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08.01.2016, admin
Depending on the pathogen, or disease causing agent responsible for triggering an infection, human illnesses can broadly be categorized as either bacterial infection or viral infection.
Our bodies and the environment that we reside in, is typically teeming with different kinds of bacteria – both good bacterial strains and bad bacteria. Most bacterial infections in human beings are caused by a group of bacteria known as mesophilic bacteria. The best way to protect yourself and fight bacterial infections is to boost your immune system.
The best way to keep one’s immune system fighting fit is to eat a diet that is rich in essential vitamins like vitamin B and vitamin C.
Sugar is your worst enemy especially if you are fighting a particularly virulent bacterial infection. Be a conscious consumer and make it a point to study food labels of each and every product you are planning to purchase to understand the amount of added sugar (if any) it may contain.
You don’t have to approach a doctor for every single bacterial infection you are likely to contract in your life. Blog about the latest news and commentary pertaining to affordable health insurance and healthcare. It's easy to understand why most people are confused about the difference between a virus and a bacteria infection. The main difference between a virus infection and a bacteria infection is that antibiotics have no affect on viruses.
Although viruses and bacteria are different and not treated the same, they are spread in the same manner. DISCLAIMER: The content or opinions expressed on this web site are not to be interpreted as medical advice. The advent of antibiotics in the late 1920s revolutionized science and medicine was brought into the modern era.
For the first time we were able to fight and win the bacteria that cause various infections, the leading cause of mortality at the time. Antibiotic kill bacterial growth We consider antibiotic is substance that can kill or inhibit bacterial growth. To be effective and tolerable, the antibiotic needs to be a harmful substance to bacteria, but relatively safe for our cells.
The first antibiotic, penicillin, was discovered in 1928 by the English bacteriologist Alexander Fleming. At present antibiotics are synthetic substances produced in the laboratory, many derivatives of natural substances such as penicillin. Antibiotic resistance One of the biggest problems of modern medicine is the indiscriminate use of antibiotics, which has led to the emergence of bacteria resistant to them.
The antibiotic kills bacteria, however it induces the development of resistant strains, doesn't it?
However, sometimes our body cannot completely get rid of these bacteria, allowing them to reproduce and cause a new infection, now composed only of bacteria resistant to the initially chosen antibiotic. Some species of bacteria are likely to create resistance as well as some antibiotics cause resistance more easily.
Antibiotics Through previous studies we know in advance the profile of each species of bacteria. The only way to make sure of the sensitivity profile of bacteria is through culture tests, which can be a culture of blood (blood cultures), urine, stool etc.
When the case is serious and cannot wait for 72 hours, strong antibiotics covering a broad spectrum of bacteria are prescribed, and after the results of cultures only the antibiotic most indicated by specific antibiogram is left.
Infective endocarditis, Tonsillitis, Erysipelas, Urinary tract infection, Pneumonia, Meningitis, Tuberculosis, Gonorrhoea, Syphilis, Sinusitis, infection by H. Pregnant women should be very careful with antibiotics, because some classes are associated with malformations. Many antibiotics are eliminated by kidneys; it may become toxic for patients with renal failure, since their removal becomes affected.
AzithromycinThe duration of treatment and the dose depends on two factors: the drug circulation time in blood and resistance profile of bacteria. Some infections are easily treated with short courses of one antibiotic, such as gonorrhea, chlamydia or cystitis.
In milder infections, antibiotic choice is empirical, based on prior knowledge of sensitivity. AmoxicillinPenicillin was the first antibiotic developed and resulted in several other structurally similar ones.
It should be noted that despite all mentioned above derivatives belong to penicillin family, the spectrum of action of each is very different, and piperacillin, for example, is used by hospital infections, whereas amoxicillin is generally indicated for infections of the airways. Cephalosporin appeared soon after penicillin, its mechanism of action and exhibit very similar to the latter. So the penicillin and cephalosporin, although having different spectrum of action, are highly variable, they can also be used against serious infections such as meningitis, and even for simple skin wounds. Quinolone are used to treat many infections, bacteria from the gut, including, diarrhea and urinary infections.


