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08.03.2015, admin
Dog Skin ProblemsThe sound of a dog constantly scratching or licking can be as irritating as nails on a chalkboard.
Incessant scratching, shedding and inflammation are just a few of the signs that your dog is suffering from skin problems.
Bacterial folliculitis, caused by Staphylococcus pseudintermedius, is the most common bacterial skin infection in canines, according to the Animal Hospital of Montgomery in Montgomery, Alabama.
Dogs can carry strains of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, although infections are rare in animals compared to humans. Constant scratching or licking is your first clue that your dog is suffering from skin discomfort.
Your vet may test your pet for allergies, parasites and other pathogens to find the underlying cause of the infection. Treating bacterial infections often requires a course of antibiotics as well as treatment for the underlying cause, if there is one. There are many different skin disorders that can cause your dog to have red, itchy or irritated skin. The digestive tracts of both humans and animals are inhabited by both good and bad bacteria. This balance can be upset by a number of factors, which will lead to an imbalance in good and bad bacteria.
Because of this, it’s not wise to treat a yeast infection likely – it may serve as a precursor of additional problems and diseases that could prove to be more dangerous for your dog. Any injuries sustained, especially flesh wounds, are prone to infection by external influences that can introduce a yeast infection. Last but not least, your dog’s diet could also be a cause for the imbalance; maybe something he was fed indirectly caused an increase in yeast production, something that could happen if he eats large amounts of carbohydrates, for example. The word ‘yeast infections’ bring to mind patches of exposed, hairless skin populated by rashes, sores and lesions that have a greasy sheen to them or even a viscous discharge, as well as giving off a pungent odour.
The rashes and lesions are due to the fact that yeast infections are incredibly itchy, and could be the result of your dog scratching and biting on them in an effort to relieve the pain. Yeast infections that manifest in rashes are capable of occurring in any part of your dog’s skin, but occur most frequently in moist areas, such as the belly region, the paws and also the ears. Yeast infections can be eradicated with proper knowledge and medication, but it should be noted that healing does take time to occur – those red patches of itchy dog skin just aren’t going to disappear overnight.
The quickest thing you can do to tackle this problem is to have a look at what your dog’s been eating.
Once the diet part of the equation is sorted out, it’s time to bolster his immune system with vitamins and supplements.
Now that your dog’s trouble with yeast infection has been dealt with internally, the next thing you’ll need to do is to clean up the skin problems. For the paws and feet, use a solution comprised of 50% raw apple cider vinegar and 50% water. As for the rest of the body, get a medicated or anti-fungal shampoo and give your dog a bath at least twice a week. Dog yeast infections don’t usually get cured in a week, so be prepared to stick to your regime for a month at least before seeing substantial results. Usually, what the vets prescribe for your dog will be sufficient in helping to get rid of the yeast infection. But don’t blame your pooch for these bad habits -- a skin condition is probably the culprit.
It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. There's a good chance that your dog's infection is the result of another underlying condition, such as parasites or allergies.
This disease is characterized by inflamed hair follicles, which can lead to visible pustules beneath the skin, as well as redness and swelling.
Laboratory tests will reveal the presence of resistant bacteria, so your vet can determine if there's a risk to you or your family. Excessive itching only makes matters worse, because the damage opens the way for further infection and delays healing. They are firm to the touch and are usually found on the limbs or paws, according to Stone Ridge Veterinary Hospital in Rochester, New York. He can examine a scraping to identify ringworm, mites or other common health issues that may be present. Most surface infections can be managed with regular application of antibacterial shampoo or spray.
In these cases, treatment may be re-evaluated or extended by your veterinarian as you deal with the other issues present.


