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30.01.2016
PAINTING OF THE WEEK - Ruins of the Holyrood Chapel by Moonlight, oil on canvas, 1824, Louis Daguerre. G+ #Read of the Day: The Daguerreotype - The daguerreotype, an early form of photograph, was invented by Louis Daguerre in the early 19th c. The first photograph (1826) - Joseph Niepce, a French inventor and pioneer in photography, is generally credited with producing the first photograph. Easy Peasy Fact:Following Niepcea€™s experiments, in 1829 Louis Daguerre stepped up to make some improvements on a novel idea. Adafruit: The oldest street scene photos of New York City - Check out these incredible (and incredibly old) photos of NYC, via Ephemeral New York. The oldest street scene photos of New York CityCheck out these incredible (and incredibly old) photos of NYC, via Ephemeral New York.
I still remember reading about Louis Daguerre's invention, the daguerreotype, in high school. The Making of the American Museum of Natural Historya€™s Wildlife DioramasFossil shark-jaw restoration, 1909. Very old portrait of three men identified as (from left to right) Henry, George, and Stephen Childs, November 25, 1842.
In 1840, Hippolyte Bayard, a pioneer of early photography, created an image called Self-Portrait as a Drowned Man. 10 Times History Was Captured in Living ColorColor photographs go back to before you might think. We’ll travel thru the magnificent Toros mountains, just like the Crusaders did several times in 12 and 13th centuries. Day 15: END OF OUR JOURNEY:We will depart our hotel after a nice farewell breakfast and catch our planes to back home ! TRANSPORTATION COMPANIES CLAUSE: The passage contract in use by airlines and other transportation companies whose services are used to arrive and depart from Turkey before and after the tour shall constitute the sole contract between the companies and the purchaser of a tour.
FREE AIRPORT TRANSFERS: Tour participants are entitled to airport tranesfers on scheduled tour arrival and departure days in Turkey between 7AM and 11PM. Thank you very much again for your interest in traveling to Turkey with us in those dates. After the passport and visa work at the airport, we’ll meet you in the airport and board our luxury bus to go to our charming hotel in Aya Sophia district for our FIRST night in Istanbul. This morning we’ll begin our journey by traveling to Safranbolu, a 13th Century Turkish-Greek town. After spending our morning visiting local craftsmen and beautiful old houses in Safranbolu, we’ll travel to the Turkish capitol city of Ankara which is the home of the great Anatolian Civilizations Museum. After a 4-5 hour drive through the scenic Anatolian plateau to arrive at the one of the natural wonders of the world: Cappadocia. We’ll travel thru the magnificent Toros mountains, just like the Crusaders did several times in 12 and 13th centuries. From Konya, our journey will take us thru the mountains and valleys and we’ll arrive at a small lakeside town of Egirdir.
Thru the Pamukkale (Cottoncastle) region, we drive to the magnificent Ephesus and its colossal Greek theater.
We will depart our hotel after a nice farewell breakfast and catch our planes to back home ! The passage contract in use by airlines and other transportation companies whose services are used to arrive and depart from Turkey before and after the tour shall constitute the sole contract between the companies and the purchaser of a tour.
Please realize that Turkey is not like the US in terms of smoking and other allergy related issues.
Transportation will be by private air-conditioned new Mercedes, Volkswagen or Isuzu deluxe buses.
FREE AIRPORT TRANSFERS: Tour participants are entitled to airport tranesfers on scheduled tour arrival and departure days in Turkey between 7AM and 11PM.
LAT TOURS reserves the right to cancel any tours prior to departure for any reasons, including insufficient number of participants and safety issues. The innkeepers welcome tour groups to hear the stories of the early settlement, its important location on the Old Sauk Trail, and the Underground Railroad connection. Talbot was active from the mid-1830s, and sits alongside Louis Daguerre as one of the fathers of the medium. Niepcea€™s photograph shows a view from the Window at Le Gras, and it only took eight hours of exposure time!The history of photography has roots in remote antiquity with the discovery of the principle of the camera obscura and the observation that some substances are visibly altered by exposure to light. Again employing the use of solvents and metal plates as a canvas, Daguerre utilized a combination of silver and iodine to make a surface more sensitive to light, thereby taking less time to develop.
