WWF is campaigning in Australia and internationally for action to reduce carbon pollution that contributes to global warming, climate change and ocean acidification. Further delays will make the transition to a low polluting economy increasingly expensive and difficult, with much greater risk of failure. All the posters in this gallery were submitted by independent designers as part of the initiative. A new coal-fired power station without carbon capture and storage at start-up will significantly increase our pollution and make it harder and more expensive to cut our pollution. WWF is actively engaged with the business community through the Climate Savers and Climate Friendly programs.
There are many actions you can take at home and at work to reduce pollution, save money and help protect our wildlife. The Borneo pygmy elephant is now in danger of extinction and WWF estimates that there are as few as 1,500 individuals pygmy elephants remaining in the wild. Your adoption of Koyah will help WWF protect orang-utans in the wild through our campaign to stop habitat loss, hunting and illegal trade. Your adoption of Hector the turtle will help WWF to protect marine turtles around Australia. This past May was the hottest on record ever, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
Please note that gratuitous links to your site are viewed as spam and may result in removed comments. Cost is not the problem, for that mis a relative phrase when applied to the way money is "made." The real issue is who pays and why are we trapped in the insanity of olde beliefs ruled by ideology that is now archaic?
Having all those stats and numbers is very important as it helps laying all cards on the table to properly understand the problem and think of solutions.
Welcome to Inhabitat, your online guide to the best green design ideas, innovations and inspiration to build a cleaner, brighter, and better future. As a 15-year-old youth leader, I feel that young people like us have a pivotal role to play in the successful implementation and realisation of a sustainable future. The glaring irony of the situation lies in the fact that these issues are acknowledged and discussed in conference after conference, road maps are charted, milestones set, yet for every forward step taken we seem to regress further with time.
Why is it then that on the year of completion of the MDGs, instead of celebrating environmental sustainability, we look forward somberly to yet another set of goals to reduce global warming. No longer can we afford to while away another decade in fruitless negotiations and posturing while a minority reap the benefits of economic progress at the cost of the environment and society. The onus is on all of us to shake off this veil of complacency and indifference and act with decisiveness.
As we move into the new year, let us pledge to adopt a lifestyle that is zero carbon and sustainable.
Research on mental health and climate change in Australia pretty much starts and ends with a very modest and soft-spoken psychiatric epidemiologist, Helen Berry of the University of Canberra. Berry has documented increased levels of distress in young people in drought-affected areas, and in farmers as well. I spoke to elders from several Aboriginal communities in New South Wales who all told of a general sense of unease.
That corresponds with what Berry has found in her scientific studies — a sense of despair, but also an enthusiasm for re-connecting with the land.
Also like Berry, Williams has noticed that when people take action to restore the environment, it energizes them and lessens their anxiety.
She and her coworkers have found different effects on people’s mental health and well-being depending on the type of drought they experience — very dry periods punctuated by occasional rain, consistent dryness, short sharp droughts, and long droughts that culminate in one or two years of catastrophic drought. Berry is also working on a study whose early results suggest that a hot spell of even a few days can have effects that last up to a year — it attacks men’s sense of being capable and strong and competent, and women’s emotional functioning.
The hardest hit by climate change in Australia so far have been farmers, and they’re a challenge as research subjects, said Berry. That’s what I found when I visited Reg Kidd on his picture-perfect ranch in New South Wales.
He offers up that he’s been on antidepressants at various points in his life, and while he doesn’t think his episodes were related to weather events, he’s seen weather-related depression in other farmers. Kidd and other local farmers have founded a group, “Are You Okay?,” with discussions and buttons to wear to remind them to touch base with their neighbors during tough times and ask them how they’re doing. And on his own ranch, he’s made changes that could be considered climate mitigation or adaptation. Both Berry and McMichael say one of the biggest challenges is research funding, especially government funding.
