Experienced project managers know that change is inevitable and there are many consequences of failing to manage project changes. Contractual changes: Changes that are made on the contract with the stakeholder or supplier. Every organization has its own way of doing things and in most cases structured processes are available.  You need these organization process assets that may or may not have formal procedure for impact analysis.
Scope: Determine the impact on the overall scope of the project, Work Breakdown structure (WBS), Product Breakdown Structure (PBS) and Resource Breakdown structure (RBS). Cost: Identify any changes that need to be made to the cost management plan and the overall financial plan. Schedule: Your project needs to be completed within time otherwise you are invariably going to incur cost overruns because the project schedule is linked to scope and cost. Your various project activities are interwoven by complex successor relationships.  Identify other tasks that are dependent on this change being approved. Identify and list all the changes that would need to be made to the project procedures description or to the project decision structure. Implementation of change management also equally important and things may go wrong if a project manager fails to properly implement change management. Also another important factor to remember is that the impact analysis for multiple change requests may not reveal hidden costs. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 United States License. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising.

L E A R N I N G O U T L I N E (cont’d)Follow this Learning Outline as you read and study this chapter. There are many benefits of managing changes properly such as increased stakeholders’ satisfaction, improved quality of the project deliverables, opportunities for the additional project work etc. There are basically three types of changes that need to be addressed in order to ensure a project success.
When a change request is made, you as a project manager need to analyze the same in order to evaluate whether it is within or outside the scope of the original project requirements as well as how it is going to impact the three constraints of your project namely scope, schedule and cost.  Impact analysis is the most important step to effective change management procedure. Estimate the time required to define and plan the proposed solution and the time required to implement the proposed changes.
Also determine the predecessor relationship and prioritize the tasks that must be completed before this change is implemented.
Identify all the risks qualitatively and quantitatively the project is facing or will face in the future due to this change. Identify changes that would need to be made to the communications management plan, the project quality plan, the risk management plan, the technical environment plan and overall the project management plan. He has experience in teaching Scrum practices to multiple groups that evolved into agile teams delivering quality software. Determine the business need for this change and how the change is going to benefit the project, the process, the work product, the quality, the stakeholders and the organization.  Also review the Change Log to determine if the amount of change is excessive on the project.
Follow your organizational process assets and procedural guidelines to document reports of the impact analysis. Many times new features are added to the project with a wrong assumption that one small feature will add nothing to cost or schedule.
Similarly like scope, you also need to identify any changes that need to be made to the agreement with the customer or any vendor or subcontractor.  If subcontractors are involved, determine whether the change is going to impact the subcontracting cost.

When the change request is approved by the change control board, the change order is created. Contemporary Issues in Managing Change • Explain why changing organizational culture is so difficult and how managers can do it. Refer to your organizational process assets and guidelines to ask for the additional cost or price for the change from the procurement department.
Identify the project documentation, including the project management system documents, which must be changed or updated to reflect the approved change.
Your impact analysis report also should highlight the financial benefit to the project and the financial benefit to your organization. In order to show the changes to work items or completion dates, update the project management schedule, operational schedule, and the work breakdown structure. Two Views of the Change Process • Contrast the calm waters and white-water rapids metaphors of change.
Most of the change request is associated with changes to the scope and in such scenario update the project definition, deliverable definition, or other documents that control the project scope.

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