These classes are set up as warm, respectful and fun places of exploration for self discovery and meditation. The first half of the class involves learning a spiritual tool that when applied consistently each day can bring about a positive change in your life. Meditation is generally an inwardly oriented, personal practice, which individuals can do by themselves. There are dozens of specific styles of meditation practice;[3] the word meditation may carry different meanings in different contexts. In the west, by 20BCE Philo of Alexandria had written on some form of "spiritual exercises" involving attention (prosoche) and concentration[26] and by the 3rd century Plotinus had developed meditative techniques. Western Christian meditation contrasts with most other approaches in that it does not involve the repetition of any phrase or action and requires no specific posture. Secular forms of meditation were introduced in India in the 1950s as a Westernized form of Hindu meditative techniques and arrived in the United States and Europe in the 1960s. Within a specific context, more precise meanings are not uncommonly given the word "meditation."[57] For example, 'meditation', is sometimes the translation of meditatio in Latin, which is the third of four steps of Lectio Divina, an ancient form of Christian prayer. This article mainly focuses on meditation in the broad sense of a type of discipline, found in various forms in many cultures, by which the practitioner attempts to get beyond the reflexive, "thinking" mind[58] (sometimes called "discursive thinking"[59] or "logic"[60]) into a deeper, more devout, or more relaxed state. In the West, meditation is sometimes thought of in two broad categories: concentrative meditation and mindfulness meditation. An example of concentrative meditation is anapanasati, and an example of mindfulness meditation is, of course, mindfulness meditation. Baha'u'llah, the founder of the religion, never specified any particular form of meditation, and thus each person is free to choose their own form.[71] However, he specifically did state that Baha'is should read a passage of the Baha'i writings twice a day, once in the morning, and once in the evening, and meditate on it. Buddhist meditation refers to the meditative practices associated with the religion and philosophy of Buddhism.
Buddhist meditation techniques have become increasingly popular in the wider world, with many non-Buddhists taking them up for a variety of reasons.
Christian Meditation is a term for form of prayer in which a structured attempt is made to get in touch with and deliberately reflect upon the revelations of God.[84] The word meditation comes from the Latin word meditari which means to concentrate. Christian meditation contrasts with cosmic styles of eastern meditation as radically as the portrayal of God the Father in the Bible contrasts with discussions of Krishna or Brahman in Indian teachings.[86] Unlike eastern meditations, most styles of Christian meditations do not rely on the repeated use of mantras, but are intended to stimulate thought and deepen meaning.
A Muslim is obligated to pray five times a day: once before sunrise, at noon, in the afternoon, after sunset, and once at night. Meditative quiescence is said to have a quality of healing, and—in contemporary terminology—enhancing creativity.[100] The Islamic prophet Muhammad spent sustained periods in contemplation and meditation. Meditation in the Sufi traditions is largely based on a spectrum of mystical exercises, varying from one lineage to another.
Numerous Sufi traditions place emphasis upon a meditative procedure similar in its cognitive aspect to one of the two principal approaches to be found in the Buddhist traditions: that of the concentration technique, involving high-intensity and sharply focused introspection. There exists a number of meditation techniques such as pindastha-dhyana, padastha-dhyana, rupastha-dhyana, rupatita-dhyana, savirya-dhyana, etc. Acharya Mahapragya formulated Preksha meditation in the 1970s and presented a well-organised system of meditation.
The Jewish mystical tradition, Kabbalah, is inherently a meditative field of study.[120][121] Traditionally Kabbalah is only taught to orthodox Jews over the age of forty.
Corresponding to the learning of Kabbalah are its traditional meditative practices, as for the Kabbalist, the ultimate purpose of its study is to understand and cleave to the Divine.[123] Classic methods include the mental visualisation of the supernal realms the soul navigates through to achieve certain ends. In modern Jewish practice, one of the best known meditative practices is called "hitbodedut" (????????, alternatively transliterated as "hisbodedus"), and is explained in Kabbalistic, Hasidic, and Mussar writings, especially the Hasidic method of Rabbi Nachman of Breslav.