Aminoglycoside are antibiotics used in majority of cases during a hospital stay, because they are administered intravenously. DoxycyclineMacrolide are generally used for respiratory infections, often in combination with penicillin or cephalosporin, acne, or chlamydia, in many cases as a substitute for penicillin allergic patients.
Other groups: aztreonam, clindamycin, ethambutol, imipenem, isoniazid, meropenem, metronidazole, nitrofurantoin, pyrazinamide, rifampicin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. Sustainable T-Shirt Mar 31, 16 02:46 PMYou can now have a sustainable t-shirt made from recycled plastic water bottles!
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The Truth About Wind Power Mar 18, 16 08:34 PMToday, cities, states, countries and companies around the world are increasingly turning to wind energy to power their everyday lives. These Scabies Infection pictures will show you examples of scabies and what they can do to the body.
Scabies infections need to be treated right away so they don't lead to more severe problems. All of the images used on this website are found in various places throughout the internet and are believed to be within the public domain.
If you think any content on this website infringes your copyright please let us know, and we will evaluate and possibly remove the images in question. Single celled microorganisms that have evolved over millions of years and have adapted themselves to live in extreme climatic conditions are commonly referred to as bacteria.
Even the food that we consume contains specific strains of bacteria which are essential for promoting good health – like lactobacillus acidophilus bacterium.
Of these, less than one percent of bacterial strains are thought to cause violent infections in human beings.
E.Coli, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aurea, are some bacterial strains which belong to the mesophilic bacterial family. Some simple measures to protect yourself and your loved ones from bacterial infections are mentioned below.
Individuals are more likely to suffer from recurrent bacterial infections if they have a weakened immune system. These two vitamins are known to stave off a variety of bacterial diseases by strengthening the immune system. Bacterial infections accompanied by raging fever can leave any person feeling extremely dehydrated and weak. You can also drink a solution of electrol powder which has been dissolved in boiled and cooled water at regular intervals. This way you are protecting yourself from contracting different types of bacterial infections.
You will be surprised to learn of the fact that one popular breeding ground for bacteria is your kitchen towel. For simple bacterial skin infections apply the digestive enzyme bromelain derived from the pineapple plant. When you are sick, these two terms are often used interchangeably to describe what type of infection you have.
A virus usually has more widespread symptoms where a bacteria infection tends to stay within one area, such as the throat.
Please consult with your doctor or medical practictioner before utilizing any suggestions on this web site. In this paper I will speak of the major classes of antibiotics, briefly explaining why they are used. Antibiotics can be bactericidal when directly destroy bacteria, or bacteriostatic, when they prevent the multiplication of them, facilitating the work of our immune system in infection control.
This does not mean that there can be side effects but, by definition, an antibiotic must be more toxic to invading bacteria than to the body invaded. Its discovery occurred by accident when his boards of study with the bacteria staphylococcus were accidentally contaminated by a fungus of the genus Penicillium. When the first antibiotics began to be traded, there was an idea that infectious diseases were in their final days, and it was just a matter of time to be free from any kind of bacterial infection. Antibiotic resistance can be understood through the laws of evolution and natural selection. It usually takes some courses of taking the same antibiotic, over months or years for resistant bacteria to emerge.
Many of the infections that we have are caused by bacteria that live naturally in our body, controlled by our immune system, just waiting for a drop to attack in defense.
For example, we know that the E.coli bacteria that cause urinary tract infection are usually sensitive to antibiotics Bactrim and Ciprofloxacin. For these analyzes you should collect a small amount of fluid or secretion that contain the infecting bacteria and place in an environment conducive to bacterial growth. Viral infections do not improve with antibiotic and therefore should not be treated with the same ones. Some patients are allergic to certain classes of antibiotics; the most common are penicillin and sulfonamides.