As for the new vocabulary, that comes from another Aussie, Glenn Albrecht, a former professor who taught philosophy, sustainability, and environmental studies at the University of Newcastle and at Murdoch University. What got him thinking about solastalgia was not climate change, but open-pit mining in New South Wales vast enough to be seen from space.
Sol — from solace, the idea that we take solace from the patterns and rhythms of nature.
And then there’s endemophilia — the love that people have for what’s distinctive about the place they live or come from. In the few months since my visit, Australia stopped being such a lonely outpost for people studying the mental health effects of climate change. Correction: This post originally identified Glenn Albrecht as a professor at the University of Newcastle.
What are Cruz, Kasich, Trump, Clinton, and Sanders' plans to deal with a warming climate? Use the controls in the far right panel to increase or decrease the number of terms automatically displayed (or to completely turn that feature off). Empirical measurements of the Earth's heat content show the planet is still accumulating heat and global warming is still happening. Figure 1: Total amount of heat from global warming that has accumulated in Earth's climate system from 1962 to 2008, from Church et al.
A look at the Earth's total heat content clearly shows global warming has continued past 1998. In 1998, an abnormally strong El Nino caused heat transfer from the Pacific Ocean to the atmosphere.
New York Times has an article, "Skeptics on Human Climate Impact Seize on Cold Spell", featuring quotes from prominent climate scientists and skeptics, that highlights the dangers of mistaking short-term weather for long-term climate trends. On 21 January 2012, 'the skeptic argument' was revised to correct a minor formatting error. Not only does this site have depth and clarity, you're a model of how to present facts without demonizing those with contrary views.
Two data sets show an increasing trend in OHT and two show the beginning of a steep decline. A decent sized nuclear power plant is 1 GWe, which at a 33% thermal efficiency, is close to 3 GWt. If the ocean has warmed to this extent, it must surely have expelled many millions of extra tonnes of CO2 into the atmosphere. Australis: Just because the ocean has absorbed so much heat does not not mean that its temperature has increased a lot.
And now my question: Figure 1 could also be used to advance the idea that the oceans have a tremendous ability to buffer us (on land) from global warming, and that while things may change, the consequences may be overstated. My question: Wouldn't it be possible that the heat contet of oceans rise even after radiative forcing has stopped changing?
My understanding is that is not warming enough to be able to confirm that an increased greenhouse effect is causing global warming. But Josh Willis at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory says the oceans are what really matter when it comes to global warming. It is clear that the heat was sequestered in the Deep Oceans by the Termohaline Circulation, and that explain why the SST warming trend was near zero between 2003 and 2008. From this numbers is clear that if the Termohaline Circulation Shut Down then a BLAST OF HEAT will occur in the Upper Ocean and Atmosphere. Is there any current Climate Model of how much the warming will accelerate if the Termohaline Circulation Shut Down? This pattern shows global cooling and warming phases of about 30 year duration, and the current trend is global cooling until 2030. Although in some (rare) cases it is possible to do a statistical-only analysis of physical phenomena, it needs to be done appropiately. If you want to look at unsmoothed data then you must look at unsmoothed data across all years, by ignoring the black line and just looking at all the black dots starting in 1990 and going up through 2008. You must also look at either the line or the dots within the range of projections (the shaded areas) beyond 2005. Sooner than later, it will be established that CO2 driven global warming is the greatest scientific stuff up of all times. The stuff up is caused by assuming the temperature rise from 1970 to 2000 was unprecedented. Do you have any physical _and_ statistical reason to claim that there is a cycle, other than looking at a couple of up and downs? I appreciate that not everyone places a high faith in satellite measurements, but they all say that the earth has been absorbing more energy during that time. To me this also raises serious doubts that we really can get a true average measurement of ocean heat content. Response: Levitus' data covers only the upper ocean heat which shows more variability than the total ocean heat. Skepticism is definitely healthy and is at the very core of the progresses of science; misinterprenting or disregarding what is known is not. Perhaps my reference to Latif implied I was focusing on a relationship between short term and long term variability.