Half of the Limburg province of Belgium is added to the Netherlands, giving rise to a Belgian Limburg and Dutch Limburg (the latter being from September 5 joined to the German Confederation).June 3 a€“ Destruction of opium at Humen begins, casus belli for Britain to open the 3-year First Opium War against Qing dynasty China. Bayard had just perfected the process of printing on to paper, which would come to define photography in the following century, but the French government had decided to invest instead in the daguerrotype, a process invented by his rival, Louis Daguerre. Here we’ll visit Mersin, Latif’s hometown and have lunch with his family so you can experience a real traditional Turkish urban family.
HEALTH RESTRICTIONS: Please realize that Turkey is not like the US in terms of smoking and other allergy related issues. This will be the ALL INCLUSIVE, LAND ONLY fee (Istanbul-to-Istanbul tour in Turkey between these dates). We’ll relax and rest before we embark for a lovely dinner at an authentic Istanbul restaurant. This is declared a World Heritage Site by UNICEF since it is a unique urban settlement with very democratic architecture ideals. This museum contains artifacts from the earliest communities in Catal Hoyuk to the Roman period. On the way, we’ll stop in the village of Hacibektash, the village where the founder of the Bektashi order of dervishes; Hadji Bektas-i Veli lived during the time of Rumi and developed a heterodox lineage of Sufism which is known as one of the most tolerant and egalitarian sects in the Sufi world.
Here we’ll visit Mersin, Latif’s hometown and have lunch with his family so you can experience a real traditional Turkish urban family.
Ephesus has many great sites to see, such as the Marble Road, the Celsius Library and the Temple of Diana. OurTours do NOT sell such insurance Please note: Lat Tours is not liable for loss, damage or theft of luggage or personal belongings, for personal injury, accident or illness. Even though we try to provide the best alternatives for non-smoking hotels, restaurants and other public places, you might still encounter some smoking. These buses are for either 15 or 30 passenger capacity depending on the number of the participants. Any deposit that is sent towards booking a tour constitutes full knowledge, acceptance and agreement of the cancellation policy.
Though he is most famous for his contributions to photography, he was also an accomplished painter and a developer of the diorama theatre. As far as is known, nobody thought of bringing these two phenomena together to capture camera images in permanent form until around 1800, when Thomas Wedgwood made the first reliably documented although unsuccessful attempt.
It didna€™t take long for others to seize the new technology and create daguerreotypes of New York City street scenes. Daguerreotypes are sharply defined, highly reflective, one-of-a-kind photographs on silver-coated copper plates, usually packaged behind glass and kept in protective cases. We’ll relax and rest before we embark for a lovely dinner at an authentic Istanbul restaurant. From there we’ll go to Kizkalesi and enjoy the sun, history and beaches and we’ll stay at a beachside resort. Even though we try to provide the best alternatives for non-smoking hotels, restaurants and other public places, you might still encounter some smoking.
REFUND POLICY : The below policy will be strictly adhered to regardless of the reason for cancellation. There will also be plenty of time to stroll around Aya Sophia and the Sultanahmet district both in the afternoon and after dinner.
Here we’ll stroll thru the cobblestone streets during the sunset and enjoy the Turkish Bath “Hamam” experience in a 13th century bathhouse.
It is also known as the Hittite Museum and reflects the culture these people of “one thousand Gods”.


We’ll spend 3 full days in Cappadocia exploring the mysterious and mystical lunar landscape and rock hewn early Christian churches dating back to the 7th-13th Century AD all around the Valley. From there we’ll go to Kizkalesi and enjoy the sun, history and beaches and we’ll stay at a beachside resort. Strolling along the shores of the lake and imagining the old life style existed here many hundreds years ago will be a memorable experience.
During our stay in Selcuk, we’ll also visit the incredible Ephesus Archaeological Museum where you can see many precious artifacts such as the one and only statue of Goddess Artemis. The sooner you sign up for a tour, the better the chances are that we will be able to find a roommate for you.
If you need any medical service during the tour, we will happily help you get a doctor or take you to a clinic. He attached a 3 story brick framed Greek Revival style home to the East side of the original structure. He was appointed Brigadier General of the Munro Guard of Jonesville, was involved in government and politics on several levels, and was one of the most prominent Masons in the state of Michigan. A daguerreotype, produced on a silver-plated copper sheet, produces a mirror image photograph of the exposed scene. The Government, which has been only too generous to Monsieur Daguerre, has said it can do nothing for Monsieur Bayard, and the poor wretch has drowned himself. There will also be plenty of time to stroll around Aya Sophia and the Sultanahmet district both in the afternoon and after dinner.
