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Author: admin, 03.12.2015
The cold is the most commonly occurring illness in the entire world, with more than 1 billion colds per year reported in the United States alone. Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape Sinusitis, Acute »Sinusitis is characterized by inflammation of the lining of the paranasal sinuses.
The term sinusitis indicates the inflammation of the mucous membrane that lines the sinuses, or small cavities carved on the sides of the nose, jaw, forehead and cheekbones, with the task of purifying the inhaled air and protect the body from trauma, bacteria, dust, germs, through the production of mucus. The sinusitis occurs as a result of a severe cold bacterial or allergic, to which the mucosa of the sinuses becomes inflamed, producing large amounts of mucus that goes to obstruct the cavity , becoming fertile ground for the growth of microorganisms (fungi, bacteria, virus). Sinuses are air-filled spaces behind the bones of the upper face: between the eyes and behind the forehead, nose and cheeks.
When the sinuses become inflamed or infected, the mucus thickens and clogs the openings to one or more sinuses.
Common symptoms of acute sinusitis include nasal congestion, thick green nasal discharge, fever, headache, tiredness and facial pain.
Frontal sinusitis (behind the forehead) can cause pain in the forehead and pain that gets worse when lying on your back.
Ethmoid sinusitis (behind the bridge of the nose) can cause pain between the eyes, eyelid swelling, loss of smell, and pain when touching the sides of the nose. Sphenoid sinusitis (behind the eyes) can cause earaches, neck pain or headache at the top of the head or deep behind the forehead. Maxillary sinusitis (behind the cheeks) can cause pain in the cheeks, under the eyes, or in the upper teeth and jaw. A sinus infection can be difficult to diagnose in the early stages because it can mimic a common cold. Your doctor will diagnose acute sinusitis based on your symptoms, medical history and a simple office examination.
If your doctor is uncertain of your diagnosis, he or she may use other methods to see inside the sinuses. Decongestants — Congestion often triggers sinus infections, and decongestants can open the sinuses and allow them to drain. Pseudoephedrine (Sudafed) is available without prescription, alone or in combination with other medications in multi-symptom cold and sinus remedies. Oxymetazoline (Afrin, Dristan and others) and phenylephrine (Neo-Synephrine and others) are found in nasal sprays. Antihistamines — These medications help to relieve the symptoms of nasal allergies that lead to inflammation and infections. Nasal steroids — Anti-inflammatory sprays such as mometasone (Nasonex) and fluticasone (Flonase), both available by prescription, reduce swelling of nasal membranes. Saline nasal sprays — These salt-water sprays are safe to use and can provide some relief by adding moisture to the nasal passages, thinning mucus secretions and helping to flush out any bacteria that may be present.


Pain relievers — Acetaminophen (Tylenol), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin and others) or naproxen (Aleve) can be taken sinus pain. Antibiotics — Your doctor may prescribe an antibiotic if he or she suspects that a bacterial infection is causing your sinusitis.
Not all cases of sinusitis require antibiotic treatment: Talk with your doctor about whether an antibiotic is right for you. Contact a doctor if you experience facial pain along with a headache and fever, cold symptoms that last longer than seven to 10 days, or persistent green discharge from the nose.
If you have repeated bouts of acute sinusitis, you may have allergies or another treatable cause of sinus congestion.
Disclaimer: This content should not be considered complete and should not be used in place of a call or visit to a health professional. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. When the drainage is hampered, it stagnates causing the infection which can be acute or chronic. Among other causes emerge the presence of polyps, septal deviation, a serious infection to the teeth, smog, scuba diving or travel to high altitudes.
A healthy and balanced diet, increasing your intake of vitamin C in the body, through the consumption of kiwi, citrus fruits, broccoli, mangoes, potatoes, tomatoes and spinach, can be a valuable aid both in the prevention and in the case of contraction of the disease.
Therefore may be prescribed under medical advice, antibiotics and steroids associated with multicolor, if it is of bacterial origin; antihistamines or, if you are allergic.
The lining of the sinuses are made up of cells with tiny hairs on their surfaces called cilia. Acute sinusitis lasts three weeks or less and the person should have no more than three episodes per year. The doctor will ask about your symptoms and how long they last, look into your ears, nose and throat, and may tap or press on your face to test for tenderness over specific sinuses. Some physicians may insert a nasopharyngoscope (a thin, lighted tube with a camera on the end) into your nose to look for abnormalities. Breathe deeply while standing in a hot shower, or inhale the vapor from a basin filled with hot water while holding a towel over your head. However, several medications may speed recovery and reduce the chance that an infection will become chronic.
They are effective and may be less likely to cause the side effects seen with pseudoephedrine. However, some doctors advise against using antihistamines during a sinus infection because they can cause excessive drying and slow the drainage process. If you start taking an antibiotic, complete the entire course so that the infection is completely killed off.


Keep in mind that antibiotics can cause side effects, such as allergic reactions, rash and diarrhea.
This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. In the first case, the most sinus infection symptoms are pain and swelling at the root of the nose, the temples, between the eyes, the ears, fever, very dense secretion, headache, cough, halitosis.
However, a common cold usually will improve in five to seven days, while an untreated sinus infection can last three weeks or longer.
X-rays and computed tomography scans (CT) also can provide a look at the sinuses, especially those that are deep within the head. However, using a nasal decongestant for more than three days can cause worse symptoms when you stop the medication. Over-the-counter antihistamines include diphenhydramine (Benadryl and others), chlorpheniramine (Chlor-Trimeton and others) and loratadine (Claritin). In addition, overusing antibiotics eventually leads to the spread of bacteria that no longer can be killed by the most commonly prescribed antibiotics. Those with chronic sinusitis may have recurring bouts if there are structural or allergic causes.
Are to eliminate coffee and all alcoholic beverages, which seem to worsen the swelling and lead to dehydration.
The remedies natural, unlike those drug are useful because they act alleviating pain, inflammation and speeding the healing process. Sinus infections also are more likely to cause a green nasal discharge, fever and facial pain. If degenerate into chronic disorders will be blurred, but continuous in time with a sense of heaviness in the head and difficulty in breathing . It is recommended that in this regard the aerosol, irrigation with thermal waters containing sulfur or sea, resort to the fumigations (especially of essential oil of eucalyptus, mint, basil and rosemary) and frequent saline nasal washes. By identifying the allergen (the substance causing the allergic reaction) and avoiding it, you can help prevent sinusitis. The disease can be treated and even prevented studying the causes and using the remedies suggested below.




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