Earthquake in your dream,collaboration skills resume administrative,one step in front of the other - You Shoud Know

Office of Emergency Management (OEM) also recommends keeping emergency supplies for up to seven days at your place of work. If you enjoyed this post, please consider leaving a comment or subscribing to the RSS feed to have future articles delivered to your feed reader.
This way if the house becomes unstable and can’t be used I can still access my supplies, and if necessary use the lawn building as part of a shelter. For your emergency supply needs, visit Major Survival and mention 'COPE' for a 10% discount.
This handbook provides information about the threat posed by earthquakes in the San Francisco Bay region and explains how you can prepare for, survive, and recover from these inevitable events.
In the Great San Francisco earthquake of 1906, thousands of people died, and many homes were destroyed. We know how to reduce losses in future large earthquakes—Building codes have been improved, some older buildings strengthened, and bond measures approved to upgrade critical facilities. Fewer than 10% of households have disaster plans—If an earthquake occurred right now, where would you go to be safe? Fewer than 10% of homeowners have taken steps to retrofit their homes—Is your home bolted to its foundation? Fewer than 50% of households have disaster supply kits—You will likely be on your own in the hours and days following an earthquake.
All Bay Area Residents Live on an Active Plate Boundary Where Earthquakes Are Frequent Events!
We know that the San Andreas Fault produces large earthquakes and that many other Bay Area faults are also hazardous.
The idea or myth of California sliding into the Pacific Ocean in an earthquake and creating new beachfront property to the east appeals to those having a bit of fun at the Golden State’s expense. In this computer simulation, tsunami waves are radiating outward after a magnitude (M) 9 earthquake that occurred on the Cascadia Subduction Zone offshore of northern California, Oregon, and Washington on January 26, 1700.
In the Great 1906 magnitude (M) 7.8 earthquake, nearly 300 miles (480 km) of the San Andreas Fault ruptured, producing strong shaking along all of coastal northern California.
In the last half of the 1800s, damaging earthquakes (magnitude 6 or greater) occurred in the San Francisco Bay region on average every 4 years. On April 18, 1906, the San Andreas Fault ruptured violently over a length of 300 miles, causing damage from San Juan Bautista north as far as Eureka. Because fault stresses were reduced, the rate of large quakes in the San Francisco Bay region dropped abruptly after the 1906 earthquake. The three-quarters of a century following the 1906 quake was a golden age for the bay region, in which urban areas and population expanded rapidly during a time of minimal quake activity.
Although the level of seismic activity has not yet reached that of the late 1800s, since 1906 stresses on Bay Area faults have been building up once again. There is a 62% probability that at least one earthquake of magnitude 6.7 or greater will occur on a known or unknown San Francisco Bay region fault before 2032.
An example of a damaging quake on a previously unknown fault is the September 3, 2000, Yountville (Napa) earthquake. Buildings in the Marina District of San Francisco were badly damaged in the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake. Shaking levels are also influenced by the type of materials underlying an area—soft soils tend to amplify and prolong shaking, even at great distances from a quake.
The worst soft soils in the Bay Area are the loose clays and filled areas bordering San Francisco Bay and the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta. The Cypress freeway structure in Oakland was built in the 1950s, before the use of modern seismic-safety standards. Although most earthquake damage is caused by shaking, other damaging effects of quakes can be just as devastating.
Fires—Earthquakes in urban areas are often followed by destructive fires because (1) gas lines break, (2) electrical shorts ignite fires, (3) damaged water tanks and broken pipes limit water for firefighting, and (4) clogged roads and collapsed bridges prevent firefighter access. Damaged bridges, pipelines, powerlines, and roads—Earthquakes often damage roads, hindering rescue and recovery efforts and causing accidents. Dam failures—Earthquake shaking can cause dams to fail, potentially causing catastrophic downstream flooding and reduced water supplies.
