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Author: admin, 30.07.2015
DiMarco uses the universal language of dance to change the hearing world’s perception of what it means to be Deaf – and he just might win the Mirrorball trophy in the process. Wearing hearing aids has been such a positive experience for Marie Redfern, she wants to encourage others with hearing loss to try them, too.
Hearing ability is important for children to develop speech and language skills as they grow.
Unfortunately, hearing loss is becoming more commonplace in youth due to the noise in our environment.
There are several possible causes for hearing loss in children, whether it's congenital or acquired. Birth complications, including the presence of herpes, rubella cytomegalovirus, toxoplasmosis or another serious infection, lack of oxygen or the requirement of a blood transfusion for some reason.
The mother had an infection during pregnancy, including things like toxoplasmosis, cytomegolavirus, herpes simplex or German measles. Experts agree that genetic factors cause more than 50 percent of all hearing loss in children, whether present at birth or developed later in life. Autosomal recessive hearing loss - This is the most common type of genetic congenital hearing loss - autosomal recessive accounts for around 70 percent of all genetic hearing loss cases. Autosomal dominant hearing loss - This type of hearing loss accounts for around 15 percent of genetic hearing losses, according to the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). Genetic syndromes - These include Usher syndrome, Treacher Collins syndrome, Waardenburg syndrome, Down syndrome, Crouzon syndrome and Alport syndrome. You might have noticed that the percentages don't add up to 100 for genetic and non-genetic causes of congenital hearing loss.
Transient or fluctuating hearing loss in children is also detrimental to speech and language development. Transient hearing loss due to an ear infection can occur when fluid inhibits the vibrations of the tiny middle ear bones, making efficient sound transmission difficult. As mentioned above, hospitals routinely perform hearing screening on infants in the first 24-48 hours after birth. One way to determine if your child’s hearing is developing appropriately is by monitoring important speech and hearing milestones, such as those listed below from ASHA. Audiologists can perform in-depth behavioral hearing examinations for even very young children (as young as 6 months) who cannot participate in traditional testing procedures.
Hearing aids are just one kind of device that can help children with hearing loss hear clearly again.
Cochlear implants are surgically implanted devices that directly stimulate the auditory nerve in the inner ear with electrical stimulation. For children who have had hearing loss that has affected their speech, he or she might need speech-language therapy after getting hearing aids or a cochlear implant to help him or her catch up on speech delays.
Many hearing aid manufacturing companies offer assistive listening devices that are discreet and work well in a classroom situation in conjunction with the child's hearing aid or cochlear implant. The ear is separated into three sections; the outer ear (the ear lobe and ear canal), the middle ear (where the middle ear bones are contained), and the inner ear (the cochlea). Wax occlusion: If an excessive amount of wax develops in the ear and causes it to become greater than 80% blocked, hearing loss can occur. Outer ear infections (otitis externa): Outer ear infections can be caused by a variety of things including bacterial infections and dermatitis. Hearing loss caused by conditions affecting the outer or middle ear is generally referred to as “conductive hearing loss”. Middle ear infections: Colds and upper respiratory infections can often cause fluid accumulation in the middle ear. Hearing loss due to conditions affecting the inner ear is generally referred to as “sensorineural hearing loss”. Presbycusis (age related hearing loss): Contained within the cochlea are tiny hair cells responsible for sending auditory information to the brain.

