Living our dream special olympics,positive thinking in sports,coaching and mentoring programs 3rd - New On 2016

DESCRIPTION: Medieval European cartography reflected the arrest and decline in, or the expression of, their knowledge of world or local geography following the collapse of the Roman world.
In Macrobiusa€™ maps the entire eastern hemisphere of the earth is shown, divided into five zones: two polar or frigid zones, two temperate, and one equatorial, torrid zone.
Macrobius was a late Roman neoplatonic grammarian and philosopher who wrote several eclectic works that were much read in the Middle Ages.
Macrobian maps have little space for geographical details, as the northern temperate zone is relatively small.
Macrobius preferred Eratosthenesa€™ more accurate calculation for the circumference of the earth (252,000 stadia = ~25,000 miles, vice Ptolemya€™s 180,000 stadia = ~18,000 miles).
According to an essay by Michael Andrews (see his diagram in the Introduction), the majority of medieval world maps of the Hemispherical Family were constructed in accordance with what is known as the oceanic theory, attributed to a fifth century B.C.
Andrews further divides the Hemispherical Family of medieval maps into two main branches: the Oceanic or Quadripartite Division and the Non-Oceanic or Non-Quadripartite Division.
In the Somnium Scipionis of de Republica and elsewhere, Cicero makes clear his belief in the theory of a southern continent or Antipodes.
The story of the origin and the persistence of the belief in that continent, of the controversies which grew out of that belief, of the centuries of exploration in search of the elusive shores of the Terra Australis, is one of the most curiously interesting in the record of human thought and action. The long controversy was settled, so far as the western Antipodes were concerned, when America was discovered and its great extent revealed on maps. As mentioned earlier, the orientation is relatively unique for medieval mappaemundi, in that Macrobian maps are oriented to the North, vice the East, where Jerusalem was often reflected as the center of the world.
The map illustrated on the left is characteristic of the later medieval versions of the Macrobian world-picture, although some examples preserve richer nomenclature. Africa, intercepted by the equatorial Perusta zona just below the Mediterranean edge, finally tapers off against the impassable stream which cuts the known world off from the bowl-shaped continent at the south of the circle, Temparata Antipodum, and below, the Frigida Australis Inhabitabilis. The work of Macrobius experienced tremendous popularity throughout the time period loosely termed the Middle Ages, even considering the inherent distributive limitations of hand-copied manuscripts.
According to Chet Van Duzer, only one Macrobian map that has sea monsters, namely a 12th century mappamundi in Leiden. A rare 12th century Macrobian map which has sea monsters, a a€?sea doga€? and what appears to be a faded a€?sea beara€?. In the library of the University of Salamanca there is a 15th century manuscript probably made in Utrecht that contains a miscellany of works on mathematics, astronomy, computus, geography, and medicine.
For that reason, in that place where the wide extent of water precludes every desire to gaze upon it and every sentiment of boldness to sail thereon for the sake of gain, there the whale is said to have his lair. Ambrose does not specify which ocean he is describing, but the cartographera€™s choice to place this legend in the remote southern ocean is appropriate. Summary: In the early fifth century, Ambrosius Theodosius Macrobius presented a global view of the Ocean in his Commentarii in Somnium Scipionis. The medieval Macrobian maps show two of these four a€?islandsa€? in the eastern hemisphere. 201E Macrobian world map in Petrus Alphonsusa€™ Dialogus Contra Judeos Petrus Alphonsus, 15th century, Bodleian Library, MS. 201E1 Macrobian world map in Petrus Alphonsusa€™ Dialogus Contra Judeos Petrus Alphonsus, 15th century, Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, MS.
201G Macrobian world map in Commentarium in somnium Scipionis, 15th century, 12.5 cm diameter, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Ottob. 201X Macrobius Map, 10 th-11th century, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Clm 14436, fol. ABSTRACT: The subject of this article is the tradition of world maps that illustrate Macrobiusa€™ Commentary on the Dream of Scipio in manuscripts produced before 1100.
A A  According to an essay by Michael Andrews (see his diagram in the Introduction), the majority of medieval world maps of the Hemispherical Family were constructed in accordance with what is known as the oceanic theory, attributed to a fifth century B.C. Meantime, there's yet another milestone victory for Uncle Charlie - he shared with the crowds that his new book, "I am Charlie Wilson"  will be on the shelves and at online stores this June.
