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I make this explanation for the reason that without it many readers would suppose that all these characters were trying to talk alike and not succeeding. YOU don't know about me without you have read a book by the name of The Adventures of Tom Sawyer; but that ain't no matter.
Now the way that the book winds up is this: A Tom and me found the money that the robbers hid in the cave, and it made us rich. The widow she cried over me, and called me a poor lost lamb, and she called me a lot of other names, too, but she never meant no harm by it.
Her sister, Miss Watson, a tolerable slim old maid, with goggles on, had just come to live with her, and took a set at me now with a spelling-book. I set down again, a-shaking all over, and got out my pipe for a smoke; for the house was all as still as death now, and so the widow wouldn't know.
WE went tiptoeing along a path amongst the trees back towards the end of the widow's garden, stooping down so as the branches wouldn't scrape our heads.
Tom he made a sign to mea€”kind of a little noise with his moutha€”and we went creeping away on our hands and knees.
As soon as Tom was back we cut along the path, around the garden fence, and by and by fetched up on the steep top of the hill the other side of the house.
We went to a clump of bushes, and Tom made everybody swear to keep the secret, and then showed them a hole in the hill, right in the thickest part of the bushes. Everybody said it was a real beautiful oath, and asked Tom if he got it out of his own head. They talked it over, and they was going to rule me out, because they said every boy must have a family or somebody to kill, or else it wouldn't be fair and square for the others. Then they all stuck a pin in their fingers to get blood to sign with, and I made my mark on the paper. Little Tommy Barnes was asleep now, and when they waked him up he was scared, and cried, and said he wanted to go home to his ma, and didn't want to be a robber any more. So they all made fun of him, and called him cry-baby, and that made him mad, and he said he would go straight and tell all the secrets. Ben Rogers said he couldn't get out much, only Sundays, and so he wanted to begin next Sunday; but all the boys said it would be wicked to do it on Sunday, and that settled the thing.
WELL, I got a good going-over in the morning from old Miss Watson on account of my clothes; but the widow she didn't scold, but only cleaned off the grease and clay, and looked so sorry that I thought I would behave awhile if I could. Pap he hadn't been seen for more than a year, and that was comfortable for me; I didn't want to see him no more. I thought all this over for two or three days, and then I reckoned I would see if there was anything in it. I went down to the front garden and clumb over the stile where you go through the high board fence. Miss Watson's nigger, Jim, had a hair-ball as big as your fist, which had been took out of the fourth stomach of an ox, and he used to do magic with it. I stood a-looking at him; he set there a-looking at me, with his chair tilted back a little.
He took it and bit it to see if it was good, and then he said he was going down town to get some whisky; said he hadn't had a drink all day. Next day he was drunk, and he went to Judge Thatcher's and bullyragged him, and tried to make him give up the money; but he couldn't, and then he swore he'd make the law force him.
Felderman Design-Build is pleased to announce they have been awarded the construction contract, by TEXMO Precision Castings, for an expansion and extensive remodel of their current 25,000 SF facility in Warsaw, IN.
Felderman Design-Build is pleased to announce they have been awarded the construction contract, by Dr.
The inside shim is slid in until the jamb is plumb, then the jamb is fastened with 2" nails. Measuring across from the hinge side to the latch side of the frame sets that in place, and it's shimmed and fastened. The shed is an octagon measuring 16¾ feet in "diameter" (apex-to-apex) that resembles our 18-sided (round) house. The landscape rake's tines and the rear blade must be rotated 45°, as shown by the green lines, so they will fit through the bay opening, and clear other implements. The drawing and this photo dramatically illustrate a major benefit of the self-supporting roof – the 10' tractor can be parked in the center of the 16' shed, impossible if there were a center post. The octagonal roof will have 16 trusses that bear against a center cylinder, and will be clamped in place with a heavy steel split ring at the bottom.
Several days ago we planed and ripped 30" lengths of 2x4 lumber into 16 pieces for the center cylinder.
As with our house roof, the hole in the center of the shed roof will be covered by shingles to keep out rain. We will need a post to support the center cylinder and trusses as the trusses are placed in position. When all 16 trusses are in place, they will be permanently clamped with the metal split ring shown above.
We received approval from the subdivision archetectural control committee to build the tractor shed.