Hazardous material releases—Earthquake damage can cause releases of hazardous materials from refineries and other chemical storage and distribution systems, research and industrial laboratories, manufacturing plants, and railroad tank cars. A popular literary device is a fault that opens during an earthquake and then closes to swallow up an inconvenient character. Landslides—Earthquakes can trigger landslides that damage roads, buildings, pipelines, and other infrastructure. Liquefaction—Earthquake shaking can cause soils to behave like a liquid and lose their ability to support structures. Surface rupture—Fault movements can break the ground surface, damaging buildings and other structures. Tsunamis—Great earthquakes occurring anywhere in the Pacific Ocean may displace the ocean floor, generating tsunamis that could affect the California coast. More than 60 people died, most in the collapse of the Cypress freeway structure in Oakland. About 16,000 homes and apartment units were so badly damaged that they could no longer be lived in. The San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge was closed for more than a month because a portion of its eastern span collapsed.
Direct physical damage to buildings and structures totaled $6 billion; other related losses were an additional $4 billion (losses in 1989 dollars). Other ABAG earthquake hazard maps show areas of liquefaction susceptibility, landslide hazards, potential fault ruptures, and tsunami inundation. Because these hazard maps are based on general information, they are reasonably accurate for a neighborhood, but much less accurate for a particular address. The maps in this booklet or on ABAG’s Web site are based on probabilities, so actual earthquakes could produce different damage patterns. What if the Hayward Fault in the East Bay ruptured from San Pablo Bay to Fremont in an earthquake of magnitude 6.9, like Loma Prieta? If this scenario earthquake for the Hayward Fault occurs, areas of soft soils along the margins of San Francisco Bay, particularly in the East Bay, are likely to experience intense shaking and liquefaction.
After the 2001 magnitude 6.8 Nisqually earthquake, this school in the Puget Sound area of Washington was closed for repair (Earthquake Engineering Research Institute photo). Assisted living, critical care, and other health services such as dialysis may not be operational. This hospital in Sylmar, California, had to be demolished after the 1971 magnitude 6.7 San Fernando earthquake. Public transportation, including buses, Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART), ferries, and airports may experience closures or interruptions in service. The 1989 magnitude 6.9 Loma Prieta earthquake caused this section of the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge to collapse (USGS photo).
Construction materials and labor for repairs will be in limited supply and costs will increase. This porch on a wood-frame house failed during the 1989 magnitude 6.9 Loma Prieta earthquake.
Telephone, Internet, cell phone, and wireless communications may be overloaded or unavailable. Businesses may sustain damage and disruption—many small businesses require a long time to reopen or do not survive disasters.
This business in Santa Cruz, California, was nearly destroyed in the 1989 magnitude 6.9 Loma Prieta earthquake (USGS photo).
Helping with initial recovery through casework and referrals to other agencies and partners. Most residential property insurance policies do not cover damage resulting from earthquakes.
Food, drug, and other retail stores where you shop may be closed or unable to restock shelves. You are still responsible for your existing debts, such as mortgage, lease, car, and credit-card payments. If you have earthquake insurance and experience loss, begin working with your insurer to file a claim as quickly as possible.
A separate earthquake insurance policy is one way to help protect your home, in addition to seismic retrofitting.
Earthquake insurance also helps with additional living expenses in the days and weeks after earthquakes. A business disaster recovery plan will make your business better able to survive in a post-disaster environment.
Although physical assets can be replaced, emotional and social changes that affect businesses and their customers may remain long after a disaster. Businesses may not return to their previous revenue levels after a disaster; however, some businesses such as construction are likely to be in great demand following an earthquake.
These small businesses in Santa Cruz, California, were heavily damaged in the 1989 magnitude 6.9 Loma Prieta earthquake, but both eventually reopened (USGS photo). Federal disaster relief programs are designed to help you get partly back on your feet but not to replace everything you lose.