New Age meditations are often influenced by Eastern philosophy, mysticism, Yoga, Hinduism and Buddhism, yet may contain some degree of Western influence. In Zen Yoga, Aaron Hoopes talks of meditation as being an avenue to touching the spiritual nature that exists within each of us. Followers of the Sikh religion also believe that love comes through meditation on the lord's name since meditation only conjures up positive emotions in oneself which are portrayed through our actions. In the Sikh religion, kirtan, otherwise known as singing the hymns of God is seen as one of the most beneficial ways of aiding meditation, and it too in some ways is believed to be a meditation of one kind. Taoism includes a number of meditative and contemplative traditions, said to have their principles described in the I Ching, Tao Te Ching, Chuang Tzu and Tao Tsang among other texts.

Often Taoist Internal martial arts, especially T'ai chi ch'uan are thought of as moving meditation. Meditation is a state of mind which looks at everything with complete attention, totally, not just parts of it. Executive meditation coach Mark Thornton writes about a revolution - finding your deepest heart in everyday moments.
Mark ThorntonExecutive meditation coach Mark Thornton writes about a revolution - finding your deepest heart in everyday moments.
You'll learn a simple but highly effective and systematic meditation technique that takes you within yourself and brings you back out. If you are keen to learn about meditation and to make a change in your life that you can sustain, you'll enjoy these classes. Meditation has been practiced since antiquity as a component of numerous religious traditions. Western Christian meditation progressed from the 6th century practice of Bible reading among Benedictine monks called Lectio Divina, i.e. Rather than focusing on spiritual growth, secular meditation emphasizes stress reduction, relaxation and self improvement.[45][46] Both spiritual and secular forms of meditation have been subjects of scientific analyses. These meditative practices sometimes have similarities (often noticed by Westerners), for instance concentration on the breath is practiced in both Zen, Tibetan and Theravadan contexts, and these similarities or 'typologies' are noted here. Core meditation techniques have been preserved in ancient Buddhist texts and have proliferated and diversified through teacher-student transmissions. There is considerable homogeneity across meditative practices — such as breath meditation and various recollections (anussati) — that are used across Buddhist schools, as well as significant diversity.
Yoga is generally done to prepare one for meditation, and meditation is done to realize union of one's self, one's atman, with the omnipresent and non-dual Brahman.
These are ethical discipline (yamas), rules (niyamas), physical postures (asanas), breath control (pranayama), withdrawal from the senses (pratyahara), one-pointedness of mind (dharana), meditation (dhyana), and finally samadhi, which is often described as the union of the Self (atman) with the omnipresent (Brahman), and is the ultimate aim of all Hindu yogis. The meditative state of mind is declared by the Yogis to be the highest state in which the mind exists. During prayer a Muslim focuses and meditates on God by reciting the Qur'an and engaging in dhikr to reaffirm and strengthen the bond between Creator and creation, with the purpose of guiding the soul to truth.[citation needed] Such meditation is intended to help maintain a feeling of spiritual peace, in the face of whatever challenges work, social or family life may present. Such techniques, particularly the more audacious, can be, and often have been down the ages, a source of controversy among scholars. In the Oveyssi-Shahmaghsoudi Sufi order, for example, this is particularly evident, where muraqaba takes the form of tamarkoz, the latter being a Persian term that means concentration. In padastha dhyana one focuses on Mantra.[112] A Mantra could be either a combination of core letters or words on deity or themes.
Asana and Pranayama, meditation, contemplation, mantra and therapy are its integral parts.[115] Numerous Preksha meditation centers came into existence around the world and numerous meditations camps are being organized to impart training in it. The Talmud refers to the advantage of the scholar over the prophet, as his understanding takes on intellectual, conceptual form, that deepens mental grasp, and can be communicated to others. In the West, meditation found its mainstream roots through the social revolution of the 1960s and 1970s, when many of the youth of the day rebelled against traditional belief systems as a reaction against what some perceived as the failure of Christianity to provide spiritual and ethical guidance.[126] New Age meditation as practiced by the early hippies is regarded for its techniques of blanking out the mind and releasing oneself from conscious thinking.
Experiencing the joy of this essence has been called enlightenment, nirvana, or even rebirth, and reflects a deep understanding within us. The first Guru of the Sikhs, Guru Nanak Dev Ji preached the equality of all humankind and stressed the importance of living a householder's life instead of wandering around jungles meditating, the latter of which being a popular practice at the time. The multitude of schools relating to Qigong, Neigong, Internal alchemy, Daoyin and Zhan zhuang is a large, diverse array of breath-training practices in aid of meditation with much influence on later Chinese Buddhism and with much influence on traditional Chinese medicine and the Chinese as well as some Japanese martial arts.