Mike spent a lot of time working in Adobe Illustrator to finalize the roof truss design, and calculate accurate measurements. We will align the jig's adjustable fence to a template line, then screw it to the plywood base. The fence and the clamp bolts just be repositioned for each angle, but there are only seven angles, so this won't be difficult.
We are compiling a materials list, and need to know how many sheets of plywood will be needed to sheathe the roof.
Next we will measure the roof area, and also work out how 4x8 plywood can be cut most efficiently to cover it. Mike designed the roof sheathing components to fit the trusses, then glued outlines of them to stiff cardboard, and cut them out. The self-supporting truss roof makes it imperative that the eight corner posts are set in precise positions, and that they are plumb and equally spaced.
We'll start with a "benchmark" consisting of a ¾" threaded steel rod set in a concrete footer at the center of the shed. We will measure the appropriate distance along each line, and bore a 12" hole 24" deep into the earth for each post, using a power auger, then we'll pour a concrete footer in each hole. Mike spent a couple of days devising a plan to help us set the posts accurately – see the two drawings below. A 3' steel bar will be temporarily screwed to a post, and pre-measured steel cables run from the benchmark cap to eye bolts on the ends of the bar. Another cable will run from the benchmark cap to an eye bolt screwed into the post near the top. We'll set each successive post just like the second one, moving the cables and connecting them to the previous post.
By the way, the "pre-measured" steel cables will have turnbuckles so we can fine-tune the length when setting the first and second posts. Mike finished machining the aluminum benchmark cap that will anchor one end of the cables we'll use to set the posts.
The intermediate truss and two jack trusses will rest in slots cut into a 2x4 top plate nailed to the 2x6 perimeter beam. The jig consists of two end pieces that straddle the 2x4, and a top piece with a cutout for a template guide fitted to the router. The two carriage bolts on the front are finger-tightened against the 2x4 to hold the jig securely in place. Today we turned our attention to a 275-gallon tank we bought two years ago to hold diesel fuel for the tractor and generator.
Mike used the boom pole on the tractor to reposition the tank upside-down so the wand rolled and slid close to an opening, and he managed to snag and retrieve it. We turned the tank right-side-up and tipped it with the tractor so the debris slid to one end.
The tank will be installed on 29½" 6x6 legs, high enough for the diesel fuel to gravity-feed into the tractor. The drawing below shows the relative heights of the tank, tractor, generator, and access steps but, except for the tank, not their actual locations. As part of his creating drawings and performing calculations, Mike drew two templates for cutting the post tops to accept 2x6 beams, and a third template to mark holes for attaching the 36" angle iron we'll use with two cables to ensure the post squarely faces the center of the shed.
We plumbed the ¾" threaded rod with an electronic level, then nailed the wood strip to the ground to hold it until the concrete cured. After setting the benchmark, we made the final two of six measuring cables that will help us place posts accurately. Mike cut 10" off a 6x6, and we used that piece to test making the cuts needed at the top of each corner post.
We will use this 6x6 cutoff with the theodolite and measuring cable A, above, to mark the locations of holes for the corner posts.
Yesterday and today Mike marked the tops of the eight corner posts for the cuts needed for the perimeter beams. We marked the final locations for the eight corner posts, in preparation for digging the holes tomorrow. We discovered we had made three measuring cables too long, so we have to re-make those cables – a minor snag that will cost us only an hour or so. We spent four hours enlarging the eight post holes to at least 14" in diameter by 18" deep. Today we spent 2½ hours mixing concrete and pouring footers for fhe eight corner posts. We spent 2½ hours measuring and marking the eight corner posts, in preparation for cutting and setting them in their holes. Another important point shows where to cut the bottom of the post to make it the correct length.
In addition to the theodolite reference and the cutting line, we marked points to attach screw eyes for the measuring cables.
We spent five hours today cutting all eight posts to length and drilling holes for the screw eyes that will hook the measuring cables. We used an electronic level to plumb this first post side-to-side, but we'll plumb subsequent posts using crossed diagonal cables back to the previous post. Mike discovered the error in his measurement calculations, which he corrected, and we adjusted the measuring cables to the proper lengths. Using the corrected measuring cables, we adjusted the two posts and checked the spacing with a 1x2 cut to stand-in for a 2x6 beam. For some reason, the third post was about ½" too long, so the theodolite reference line was too high with the post resting on its footer. Mike nailed the caps to the beams, giving us eight beams ready to install as soon as we set the posts. We installed two beams on the three posts already set, then set one more post and installed one more beam. Working alone today, Mike set the fifth post and installed a beam between it and its neighbor. Again working alone, Mike set the sixth post and installed a beam between it and yesterday's post.