Emerging only when he has something meaningful to share, “Indigo” is Siegel’s first outing in five years. Siegel, a Eugene, Oregon native, is planning a series of spring concert dates in the Pacific Northwest after having showcased the album at a performance last month before an enraptured Southern California audience. Perhaps the hook of interest to the just released 20th album from keyboardist-composer-producer Dan Siegel is that his cerebral compositions masterfully crafted on “Indigo” with co-producer Brian Bromberg do not need sensationalism in order to thrive. Embodying his native land's sound and spirit, "African Breeze," the first instrumental serviced to radio from the new session, has landed No.
As far as I know, no one has ever really done this kind of concept, so it was really exciting for me. With the sad days behind her, a radiant Danes appears glowingly on the cover of “Longing” gazing out at sea with a slight smile on her face. Culbertson’s first full-length indie release and 14th album overall, “Another Long Night Out” is slated for release in late February. Chanté keeps things fun with medicine given by "Doctor, Doctor," which shows off her super-high notes that make you wonder, "How does she DO that?" It's her gift! She gets even more of a bumpin' beat going with the technetronic sound of "On And On!" It's definitely a dancing perk-me-up for your wake-up playlist, as well as your highway drive. A crew of five: Grammy Nominee, Jeff Lorber on keys while Grammy award winning Yellow Jackets bassist, Jimmy Haslip once again laid it down with his sixth sense or six string. With an ensemble of hard hitting musicians like that how can Carol Duboc possibly go wrong?
CD: Well, the story is that for the last two years I'd had an y'know, difficult time in my relationship.



Ptolemya€™s Geographia remained known only to Byzantine scholars, and thence it came to influence the early students of Arabic geography, but not European cartography for another one thousand years. Macrobiusa€™ commentary on Ciceroa€™s work includes geographical theories that were to some extent based upon Ptolemy, but with certain differences. The maps belonging to the first division, which, to judge by the numerous examples remaining to us, was by far the most popular in medieval times, are further classified as Simple and Zone. Omer and some in the works of William of Conches, which depict the whole hemisphere bisected by the equatorial ocean, but do not indicate any division by zones. Macrobiusa€™ fifth century commentary carries further the statement of Cicero concerning the habitable character of this southern zone, specifically known as the Antichthon. The maps in which the theory found delineation are of much more than incidental interest in the present discussion.
The desire to discover the southern Antipodes, or the Antichthon, became thereafter one of the impelling motives of exploration and cartography, as can be evidenced in the work of such people as the late 18th century English geographer Alexander Dalrymple and the continual efforts at Antarctic exploration that has persisted to the present day. It is doubtful how soon the Macrobius plans were altered by medieval copyists into the uncertain orientation that we find in other manuscripts. In the ocean to the left of Europe are two large islands labeled Horcades Insulae [the Orkneys]. By the 12th century the work of Macrobius had become standard textbook material in the schools, eight centuries after his initial work.
There is one clear sea dog in the northwestern part of the circumfluent ocean, portrayed simply as a dog in the ocean rather than as a hybrid creature; in the northeastern part of the circumfluent ocean there is another creature, very faded, which is probably intended to represent a marine bear, but again it is portrayed simply as a bear rather than as a hybrid creature. This manuscript contains a little-known mappamundi which, though quite simple and schematic, has a prominent legend about sea monsters.
There, too, live a huge species of fish, reported to be mountainous in size by those who have ventured to approach and see them. This material from Ambrose is not cited on any other map, which demonstrates again how cartographers chose material about sea monsters from eclectic sources. In many surviving medieval manuscripts of this work, starting in the ninth century, we find maps that illustrate the following geographical ideas. Examination of the maps in manuscript context reveals that the primary purpose of the image was to illustrate the direction of ocean flows, the formation of seas, and the relationship of the known world to unknown but hypothesized regions. Examples of various Species of this Genus are to be found mainly in the Commentarius in Somnium Scipionis of Macrobius, the Philosophia and Dragmaticon of William of Conches, and less frequently in other works.A  In the Macrobian maps, the Cratesian scheme is usually more fully illustrated by the inclusion of inscriptions dealing with the oceanic tides. Macrobiusa€™ fifth century commentary carries further the statement of Cicero concerning the habitable character of this southern zone, specifically known as the Antichthon.A  Like Crates, Macrobius affirms that it is reason alone that permits us to assume its habitable character, for the intervening torrid zone prevents us from ever knowing what the truth of that matter may be.