Also similar is their manifestations as reddish inflamed skin, incredibly itchy that also produces an unpleasant odour. These two factions constant keep each other in check, ensuring that neither one will overpower the other.
When an imbalance occurs, the bad bacteria takes control and could incite a range of problems and diseases, one of which would be a yeast infection. The truth is that there are a lot of factors that could be potential culprits, including injuries, a weakened immune system or intense stress upon the dog. Immune systems may be weakened by many factors, such as a prior illness, genetic deformities possibly due to inbreeding, or even administered antibiotics prescribed by the vet.
He could have had a drastic change of environment, or has experienced loss or death of someone close. If your dog is constantly scratching in either of these parts, they may well be dealing with a case of yeast infection. Because of this, it’s best to take them to a vet to get them checked out if you’re not sure about what’s causing the itchiness. Don’t let that get you down though; starting and maintaining a consistent regime of diet and medicine will surely banish those disgusting yeast infections from your dog. Yeast thrives in the presence of sugar, as they use it to feed themselves and to reproduce. You’ll need to consult a vet to see which ones your dog will need, as there’s a range of products to choose from for all sort of dogs and conditions, but there are many pharmaceutical products available in pet stores that could do the trick for you.
This also means repeated trips to your vet to follow up on your dog’s progress, if you ever decide to consult one. It is not a substitute for professional veterinary advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your pet’s health. Clinical diagnosis is necessary to determine the type of infection present as well as any other health issues that might make your dog vulnerable to bacteria. Blood and urine tests can reveal internal problems, such as hormonal imbalance or immune deficiency disorders.
Deeper or more widespread infections often require medication in the form of pills or injection. But while most instances of yeast infections are usually visible on your dog’s skin, the problem can also affect them internally. Therefore, a healthy dog would have a balanced amount of both types, primarily maintained by its immune system.
The yeast can damage the dog’s immunity by quickly reproducing itself to overwhelming amounts, which will consequently produce toxins that will further damage the immune system and allowing further complications to arise. This means no bread fed from the table, along with any rice and potatoes on their mealtimes. To combat the infection, use an ear wash solution designed for dogs to clean up the ears, making sure that it’s clear and dry with no traces of that distinctive odour. After the bath, you can also make use of herbal oils such as eucalyptus to give your dog a massage, which will further help to heal and soothe the skin. If this bothers you, there is the possibility of looking for easier and healthier alternatives that can produce the same effect. Never ignore professional veterinary advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. Pustules often arise from bacterial invasion, as hair follicles and small wounds develop active infections. Clean them as often as it’s needed; once a day if your dog’s ears get damp and smelly quick, but do it alternate days if it’s not too serious.
Of course, you’ll need to undertake a little more research on this area, but do consider this route if you find it worth your time.
Allergic DermatitisDogs can have allergic reactions to grooming products, food, and environmental irritants, such as pollen or insect bites. A dog with allergies may scratch relentlessly, and a peek at the skin often reveals an ugly rash. He likely will take a culture of the bacteria to determine if it is a resistant strain of staph.
Corticosteroids can help with itchy rashes, but the most effective treatment is to identify and avoid exposure to the allergens. Once this process of removing sugar from his diet has started, your dog is definitely on the road to recovery from yeast infections. Yeast InfectionIf your dog can't seem to stop scratching an ear or licking and chewing her toes, ask your veterinarian to check for a yeast infection. FolliculitisSuperficial bacterial folliculitis is an infection that causes sores, bumps, and scabs on the skin.


In longhaired dogs, the most obvious symptoms may be a dull coat and shedding with scaly skin underneath.
Folliculitis often occurs in conjunction with other skin problems, such as mange, allergies, or injury.
In some cases, it's a genetic disease that begins when a dog is young and lasts a lifetime. But most dogs with seborrhea develop the scaling as a complication of another medical problem, such as allergies or hormonal abnormalities. The term "ring" comes from the circular patches that can form anywhere, but are often found on a dog's head, paws, ears, and forelegs. Puppies less than a year old are the most susceptible, and the infection can spread quickly between dogs in a kennel or to pet owners at home.
Shedding and Hair Loss (Alopecia)Anyone who shares their home with dogs knows that they shed.
But sometimes stress, poor nutrition, or illness can cause a dog to lose more hair than usual.
If abnormal or excessive shedding persists for more than a week, or you notice patches of missing fur, check with your veterinarian. Sarcoptic mange, also known as canine scabies, spreads easily among dogs and can also be transmitted to people, but the parasites don't survive on humans.
Demodectic mange can cause bald spots, scabbing, and sores, but it is not contagious between animals or people. You may not see the tiny insects themselves, but flea droppings or eggs are usually visible in a dog's coat. Severe flea infestations can cause blood loss and anemia, and even expose your dog to other parasites, such as tapeworms. To properly remove a tick, grasp the tick with tweezers close to the dog’s skin, and gently pull it straight out.
Twisting or pulling too hard may cause the head to remain lodged in your dog’s skin, which can lead to infection. Place the tick in a jar with some alcohol for a couple of days and dispose of it once it is dead.
In addition to causing blood loss and anemia, ticks can transmit Lyme disease and other potentially serious bacterial infections. If you live in an area where ticks are common, talk to your veterinarian about tick control products. Color or Texture ChangesChanges in a dog's skin color or coat texture can be a warning sign of several common metabolic or hormone problems.
Acral Lick GranulomaAlso called acral lick dermatitis, this is a frustrating skin condition caused by compulsive, relentless licking of a single area -- most often on the front of the lower leg. The area is unable to heal, and the resulting pain and itching can lead the dog to keep licking the same spot. Treatment includes discouraging the dog from licking, either by using a bad-tasting topical solution or an Elizabethan collar. Skin TumorsIf you notice a hard lump on your dog's skin, point it out to your vet as soon as possible. Hot SpotsHot spots, also called acute moist dermatitis, are small areas that appear red, irritated, and inflamed.
They are most commonly found on a dog's head, hips, or chest, and often feel hot to the touch.
Hot spots can result from a wide range of conditions, including infections, allergies, insect bites, or excessive licking and chewing. Immune DisordersIn rare cases, skin lesions or infections that won’t heal can indicate an immune disorder in your dog. Anal Sac DiseaseAs if dog poop weren't smelly enough, dogs release a foul-smelling substance when they do their business.
The substance comes from small anal sacs, which can become impacted if they don't empty properly. A vet can manually express full anal sacs, but in severe cases, the sacs may be surgically removed.
When to See the VetAlthough most skin problems are not emergencies, it is important to get an accurate diagnosis so the condition can be treated. See your veterinarian if your dog is scratching or licking excessively, or if you notice any changes in your pet's coat or skin, including scaling, redness, discoloration, or bald patches.



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