Mike lifted each beam on the tractor bucket, then climbed ladders to set each end onto its post recess. This drawing shows where the gussets will be attached to the trusses, four on each main and intermediate truss. Mike cut 2x4s for the first hip truss, and then spent four days figuring out why the pieces didn't fit together. Three other pieces depend on accurate chord spacing, so Mike spent a couple of days "solving" triangles using the rule of sines to accurately calculate their lengths.
The steel nailing plates on the vertical chord in the foreground are needed to allow the 16 hip and intermediate trusses to fit side-by-side against the central cylinder.
Pictured here are the three self-supporting trusses, and a closeup of the clamp at the bottom of the vertical chords.
Nevertheless, the hip trusses are built, so tomorrow Mike can start on the intermediate trusses.
Mike has been making two jack trusses per day for a week, and today finished the 15th of the 16 needed. We need to build a stand from 6x6s for a 275-gallon tank to hold diesel fuel for the emergency generator and tractor. We laid out the post locations for the fuel tank, but a shaft sleeve on the power auger broke while we were boring the first hole. We installed the new earth auger on the power head and bored four holes for the fuel tank stand.
These photos show how we used the boom pole on the tractor to lift the tank 30" above the ground, and maneuver it into the post-top cutouts.
The plastic dog house sheltering the generator will be discarded, and we'll build a smaller stand to support the generator.
Mike finished fabricating the steps to allow the fuel delivery person to reach the filler pipe. We installed the tank outlet plumbing, and poured several gallons of diesel fuel into the tank to check for leaks. Mike installed a fuel-level gauge on the diesel tank, then attached the hose and nozzle to fuel the tractor.
Ten inches of snow prevented us from doing outdoor work, so Mike began work on the jig needed to install the roof trusses. The ¾" plywood disk is screwed to four "ears" that hold it above the top of a 4x4 post. The cylinder must be exactly centered over the 4x4 post, which itself will be centered over the shed's center benchmark. When the glue was dry, we accurately measured from each post top corner to the end of the wire, and bent it slightly in one direction or another until all four measurements were the same. Mike hooked the utility trailer to the tractor, loaded the 16 hip and intermediate trusses, then drove to the observatory area entrance.
While the bottom chords were drying, Mike set up two scrap 6x6s to support trusses, and three lengths of rebar to keep the trusses upright. Louise arrived home shortly after Mike began spraying the trusses, so she moved the trusses to and from the 6x6s. The center cylinder standing upright on the ground is drying after being sprayed inside and out.
After yesterday's success with the 16 long hip and intermediate trusses, today we sprayed the 16 short jack trusses, and stacked them near the house to dry. We've had four 80-pound bags of concrete mix sitting on the family room patio for months, so today, being dry, we cleaned out the footer holes around four corner posts, and poured the concrete and water into them.
We bought five more 80-pound bags of concrete mix, and used them around the final four corner posts. Finally, after all the prep work, we placed the truss erection jig onto the center benchmark ¾" threaded rod (Mike had drilled a 5"-deep hole in the bottom of the post). This high-angle view shows the post with the truss center cylinder sitting atop the plywood base attached to the post top. The tall end of eight hip trusses will butt against the center cylinder, with their bases resting on the plywood ring. This closeup shows the center cylinder on top of the plywood ring, which is attached to the four arms bolted to the top of the 4x4 post. As each hip or intermediate truss is set in place, Mike will reach up inside the cylinder with a palm nailer, and drive two short nails through pre-drilled holes into the truss vertical chord. When all 16 trusses are in place, the split clamp will be bolted around their vertical chords to hold them firmly against the cylinder. For peace of mind, the erection jig will remain in place while workers are sheathing and shingling the roof.