The veteran artisan has been making sophisticated piano-driven contemporary jazz records for 35 years thus earning his fine reputation without gimmicks or pandering to the fickle nature of the audience’s passing fancy.
The new set is being swiftly welcomed at contemporary jazz radio hungry for high-quality music. You are just dynamite!  You are a recording artist, entrepreneur, just moving right along into your own business ventures! After being turned away by Sweden, they immigrated to Ottawa, Canada where the young girl suddenly forced to learn English felt alone and isolated.
Hailing from the City of Brotherly Love, this super-group that came under the tutelage of Grover Washington, Jr. The project is a reimaging of his debut album, “Long Night Out,” which will mark its 20th anniversary in February.
Only in one type of medieval Christian European map does there survive, in very simple form, some concept of Greek geography. Macrobius wrote his Expositio In Somnium Scipionis ex Cicerone [Commentary on the Dream of Scipio by Cicero] in the early fifth century, basing it on the last part of Ciceroa€™s De Republica, in which the Roman general, Scipio Aemilianus [Africanus the Younger], is transported to the heavens by the spirit of his famous grandfather. Here, for example, we have the Orkney Islands (farthest northwest), the Caspian Sea (northeast), Indian Ocean (southeast), and the Red Sea (south), while Italy indicates the centre. The a€?truea€™ ocean encircled the earth sphere equatorially, while the popularly accepted ocean which passed through the poles was regarded as subsidiary.
The northern habitable parts in these maps are often divided in tripartite fashion, but there are also examples that have no formal divisions (see #217 and #225.1). It is certain, however, that Macrobius himself definitely put North at the top, for in one place he states that the upper temperate zone was inhabited by men of our race. Other islands and landmasses are reduced, in Ciceroa€™s words, to the position of mere a€?specksa€™ upon the water. There is also a large fish in the equatorial ocean (labeled verus oceanus) in the middle of the map. The map below follows Alfraganusa€™ Rudimenta astronomica, and is accompanied by some geographical notes on the climatic zones of the earth.
This huge fish lives tranquilly there, remote from islands and uncontaminated by the nearness of port towns. It is interesting to compare and contrast this cartographera€™s view of the southern ocean with that of Andrea Bianco (#242). There are four relevant legends around the circumference of the Ocean: the Ocean turns from the east to the north, the Ocean turns from the east to the south, the Ocean turns from the west to the south, and the Ocean turns from the west to the north. The image was not static: it was adapted in several different waysa€”at times simplified, at others made more complex.
It opens with the sweeping “To Be Continued” on which Siegel receives as adept assist from the impassioned sax play of Bob Sheppard. Living in North San Diego County with her young daughter, Danes exudes enthusiasm when discussing her unexpected new career as a jazz singer. Culbertson, a multi-instrumentalist who wrote the eleven songs and played most of the instruments on the original album that he recorded in his crowded Chicago apartment while he was a 20-year-old student at DePaul University, is producing the set featuring performances by Lee Ritenour, Russ Freeman, Jonathan Butler, Rick Braun, Candy Dulfer, Eric Marienthal, Chuck Loeb, Steve Lukather and Paul Jackson Jr.


She speaks of how she arrived at naming the title track to her CD, her faith and how through the years she and Jeff were destined to eventually meet. And I looked at my daughter one day and she was (smiling), and I realized, you know what, as long as she is happy, that's really all that matters. The hemispheric maps of Macrobius, drawn in Spain and later reproduced in the works of the Venerable Bede, Lambert of St.
From this vantage point he is able to look down upon the earth and he saw the eartha€™s different climatic zones, from cold at the poles to hot at the equator. Occasionally a larger and more detailed map was made on this plan, but mostly zonal maps happily coexisted with other forms of world maps. These two streams, flowing at right angles to one another, divided the world into four equal landmasses. This theory of the Antipodes, therefore, has haunted geographical thinkers with a persistence bridging not centuries but millenniums. To the right is a vaguely formed Asia with the words Mare Caspian, set down at random, below which are areas intended to depict Arabia and India.
These artistically primitive monsters seem to have been the whim of the artist, as Macrobius says nothing about the sea creatures depicted on the map, and there was no tradition of depicting sea monsters on Macrobian maps. It is oriented with East at the top and is a zonal map, showing the regions near the poles uninhabitable because of the cold, the equator uninhabitable because of the heat, and the inhabitable zone in the northern hemisphere as a rectangle on the left, with open ocean in the southern hemisphere. Both indicate that the southern ocean is a location of sea monsters, but while the maker of the Salamanca mappamundi cites a text which speaks of the monsters living tranquilly, Bianco suggests that the monsters come from an entrance to Hell. The evidence of pre-twelfth-century manuscripts suggests that it is possible to identify sub-groups within the corpus of Macrobius maps, but that it may not be possible to establish lines of descent from the original fifth- century map.
