Installation GuideThe 60 Minute Windows XP Tutorialby Darek Mihocka, President and Founder, Emulators Inc.updated October 28 2001Over the past few months I've given you a few reasons why you should hold off buying that new computer or upgrading your existing computer until Windows XP has arrived. Den 8e april i ar tog supporten for Windows XP slut vilket innebar att inga uppdateringar for varken funktionalitet eller sakerhet langre skickas ut fran Microsoft.
Overgangen till nyare operativsystem har varit segdragen och en undersokning som gjordes i mitten av april visade att 6000 sajter runt om i varlden fortfarande drevs av maskiner med Windows XP installerat. Windows Embedded POSReady 2009 ar en version av Windows XP avsedd for speciella enheter sa som betalmaskiner och bankautomater och har utokad support till och med ar 2019. ZDNet har testat hacket och blev erbjudna att ladda ner uppdateringar for bade Windows Embedded samt Windows Server 2003. Microsoft var snabba med att hora av sig till ZDNet och valjer sjalvklart att stalla sig kritiska gentemot tilltaget. Nyligen har vi fatt vetskap om ett hack som enligt uppgift ger tillgang till sakerhetsuppdateringar for Windows XP-kunder.
De uppdateringar som installeras ar avsedda for Windows Embedded samt Windows Server 2003-kunder och skyddar inte Windows XP-kunder fullt ut. De kunder som valjer att anvanda sig av hacket loper risk att fa problem med sina maskiner da program och funktioner kan sluta fungera vid installation av uppdateringar ej testade eller avsedda for Windows XP. Det basta sattet for Windows XP-kunder att skydda sina system ar att uppgradera till ett mer modernt operativsystem, som Windows 7 eller Windows 8.1.
After a surprise delay caused by a compatibility snag last Tuesday, the third service pack for Windows XP has finally made its way onto Windows Update and Microsoft's Download Center. Those who have been following the great SP3 saga will know this new service pack combines all previously released Windows XP updates into a single, tidy package.
Guides and help on using basic Linux commands & basic Unix commands with step-by-step example. Step by step on install configure manage and using Linux Fedora on clients server computer presented with screenshots examples. Step by step Install Setup and Configure Linux Fedora Core Server and Network Management with Screen Shot and Example.
List of graphical Linux tools for system administration and system configuration available on Fedora Core operating system. Step on how to use sha1sum on Windows 2000 and Windows XP to check Fedora Core ISO images sha1 hash value. Just two updates to start with, which are required to use the latest version of Windows update.
So there you have it, it only takes 104 High-priority updates, approximately 154.1MB and six restarts to update Windows XP Professional. But to be fair this was updating Windows XP Professional, with neither Service Pack 1 or 2 initially installed.
Just three updates to start with, which are required to use the latest version of Windows update.
So it only takes 87 High-priority updates, approximately 67MB and three restarts to get Windows XP with Service Pack 2 up to date.
So a further 22 updates [11 optional and 11 high-priority] totalling 180MB and two restarts are required to fully update Windows XP Professional with Service Pack 2.
As a non scientific experiment [of course] it would seem that any user of Windows XP Professional with Services Pack 2 is in for some heavy updating and a number of restarts. Note: As Windows XP is updated monthly, the above number of updates, download size, number of restarts will vary and may not reflect what you see above. Genom att identifiera sig som en POSReady 2009 kan saledes en XP-maskin fa tillgang till dess uppdateringar fram till ar 2019. Ett tips ar att stanga av automatiska uppdateringar da alla uppdateringar, aven sadana fran langt innan 8e april i ar laddas ner.
Users can also look forward to some general security, stability, and performance improvements as well as a few new features, such as Network Access Protection, Microsoft's Kernel Mode Cryptographic Module, and a revamped activation system. However with a modern broadband connection and decent system it shouldn't take too long to get Windows up to date. Having installed Windows XP beta releases and final releases dozens of times (probably over a hundred times) in the past 12 months, I certainly know!This page contains a number of screen shots which are best viewed at an 800x600 or higher resolution. Microsoft also offers a standalone network installer and ISO disc image of SP3 for folks with more specific needs.
