How to get rid of a dry cough uk,holistic ways to get rid of a yeast infection zinc,how to get rid of roundworms in cats naturally,how to get rid of pressure bubbles on piercings - New On 2016

02.03.2014, admin
Throat phlegm - respiratory disorders - medhelp, Hey :) i've been reading a number of posts here, in the archives, about phlegm in the throat. Constant phlegm throat ( lungs?) ' stuck , Hi danielle i had sinusitis earlier this year which resulted in post nasal drip and lots of phlegm at the back of my throat. Phlegm throat - respiratory disorders - medhelp, For the last five years i have endured the presence of constant phlegm in my throat.
Over the counterCovonia dry & tickly cough linctusCovonia dry & tickly cough linctus contains glycerol as the active ingredient. Q: Whom would you see if you felt ill, or for everyday cuts and wounds if you could not afford to pay the hugely expensive charges of a real surgeon?
Yes your local Barber was a man of many trades, including wig maker; well he had all the requirements on the floor of his shop after cutting everyones hair!
There was no National Health Service in the 17th Century like we have today, so getting medical treatment was both costly and difficult. Most people, especially in rural areas, consulted a midwife, who would have some knowledge of medical care and remedies.
Surgeons were also beginning to take an interest in childbirth, which provided a regular source of income.
Physicians thought they were the elite of the medical profession, and most had their practices in the larger towns and cities.
They had to complete seven years training; most of which was practical rather than academic. Hygiene was poor, with the surgeon operating in his everyday clothes, and surgical instruments were often left lying on the floor. People did not wash, and after an operation tools would probably only get wiped with a cloth; they wouldn't put tools in water, as that would make iron and steel rust.
Doctors believed in a theory that had been invented by the Ancient Greeks more than 1000 years earlier, known as 'The Four Humours'.
Blood - which they thought could cause fevers, nosebleed, or even a bad temper - so bleeding cured this.
Like the four earth elements of Air, Fire, Earth and Water, it was thought that the human body would require a balance of these in order to remain healthy. The stars were also considered very important in working out what was wrong with you; each illness was connected to a set of stars. They also believed that a lot of problems were caused by 'too much blood', so you had to get rid of some.
Surgical instruments included saws, knives, scalpels, clamps, hooks and probes that were often dirty and rusty. Mice were used in various ways to cure problems such as gout, earache and even to clean teeth.


Spider webs were used to stop nosebleeds, heal wounds and to draw out poison; and swallowing a spider would cure a fever.
Dentists believed that worms caused toothache, which was removed by heating the mouth with a candle until the worms fell sleepy and dropped out!
Englishman William Harvey, 1578- 1657, produced the theory that blood is pumped around the body in a single, closed circulatory system, with the heart acting as a pump with valves to control the flow. Sanctorius, 1516- 1636, first used precision instruments in medicine, designing the first clinical thermometer and building the first weighing machine. Athanasius Kircher, 1602- 1680, is noted as being the first man to use a microscope to investigate the cause of diseases. Chemist, Robert Boyle, described how the body takes in oxygen to breathe; stating that without this gas, animals and birds would die.
There are dry coughs and wet ones, tickly coughs and chesty ones and dozens of different elixirs and syrups designed to relieve all of them at different times of the day.
It is used to relieve a dry, tickly, unproductive cough (where no phlegm or mucus is coughed up). He would also check the colour against an ancient chart, which even included such colours as blue, green, and red to see what was wrong with you. He would consult an astrological chart to see where your birth sign indicated your blood should flow from, then he would make small cuts or use leeches. Most barbers would have spent time on the battlefield, where they would have learnt (possibly the hard way for those he treated) and gained experience on a huge range of cuts and wounds. The average life expectancy was just thirty-eight years, and there was a high mortality rate for children.
Women could not practice medicine at this time, so most learnt their trade from their mothers. They began to invent technical devices to speed up delivery and improve the safety of mother and child. In 1600 it was estimated that there were only about one hundred of them in England, and their numbers only slightly increased throughout that century. They were generally regarded as inferior to physicians because the first surgeons were barbers.
They acted under the instruction of the physician, and were generally unaware of the medical advances being made. Without the knowledge and modern technology we have today, surgery was dangerous and survival rates low.
As an anaesthetic, patients would either sniff opium-soaked sponges or drink large quantities of alcohol, but the patient still suffered and several men had to hold the patient down. There was no knowledge of germs or bacteria, no anti-biotics, penicillin or antiseptics to kill germs, and no pain killers to dull pain or knock a patient out during an operation.


It was only in 1565 that Queen Elizabeth I granted The Royal College of Surgeons the right to practice regular dissection, which means permission to cut up dead bodies for research. This theory states that the whole world is made up of four elements; Air, Fire, Earth and Water. Each doctor had their favourite treatments, and they were based on a mixture of science and superstition. It was difficult to explore the human body as the church forbade the dissection of dead bodies.
Giovanni Borelli, Marcello Malpighi and Giorgio Baglivi between them studied the lungs, muscles, kidneys and stomach. There was a basic lack of knowledge of anatomy and physiology at the time, as well as no understanding of the routes of infection. But remember; he needed a good fresh, hot sample, so that he could work out what was wrong with you.
But do not worry; if the flesh did not get better and turned bad he could always use his maggots to clean the wound. At this time towns were becoming more and more populated, and people knew little about health and hygiene. However, midwives were associated with witchcraft, which hindered their status as a recognised medical practitioner. It was common for the patient to die from loss of blood or infection from the filthy conditions. We can now see microbes with a microscope, and know about the systems within the body; but in the seventeenth century little was known about the causes of disease.
Adults can expect to catch between two and four colds a year, while children can get eight or more.Coughs usually develop within 48 hours of cold symptoms. People did not wash very often, waste was disposed of on the streets, and clothes were beaten rather than washed. He carefully observed patients' symptoms to accurately diagnose them, and was aware of the properties of drugs. This meant that rats and flies were commonplace on the streets, allowing disease to spread easily and quickly. All this meant that doctors became more popular than midwives, who by the end of the 17th century were reduced to practicing among the poorer classes and post-natal nursing care. He gave iron for anaemia, quinine for malaria, and used opium for the relief of pain and to give his patients rest.



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