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All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. The skin is the body’s largest organ, and protects all of the internal organs from external factors such as the sun, sharp objects, and of course infections. Most bacterial skin infections are caused by a single family of bacteria, the Staphylococcus, but infections vary in name, symptoms, and severity quite significantly. The staphylococcus aureus bacteria is carried by roughly 20% of the population, and as many as 40%, so infection is certainly not a definite result of being a carrier, most often the bacteria doesn’t become pathogenic until the skin is cut or grazed, and even then only in very few cases which seems to be more dependent on a weakened immune system. Groups most at risk from contracting a bacterial skin infection are children, the elderly, and people with already suppressed immune systems or diabetes, although in a small number of cases they can occur in healthy individuals.
The most common bacterial skin infections noted in US hospitals, a trend that is similar in other developed nations, are cellulitis, impetigo, and folliculitis. Impetigo, one of the most common bacterial skin infections is most often seen in young children, usually between the ages of two and five.
Cellulitis is a deeper more serious bacterial skin infection affecting the deeper dermis and subcutaneous tissues, which more usually affects the face arms and legs, and almost always occurs due to a break in the skin that leads to infection. Folliculitis is a bacterial infection of the skin at the hair follicles, with swelling, and pustules surrounding the hair, and are often quite painful. When checked, Shutterstock's safe search screens restricted content and excludes it from your search results.
Looking for the most current news, updates, and articles relating to microbiology, go to The American Society for Microbiology educational website Microbe World.
Bacteria are microscopic single celled organisms that are found almost everywhere, from the deepest ocean trenches to the highest peaks, as well as acidic hot springs and even inside radioactive waster, and being so small, they can also inhabit our bodies without our knowledge. One of the smallest microorganisms, a single gram of soil can contain as many as 40 million bacterial cells, but they are not all dangerous, in fact we couldn’t survive without bacteria in our digestive systems to help break down our food, or bacteria on our skin to help clean our pores allowing us to absorb beneficial minerals and vitamins from the suns rays.
In most cases, bacterial infection can be treated successfully thru antibiotics taken over an extended period of time, sometimes only a few days, but often several weeks. Infectious bacteria produce toxins which damage surrounding cells, the human immune system is often not capable fighting this, thus requiring medical intervention in the form of antibacterial medication. Untreated bacterial infections can spread to other parts of the body as the infection enters the bloodstream, a condition known as bacteremia, so medical consultation when bacterial infection is first noticed should occur reasonably promptly along with plenty of rest to allow the immune system to fight infection.
Viral infections can quickly turn into bacterial infections as the body’s immune system weakens allowing bacteria already present to reach a state of imbalance, although it is also possible for bacteria not present to enter the body when the immune system is fighting contagion and is weakened. Common areas often affected by bacterial infections are the throat, ears, respiratory system, sinus, urinary tract, with varying degrees of pain and swelling. Many common ailments such as a sore stomach can easily be misdiagnosed if they go away after a few days, but in many cases food poisoning may be the cause, perhaps from Salmonella or Escherichia coli (E. Because bacteria are living organisms they can survive on furniture, doorknobs, escalator handrails etc without risk of perishing, making it very easy for bacterial infections to spread.