Click on a thumbnail to view the full sized screen shot.WHAT KIND OF PC YOU NEEDThe first question of course is, can your PC even run Windows XP? XP is based on the Windows NT operating system (which is also the basis of Windows NT 4.0 and Windows 2000), and not on the DOS operating system which has been at the core of Windows 95, Windows 98, and Windows Millennium.
While DOS and DOS based Windows releases have always targeted the lowest end home computers, NT has targeted business machines and servers and thus has always required more memory and a faster processor.You can see the increasing progression of system requirements if you take a look at the chart on our Benchmarks page. The various Windows releases are listed chronologically, and so it comes as no surprise then that Windows XP has the highest requirements.I believe the official Microsoft party line on Windows XP is that it requires a 233 MHz (or faster) processor and at least 128 megabytes of memory.
This represents most PCs sold during the past 5 years.I have confirmed that the 128 megabyte requirement is actually overkill. Windows XP will install and run in 64 megabytes of memory, just as its predecessors Windows 2000 and Windows Millennium do. However, at 64 megabytes you are just at the verge of running out of memory and causing a lot of disk swapping. Windows XP really doesn't need any more powerful a PC than Windows 2000 or Windows Millennium did.
The translucent windows, the colorful icons, the scrolling menus, these all take additional resources in terms of CPU and video card power.


For home users and basic business workstations, Microsoft offered Windows For Workgroups (1993), Windows 95 (1995), Windows 98 (1998), and Windows Millennium (2000). Two completely different sets of system calls, with maybe about 90% overlap, but huge differences as far as things like device drivers and stability.One of the tragic things as far as Windows goes is that most PC users are completely unaware that they had a choice of Windows release.
This caused NT to not catch on with home users, and especially gamers.One of the causes of the duality was Microsoft itself. After the release of Windows 95 and Windows NT 3.51 (both in the summer of 1995), Microsoft said it would merge Windows back into a single product.
It featured the new look and feel of Windows 95, but lacked basic DOS features such as support for the FAT32 file system. Offer two versions!As much as Microsoft's marketing may lead you to believe, Windows XP Home Edition is NOT strictly an upgrade for Windows Millennium, and Windows XP Pro Edition is NOT strictly an upgrade for Windows 2000 Pro. That's just marketing mumbo jumbo to justify the $99 and $199 prices of each release.In reality, both Windows XP Home Edition and Windows XP Pro Edition are the same product.
Although there are alternate solutions available, such as PGP, which can similarly encrypt and protect the files on your computer.The Remote Desktop feature is useful if you use multiple PCs connected on a network and you want to access and control all the PCs from a single monitor and keyboard. But then again, I have room fulls of PCs in my house and prefer to save myself some walking.
If you only own 2 or 3 PCs and they are in the same room, this feature is really of no use to you. Home Edition DOES support the Terminal Services client, which means that your Home Edition machine can remotely log in to another XP machine running Pro Edition.The ability to log in to a Windows domain may be the most important feature for any networked user, as the lack of this features represents a reduction in functionality from Windows 95 and 98!
This feature is clearly aimed toward large business users and again does not really affect home users.So chances are, if you are a home user, you really can get by with the Home Edition. If you have a ton of PCs networked together, you'll likely need Pro Edition.LET'S GET STARTED!Once you install Windows XP, you'll need about 60 minutes to get acquainted with it and to customize it to your liking. As with several recent Windows releases, the version of Windows XP you buy on CD-ROM is already out-of-date by the time you take it out of the box? During the two months between August and October 25th, Microsoft fixed a number of bugs and compatibility issues. As they did with Windows 2000 and Windows Millennium, the day of the Windows XP release meant that about 17 megabytes of patches were also posted to their web site.