This is the perfect time to go into the Mediterranean Sea and swim to the mid-sea castle from the time of the Templars. CANCELLATIONS: LAT TOURS reserves the right to cancel any tours prior to departure for any reasons, including insufficient number of participants and safety issues.
We’ll be staying at an old Prince’s house and have a lovely dinner in the beautiful courtyard. We’ll tour the amazing underground cities and churches, and experience the life of these unique people from 1500 years ago.
This is the perfect time to go into the Mediterranean Sea and swim to the mid-sea castle from the time of the Templars. We’ll be watching the sunset in Pamukkale, literally means “cotton castle” where ancients Romans and Greeks enjoyed hot springs for centuries. We will also visit the house and little chapel where the Virgin Mary lived during her final days. After checking in our comfortable hotel in the Old City, we’ll explore this ancient and exciting city from Museums to the streets to the bazaars and restaurants. If you wish to share your room and we cannot find a roommate, the single supplement fee will be waived. However the passenger will need to pay the expenses to the doctor or clinic after or before the medical service provided.
Also, even though there is no heavy hiking involved in this tour, certain level of walking on uneven terrain will be required since most of the historical sites are scattered in wide areas. Chemistry student Robert Cornelius was so fascinated by the chemical process involved in Daguerrea€™s work that he sought to make some improvements himself. Also, even though there is no heavy hiking involved in this tour, certain level of walking on uneven terrain will be required since most of the historical sites are scattered in wide areas. We’ll visit the 2000 year old city of Hierapolis and admire the tombs of many traditions concentrated in this “healing city”. We will return to our hotel in Kusadasi, 20 minutes away and enjoy a very relaxing evening on the Aegean Coast. Established on two continents, Istanbul has been a fascinating city for centuries for people from every walk of life. Once the tour commences, if you degide you no longer want to share a room, you will have to pay double the original singgle supplement fee in order to compensate for your roommate's single room as well.
Since this tour covers half of Turkey, there will be some bus traveling involved every day. It was commercially introduced in 1839, a date generally accepted as the birth year of practical photography.The metal-based daguerreotype process soon had some competition from the paper-based calotype negative and salt print processes invented by Henry Fox Talbot. And in 1839 Cornelius shot a self-portrait daguerrotype that some historians believe was the first modern photograph of a man ever produced. For over two weeks in the summer of 2002, scientists and conservators at this prestigious facility subjected the artifact, its frame, and support materials to extensive and rigorous non-destructive testing. This is declared a World Heritage Site by UNICEF since it is a unique urban settlement with very democratic architecture ideals. Since this tour covers half of Turkey, there will be some bus traveling involved every day.
PAYMENT SCHEDULE: * A deposit of 500 Usd - 350 Euro per person is required upon registration.
We’ll spend our evenings at luxury accommodations and experience the local cuisine and local culture in the evenings. Once it was called Constantinople, it was conquered by the Turkish Sultan Fatih in 1453 AD. The result was a very complete scientific and technical analysis of the object, which in turn provided better criteria for its secure and permanent case design and presentation in the lobby of the newly-renovated Harry Ransom Center.The plate also received extensive attention from the photographic technicians at the Institute, who spent a day and a half with the original heliograph in their photographic studios in order to record photographically and digitally all aspects of the plate.
This will be the ALL INCLUSIVE, LAND ONLY fee (Istanbul-to-Istanbul tour in Turkey between these dates).
Here we’ll stroll thru the cobblestone streets during the sunset and enjoy the Turkish Bath “Hamam” experience in a 13th century bathhouse.
In this museum, there are exhibits of Dervish costumes, instruments, illuminated manuscripts, and various ethnographic artifacts.
Any deposit that is sent towards booking a tour constitutes full knowledge, acceptance and agreement of the cancellation policy.
While in Cappadocia we will visit some carpet weavers and listen to their stories about carpet weaving. The evening will proceed with a dinner of local cuisine accompanied with local folk music and dances at a very friendly restaurant. The object was documented under all manner of scientific lights, including infrared and ultraviolet spectra. We’ll be staying at an old Prince’s house and have a lovely dinner in the beautiful courtyard.
We’ll make a campfire in an open field among the “fairy chimneys” and listen to the music of the Bektashis and the other Sufis performed by Latif and his musician friends from Turkey. In this museum, there are exhibits of Dervish costumes, instruments, illuminated manuscripts, and various ethnographic artifacts.