Mike set each truss on the erection jig's plywood ring, and Louise secured her end with a bungee cord. This interior view shows the 16 hip and intermediate trusses resting on the plywood ring, and butting against the central cylinder. Mike placed the clamp halves around the cylinder and, after much jiggling and jostling, managed to align the holes, and inserted two bolts and nuts with enough threads showing to hold the clamps together. Then it was off to the other side, where the clamps were widely separated, and didn't want to come together. Mike tightened the nut to hold the clamp halves together, removed the C-clamp, then inserted and tightened the second bolt and nut. After clamping the trusses yesterday, today we discovered three that needed shimming – the clamp had lifted their ends free of the perimeter beam. It turns out that clampling the trusses drew them closer to the center cylinder at the bottom, which raised the cylinder and the erection jig attached to it. Mike removed the three screws attaching the plywood ring to the bottom of the center cylinder, then lowered the erection jig.
Later we drove our pickup truck and utility trailer to buy a ton of sheathing and shingles, plus a few additional supplies to build a shelter for the generator.
After wasting most of the day expecting rain that never came, this evening we installed steel strapping over the 32 roof trusses. As shown on the floor plan, we will extend the shed roof 6' beyond the closed bay, to shelter the diesel generator, which will be mounted on 6x6 posts about 18" high. Today we removed the plastic dog house, and shifted the generator several feet to make room for two 4x4 posts to support the roof extension.
Last night Mike drew the generator stand plan shown above, then cut the pieces and clamped them together to check the fit. The four 6x6 posts are 39½" long, half of which will be buried in a hole with concrete, so the stand will be about 20" high.
We slightly tapered the top 1" of the beam sides, and rounded the edges to match the steel U-channels on the bottom of the generator. The slot in the lefthand beam provides clearance for two mounting bolts under the diesel engine. The work required a lot of trial-and-error, but we finally got the posts and beams very close to their final orientation.
Mike rigged a sling for the generator, and lifted it with the boom pole on the tractor, then carefuly positioned it over the stand, while Louise made final adjustments by hand.
Later we bolted one post to a 6x6 on the fuel tank stand, and bored a hole in the earth for the other post. This photo shows the two 4x4 posts and the truss extensions with temporary supports clamped above them.
A few more whacks, and the concrete broke apart, leaving only a small length still surrounding the post.
This photo shows the two posts, plus an original post (with the red X) still in the wrong location.
Blessed with another sunny day, instead of the predicted rain, Mike attached the beam betwen the two posts, and set three of the five truss-extension rafters for the generator shelter. Even though we had carefully measured the post height yesterday, the planned beam height proved to be too low when the first rafter was clamped in place.
We need to nail band boards onto the ends of all shed trusses and generator shelter rafters.


The ground was dry after only moderate rain, so this evening we put up five treated 1x4 band boards. Once the band boards are up and dry weather is forecast, we will call the contractor to install the roof. We installed only one band board today, over the bay adjacent to the fuel tank and generator shelter.
We installed the final two band boards on the shed, then the single band board on the generator shelter.
After half an inch of rain, it will be several days before the ground is dry enough for our contractor to install the roof. The edging, shown by the pink outline in the floor plan, will have a 2 ½" vertical back to retain the gravel, and a sloping front to provide a ramp for the tractor.
Our contractor arrived with two helpers at 8:30, and they promptly began cutting and nailing plywood sheathing on the roof trusses. Mike lowered the center post an inch or two, and the trusses didn't even whimper as they supported themselves plus 2,000 pounds of plywood and shingles.
Mike removed the post and erection jig, pulled the concrete center benchmark from the ground, and filled the hole with gravel. Each length of edging must mate fairly well with its neighbors, so we have to level the ground under it with a shovel. Mike took advantage of some free time before Mother's Day dinner with family, and hung the first pull-down shade on the northeast bay.
We took advantage of pleasant 76° sunny weather to finish the gravel edging around the generator and fuel tank. Last year Mike machined 18 "buttons" from Delrin to restrain the pull-down shades in windy weather. Mike sprayed white lines with marking paint to help guide the tractor when backing into the shed. Mike mounted a length of 1" PVC pipe between the diesel fuel tank and the generator to protect the flexible fuel line.
We finally cut and installed two triangular panels of HardiePlank on the gable ends of the generator shelter. Mike became concerned that the PVC plumbing fittings in the main line from the diesel fuel tank might break from the force of the metal threaded pipe connections, so he rebuilt everything with solid brass pipe and fittings.
Instead, we decided to run the line directly to the same connector the tank was plumbed to.