The Department of Homeland Security’s Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is tasked with responding to, planning for, and mitigating disasters. After the President signs a major disaster declaration, FEMA cooperates with other agencies, such as the Small Business Administration (SBA), in providing disaster relief. The primary form of disaster relief is low-interest loans to eligible individuals, homeowners, and businesses made available through the SBA to repair or replace damaged property and personal belongings not covered by insurance. The maximum SBA personal-property loan is $40,000, and the maximum SBA real-property loan for primary home repair is $200,000.
FEMA disaster grants for emergency home repairs and temporary rental assistance are only available to individuals and households who do not qualify for loans. The average FEMA grant is less than $15,000 (the maximum is $26,200)—not enough to rebuild a home in the Bay Area! This home in the Santa Cruz Mountains, California, collapsed in the 1989 magnitude 6.9 Loma Prieta earthquake (USGS photo).
Find out if your home, workplace, and child’s school could be subjected to seismic hazards, such as landsliding or liquefaction, in addition to strong shaking.
Don’t forget to think about likely economic impacts to you and your family from a major quake (see pages 16, 17, and 29). The first step to earthquake safety is to look around your home and identify all unsecured objects that might fall during shaking.
START NOW by moving heavy furniture, such as bookcases, away from beds, couches, and other places where people sit or sleep!
Simple and inexpensive things that you can do now will help reduce injuries and protect belongings in a quake.
The following tips describe simple solutions to situations in your home that could be dangerous during earthquake shaking. Art and other heavy objects hung on walls may fall, and glass in pictures and mirrors may shatter. Tall, top-heavy furniture, such as bookcases and entertainment centers, may fall and injure you. Items stored in garages and utility rooms can fall, causing injuries, damage, and hazardous spills or leaks. Will everyone in your household know how to react during and after strong earthquake shaking? Teach everyone in your household to use emergency whistles and (or) to knock 3 times repeatedly if trapped. Identify the needs of household members and neighbors with special requirements or situations, such as use of a wheelchair, walking aids, special diets, or medication. Check with your fire department to see if there is a Community Emergency Response Team (CERT) in your area.
Establish an out-of-area contact person who can be called by everyone in the household to relay information. Determine where you might live if your home cannot be occupied after an earthquake or other disaster (ask friends or relatives). Learn about the earthquake plan developed by your children's school or day care, and keep your children's school emergency release cards current. Keep copies of insurance policies, financial records, and other essential documents in a secure location, such as with your household disaster kit. Personalize these kits and keep them where they can easily be reached—at home, in the car, at work or school. Medications, a list of prescriptions, copies of medical insurance cards, doctors’ names and contact information. Emergency lighting—light sticks and (or) a working flashlight with extra batteries and light bulbs (hand-powered flashlights are also available). Electrical, water, transportation, and other vital systems can be disrupted for several days after a large earthquake. To help your family cope after a strong earthquake, store a household disaster kit in an easily accessible location, preferably outdoors (not in your garage). First aid supplies, medications, and essential hygiene items, such as soap, toothpaste, and toilet paper.

Emergency lighting—light sticks and (or) a working flashlight with extra batteries and light bulbs (hand-powered flashlights are also available). Items to protect you from the elements, such as warm clothing, sturdy shoes, extra socks, blankets, and perhaps even a tent. NOTE: Replace perishable items like water, food, medications, and batteries on a yearly basis.
You can use the quiz at right to see if your home is likely to be so badly damaged in a future quake that people might be injured or that it would be unsafe to occupy. If your home scores 13 or more points on the quiz, you probably should have a structural engineer, architect, or contractor evaluate it unless it has been strengthened in the last few years. Does your home have enough bolts connecting the “sill plate” to the foundation? Is there plywood on the inside surface of the crawl space extending from the sill plate to the base of the floor joist above to prevent the wall studs from collapsing? Is the ground floor a large open space lacking interior walls (weak or “soft” story)? Are there large openings in the walls of the lower story, such as a garage door, that should be better braced? Is your home a hillside house that was not adequately designed to withstand strong earthquake shaking?