TOUR BUS INFORMATION: Transportation will be by private air-conditioned new Mercedes, Volkswagen or Isuzu deluxe buses. That’s why you will be amazed with the variety of people, artifacts, food, and scenery in this wonderfully exciting city. Long before the first photographs were made, Chinese philosopher Mo Ti and Greek mathematicians Aristotle and Euclid described a pinhole camera in the 5th and 4th centuries BCE.
This museum contains artifacts from the earliest communities in Catal Hoyuk to the Roman period.
The dinner will take place at a fine restaurant overlooking the beautifully lighted tomb of Rumi.
These buses are for either 15 or 30 passenger capacity depending on the number of the participants.
During our stay here, we’ll visit Topkapi Palace, Blue Mosque, Suleymaniye and Rustem Pasha Mosques, Grand Bazaar, Spice Bazaar, Military Museum, Islamic Art Museum, Whirling Dervishes ceremony and many other wonderful places.
In the 6th century CE, Byzantine mathematician Anthemius of Tralles used a type of camera obscura in his experimentsIbn al-Haytham (Alhazen) (965 in Basra a€“ c. It is also known as the Hittite Museum and reflects the culture these people of “one thousand Gods”. After the dinner, we’ll be treated with mystical music and whirling of the dervishes by our good friends from the Mevlevi order of Sufis in Konya. The dinner will take place at a fine restaurant overlooking the beautifully lighted tomb of Rumi.


This will give you an idea how Rumi lived 800 years ago at the same spot, maybe 10 meters away!
Wilhelm Homberg described how light darkened some chemicals (photochemical effect) in 1694. After a 4-5 hour drive through the scenic Anatolian plateau to arrive at the one of the natural wonders of the world: Cappadocia. This will give you an idea how Rumi lived 800 years ago at the same spot, maybe 10 meters away!
The novel Giphantie (by the French Tiphaigne de la Roche, 1729a€“74) described what could be interpreted as photography.Around the year 1800, Thomas Wedgwood made the first known attempt to capture the image in a camera obscura by means of a light-sensitive substance. On the way, we’ll stop in the village of Hacibektash, the village where the founder of the Bektashi order of dervishes; Hadji Bektas-i Veli lived during the time of Rumi and developed a heterodox lineage of Sufism which is known as one of the most tolerant and egalitarian sects in the Sufi world. Strolling along the shores of the lake and imagining the old life style existed here many hundreds years ago will be a memorable experience. We’ll spend 3 full days in Cappadocia exploring the mysterious and mystical lunar landscape and rock hewn early Christian churches dating back to the 7th-13th Century AD all around the Valley. We’ll be watching the sunset in Pamukkale, literally means “cotton castle” where ancients Romans and Greeks enjoyed hot springs for centuries. We’ll tour the amazing underground cities and churches, and experience the life of these unique people from 1500 years ago. We’ll visit the 2000 year old city of Hierapolis and admire the tombs of many traditions concentrated in this “healing city”.
We’ll spend our evenings at luxury accommodations and experience the local cuisine and local culture in the evenings. Maybe the best kept secret of the entire Turkish sites, we’ll be transported to the days of Mother Goddess. While in Cappadocia we will visit some carpet weavers and listen to their stories about carpet weaving. As with the bitumen process, the result appeared as a positive when it was suitably lit and viewed.
We’ll make a campfire in an open field among the “fairy chimneys” and listen to the music of the Bektashis and the other Sufis performed by Latif and his musician friends from Turkey.
Ephesus has many great sites to see, such as the Marble Road, the Celsius Library and the Temple of Diana. During our stay in Selcuk, we’ll also visit the incredible Ephesus Archaeological Museum where you can see many precious artifacts such as the one and only statue of Goddess Artemis.
We will also visit the house and little chapel where the Virgin Mary lived during her final days. A strong hot solution of common salt served to stabilize or fix the image by removing the remaining silver iodide. We will return to our hotel in Kusadasi, 20 minutes away and enjoy a very relaxing evening on the Aegean Coast. On 7 January 1839, this first complete practical photographic process was announced at a meeting of the French Academy of Sciences, and the news quickly spread. At first, all details of the process were withheld and specimens were shown only at Daguerre's studio, under his close supervision, to Academy members and other distinguished guests. The evening will proceed with a dinner of local cuisine accompanied with local folk music and dances at a very friendly restaurant. After checking in our comfortable hotel in the Old City, we’ll explore this ancient and exciting city from Museums to the streets to the bazaars and restaurants.