In these cases, it is often necessary to adjust the dose to prevent overuse of antibiotics in the bloodstream. A single infection can be treated for different times depending on the prescribed antibiotic. For curing others, such as tuberculosis, antibiotics need to be trebled and a treatment of at least 6 months is needed to heal.
In more severe cases or in infections not responding to antibiotics originally prescribed culture of a suitable material should be made to better guide the choice of antibiotic. The main antibiotics of the penicillin derivatives are: amoxicillin, ampicillin, azlocillin, carbenicillin, cloxacillin, mezlocillin, nafcillin, penicillin, piperacillin, ticarcillin. Examples: cefaclor, cefadroxilo, cefazolin, cefixime, cefoperazone, cefotaxime, cefotetan, cefoxitin, ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, cefuroxime, cephalexin, cephalothin, loracarbef. According to studies, climate change will lead to more contaminated food, a further decrease in food supplies, and will cause food prices to rise even higher. Bacterial infections basically refer to any kind of illness that is initiated by a particular type of bacterium or bacteria. Following these tried and tested methods, can help to cut down a lot of illnesses triggered by bacterial agents.
This is one of the reasons why people who suffer from immune deficiency diseases like HIV, are prone to suffer from repeated bouts of energy sapping bacterial infections. The best sources of these essential vitamins are different kinds of fresh fruits and vegetables. The best way to re-hydrate the body and concurrently fight bacterial infection is to drink plenty of water and fruit juices. Similarly, a mild urinary tract infection can be treated by drinking a solution of pure oregano oil dissolved in a glass of water.
Strep throat, tuberculosis, and urinary tract infections are examples of infections caused by bacteria. They also have similar symptoms, such as coughing and sneezing, fever, inflammation, vomiting, diarrhea, fatigue, and cramping.
It's no use killing bacteria that cause pneumonia and at the same time killing the cells of the lungs. Fleming noted that around these fungi, there were no bacteria, which led to the discovery of penicillin, an antibacterial substance produced by these beings.
However, as the use of new antibiotics became more widespread, resistant strains of bacteria were emerging and multiplying, creating thus a vicious cycle that continues until today.
This process is nothing more than natural selection where the fittest survive and pass their genes to their offspring. If an antibiotic is prescribed 10 days, it is because it is known beforehand that this time is required to kill almost all the bacteria.
If the patient takes no antibiotics, for example, to treat virus infections, it will be pre-selecting for the most resistant bacteria, and subsequently there will be a real bacterial infection, caused by resistant bacteria. However, patients with conditions of recurrent urinary tract infection, with multiple courses of antibiotics, they may have E.coli resistant to these antibiotics. 48 to 72 hours later it will be possible to identify exactly which bacteria are present and perform various tests with various antibiotics, trying to find out which are effective and which are ineffective.
Examples: ciprofloxacin, enoxacin, levofloxacin, lomefloxacin, moxifloxacin, norfloxacin, ofloxacin.
A sudden spurt in blood sugar levels affords the perfect environment for different types of bacterial strains to thrive in.
The most innocuous looking household items are actually teeming with disease causing bacteria.
A virus may produce phlegm that is clear or cloudy, but a bacterial infection may produce phlegm that is green, yellow, bloody or brown. Moreover, not all of urinary tract infection is caused by E.coli, there may be bacterial infections with completely different sensitivity profiles. If you are already suffering from a bacterial infection eating sugary foods will only worsen your condition. If the treatment is stopped after 5 days, for example, more resistant bacteria, which need more time to antibiotics, may continue living and multiplying, causing now much more resistant infection.
How to know, then, specifically for each case which bacterium is causing the infection and which antibiotic is the most appropriate? Every culture is taken in its outcome, so the name of the bacterium and a short list of antibiotics, to which they are resistant and sensitive, can be identified, so your doctor can choose the best option. What happens is that if we reduce the number of bacteria to 5% or 10%, the infection goes away because our immune system is able to control what's left.



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