Printed copies of the Macrobius text and derivative maps can be found at least well into the 16th century, one reprint appearing as late as 1560.
The collection’s ten fully orchestrated and deftly arranged live acoustic jazz constructs offer nimble piano and keyboard emotives and evocative melodies amplified by lush horns that certainly live up to that description.
Mike Miller joins the fray on “By Chance” to add tasty jazz guitar licks to Siegel’s playful piano frolic.
Flash forward: after giving up a successful law practice to move to California to be with her future husband, Danes found herself in a marriage that had lost its shine and stifled her creative endeavors. Standing quietly behind Carol and to the right of Moore, Hawley single handidly transformed his listening audience to true born again believers. Omer and others, show the habitable world of the northern hemisphere and the uninhabited world of the southern, marked with climatic-zones derived from Ptolemya€™s clima, and, unlike many other European medieval maps, they are oriented with North at the top instead of East. Ciceroa€™s theme is the transience of human glory and the importance of ruling justly, but Macrobiusa€™ lengthy commentary expands on its cosmic vision. Some groups of maps, however, give no indication of any equatorial ocean, or of any quadripartite division.
The concept was continually debated in a€?printa€™, often vehemently, by the Church Faithful such as Cosmas Indicopleustes (#202) and the influential and respected scholar St. Not all Macrobian maps display only five zones, some depict seven zones or belts; the division of the world into climate-zones or belts can be traced back to Marinus of Tyre and Ptolemy (Book I, #119). The scribe has mis-located the caption for the Red Sea and Indian Ocean: Mare Rubrum Mare Indicum.
In the east and in the west each of the currents divides into one northbound and one southbound stream.
The title cut, a bit of a Wild West showdown, is punctuated by a gun slinging brass section and Allen Hinds’ unharnessed guitar shots placed adjacent to Siegel’s structured piano that seems to maintain some semblance of decorum. One of a group of energetic encyclopedists of the late empire, Macrobius transmitted to future generations some part of classical science when the original works were lost. Isidore of Seville (#205); and expounded graphically on maps by Macrobius, Beatus (#207), Lambert of St. The recording project was liberating and a life-altering experience, but in order to fully embrace the freedom she found in song, she had to dissolve the relationship for good.
From the moment she made her way to the stage listeners knew right from the start that they were in the presence of a true talent.
Despite these concerns, Macrobiusa€™ book and map circulated throughout the Middle Ages in hundreds of manuscripts and was a basic text of medieval science. There is no evidence that Macrobius was a Christian, but the neo-Platonist ideals to which he subscribed were easily comprehensible to his readers.
Omer (#217), the Venerable Bede, William of Conches (#205.1), and others, for more than 2,000 years. Our known world thus becomes one of the four a€?islandsa€? on the globe, which corresponds to the ideas of Crates of Mallos (the second century BC, #113, Book I).
Piano and sax swirl and swoon on the breezy “Far And Away.” Sheppard’s sax shadows Siegel’s poignant probings on “If Ever” before climaxing in an emotionally-wrought solo. Bromberg’s upright bass and drummer Will Kennedy (Yellowjackets) make the bluesy rhythm swing on “Spur Of The Moment” boosted by the horn section and another inspired Miller electric guitar improv. Gentle piano and sax radiate hope and promise amidst the pitter-patter brushed beats on “First Light.” The uplifting “Consider This” benefits from Siegel’s rousing and gregarious piano at the fore while “Endless” registers a resonant closing statement that lingers long after the final notes fade with dexterous bass and drum embellishments abound.



Scratch win xp
Management trainee jobs uganda



Comments to «Living our dream special olympics»

  1. Fundamental tenet to human life due to the fact we're the time.
  2. Through the Spirit of Grace in Enjoy and Faith.
  3. Strategies, that everybody can consider there isn't sufficient time guidelines searching for an order.
  4. Winning quantity of 750,000USD, to avoid disqualification that may possibly held that lump sum payments.
  5. Download it, comprehend that this book would be the sorts of social character primarily.