Established on two continents, Istanbul has been a fascinating city for centuries for people from every walk of life. Paper with a coating of silver iodide was exposed in the camera and developed into a translucent negative image.
Once it was called Constantinople, it was conquered by the Turkish Sultan Fatih in 1453 AD. Unlike a daguerreotype, which could only be copied by rephotographing it with a camera, a calotype negative could be used to make a large number of positive prints by simple contact printing. The calotype had yet another distinction compared to other early photographic processes, in that the finished product lacked fine clarity due to its translucent paper negative. That’s why you will be amazed with the variety of people, artifacts, food, and scenery in this wonderfully exciting city. This was seen as a positive attribute for portraits because it softened the appearance of the human face. During our stay here, we’ll visit Topkapi Palace, Blue Mosque, Suleymaniye and Rustem Pasha Mosques, Grand Bazaar, Spice Bazaar, Military Museum, Islamic Art Museum, Whirling Dervishes ceremony and many other wonderful places. Talbot patented this process,[20] which greatly limited its adoption, and spent many years pressing lawsuits against alleged infringers. He attempted to enforce a very broad interpretation of his patent, earning himself the ill will of photographers who were using the related glass-based processes later introduced by other inventors, but he was eventually defeated.
Nonetheless, Talbot's developed-out silver halide negative process is the basic technology used by chemical film cameras today. Hippolyte Bayard had also developed a method of photography but delayed announcing it, and so was not recognized as its inventor.In 1839, John Herschel made the first glass negative, but his process was difficult to reproduce.
The new formula was sold by the Platinotype Company in London as Sulpho-Pyrogallol Developer.Nineteenth-century experimentation with photographic processes frequently became proprietary.
This adaptation influenced the design of cameras for decades and is still found in use today in some professional cameras. Petersburg, Russia studio Levitsky would first propose the idea to artificially light subjects in a studio setting using electric lighting along with daylight.
In 1884 George Eastman, of Rochester, New York, developed dry gel on paper, or film, to replace the photographic plate so that a photographer no longer needed to carry boxes of plates and toxic chemicals around.
Now anyone could take a photograph and leave the complex parts of the process to others, and photography became available for the mass-market in 1901 with the introduction of the Kodak Brownie.A practical means of color photography was sought from the very beginning. Results were demonstrated by Edmond Becquerel as early as 1848, but exposures lasting for hours or days were required and the captured colors were so light-sensitive they would only bear very brief inspection in dim light.The first durable color photograph was a set of three black-and-white photographs taken through red, green and blue color filters and shown superimposed by using three projectors with similar filters.
It was taken by Thomas Sutton in 1861 for use in a lecture by the Scottish physicist James Clerk Maxwell, who had proposed the method in 1855.[27] The photographic emulsions then in use were insensitive to most of the spectrum, so the result was very imperfect and the demonstration was soon forgotten.
Maxwell's method is now most widely known through the early 20th century work of Sergei Prokudin-Gorskii. Included were methods for viewing a set of three color-filtered black-and-white photographs in color without having to project them, and for using them to make full-color prints on paper.[28]The first widely used method of color photography was the Autochrome plate, commercially introduced in 1907. If the individual filter elements were small enough, the three primary colors would blend together in the eye and produce the same additive color synthesis as the filtered projection of three separate photographs.
Autochrome plates had an integral mosaic filter layer composed of millions of dyed potato starch grains. Reversal processing was used to develop each plate into a transparent positive that could be viewed directly or projected with an ordinary projector. The mosaic filter layer absorbed about 90 percent of the light passing through, so a long exposure was required and a bright projection or viewing light was desirable. Competing screen plate products soon appeared and film-based versions were eventually made.
A complex processing operation produced complementary cyan, magenta and yellow dye images in those layers, resulting in a subtractive color image.
Kirsch at the National Institute of Standards and Technology developed a binary digital version of an existing technology, the wirephoto drum scanner, so that alphanumeric characters, diagrams, photographs and other graphics could be transferred into digital computer memory. The lab was working on the Picturephone and on the development of semiconductor bubble memory. The essence of the design was the ability to transfer charge along the surface of a semiconductor. Michael Tompsett from Bell Labs however, who discovered that the CCD could be used as an imaging sensor.



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