an Architecture Board or some similar body with enterprise-wide responsibilities. Architecture Board) will mandate architecture reviews for all major projects, with subsequent annual reviews. Other organizations could use the following checklists with other questions tailored to their own particular needs. If you can shed light and insight on technical approaches, but the discussion is not necessary for the review, volunteer to provide it after the review. Are there agreements with outside parties (partners, suppliers, contractors, etc.) concerning the safeguarding of information?



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