Once you determine if your home needs retrofitting, identify problems, prioritize how and when to fix them, and get started! The number of foundation bolts, linear feet of plywood, and floor-to-wall connections (brackets) that are required to seismically retrofit your home varies depending on its size and weight. If you live in a single-family home or duplex, the strength of your home depends on when it was built, its style of construction, and its location. If your home scores 13 or more points on the quiz, you probably should have an engineer, architect, or contractor evaluate it unless it has been strengthened in the past few years.
Some multi-story buildings in the Bay Area can have problems because they were constructed before 1972 of concrete or brick that is inadequately reinforced.
You can reduce the chance of bricks falling through a sheetrock ceiling in a quake by putting sheets of plywood above ceiling framing.
This chimney broke and nearly fell in the 1969 magnitude 5.6 Santa Rosa earthquake (photo courtesy NISEE).
The best building code in the world does nothing for buildings built before the code was enacted. If you are indoors, when you feel strong earthquake shaking, drop to the floor, take cover under a sturdy desk or table, and hold on to it firmly until the shaking stops. The previous pages have concentrated on getting you ready for future earthquakes in the Bay Area, but what should you do when the shaking starts?
Avoid exterior walls, windows, hanging objects, mirrors, tall furniture, large appliances, and cabinets filled with heavy objects.
Move to a clear area if you can safely do so; avoid buildings, powerlines, trees, and other hazards.
Windows, facades, and architectural details are often the first parts of a building to collapse. In the early days of California, many homes were made of adobe bricks with wooden doorframes.
NOTE: The manual in your first aid kit and the front pages of your telephone book have instructions on first aid measures. Do not move seriously injured persons, unless they are in immediate danger of further harm. Gas leaks—Only turn off the gas if you suspect a leak because of broken pipes or detect the odor or sound of leaking natural gas. Damaged electrical wiring—Shut off power at the main breaker switch if there is any damage to your home wiring. Downed utility lines—If you see downed power lines, consider them energized and keep yourself and others well away from them.
Falling items—Beware of heavy items tumbling off shelves when you open closet and cupboard doors. If your home is structurally unsafe or threatened by a fire or other secondary disaster, you need to evacuate. A few family pictures or other small comfort items, such as dolls or teddy bears for children.
Once you have met your and your family’s immediate needs after the next strong Bay Area earthquake, continue to follow your disaster-preparedness plan (see Step 2). Be sure there are no gas leaks at your home before using open flames (lighters, matches, candles, or grills) or operating any electrical or mechanical device that could create a spark (light switches, generators, chain saws, or motor vehicles). Never use the following indoors: camp stoves, kerosene or gas lanterns or heaters, gas or charcoal grills, or gas generators, as these can release deadly carbon monoxide gas or be a fire hazard in aftershocks. Call your out-of-area contact, tell them your status, and then stay off the phone—emergency responders need the phone lines for life-saving communications. If your water is off, you can drink from water heaters, melted ice cubes, or canned vegetables. If your gas was turned off, you will need to arrange for the gas company to turn it back on. If the electricity went off and then came back on, check your appliances or electronic equipment for damage. Contact the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to find out about financial assistance (see FEMA information).
If you cannot live at your home, set up an alternative mailing address with the post office. Housing Assistance in the form of reimbursement for short-term lodging expenses at a hotel or motel.
Rental assistance for as long as 18 months in the form of cash payment for a temporary rental unit or a manufactured home. If no other housing is available, FEMA may provide mobile homes or other temporary housing.
FEMA mobile homes being set up in Port Charlotte, Florida, to provide temporary housing for victims of Hurricane Charley (August 2004).
Following a quake, disaster aid may not be immediately available, so you should plan ahead. After a damaging earthquake, you will need copies of essential financial documents, as well as emergency cash. A list of phone numbers for financial institutions and credit card companies where you have accounts.
A list of names, phone numbers, and e-mail addresses of critical personal and business contacts.