Proper cleaning of household items, bed linen, pet sleeping areas, making sure to get into hard to clean areas should be part of the homemakers regular cleaning regime if bacterial infections are prevalent. The Staphylococcus aureus bacteria is very common, and is found on the skin or in the noses or genital and anal areas of about 20% of the population, yet is mostly harmless and causes no problems.
Cuts and abrasions are the most common method of contracting a bacterial staph infection, the bacteria enters the wound and begins to produce toxins that damage surrounding cells, and which the human immune system struggles to fight, and often requiring antibacterial soap or antibiotics to clear. The bacteria is also airborne and can survive on surfaces that come into contact with humans such as doorknobs, kitchen bench tops, and in bedding or clothes, making an easy transition to other humans it comes into contact with. Symptoms of a bacterial staph infection tend to most obviously noticed on the skin first, usually small pus filled bumps or abscesses, boils, styes in the eyes, or blisters and red scabby skin around the nose and mouth. Generally the treatment for a localized skin infection caused by the staph bacteria will be a wash with a cleanser containing an antibacterial soap or cleanser, followed by the application of a topical antibiotic ointment, and then applying a plaster or dressing to keep the area clean. In more serious cases bacterial staph infection can spread to the lungs, the heart, the spinal cord and brain, the vagina and the blood system, and is a known cause of pneumonia, meningitis, endocarditis, toxic shock syndrome, and septicemia. Staph infections that travel beyond the skin to other organs are always of concern, and will often require immediate hospitalization, and will often be found unconscious making diagnosis more difficult, and staph infections that start on the skin should be noted by the patient or people surrounding them to ensure quicker response in the hospital setting. Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS), which only affects women, can be caused by bacterial staph infection and is potentially fatal. Tell a friend about us, add a link to this page, or visit the webmaster's page for free fun content. In fact the skin does a remarkable job of protecting the body from infection, most enter the body thru the nose, mouth, ears, eyes, anus, or groin.
Milder infections may only exhibit small reddish bumps, compared with more serious infections that may attack the entire skin right thru to it’s deepest levels. Within schools and play centers it is important that mats and other surfaces that children are in contact with are kept clean using hospital grade disinfectant to minimize chances of bacterial transfer. Prevention of contracting skin infections relies to a great extent on cleanliness and avoiding breaks in the skin, and when a break occurs, immediately washing the affected area with soap and water.
It manifests in groups of small red bumps which eventually open, becoming crusty, and have a honey colored appearance.
The skin around the break will swell and become tender and painful, often showing outward signs of blistering. Two types of folliculitis exist, a superficial infection, and a deeper infection that can extend into the tissue surrounding the follicle resulting in hard painful nodules.
A bacterial infection is described as an imbalance of bacteria that cause harm to our bodies. Most bacterial infections are localized to a single area of the body, and are characterized by local pain and some swelling. Tuberculosis, a particularly unpleasant infection of the lungs, sadly still kills more than 2 million people in Africa every year.

Modern commuter style living and global transport being so readily available allows contagious bacterial infections to quickly jump population groups and outpace medical treatment regimes. Staph infections are relatively rare in healthy individuals, but in elderly or otherwise ill people they can quickly set off an infection. Often the staph infection will enter the body directly at the point of infection rather than travel from the skin, making diagnosis more difficult without blood samples. The risk of contracting TSS is considered low in most cases, the majority of women having enough natural antibodies to prevent the infection. The condition is preventable; no child should be permitted to fall asleep nursing on any liquid other than plain water. William Hirzy provides the real truth behind the flouride controversy in this second part of a two-part article.
Yet, bacterial skin infections do occur, and can be both painful and disfiguring if not treated early.
They are highly contagious, both at play group, and at home, and often children will become reinfected after showing signs of recovery.
Salmonella, strep throat, cholera, gonorrhea, and syphilis are some of the most commonly known bacterial diseases that affect humans. Eating out in restaurants where food-handling staff do not follow proper personal hygiene standards are a common cause of E.
Thoroughly washing cuts and breaks in the skin with soap and water is recommended, thereafter keeping the wound clean to prevent subsequent infection.
See also caries, cervical (root surface).caries, cervical (root surface),n the decay that appears on the root at the cementoenamel junction or the neck as a result of gingival recession and exposure of the root surface.
Fever and chills are other symptoms, and patients with fever generally require urgent medical attention. Because this form can damage the underlying bone structure, it may affect the development of permanent teeth.caries, enamel,n the decay that occurs in the enamel of a tooth because of a fissure or the collection of bacterial plaque.
See also sealant, enamel.caries, plaque-related,n the caries associated with plaque formation. Dental caries is often caused by bacterial action on sugary foods and sweets, producing acids that destroy tooth enamel.

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