While Adderall is considered more addictive, Ritalin has more adverse side effects, particularly during long-term use. Active Ingredient mixed amphetamine salts - Dextroamphetamine and Levoamphetamine. Introduction Adderall is a brand name of amphetamine salts-based medication used for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and narcolepsy, legal only in the United States and Canada. Ritalin is the trade name for Methylphenidate which is a psychostimulant drug approved for treatment of ADHD or attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome and narcolepsy. Effect Increases amount of dopamine and norepinephrine between synapses in the brain. Side effects Weight loss, insomnia, headaches, irritability, increased muscle tension, anxiety, increased heart rate, increased blood pressure, dry mouth, reduced efficacy over time. A study published in the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics in 1999 compared the efficacy and time-course of Ritalin and Adderall. Single-dose treatments of Adderall appear to be as effective as 2 daily doses of MPH and therefore increase the possibility of managing treatment without involving the school in medication administration. Ritalin is available in immediate-release tablets, intermediate-acting extended release tablets, or long-acting extended release capsules. Adderall may cause a temporary decrease in growth rate but does not affect eventual adult height.
Adderall should not be taken during early pregnancy or within two weeks of taking any MAOI medication. Ritalin should also not be taken during pregnancy or within two weeks of taking any MAOI medications. Catapres® is the brand name for an anti-hypertensive medication FDA approved for the treatment of mild to moderate high blood pressure. It is unclear exactly how this blood-pressure reducing medication works in treating adult ADHD.
The time required for Catapres® to have a therapeutic effect on adult ADHD may be different for each individual. While this agent may be beneficial in children and adolescents, particularly those with significant hyperactivity and aggressive behavior, the benefits in adults are less clear. It is very important that you take Catapres® (clonidine HCL) as directed and do not stop your medication suddenly without consulting your physician.
Withdrawal symptoms can include nervousness, agitation, headache, tremor, and rapid increase in blood pressure. When discontinuing therapy with Catapres® (clonidine HCL), your physician will probably reduce your dose gradually over the course of a few days to avoid the symptoms and dangers of withdrawal. Catapres®, or any medication used to treat ADHD, should be used as a part of a total treatment program.
Catapres® should not suddently be stopped but instead dosage should be gradually tapered, otherwise hypertension (high blood pressure) can result.
Use our guide to solve your attention deficit medication snafus a€” like when ADHD medication causes side effects, doesn't work, and more.

Read on for solutions to common medication problems that attention deficit adults, children, and their parents face. Share your solutions, questions, and treatment reviews in ADDConnect - our free ADHD community site. If you’ve recently been diagnosed with ADHD, odds are that your medical practitioner has prescribed you a stimulant based medication, and suggested that also partake in cognitive behavioral therapy. Emergency room visits attributable to stimulant drugs normally associated with treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are on the rise. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurocognitive disorder that’s characterized by difficult in paying attention and impulse control, as well as displaying hyperactive behavior. A recent editorial published in the renowned journal Environmental Health Perspectives is calling for increased research into possible environmental and other epigenetic causes for neurodevelopmental disorders in the children of the USA. This comparison examines the applications, efficacy, dosage, side effects, withdrawal and abuse potential for Adderall and Ritalin, psychostimulant drugs prescribed to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. Both drugs are used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy.
Ritalin can be used to treat postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome and treatment-resistant cases of lethargy.
Researchers found that Adderall was generally more effective than Ritalin after a few hours, especially for low doses. In addition, youths who have previously been unsuccessfully treated with MPH because of adverse side effects or poor response may be successfully treated with Adderall. The regular tablets are taken two to three times a day, preferably 35 to 40 minutes before meals. Less common side effects include abdominal pain, loss of hair, chest pain, appetite loss, blood pressure change, dizziness, euphoria, headache, hypersensitivity, nausea, and somnolence. It should also not be combined with tricyclic antidepressants or be taken by patients with severe arrhythmia, hypertension, liver damage, drug-seeking behavior, or pronounced nervousness. When an individual stops taking Adderall, they may experience extreme fatigue, insomnia, irritability and mental depression.
The symptoms include psychosis, depression, irritability and a temporary worsening of the original ADHD symptoms. I do, and whether or not it is 'bad', it has given me the opportunity to fit in this crazy and f****d up society. I know, it seems contradictory, but in an unnatural society some have to take pills to suppress who they are to fit in.
An extended-release trans-dermal skin patch, called Catapres-TSS® (the generic is called clonidine transdermal) is an alternative to taking the drug orally.
It is known to reduce activity of the sympathetic nervous sytem; the signals in your body that rev you up and stimulate activity [1], and Catapres® (clonidine HCL) has been shown to have a calming effect on certain areas of the brain. It seems to work best in decreasing hyperactivity, but does not as consistently appear to improve distractibility (as stimulants are known to do) [1]. Other common side effects include: constipation, dizziness, dry eyes, dry mouth, and decreased heart rate.

Sudden discontinuation can result in possible serious, and even fatal, withdrawal symptoms. Serious complications of sudden withdrawal, such as hypertensive encephalopathy, cerebrovascular accidents and death, are less common, but have been reported. Comprehensive treatment of the adult ADHD often includes education, support groups, regular doctor appointments and therapy or counseling. The problem is particularly prominent in young adults (students at both the high school and post secondary levels) who lack a doctor’s prescription for the medication.
Generally, lower doses of Adderall produced effects comparable to higher doses of Ritalin, and clinical recommendations favored Adderall for long term treatment. For individuals aged 6 or over, dosage begins with 5mg once or twice daily and can be increased by increments of 5 mg every week.
It can cause insomnia, headaches, increased muscle tension, irritability, and anxiety, as well as an increased risk of cardiac problems. Although not FDA indicated for the treatment adult ADHD, Catapres® (clonidine hydrochloride) is generally well accepted as an alternative to the use of stimulants in treating adult ADHD. A trans-dermal patch is medication in an adhesive patch that sticks to your skin and is slowly released into your system.
Together, you and your doctor can determine if Catapres® (clonidine hydrochloride) is a good option for treating your symptoms.
Less frequently, patients may experience headache, burning eyes, anxiety, sleep disorders, skin rash, hives, swelling, itching, and sexual dysfunctions. Be sure to tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while you are being treated for adult ADHD.
They have similar mechanisms of action — the drugs increase the amount of dopamine and norepinephrine between synapses in the brain.
The intermediate-acting release tablet should be taken once or twice a day, in the morning and early afternoon, 30 to 45 minutes before food.
Studies suggest that 6% of children who use Ritalin become psychotic after months or years of use; these symptoms fade after they stop taking the drug.
In rare cases, hallucinations, depression, psychosis, heart rhythm disorders, urination at night, and nausea have been reported.
The capsule is taken once a day in the morning and should be swallowed whole, or opened and the contents sprinkled on apple sauce. Individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder typically have earlier onset of the disorder if they took Ritalin in childhood.
The trans-dermal delivery method appears to help reduce some of the common minor side effects, such a dry mouth and fatigue. Adults taking the capsule usually receive a dosage of 20 mg a day, while children and adolescents usually start with 10 mg a day before the dosage is increased.

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