Deeds, titles, and other ownership records for property such as homes, autos, RVs, and boats. After an earthquake, knowing more about what just happened can reduce fears and help you understand what to expect next.
Brick Veneer, or Masonry Veneer exterior construction are sometimes excluded or surcharged for property damage depending upon the insurance policy terms and conditions. Earthquake coverage is designed to protect the structural integrity of your home and other structures on your property, and your personal contents in the event of an earthquake. State-by-state guidelines differ, but there are traditionally percentage deductibles based off of the full replacement cost of one’s dwelling; 1%, 2% or 5%. The following are things you can do to protect yourself, your family and your property in the event of an earthquake. To begin preparing, you should build an emergency kit and make a family communications plan.
Fasten heavy items such as pictures and mirrors securely to walls and away from beds, couches and anywhere people sit. Secure your water heater, refrigerator, furnace and gas appliances by strapping them to the wall studs and bolting to the floor. If recommended by your gas company, have an automatic gas shut-off valve installed that is triggered by strong vibrations.
Medan, Indonesia a€“ With the death toll breaking 1000, the Indonesian island of Sumatra is struggling to deal with one of the worst earthquakes in the history of the country. Also among the dead are two local drunks and a man who consistently yelled at children when they stepped on his property. The death toll is expected to rise in the coming days with many jerks still being unaccounted for amongst the rubble. The magnitude 9.0 Tohoku earthquake on March 11, 2011, which occurred near the northeast coast of Honshu, Japan, resulted from thrust faulting on or near the subduction zone plate boundary between the Pacific and North America plates. The location, depth, and focal mechanism of the March 11 earthquake are consistent with the event having occurred on the subduction zone plate boundary.
The March 11 earthquake was preceded by a series of large foreshocks over the previous two days, beginning on March 9th with a M 7.2 event approximately 40 km from the epicenter of the March 11 earthquake, and continuing with another three earthquakes greater than M 6 on the same day. The Japan Trench subduction zone has hosted nine events of magnitude 7 or greater since 1973. The largest of these, a M 7.8 earthquake approximately 260 km to the north of the March 11 epicenter, caused 3 fatalities and almost 700 injuries in December 1994. In June of 1978, a M 7.7 earthquake 35 km to the southwest of the March 11 epicenter caused 22 fatalities and over 400 injuries. Large offshore earthquakes have occurred in the same subduction zone in 1611, 1896 and 1933 that each produced devastating tsunami waves on the Sanriku coast of Pacific NE Japan.
That coastline is particularly vulnerable to tsunami waves because it has many deep coastal embayments that amplify tsunami waves and cause great wave inundations.
The M 7.6 subduction earthquake of 1896 created tsunami waves as high 38 m and a reported death toll of 27,000.
The M 8.6 earthquake of March 2, 1933 produced tsunami waves as high as 29 m on the Sanriku coast and caused more than 3000 fatalities. The March 11, 2011 earthquake far surpassed other post-1900 plate-boundary thrust-fault earthquakes in the southern Japan Trench, none of which attained M8. A predecessor may have occurred on July 13, 869, when the Sendai area was swept by a large tsunami that Japanese scientists have identified from written records and a sand sheet. Continuing readjustments of stress and associated aftershocks are expected in the region of this earthquake.
Beyond the ongoing aftershock sequence, the USGS does not believe that the earthquakes in Japan have significantly raised the probability of future major earthquakes.
While the probability of future large earthquakes far from northern Honshu has not increased, neither has it decreased and large earthquakes will continue to occur just as we have observed in the past.
The selection of a weak Magnitude, a 24 hour delivery on a worldwide list would result in an avalanche of emails (each earthquake will generate an E-mail). As we have decided not to use a control panel or password, the parameters of your subscription can only be changed by canceling your subscription (link in each Email we send). We will not share your E-mail with anyone else, it will be used only for earthquake alerts. Please make sure that you are white listing our emails as otherwise they may be deviated to your spam folder. Volcano news by volcanologist Janine Krippner and Armand VervaeckVolcano news from all over the world. If you live or work in the region, you need to know why you should be concerned with earthquakes, what you can expect during and after a quake, and what you need to do beforehand to be safe and reduce damage. All Bay Area communities are at risk from the damaging effects of quakes—strong shaking, landsliding, and liquefaction. When boundary faults break and the North American and Pacific Plates lurch past each other, quakes occur.