A common phrase being, "movement in stillness" referring to energetic movement in passive Qigong and seated Taoist meditation; with the converse being "stillness in movement", a state of mental calm and meditation in the tai chi form. These have been based on desire, will, and the urge for achievement, and imply conflict and a struggle to arrive. In Meditation in a New York Minute, Thornton demystifies meditation and makes it accessible to all.
With Meditation in a New York Minute, now the rewards of this centuries-old inner art are available to everyone on the go. The steps for the meditation including the goal is clearly outlined allowing everyone to easily follow even if you are a beginner.

Meditation may involve invoking or cultivating a feeling or internal state, such as compassion, or attending to a specific focal point.
Meditation may refer to a mental or spiritual state that may be attained by such practices,[4] and may also refer to the practice of that state. However, usage may vary somewhat by context - readers should be aware that in quotations, or in discussions of particular traditions, more specialized meanings of "meditation" may sometimes be used (with meanings made clear by context whenever possible). The sensation of receiving divine inspiration awakens and liberates both heart and intellect, permitting such inner growth that the apparently mundane actually takes on the quality of the infinite. One broad group of ulema, followers of the great Al-Ghazzali, for example, have in general been open to such techniques and forms of devotion, while another such group, those who concur with the Ibn Taymiya, reject and generally condemn such procedures as species of bid'ah (Arabic: ????) or mere innovation.
In agnya vichaya, one contemplates on seven facts - life and non-life, the inflow, bondage, stoppage and removal of karmas, and the final accomplishment of liberation.
The advantage of the prophet over the scholar is in the transcendence of their intuitive vision.
Sikhs believe that there are 10 'gates' to the body; 'gates' is another word for 'chakras' or energy centres. The Guru preached that we can obtain liberation from life and death by living a totally normal family life and by spreading love amongst every human being regardless of religion.
The Chinese martial art T'ai chi ch'uan is named after the well-known focus for Taoist and Neo-Confucian meditation, the Taijitu (T'ai Chi T'u), and is often referred to as “meditation in motion”. This conscious, deliberate striving is always within the limits of a conditioned mind, and in this there is no freedom. If any system teaches you how to be attentive, then you are attentive to the system and that is not attention.
He presents his complete program for enjoying the many benefits of meditation - stress reduction, energy, intense mental clarity - in a New York minute.
Its four formal steps as a "ladder" were defined by the monk Guigo II in the 12th century with the Latin terms lectio, meditatio, oratio, and contemplatio (i.e. To use the simile of the old Indian philosopher: the soul of man is like a piece of crystal, but it takes the colour of whatever is near it. All Jain followers irrespective of their sect, whether Digambara or Svetambara, practice mantra. In apaya vichaya, one contemplates on the incorrect insights one indulges into and that eventually develops right insight. The ideal illumination is achieved when the insights of mystical revelation are brought into conceptual structures.
It is already there, deep within, behind all the barriers, patiently waiting for us to recognize it. Meditation is one of the greatest arts in life - perhaps the greatest, and one cannot possibly learn it from anybody, that is the beauty of it. For example, Isaac Luria revealed new doctrines of Kabbalah in the 16th Century, that revolutionised and reordered its teachings into a new system.[122] However, he did not write down his teachings, which were recounted and interpreted instead by his close circle of disciples. When one reaches this stage through continuous practice meditation becomes a habit that continues whilst walking, talking, eating, awake and even sleeping. After a mystical encounter, called in Kabbalistic tradition an "elevation of the soul" into the spiritual realms, Isaac Luria said that it would take 70 years to explain all that he had experienced. Becoming more aware of your self and realizing your spiritual nature is something that transcends religion.
There is a distinct taste or flavour when a meditator reaches this lofty stage of meditation, as one experiences absolute peace and tranquility inside and outside the body. As Kabbalah evolved its teachings took on successively greater conceptual form and philosophical system. Nonetheless, as is implied by the name of Kabbalah, which means "to receive", its exponents see that for the student to understand its teachings requires a spiritual intuitive reception that illuminates and personalises the intellectual structures.

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