Yes, it's a pain, and I'll walk you through the procedure.Ok, so what does Windows XP look like? One of the main paradigm shifts in Windows XP is the attempt to eliminate desktop icons and stuff them all into the Start menu.
So you may be surprised when you first install Windows XP and find the desktop to look like this:The Recycle Bin icon is the only icon on the desktop.
First, in order to reduce the time it takes to download these pictures, I'll get rid of the green grass and blue sky picture.
Select the Desktop tab and change the Background setting either to None or to a picture of your choice.Now click on the Settings tab.
You will immediately notice one major difference between Windows XP and earlier releases of Windows.
This is due to the fact that Microsoft is trying to steer people away from 16-color and 256-color palletized video modes, and I suspect this is partly because the Internet Explorer web browser was never really good at rendering images in 256 colors.
Opera does a much better job, but I'm only speculating on the true reason here.In any case, I really prefer not to run in 32-bit video as this tends to slow down screen redraws on older PCs.
If you actually need 256 color mode or a 640x480 resolution, click on the Advanced button and you will be able to do so.The next step, if like me you've long ago thrown away your fuzzy 21-inch monitor and replaced it with a nice sharp LCD display, is to activate a very cool new feature in Windows XP called ClearType. It's on the list of my 15 reasons to upgrade to XP, because it just plain makes LCD displays display text better.
To activate ClearType, click on the Appearance tab and then click Effects, and select the ClearType option as shown. You may or may not like the way ClearType draws text, so experiment with the feature turned both on and off. What you will see is a mixture of the old Windows 98 style Start menu merged with all your common desktop icons.
The old Shut Down menu is now called Turn Off Computer.What used to be the old Programs menu is now listed as All Programs. Same menu, which leads you to all your Accessories and installed programs.There are two other additions to the Start menu. This is to more easily distinguish the logged in user, and also to distinguish between users at login time.
Users of MSN Explorer will be familiar with this already.The second addition are the icons in the left half of the menu. You can change this by right clicking each item.The idea here is to eliminate the clutter of icons on the desktop and simply keep track of what you frequently use.
By default, Microsoft starts off this list with 6 items - the Command Prompt, Media Player, MSN Explorer, Movie Maker, Tour, and Transfer Wizard. You can right click each item and select to remove it from the list, or click Pin To Start menu to promote the item up to the favorites list.Before we go tinkering with more settings, let's grab the latest Windows XP patches. This is a ritual you need to perform about once a week any version of Windows to make sure you're up to date on any security fixes and bug fixes in Windows.After a few seconds to about a minute, the Windows Update page will display the fact that a number of new updates need to be installed. Instead of immediately getting a list of patches and updates, you need to manually click on each of the 3 categories shown: Critical Updates, Windows XP, and Driver Updates, and select each item.
Once you have done this, click Review and install updates and then click Install Now as shown below.After several minutes to an hour (depending on your Internet connection speed) you will be prompted to restart the computer. Click Yes and allow your computer reboot.Once your machine is back up, it is time to tweak a few more settings.


If you read my tips on the Secrets page, you know that you can do this by simply pressing the Win+Pause keys or by right clicking the My Computer menu.You will be presented with basic specification about your computer, such as the release version of Windows XP, the type of processor, the processor speed, and the amount of RAM in the computer. In this case, I was configuring Windows XP on my Athlon XP system as shown here.There are two features I like to immediately disable in both Windows XP and in earlier releases of Windows. Whether you disable these or leave them on is a matter of preference.The first is System Restore. Yes, the brain dead feature first introduced last year in Windows Millennium is ba-a-a-ack, although in a much brain dead way.
Rather than being feature that is next to impossible to disable as in Windows Millennium, the Windows XP implementation of System Restore is easy to find AND can be disabled on a drive letter by drive letter basis. This makes it possible to, for example, keep your C: drive with your Windows system files protected, but keep your other partitions with data files protected on an as needed basis. I still prefer to shut the feature off completely, so do so by clicking Turn off System Restore on all drives.The next feature that irks me is the Automatic Updates. I don't like the thought of Windows automatically download patches or for that matter snooping around the net while I'm not looking. Again, this is a matter of your own personal preference.Next I like to fix a very annoying appearance issue.
