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Author: admin | Category: Tribal Heart Tattoos | 09.11.2013

Offset printing technology is preferred method for printing materials providing lower per-unit costs with the quality for larger print runs. Prepress is the term used in the printing and publishing industries for the processes and procedures that occur between the creation of a print layout and the final printing. There are different materials for plates, including paper (which produces a lower-quality product).
Typesetting involves the presentation of textual material in graphic form on paper or some other medium.
Copy-editing, is the work that an editor does to improve the formatting, style, and accuracy of a manuscript. Markup is an artificial language using a set of annotations to text that give instructions regarding the structure of text or how it is to be displayed.
Proofing involves creating an accurate facsimile of the artwork before beginning production runs. Proofreading traditionally means reading a proof copy of a text in order to detect and correct any errors. Separation, or specifying images or text to be put on plates applying individual printing media (inks, varnishes, etc.) to a common print. Manufacturing of plates The usage of different materials of plates should meet the needs of printing method. In most modern publishing environments, the tasks related to content generation and refinement are carried out separately from other prepress tasks, and are commonly characterized as part of graphic design.


The prepress procedure includes the manufacture of a printing plate, image carrier or form, ready for mounting on a offset printing press, as well as the adjustment of images and texts or the creation of a high-quality print file. Before the advent of desktop publishing, typesetting of printed material was produced in print shops by compositors or typesetters working by hand, and later with machines. Copy-editing is done prior to the work of proofreaders, who handle documents before final publication. Markup languages have been in use for centuries, and in recent years have also been used in computer typesetting and word-processing systems.
This serves as a bond between the printer and their customer that the final product meets an agreed upon standard.
Usually rubber, plastic, aluminum are used for plates as well as film which is the photomechanical exposure and processing of light-sensitive emulsion on a printing plate.
Some companies combine the roles of graphic design and prepress production into desktop publishing usually called DTP. In today’s prepress shop, the form of delivery from the customer is usually electronic, either a PDF or application files created from such programs as Adobe InDesign or QuarkXPress.
Images from the negatives are transferred to printing plates in much the same way as photographs are developed.
Proofs in general can be done for all parts (images, illustrations, texts and colors) of print product. For example, it is not uncommon to use a computer and image-setter to generate film which is then stripped and used to expose the plate in a vacuum frame; this workflow is hybrid because separation and halftoning are carried out via digital processes while the exposure of the plate is an analog one.


A measured amount of light is allowed to pass through the film negatives to expose the printing plate. When the plates are exposed to light, a chemical reaction occurs that allows an ink-receptive coating to be activated. Print-ready PDF files should be made after the layout using preflight at the printing house. Furthermore – depending on the printing method and the print product – the elements of the prepress of a graphic print production can differ from case to case.
The printer’s proof should be printed out in high-resolution and checked by the customer. The imposition proof, which is usually done by the printers, should also be printed out to check and adjust the offset printing press.
That can mean that employees, who are actually responsible for other parts of the production (e.g.



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