I've not concluded that "we don't understand enough about the natural forcing elements" as you suggest. It doesn't seem to arbitrary to wonder if the long term cycle in (a) is in a phase of it's cycle that affects the warming in (b). Altough some phenomena show a (sort of) cyclic behaviour they all average out in the long run. Indeed, this is what Trenberth refers to in the stolen email, look at the other things he said. I think a fair paraphrasing of all Trenberth's comments would be: We don't have the right data. If your kid grows an inch and a half each year between fifth grade and eighth grade and then doesn't grow any more through high school, is he still growing? And if someone says "but but but his average height during high school is taller than his average height during middle school!" does that change your mind? 11 hasn't become 15 or 20, so I don't think that "it's still warm though it's neither warming nor cooling" disproves your thesis. Response: I understand the use of metaphors but eventually metaphors get so tortured, the usefulness fades.
The height analogy is a good one because the temperature has remained within a few tenths of a degree C below to, by some measures one hundredth of a degree above the 1998 mean.
Look at the instrumental record and you'll see many periods of no warming and yet overall the temperature has increased. Finally, "waiting for more conclusive data" isn't actually possible, since we can't freeze all emissions of greenhouse gases while we wait. Of course this is day to day weather- however, warming of this magnitude after years of milder winters and earlier springs is troubling to say the least.
The climate models always predicted that after 2010 we would begin to see record warming-is this 'that' beginning? And its been 90 here (on the coast of that great bowl of oil and vinegar we call the Gulf of Mexico) already - two days running. We have just experienced the warmest January-April period on record when considering the combined land and ocean temps. Michael, I think one of the things you're missing is taking a moment to read John's post, or if you have and believe you've found something wrong there, perhaps you could mention it?
Even assuming that we are simply at the beginning of the next natural Milankovitch warming cycle or, on a shorter scale, a Bond Event or a natural orbital perturbation or a solar max or for no discernible reason whatsoever, we can interpolate that the oceans will become net exporters of CO2 before 2040 just as the forests are now.
If we happen to be in one of the 'abrupt' climate changes, we can expect temperature increases within a few years to a few decades, depending on the causality, to increase right past the sweet spot at which humans can survive.
The tropics have encroached into sub-tropical zones by four degrees of longitude in the recent past.
The type of anomaly and the direction of temperature variation at any given point is of no import. My belated point is this: If you live on Easter Island, cutting down coconut trees for the nuts might seem like a good idea until you have cut down the last one. In her new book, Naomi Klein (center) documents how some corporations and lobbying groups have thwarted action against climate change and even manipulated multiple governments into boosting the extraction of gas, coal, and oil.
The gathering of delegates in New York last week for the latest and likely futile installment of climate talks at the United Nations prompted a new round of familiar questions: Why have the governments of the world so far been unable to stem climate change? Climate change debates are a maelstrom, and Naomi Klein has added to that fray with her new book, This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. The causal link between human actions and tumultuous climate shifts is beyond question, as is our collective failure to halt climate change. Every day, for instance, Joel Makower and his news site Greenbiz document the initiatives launched by companies around the world. Emissions arena€™t rising because of Washington lobbyists pursuing the imperatives of the 1 percent.
Klein is dead-on in her litany of the failures of European carbon trading; she is certainly justified in decrying most government efforts to combat climate change as shams. We are the highest per capita greenhouse gas polluters in the OECD1 and the 15th highest polluting country. We have delayed significant investment in renewable energies and our pollution levels continue to rise. Putting a price on pollution will provide incentives for business to invest in clean products and services, and make clean energy cheaper.
Australia has access to abundant solar, wind, geothermal, wave and other clean resources, but we need polices to bring these technologies online. To avoid the worst impacts of climate change, Australia and the global community must work together. The average surface temperature around the world was almost 1°C above its average last century, and Alaska almost 2°C over its average. Climate change is very complex, but framing the potential consequences in economic costs like job losses and property damage really helps to put it in terms that everyone can understand. This year marked the end of the MDGs (Millennium Development Goals) and the adoption of the 17 sustainable development goals which, over the next 15 years, would seek to bring about a balance between economic progress, the environment and society.