Such quakes can kill and injure many people and cause substantial damage to buildings, roads, bridges, and utilities.
Some Bay Area residents have secured their homes to better withstand shaking, created emergency plans and disaster supply kits, and held home earthquake drills. If you are at work and your children are at school when the earthquake occurs, how will you get back together? However, even knowing this, it can be difficult to understand how to use this information to make us safer in our daily lives. It also explains how earthquakes will shake the ground and cause damage in other ways, such as liquefaction and landslides (see pages 8 through 11). Although part of the State west of the San Andreas Fault system is very slowly moving northward and in millions of years could become an island, earthquakes caused by this horizontal motion of the Earth’s tectonic plates will not make California disappear into the sea, like fabled Atlantis. Although the quake ruptured nearly 200 miles (300 km) of the fault, it did little damage because southern California’s population was small at that time. After a century of study by geologists, many faults have been mapped in the region, but not all faults are apparent at the surface—some quakes occur on previously unknown faults.
Part of the structure standing on soft mud (dashed red line) collapsed in the 1989 magnitude 6.9 Loma Prieta earthquake, whose epicenter was nearly 60 miles (100 km) to the south. For example, in the Great 1906 earthquake, the shaking damage in San Francisco was followed by fires that raged through the city almost uncontrolled, in part because water mains had broken in the quake. These factors can lead to fires spreading, causing extensive additional damage and burning entire neighborhoods. In addition, many dams provide hydroelectric power, which could be critically needed following a quake.

Oil was released and caught fire when this storage facility was damaged by the 1999 magnitude 7.4 Izmit, Turkey, earthquake (photo by Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Institute).
Steeply sloping areas underlain by loose or soft rock are most susceptible to earthquake-induced landslides. Some coastal communities are designating Tsunami Hazard Zones and planning evacuation routes. The American Red Cross operated 45 shelters housing more than 6,000 people, many of them for several months.
This closure and the collapse of the Cypress Freeway were the most dramatic of 142 road closures in the Bay Area. These maps show expected shaking intensities in the Bay Area for various earthquake scenarios, such as a quake on the Peninsula segment of the San Andreas Fault or the northern Hayward Fault.
These areas are heavily urbanized and may have devastation similar to or greater than that of the area around the Cypress freeway structure in Oakland in 1989, shown below. Such scenario maps are computer generated using information about the projected quake magnitude, distances from the rupturing fault, and local geologic conditions.
Without proper planning, the financial impact of an earthquake on you and your family could be devastating. A separate earthquake insurance policy is one way to protect your home and the investments you have made in personal belongings.
Most hardware and home-improvement stores carry earthquake-safety straps, fasteners, and adhesives that you can easily use to secure your belongings. To be ready for the quakes that are certain to happen in the Bay Area, it is important that your family have a disaster-preparedness plan. After the shaking stops, the lights may be out and broken glass and other dangerous debris may litter the floor, making it unsafe to walk barefoot. These kits are collections of supplies they may need when a quake strikes, no matter where they are in the Bay Area. A backpack or other small bag is best for these kits so that they can be easily carried in an evacuation. Emergency response agencies and hospitals will likely be overwhelmed and unable to provide you with immediate assistance. They may be frightened and under great stress, and aftershocks won’t let them forget the experience.
They will check to see if it is strong enough to keep you and your family reasonably safe in a quake. This Web site also has links to information that can help your landlord find appropriate ways to improve the strength of your building. Avoid overpasses, bridges, powerlines, signs, trees, and other things that might collapse or fall on the vehicle. Distant, large earthquakes can produce tsunamis that may arrive hours later at California’s beaches. Catastrophic failure is unlikely, but if you are downstream from a dam, you should know flood-zone information and have prepared an evacuation plan.