I find this to almost be insulting, as their default size is much larger than in other versions of Windows. So off to the Control Panel we go, which you can reach from the Start menu.Notice the new look of the Conrtol Panel.
All the various control applets are grouped by one of 9 categories, as shown.If you wish to see the old view of just having dozens of icons in no particular order, click on Switch to Classic View. The setting we're looking for is under the Accessibility Options icon, so click on that, then click on the Configure Windows to work for your vision, hearing, and mobility needs. Click your way through the wizard (and be sure to click on Disable Personalized Menus, another annoying feature in Windows XP).While on the subject on old and new looks, press Win+E on your keyboard, or click on My Computer, to bring up the Windows Explorer.
The familiar tree view on the left side is still there.You can replace the old drive tree with a new pane which displays drive information and lists common tasks to perform. Do this by click on the Folders button (to unselect that option), and then click on a drive icon, such as C:. As you click on other icons (files for example) the System Tasks list will change, listing tasks such as Rename this file and Copy this file.
I find it awkward, or maybe it's just force of habit, to hunt for My Computer in the Start menu.
Bring up the Display Properties dialog again (by right clicking the desktop and selecting Properties) and go back to the Desktop tab. Click on Customize Desktop and then select which icons you wish to appear back on the desktop.I also suggest turning off the Run Desktop Cleanup Wizard option.
Otherwise you will be prompted on almost a daily basis to remove any icons from your desktop.Next, we will customize the task bar. You have probably noticed that the familiar row of icons next to the Start menu is missing, compared to say, Windows 98.
This is another option that we can modify and which in Windows XP is turn off by default.Right click on the task bar (the blue strip along the bottom of the screen) and click Properties. Enable the Quick Launch option if you wish to see the familiar small icons for the Internet Explorer, Media Player, and the minimum desktop icon.Now click on the Start Menu tab.
This is where you can choose to get rid of the new style Start menu and go back to the older simpler one. In that case, click the Customize button next to the Start menu option and you'll see the Customize Start Menu dialog as shown.I personally prefer to select Small icons for my Start menu, and I like to increase the Number of programs on Start menu setting to something more than the default value of 6. If you're like me, you run at least a dozen programs on a regular basis.We're almost done now. First, run the Disk Cleanup utility (it's in the Accessories \ System Tools menu) and tell it to remove any temporary files and System Restore files.Next, defragment the hard disk by running the Disk Defragmenter utility (also in Accessories \ System Tools).
If you are familiar with Windows 2000's disk defragmenter, you will have no problem with the one in Windows XP.
It's just about identical, and very similar to the Diskeeper product on which it is based.Defragment each of your hard disk partitions as shown for the most optimal disk performance. Unlike in Windows 95, 98, and Me, you do not need to exist all other applications before running the defragmenter.Oh, I almost forgot. Double click on the clock in the bottom right corner of the screen and verify that your PC is actually set to the correct time and the correct time zone.The new Internet Time tab allows you to enable your PC to synchronize its time by itself over the Internet. Again, if you don't mind your computer snooping around the Internet by itself, enable that setting.Finally, if you're a Mac user, you may wish to drag your desktop icons over to the right side of the screen as shown.
As your Start menu fills up, you can either increase the size of the Start menu program list, or delete icons as necessary.
The actual program icons are still located under the All Programs menu tree as in previous versions of Windows.One last nifty feature to show before I finish. When dealing with a large number of picture files, you can now select either Thumbnails or Filmstrip views in the Explorer.
And in under 60 minutes we updated Windows XP with the latest patches and updates, modified the look of the Start menu and desktop to our liking, cleaned up the hard disk, and got up and running with some software.Remember to run Windows Update at least once a week, and especially do so if you are still running Windows 98.



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