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16.02.2014, admin
Viruses cause the vast majority of sinus infections, yet doctors often prescribe antibiotics, which only are effective against bacterial infections. In truth, their treatment might only have contributed to antibiotic resistance in harmful bacteria and wasted health-care dollars. A team of doctors at Ohio State University’s Wexner Medical Center hopes to put a dent in the overprescribing of antibiotics.
Researchers at Wexner Medical Center are working to develop an at-home test strip that can ferret out the source of sinus infections. The team has been working with local experts in the fields of protein research and microbiology to develop better ways to detect the bacteria that cause some sinus infections. Aided by $700,000 in funding from the National Institutes of Health, researchers are working to identify proteins unique to the bacteria that cause sinus infections. In many cases, Das said, the symptoms of viral sinus infections can be managed with decongestants, nasal rinses and over-the-counter medications such as ibuprofen.
The Infectious Diseases Society of America this spring released its first set of guidelines for the treatment of bacterial sinus infections. The guidelines also urge doctors not to use other common antibiotics due to increased drug resistance in so-called super bugs. Many of the guidelines, however, require doctors to monitor the course of an infection over several days. He questioned, however, whether testing a simple nasal swab can be effective in determining the source of an infection. It would likely be widely used if it proves to be cost-effective and reliable, he said.If clinical trials are successful and the Food and Drug Administration looks favorably on the test strips, they could be available in 2015, Das said. Ashish Shah, performing an endoscopy exam on Eric Archibald, says a quick test could help reduce the 10 days or so it can take to diagnose and treat a patient. The team hopes patients would then discuss the results of that test with a family doctor, much as they would the results of an at-home pregnancy test. Subinoy Das, a sinus surgeon and researcher who’s playing a key role in the Wexner Medical Center study.


They hope to enroll as many as 300 people in local clinical trials meant to fine-tune the tests so they yield fewer false positives and false negatives.
Ashish Shah, an ear, nose and throat doctor with Ohio ENT, said such a test could help reduce the 10 days or so it can take to diagnose and treat a patient. Garrett BennettSinusitisSinusitis is the inflammation of the sinus that is caused by either a viral or bacterial infection. Problem bacteria live in slimy biological structures called biofilms that can be difficult to detect.
Sinusitis typically occurs when excess mucus develops or there is a blockage to the sinuses.
The causes of excess mucus or blockage to the sinuses can be from an active cold, allergies, a deviated septum, or cilia not working properly, which are the small hairs in your sinuses that help move mucus out.
Acute sinusitis is a sinus infection that last anywhere from ten days to eight weeks depending on the severity. Chronic sinusitis is an ongoing infection that may show signs of improvement by reoccur within a short or long time frame.
Both acute and chronic sinusitis can be in the form of a viral or bacterial infection.Viral Sinus InfectionsViral sinus infections are the most common type of sinusitis.
A The first few days your symptoms will worsen and after about the fifth day you will start to see improvement.
These types of sinus infections generally go away on their own without the need for antibiotics. The symptoms you may experience while having a viral sinus infection are headaches, congestion, low fever, nasal discharge, and trouble sleeping. If your cold is lingering around and does not runs its course naturally you may actually have a sinus infection. Another way a viral sinus infection can form is from influenza, or more commonly known as the flu. Unlike common viral sinus infections, the flua€™s symptoms are typically diagnosed within two days.


When you experience any type of sinus infection it will more than likely be a viral sinus infection.Bacterial Sinus InfectionsBacterial sinus infections are less common but do occur as a result of a severe sinus infection. It may be difficult to tell the difference between bacterial and viral sinus infections because they share common symptoms. Some common symptoms of bacterial sinusitis are cold symptoms that have worsened or shown no improvement in the first ten days, extreme fevers, facial pain or nasal discharge lasting four days or greater.A Bacterial sinus infections can also form when your symptoms have healed and return shortly after, making you think, why do I keep getting sinus infections? There are tests your doctor can perform to determine whether or not you have a bacterial or viral sinus infection.
If your symptoms show no sign of improvement after seven to ten days it is safe to say you have developed a bacterial sinus infection.Viral vs Bacterial Sinus Infections TreatmentThere are treatments available to help cure and heal your symptoms of sinus infections. Viral sinus infections heal on their own with time while the virus runs its course through your body.
There are some simple home methods you can learn to help reduce sinus inflammation as well.On the other hand, bacterial sinus infections can require antibiotics to fight of the bacteria that have formed. Both types of sinus infections require rest and consumption of fluids, which are the main components to natural remedies of a sinus infection. If you feel you may have a bacterial sinus infection it is best to visit your doctor to be properly diagnosed and be provided the best treatment, which may or may not include antibiotics. In some cases, people will experience chronic sinusitis and may require an evaluation from a sinus and nasal specialist.
If you are experiencing reoccurring sinus infections, it may be in your best interest to see a specialist and discuss alternative treatments to help cure you permanently. Bennett has been recognized as a Top Doctor in the RealSelf peer voted community.Castle Connolly Top Doctor 2016Dr.



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