After a powerful earthquake, doorframes were sometimes only parts of these houses still standing. Use a manual gas shut off wrench to close your main gas valve by turning it counterclockwise. However, shelters may be overcrowded and initially lack basic services, so do not leave home just because utilities are out of service or your home and its contents have suffered moderate damage. Although aftershocks may continue, you will now work toward getting your life, your home and family, and your routines back in order.
ARC also supports shelter operations prior to a Presidential declaration of a Federal disaster. Government will take care of all their financial needs if they suffer losses in an earthquake. If you have prepared a financial disaster recovery plan, you are more likely to recover successfully after a quake. Without specialty earthquake coverage, damage to a dwelling and contents as a result of earthquake or other forms of earth movement would be excluded.
Flood is another peril that is not covered under a traditional home policy unless specialty coverage is added. A minor earthquake can cause foundation, plumbing and electrical problems, and these can lead to other serious property damage such as collapse, explosion, fire, extensive water damage, or electrical arcing.
At other times, the accumulated energy grows strong enough to cause a large event, with significant after-shocks. For example, building damages caused by nearby blasting activities or excavation on an adjacent lot that resulted in settling, sinking, and cracks and separations in the foundations were considered to be man-made activities and held to be covered, despite the earth movement exclusion. An earthquake means an earthquake and all related after?shocks occurring within 72 hours of the initial shock.
This deductible applies separately to each coverage amount for your house and other permanent structures.
The 7.6 magnitude quake shook the entire island, collapsing hospitals, schools, and homes. According to eyewitness reports and firsthand accounts from friends and families of the deceased the majority of those who perished were jerks and likely got what they deserved.
Emergency officials are hoping they find few survivors amongst the rubble and that those they do find will be pleasant. He left all kinds of tools and junk lying around and wouldna€™t clean them up no matter how nicely you asked. Note that some authors divide this region into several microplates that together define the relative motions between the larger Pacific, North America and Eurasia plates; these include the Okhotsk and Amur microplates that are respectively part of North America and Eurasia. Modeling of the rupture of this earthquake indicate that the fault moved upwards of 30-40 m, and slipped over an area approximately 300 km long (along-strike) by 150 km wide (in the down-dip direction). A more selective Magnitude, delivery option and area of your interest will give the best result.
Storing them in a garage might be a good idea because many garages are built on concrete floors and therefore will be more stable during a big quake.
Scientists estimate that there is more than a 60% chance of a damaging earthquake striking the region in the next 30 years.
Should we care only if we live near the San Andreas Fault, or is every place in the Bay Area just as dangerous? Adjacent parts of the structure (solid red) that were built on firmer ground remained standing. Damage to natural gas and electrical distribution systems can cause fires, as well as major service outages. Cracks in the top of this dam were caused by the 1989 magnitude 6.9 Loma Prieta earthquake (USGS photo).
This home was destroyed when the hillside beneath it gave way following the 1994 magnitude 6.7 Northridge earthquake (FEMA photo). The highest hazard is in low-lying areas where there are loose, sandy soils or poorly compacted artificial fill.
Although the tsunami hazard in most of the Bay Area is low, coastal areas are still at risk.
Sites of proposed construction (new or remodel) within a zone must be investigated for the hazard. ShakeMaps are now automatically generated from shaking measurements recorded by an extensive network of seismographic instruments operated by the partnership organizations in the California Integrated Seismic Network (CISN) (see page 30).
Although many things are out of your control after a quake, your ability to recover financially depends on a number of factors that you can control. In addition to following the steps at home, they should also be followed at schools and workplaces.
For example, in the 1994 magnitude 6.7 Northridge earthquake, 55% of quake-related injuries were caused by falling objects, such as televisions, pictures and mirrors, and heavy light fixtures. Keep a flashlight and a pair of sturdy shoes secured to or within reach of everyone’s bed.