The MDGs had very limited success with economic progress being achieved at the cost of our environment, ignoring the ominous effects of climate change. There needs to be a far greater level of empowerment and engagement for us, the youth, since it is our future that is at stake. After all, depression is already the second leading cause of disability around the world, depression can be kicked off by stress, and watching the ocean inch up to your doorstep or seeing drought destroy your crops and take away your livelihood can be pretty nerve-racking. I also found recalcitrant farmers, concerned members of Aboriginal communities, a climate change philosopher, and the beginnings of a new vocabulary. All have noticed something — the absence of snow in the winter, the disappearance of rivers. He’s a member of the Aboriginal community in New South Wales and used to head a local land council. He points to various Aboriginal groups working on traditional resource management, including burning off the low brush that fuels bush fires. In rural areas, the pattern associated with the worst mental health across the whole population was a long period of persistent drought followed by a year or two of especially dry weather.
When I asked him about climate change, he quoted a popular Australian poem written in 1910 that refers to the country as “a land of droughts and floods.” With one of his cows mooing in the background, he says he believes in climate variability, but hasn’t seen the evidence to prove climate change yet. The best thing that can be said about the Australian government’s approach to climate change is that it’s crazy. Talking to people who lived nearby, he found they were outraged, and saddened, and that got him thinking about the role that place, land, and landscape play in people’s sense of well-being. Soliphilia — a state that results in positive energy to collaborate, heal, and work together. The new IPCC report has a health chapter that deals with the issue (Berry and McMichael were among the authors). In fact, he most recently taught at Murdoch University, and he recently retired from there. Working Group I Contribution to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Annex I, Glossary, pp. Surface temperatures can show short-term cooling when heat is exchanged between the atmosphere and the ocean, which has a much greater heat capacity than the air. This new research combines measurements of ocean heat, land and atmosphere warming and ice melting to find that our climate system continued to accumulate heat through to 2008. Since 1970, the Earth's heat content has been rising at a rate of 6 x 1021 Joules per year. 190 TWt of energy going into the ocean each year is closer to the heat output of 65,000 1 GWe nuclear power plants.
I know there are potential holes in that reasoning, but I'd appreciate links to science addressing the extension of this topic to the potential impacts. I would assume that the "response time" of oceans to global warming is much longer than that of the atmosphere because of the drastic differences in their heat capacities. Also it's not warming enough in the right area which is supposed to be in the Troposphere at around 10km. These diving instruments suggest that the oceans have not warmed up at all over the past four or five years. As a result, this linear warming is insignificant when looking at mean global temperature trends at the moment. The black line for HADCRUT3 observed temperatures smoothed has been extended beyond that not by the IPCC, but by someone who modified (doctored, faked, falsified, as in Elvis with Bigfoot) the graph but adding an unsmoothed line!
Actually, as shown in this oscillating anomaly, this rise in temperature is similar to those at the end of 1880s and 1940s. Indeed, statistics is no joke, just looking at a couple of up and downs does not define a cycle. To those of us who believe that scientific skepticism is healthy, it would seem to be a mistake to conclude that we know the earths total heat content is still rising without looking for alternative answers to the mystery. Measurements of ocean heat down to 2000 metres deep show that the oceans are still accumulating heat. If, with Tremberth, we can't say where the heat has gone on a sesonal or yearly basis, the same does not apply to longer periods. The point I was making is that Latif has made that conclusion; specifically about "internal decadal variability". Unless they have totally misinterpreted his comments he believes the data show an energy imbalance.
There's nothing wrong in the data, just not accurate enough to details the short term variability which we all would like to account for.
