Treatment for bacterial intestinal infection antibiotics,how to get rid of sore lump in throat,how to naturally treat yeast infection in child - PDF Books

20.07.2014, admin
In the past bacterial diseases were a major cause of death; today most serious infections can be treated with antibiotics. There are 3 main types of typhus, all of which are caused by different types of rickettsial bacteria. Epidemic typhus is transmitted by body lice, usually in overcrowded conditions and has resulted in hundred of thousands of deaths inn times of war or famine. Typhoid and paratyphoid are almost identical caused by the bacteria Salmonella typhi and S. The disease is spread through infected faeces and most commonly occur in areas where hygiene and sanitation are poor. Mallon died at the age of 69 due to pneumonia (not typhoid) after a stroke six years earlier which left her paralysed. Modern DNA analysis of ancient dental pulp suggests that typhoid fever caused the plague that helped end the Golden Age in Athens.
Up to one-third of Athenians are thought to have died from the plague that spread from Ethiopia, Egypt and Libya in 430-426 BCE.
The illness starts suddenly, 1 – 5 days after infection, with vomiting and profuse watery diarrhoea.
Treatment: Cholera is usually diagnosed from the characteristic "rice water" appearance of the diarrhoea. If diphtheria is not treated, bacterial toxins may spread in the blood and cause potentially fatal complications such as acute heart failure and paralysis.
Treatment: Diphtheria may be diagnosed from the symptoms, but a throat swab is taken for confirmation. Treatment with antibiotics for up to 2 years prevents further nerve damage and reduces areas of thickened skin. SepticaemiaAn infection also known as Blood Poisoning, in which bacteria multiply in the bloodstream. Septiceaemia can develop as a complication of almost all types of serious infectious diseases.
If you are suspected of having sepacaemia you should be admitted to hospitalfor blood tests to identify the bacterium causing infection.
Treatment is with antitoxin injections, antibiotics and sedatives with anti-anxiety drugs to relieve muscle spasms.
To reduce the risk of tetanus, you should thoroughly clean wounds, especially those contaminated with soil and treat with antiseptic.


Leptospirosis A group of infections transmitted to humans by rats and other animals.Caused by Leptospira bacteria, and carried by rats and foxes and excreted in their urine. In all types of typhus, flu-like symptoms may develop in 1 – 3 weeks of infection, followed a few days later by a widespread blotchy pink rash. People who do not have treatment may become lifelong carriers of the bacteria, even though they appear to be healthy, and transmit the infection to others. Over the course of her career as a cook, she infected 47 people, three of whom died from the disease.
Several vaccines are available and if you intend travelling to a developing country, immunisation may be advisable.
Scientists say the DNA sequences resembled Salmonella enterica servovar Typhi, the organism that cause typhoid fever. Cholera typically occurs in epidemics and has caused millions of deaths over the centuries. However if bacteria enters the bloodstream in large numbers from a major source of infection, such as a kidney infection, blood poisoning can result. The infection is more likely to occur in people with reduced immunity due to disorders as diabetes mellitus or HIV infection, or treatment with chemotherapy.
The toxin causing tetanus is produced by the bacterium Clostridium tetani, which lives in the soil and in the intestines of humans and other animals. Deep puncture wounds which are especially likely to become infected, should be seen by your doctor. While most of these types of scares contain a whiff of plausibility, there is nothing inherently toxic from urine or faeces from healthy rats.
An outbreak of leptospirosis in Sichuan in which 6 people died in February 2014, shows that the disease spread by water contaminated with rat urine is far from eliminated in China. Some types of bacteria also release powerful poisons, known as toxins that rapidly damage tissues. Without treatment the disease can lie dormant in the body for years before being reactivated.
The bacteria multiply in the intestines and spread to the blood and other organs, such as the spleen, gallbladder and liver. Symptoms usually subside in2 – 3 days after treatment is begun and full recovery within a month.
Her fame is in part due to her vehement denial of her own role in causing the disease, together with her refusal to cease working as a cook.


Urgent hospital treatment is needed to replace lost fluids and minerals, which are given orally or intravenously. In this disease the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae multiplies in the throat and may release toxins into the blood. Routine immunization in children and boosters in adults provide protection against the disease. Leprosy is a long-term infection caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae, which damages the skin and nerves. During the Middle Ages the disease caused widespread epidemics, one of the largest was the Black Death of the 14th century, which killed over 25 million people in Europe.
It is common for bacteria to enter the bloodstream in small numbers through breaks in the skin or through the mouth when the teeth are brushed. If the bacteria enter a wound, they multiply causing an infection that acts on the nerves controlling muscle activity. The disease can affect anyone who comes into contact with contaminated water, such as swimmers in contaminated lakes or reservoirs. If the disease is not treated dangerous complications such as pneumonia or kidney failure are likely to develop.
Usually associated with poor sanitation, cholera can spread through contaminated water or food. The infection is usually transmitted through airborne droplets from coughs or sneezes of infected people. Today small outbreaks occur in Asia, Africa and South America and a few cases each year in USA. The condition, called lockjaw, is rare in developed countries because most people have been immunized. In some cases the throat or chest wall is affected leading to breathing difficulties and possible suffocation.
Infection is thought to be transmitted by airborne droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes and through skin contact. Only people who live in prolonged close contact with an infected person are at risk of infection.



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