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27.08.2015, admin
Now before we see how to get rid of horse flies, let’s have a look at their physical attributes so that we can identify them easily.
Horse flies are attracted towards dark moving objects and carbon di-oxide, and this is how they locate a prey.
The females feed on blood while the males feed on flower nectar, honeydew, plant juices, and other plant liquids.
Horse flies are also reported to transmit diseases like anaplasmosis, hog cholera, tularemia and anthrax.
Male horse flies do not bite as they do not have biting mouth parts, hence they feed on flower nectar. As I have already told that, horse flies get attracted to dark moving objects, now we are going to use the same fact against them and make a trap that can attract horse flies to kill them.
To make the trap, attach the dark colored ball to the string and tie the open end of this string to the bottom of the stool. To make this trap, take the coke bottle and cut it with the knife as shown in the following picture. Many people have achieved success in controlling horse flies by using large sticky fly traps along with some attractant. To make this work, first of all you will need a large sticky fly paper trap [like this one] and along with them you could use odour baits. Carbon dioxide (CO 2) – As carbon dioxide is a component of cattle breath so horse flies are attracted to it. Acetone (Nail Polish or Varnish Remover) – Acetone is also a component of cattle breath so many species of horse flies are also significantly attracted to this liquid. Octenol (1-octen-3-ol) – Octenol is a component of cattle sweat, and hence it also attracts some species of flies to a moderate extent. Ammonia (NH3 vapour) – Ammonia is a component of cattle urine and is also seen to attract some species of tabanids. Cow urine (aged for at least 1 week) – Cow urine was one of the first things that was discovered to attract horseflies. To make this trap – join, stitch, or staple the 4 pieces of plastic sheeting to form a pyramid shape as shown in the below image. The size of the pyramid should be about 4 feet high and 3 feet wide along each of the four bases. At the apex of the pyramid, cut a small hole and staple or stitch a 5 inch cardboard plate. To install the trap, insert some part of the centre pole into the ground to make it erect, so that it can hold the canopy off the ground. Note: Please note that there are many different ways to construct a manning trap and I have shown the simplest one here.

Connect the dark coloured ball to the string and tie the open end of this string to the bottom of the tripod, so that it hangs at least 2 feet above the tripod legs. After this keep the trap near the infested area and you will soon see the bottle filled with dead horseflies.
It is seen that horseflies hate the fragrance of certain natural oils, so you could use them to create a repellent for you or your pets.
Theoretically, it is possible to kill the horse fly larvae with insecticides, but as they live near streams or rivers so doing this would make the water poisonous or polluted. You can get the concentrated pyrethrins insecticide from any farm supply or agricultural chemical firms.
To make a dish soap spray, take an empty spray bottle and add 4 tablespoons of dish soap, 2 cups of white vinegar to it, then add 1 cup of warm water, shake the mixture and your dish soap spray is ready.
I have seen many products that are manufactured to work against horse flies but most of them fail.
Equisect Botanical Fly Repellent Rtu Spray – This is a natural fly spray that works against 5 different species of flies including horse flies. Remove any standing water in the shed, make sure you have a proper drainage system so that there is no stagnant water for the horse flies to lay eggs. Disinfect the area: First of all disinfect the area by washing it thoroughly with soap and water. If you are outside and cannot disinfect the area at that time then cover the wound with saliva.
Cool the Area: Cooling the area with icepack or a wet cold washcloth, helps in reducing the pain. Anti-Allergens: If the itch is getting unbearable then you could apply a hydrocortisone cream over the wound.
Keep an eye on the Wound: Keep an eye on the wound as there is a chance that it may develop bacterial infection. The eyes are compound, dichoptic (separated) in females and holloptic (continuous) in males. They love damp and warm climate as such climates are most preferable for the immature stages to develop. Female horse flies need a blood meal before they can lay eggs, as it provides them the adequate amounts of protein to reproduce effectively. It has also been proved [here] that the efficiency of regular fly paper traps increases significantly when they are used with odour baits.
But as Octenol is a very costly chemical hence it is only being used in lab experiments against horse flies. And as it is freely accessible and quite easily dispensed, it is a popular attractant particularly among cattle farmers.

Next, a ring should be attached to each lower corner to attach guy lines that hold the trap up. Fasten the jar lid upside down and draw a 2 inch hole into the lid and the cardboard plate.
After this tie the guy lines with some supporting sticks so that they can hold the canopy like tent ropes. The concentration of the insecticide in the spray varies according to the animal to be treated. Dish soap contains borax which is an insecticide; the best part about such a spray is that it does not have any ill-effect on you or your animals.
You could also spray the manure heaps with insecticides; this will keep the larvae from developing.
Saliva contains Histatin protein that has healing abilities which will allow you to heal the bite till you can get indoors and treat it properly. They are a nuisance for livestock, horse flies (particularly female ones) land on the body of cattle and bite them to draw their blood.
Horse flies are most active in humid and warm conditions, that’s why they are mostly found near beaches and lakes.
In immature stages like larva or maggot they feed on small insects present near the breeding areas. After getting activated the attractant lures the horse flies to enter the trap, once the flies enter the trap they get trapped. The best part about these traps is a single trap can catch upto 20,000 flies and can be used for several weeks. The smell of rotten meat will attract the horse flies and they will try to enter the bottle. But you would need large quantities of CO2 gas to make this work in actual field conditions.
For example: if you wish to treat horses then you should buy the formulation labelled specifically for them. If needed you can use cellophane tape to attach the bottle over the funnel, but make sure it is well attached with the funnel. The larval stage is up to an year long, after this the larvae burrow into the soil, starts to pupate.

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