Noise induced hearing loss: Loud noise is one of many factors which can affect our hearing every day.
Ototoxicity: This term refers to medication which can have harmful effects on the inner ear and therefore on one’s hearing ability. Sudden sensorineural hearing loss: This type of hearing loss is rapid in onset, as opposed to gradual in onset like presbycusis or noise induced hearing loss.
Never wear your hearing aid while swimming, in the shower, using a blow dryer or applying hair spray.
In the past, hearing loss in children often went undetected until the child was around two years old, when it became obvious that he or she wasn't talking yet.
In 2013, the CDC estimated at least 12.5 percent of children and adolescents ages six to 19 have suffered permanent damage to their hearing due to excessive noise exposure. There are various causes of congenital hearing loss, though they are not always easily identified. Babies that have a birth weight of less than 3 pounds or that require certain life-sustaining drugs for respiration due to prematurity are at risk for hearing loss.
Ototoxic medications are not usually illicit substances - medications like various antibiotics and NSAIDS can potentially cause damage to the auditory nerve or other hearing structures of the fetus. However, non-genetic factors account for only around 25 percent of congenital hearing loss. What this means is that neither parent has a hearing loss, but each parent carries a recessive gene that gets passed to the child. In autosomal dominant hearing loss, one parent carrying a dominant gene for hearing loss passes it to the offspring. This is because some of the time, doctors are not sure why an infant is born with a hearing loss. Transient hearing loss can be caused by otitis media, more commonly known as middle ear infection. If an infant fails the initial screening, he or she is usually scheduled for a second screening a few weeks later. If a child has wax buildup, an ear infection or another problem causing temporary hearing loss, the audiologist will take care of the problem or refer you to an otolaryngologist (ear, nose and throat physician) to have the temporary hearing obstruction treated. There are several objective tests that infants, toddlers and young children can undergo as well. There are various advanced models today that offer high-quality hearing assistance, as well as coverings and other devices to ensure that young children don't remove or misplace their hearing aids. Cochlear implants also have an external device, and many companies make kid-friendly devices that can be held on with a soft headband. Essentially, the teacher wears or has a discreet microphone in front of him or her that transmits his or her voice directly to the child's hearing aids or cochlear implant. Ad veniam fugiat voluptatum veritatis earum consequatur illum dolorem modi et doloremque nulla expedita nostrum nisi dolorum perferendis, accusantium neque culpa, accusamus! That’s why we’ve created this brand new guide to help you understand the causes and treatment options for our child’s hearing loss.
Each of these sections has its own array of possible pathologies which can cause hearing loss.
Patients are advised to seek the help of their primary care doctor or an ear nose and throat doctor to have wax removed; removing wax on one’s own can sometimes be more harmful than helpful. Noise induced hearing loss is a product of how loud a sound is as well as how long it is listened to. Research has demonstrated that detection and intervention for hearing loss prior to six months of age results in significantly better outcomes than intervention after six months of age. It's important that parents, caretakers, physicians, teachers and others know the signs of and address hearing loss in children because early hearing loss - especially that which is undiagnosed - can cause significant development and emotional problems for children that have long-lasting effects.
Experts agree that genetic factors - meaning the hearing loss is hereditary - cause more than 50 percent of all hearing loss in children, whether the loss is present at birth or manifests later in life.

Parents are usually surprised when their child is born with this type of hearing loss because people typically aren't even aware they have the recessive gene. This parent may or may not have hearing loss, but he or she might have other symptoms or signs of a genetic syndrome.
At least 75 percent of children have had one episode of otitis media by the time they are three years old.
However, frequent, untreated middle ear infections can cause cumulative damage to the bones, eardrum or auditory nerve, creating a permanent, sensorineural hearing loss.
However, sometimes infants who pass the hearing screening at birth may exhibit signs of hearing loss as they age. There are several models of devices to choose from, including behind-the-ear hearing aids or those that are almost entirely in the ear canal and very discreet. If the infection reaches a point when the debris can close off the ear canal it can cause hearing loss. Presence of fluid in the middle ear can prevent the eardrum from moving easily, which prevents sound from being transmitted effectively through the middle ear therefore causing hearing loss. The most vulnerable cells are the ones which transmit high frequency speech information, which is why conversation becomes much more difficult as we get older. According to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration an 90dB sound can be listened to for up to eight hours before it damages hearing, as the level of the sound increases the amount of time it can be listened to safely decreases significantly.
If you are taking a drug that can be harmful to the inner ear it is important to have your hearing monitored so that any changes in hearing status may be reported to your doctor and managed accordingly. Regardless of what the cause may be it is important to seek immediate medical attention if you experience a sudden hearing loss. As a result, newborn hearing screening has become universal in hospitals across the United States and children with hearing loss are being identified and treated at much younger ages. This type of infection is very common in children because of the Eustachian tube position during childhood. If you think your child is having difficulty hearing you, visit your pediatrician right away. After exam, the audiologist will spend time talking with you about your child's hearing ability and recommend an appropriate treatment plan or medical intervention.
While these are only a small sampling of ear related problems, we would like to help you to be aware of the things that can affect our ears. If you experience any pain, itching or irritation in your ears it is best to seek medical attention. Middle ear infections are most common among children and, although they are often temporary, chronic ear infections are problematic. While we can’t completely prevent age related hearing loss, we can do our best to protect the hearing we have left from other factors which may affect hearing. Although it is hard to parse out which factors (age, noise, etc) have specifically caused one’s hearing loss, it is still very important to protect your hearing when around loud noise. See our hearing protection page to learn about a variety of ways to protect your hearing. The Eustachian tube, which allows for air pressure equalization between the middle ear and the nasopharynx, is smaller and more horizontal during development. Chronic ear infections can prevent a child from hearing in school or prevent them from hearing certain sounds while learning language.
If you or your child have problems with ear infections it is important to contact your primary care doctor or an ear, nose, and throat physician.

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