Indeed, it's well known that part, the largest probably, of the short term variability can be explained by ENSO alone.

Kudos goes to the person who made the very good estimation in the above article of the change in internal energy of the oceans.
Both surface and atmospheric measurements show cooling, or, at least, minimal warming since 2002.
People will rationalize arguments that the ecosphere is not warming because they don't want to believe it is.
That we cannot account for some of the trapped heat merely means we don't know where to look. As the rotation decreases, a wobble begins but it wobbles through it's steady state enough that the wobble is barely noticeable. Svensmark and the rest of the "it's the sun" fraction of the denialist movement over the last six months. Why can’t the global community agree to halt the sharp rise in both carbon emissions and global temperatures? His most recent book is The Leading Indicators: A Short History of the Numbers That Rule Our World.
She sees them almost entirely as forms of corporate marketing and deft lobbying that have in turn corrupted large environmental NGOs such as the Nature Conservancy and the Environmental Defense Fund. Take the endeavor recently announced at the Clinton Global Initiative by Sir Richard Branson to tackle trucking efficiency throughout the world. Klein might dismiss these efforts in general, but Maersk’s innovations around slow shipping, for instance, are about the only thing standing between it and financial insolvency. But she misses the substantial contributions of companies to a radical reduction in energy consumption over the past five years. Getting there requires massive investment of trillions of dollars and concerted effort at multiple levels of society. Her studies don’t focus on specific psychiatric diagnoses, but general mental health and well-being. If people live somewhere hot to begin with, it looks like even hotter weather is generally well-tolerated — unless it’s really extreme heat relative to what’s normal in that place. The only time Berry talked above the level of a whisper was when I asked her if research on climate change and mental health was a tough sell to government funding agencies. And McMichael noted that ecology doesn’t fit very well into the traditional medical research model. There’s not much recognition beyond the damage that will occur to iconic species and to ecosystems and to tourism and the economy,” he said. When the patterns and rhythms of nature, the timing of fruits and flowers and plantings, change, so too do the patterns and rhythms of our minds, he said. Basically, people who see the cumulative damage of climate change and work together to make repairs. I’m a New Jersey ex-pat, and I miss everything from the gas tanks of Elizabeth to the horse country near Gladstone to the Jersey shore. The American Psychological Association and ecoAmerica recently released a report on the broad psychological effects of climate change. Figure 1 shows the heat capacity of the land and atmosphere are small compared to the ocean (the tiny brown sliver of "land + atmosphere" also includes the heat absorbed to melt ice).
Conversely, the last few years have seen moderate La Nina conditions which had a cooling effect on global temperatures. In more meaningful terms, the planet has been accumulating energy at a rate of 190,260 gigawatts. A few degrees of warming does imply that water could hold (at maximum) less CO2; however its CO2 content is largely a function of the equilibrium with the atmosphere. So Willis has been studying the ocean with a fleet of robotic instruments called the Argo system.
It looks like you are following a pre-defined idea and do not care of contrast it with science.
He has subsequently made it clear that, his intent was to say that with todays technology we should be able to find the effect of the increased trapped heat, but we haven't yet been able to. But I reserve the right to wonder if understanding the decadal oscillations of the oceans and an improved ability to measure the heat content of the oceans would lead us to an answer.
In the end, they could at best justify some "noise" in the trend; no overall energy balance has been altered and these "oscillation" can just move around the heat through the climate system.
This part is know, but it's not all; the remainder comes from other, smaller, contributions. How can the planet be accumulating heat when over the course of 8 years global temperature records show it has not really warmed at all?
It could be hiding in the AMO but it could just as easily be involved in a previously unobserved chemical reaction of which we know nothing.
During that period three observers could debate whether it is speeding up, slowing down or naturally imbalanced at a steady momentum. Because she is such a powerful voice in this discussion, her rhetoric risks obscuring just how much is being done by large companies around the world to reduce their carbon emissions and environmental footprint. Yes, many companies remain obstacles to action, as Klein argues, but increasingly, more are becoming the agents of rapid and necessary change. And because carbon dioxide emissions continue to rise and rise, she argues that whatever is being done by companies in cahoots with compromised NGOs clearly isn’t working.