Parents may have to leave children with others in order to deal with the emergency, and this can be scary. So, if you add bolts but not plywood, you will still have a problem when the ground shakes! Broken glass on the floor can cause injuries; be sure to put shoes on before stepping on the floor (see STEP 2)! Then exit slowly, avoiding debris and watching for anything that could fall in aftershocks.
If you feel a strong quake, hear a tsunami warning, or notice the water suddenly withdrawing from the beach, evacuate immediately to higher ground.
Potentially harmful materials, such as bleach, lye, garden chemicals, paint, and gasoline or other flammable liquids should be isolated or covered with an absorbent material, such as dirt or cat litter.
Don’t use a fireplace with a damaged chimney, as this could start a fire or trap toxic gases in your home!
Emotional care and recovery are just as important as healing physical injuries and rebuilding a home. In order to adequately protect your family and property, it’s important to understand what earthquake insurance is designed to cover in the event of a loss.
Your home policy traditionally covers loss due to fire, water damage, or even explosion, even if the cause of the loss is due to an earthquake. If this occurs in a well-populated area, large-scale death, injuries and extensive property damage may result. With hope fading, workers continue to press on in the hopes of finding even more survivors. Amongst those confirmed to have perished a number of people who refused to pay back loans and at least one man who had cut down a neighboura€™s tree while the owner was on vacation. Hea€™d bring home young women all the time and make out with them in front of our children. Guess he wona€™t be doing that anymore,a€? said Setiawan Bambang whose neighbour had his head crushed when his home collapsed. Numbers of aftershocks will continue to be highest on and near to fault-segments on which rupture occurred at the time of the main-shock.
This car crashed when a section of the eastern span of the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge collapsed in the 1989 magnitude 6.9 Loma Prieta earthquake (Earthquake Engineering Research Institute photo).
This photo shows liquefaction-related damage in the Marina District of San Francisco following the 1989 magnitude 6.9 Loma Prieta earthquake (USGS photo). For example, this bait shop (Hazel’s Fish Stand) in Half Moon Bay was ruined when it was hit by debris in the tsunami generated by the 1946 (magnitude 8) Alaska earthquake (photo copyright by MS & SB Collection).
These maps are also used in real-estate transactions—disclosure is required if a property is within any of these hazard zones.
Prepare and follow a financial disaster recovery plan and you will be more likely to recover successfully. If everyone makes an effort to follow these steps, billions of dollars could be saved, injuries avoided, and many deaths averted in the next big earthquake!
Share your disaster plan with your neighbors and discuss key points with babysitters, house sitters, and house guests. A good way to do this is to use a drawstring bag tied to a bedpost at the head of the bed for each occupant. Then walk out slowly, watching for fallen debris or anything that could fall on you in aftershocks.
If a powerline falls on the vehicle, stay inside until a trained person removes the hazard. It’s important to note, there are insurance companies that include a policy exclusion rescinding coverage on property and contents damage unless a separate earthquake policy is in place, prior to the loss. Because of the huge death toll officials believe that at least a few good people may indeed have perished in the quake but ita€™s believed the vast majority were not very well liked. It was really just rude and Ia€™m glad hea€™s buried under all this rubble,a€? said one local woman, a sentiment echoed across the community. The frequency of aftershocks will tend to decrease with elapsed time from the time of the main shock, but the general decrease of activity may be punctuated by episodes of higher aftershock activity. Within 20 hours the tsunami did damage throughout the Pacific, and it is well documented in written records from Japan.
In modern houses, doorways may be no stronger than any other part of the house and do little to protect you from falling debris. The most important thing is to store your supplies in such a way that they won’t fall.
Always keep some supplies under your bed including a flashlight, hardhat, gloves, sturdy shoes, whistle, crowbar and extra glasses.
Keep supplies wherever you can find space, and  the most important thing is to be actively thinking about and doing what you can to prepare for a disaster.

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