Branson is a particular focus of Klein’s critique, as a poseur capitalist who presents himself as a green apostle while making billions on carbon-intensive industries such as air travel. Its urgency to make money led to double-digit reductions in the amount of fuel its ships consume—and given that Maersk controls more than 15 percent of the global container fleet, that reduction is meaningful.
That phenomenon may serve the interests of many multinationals, but it is also serving the needs and ambitions of huge portions of humanity that watched from the sidelines of the 20th century as the western world aggregated the preponderance of the world’s affluence. And the long droughts that can bankrupt farmers and push some of them over the edge can raise the mood of people in cities, who experience the drought as endless sunny days.
He’s looked into drought-resistant plants, and he plans his farming and ranching around seasonal weather forecasts.
A decade-long bake called the Millennium Drought (which in some form actually lasted from 1995 to 2009) reminded people how bad droughts could be. Climate change might make people willing to take some kind of concerted action, to do something useful for their community. Hence, relatively small exchanges of heat between the atmosphere and ocean can cause significant changes in surface temperature. As atmospheric CO2 concentrations rise, the oceans will continue to absorb more CO2 despite their increasing temperatures.
Even worst, you cannot conclude that "we don't understand enough about the natural forcing elements." unless by "enough" you mean, for example, the timing of next El Nino and its strength or the like.
My suspicion is that it is charging the clathrate gun but I do not care to debate postulates. Instead of continuing cooling as they predicted in 2008 and early 09, temperatures bounced back with a vengeance once the La Nina calmed down.
So too are the efforts of UPS to upgrade its trucks to hybrids, electric, and other less fuel-intensive options. India’s environment minister has flatly stated that his government would focus on alleviating poverty regardless of whether or not it meant sharply rising emissions. But barring a synchronous overthrow of the entire global capitalist system, we need the assiduous efforts of multinationals that simultaneously strive to make heaps of money and to reduce their environmental impact. I checked the scientific literature, and found a few things, mostly from Australian scientists.
It doesn’t seem like real science to the big funding agencies, and there aren’t going to be any single bottom-line answers. Be aware that the HadCRUT record which finds 1998 as the hottest year on record doesn't include the whole globe - it excludes regions where the warming trend is greatest.
Look at this graph (thanks to Tamino); temperature fluctuates between the lower and the upper bounds. We will last longer than Atlantic Bluefin tuna; they will be extinct within a couple of years. The last 12 months is the hottest 12 months in recorded history, with even the skeptic run UAH dataset setting records, despite continuing tweaks to bring the anomalies down. U.S greenhouse gas emissions have decreased 10 percent since 2005, and the bulk of that came after 2008, even with a slight rise in 2013.
Perhaps he is in thrall to multinationals, but perhaps he is answering the demands of hundreds of millions of people to live better now. Recent droughts have fostered several dramatic and lethal wildfires, one of which marched right up to the outskirts of Melbourne.
This internal variation where heat is shuffled around our climate is the reason why surface temperature is such a noisy signal. A fully global temperature record finds 2005 as the hottest year on record, 2009 as the 2nd hottest year on record and a statistically significant warming trend throughout this period. You can (statistacally) say that temperature is still following the trend line until it goes out of the bounds. With all time high temperature records being set when the cooling effect from the deepest solar minimum in more than a century is at its peak, Svensmarks hypothesis has failed in a spectacular fashion. Some of the decrease was probably due to shrunken output because of the 2008-09 recession and financial crisis, but much of it is down to a private-enterprise drive for profit, which in turns drives the lowering of costs and of consumption of raw materials.
It would be good if the MSM would start focusing their attention on the massive failures of the denialist predictions instead of harassing the real scientists.

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