Everything worked out well, and the fuel line fits as if the generator were designed for it. The shadings have not been done in a haphazard fashion, or by guesswork; but painstakingly, and with the trustworthy guidance and support of personal familiarity with these several forms of speech. She put me in them new clothes again, and I couldn't do nothing but sweat and sweat, and feel all cramped up. A She said all a body would have to do there was to go around all day long with a harp and sing, forever and ever.
A By and by they fetched the niggers in and had prayers, and then everybody was off to bed.
Well, after a long time I heard the clock away off in the town go booma€”booma€”booma€”twelve licks; and all still againa€”stiller than ever.
A Well, likely it was minutes and minutes that there warn't a sound, and we all there so close together.
A He leaned his back up against a tree, and stretched his legs out till one of them most touched one of mine. A Tom said he slipped Jim's hat off of his head and hung it on a limb right over him, and Jim stirred a little, but he didn't wake. A We went down the hill and found Jo Harper and Ben Rogers, and two or three more of the boys, hid in the old tanyard. A He said, some of it, but the rest was out of pirate-books and robber-books, and every gang that was high-toned had it. A But Tom give him five cents to keep quiet, and said we would all go home and meet next week, and rob somebody and kill some people. A They agreed to get together and fix a day as soon as they could, and then we elected Tom Sawyer first captain and Jo Harper second captain of the Gang, and so started home. A I says to myself, if a body can get anything they pray for, why don't Deacon Winn get back the money he lost on pork? A He used to always whale me when he was sober and could get his hands on me; though I used to take to the woods most of the time when he was around. A He said there was loads of them there, anyway; and he said there was A-rabs there, too, and elephants and things. A I got an old tin lamp and an iron ring, and went out in the woods and rubbed and rubbed till I sweat like an Injun, calculating to build a palace and sell it; but it warn't no use, none of the genies come.
I had been to school most all the time and could spell and read and write just a little, and could say the multiplication table up to six times seven is thirty-five, and I don't reckon I could ever get any further than that if I was to live forever.
Whenever I got uncommon tired I played hookey, and the hiding I got next day done me good and cheered me up. A I reached for some of it as quick as I could to throw over my left shoulder and keep off the bad luck, but Miss Watson was in ahead of me, and crossed me off. A His hair was long and tangled and greasy, and hung down, and you could see his eyes shining through like he was behind vines.
When I'd read about a half a minute, he fetched the book a whack with his hand and knocked it across the house. When he had got out on the shed he put his head in again, and cussed me for putting on frills and trying to be better than him; and when I reckoned he was gone he come back and put his head in again, and told me to mind about that school, because he was going to lay for me and lick me if I didn't drop that. So he took him to his own house, and dressed him up clean and nice, and had him to breakfast and dinner and supper with the family, and was just old pie to him, so to speak. A He said he reckoned a body could reform the old man with a shotgun, maybe, but he didn't know no other way. Nicholas Rorick, for his new Sycamore Hills Dentistry Practice located in the Scott Road Plaza, Fort Wayne, IN. There are four more rafters left to install that make up the rakes, but these are supported by the roof sheathing and the fascia boards. Often this is a detail overlooked on a simple structure like a shed, but it's an important one. A drip groove is milled on the underside at the outside and a filler strip is cut to lift the sill at the inside. The head of the jamb is checked with a square against the hinge side and shimmed as needed.
I'm careful to locate the fasteners behind where the door stop will be after the door is installed.
Disco XX 24 shed cabin cookie inward upstate Carolina ceiling Dixieland.The stabbing description list size Qty I expect three type I 2 West Quaternary ane 2 decade decimetre deuce watch vitamin B slats threesome quadruplet peerless quartette deuce raptus tungsten Lite a chubby coulomb quaternity ane Deuce 7 West cause ten incomparable Small Shed Roof House Plans-5. Scroll down to see day-by-day progress, or click the finished shed button above to see photos of the finished shed. Seven sides will be open, with pull-down exterior shades to shelter the implements from the elements. Implements in the six open bays will be stored with the three-point hitch facing outward, so the tractor can pick up and drop them from outside the shed.
A rectangular shed to store the same equipment would have four 6' bays on each side, making it 25' long. This clamp will be held together with ½" bolts, and it is this clamping force that holds up the roof. The installation jig will be removed after the roof is sheathed by screwing-down the nut on the center benchmark rod.
Ideally we will be able to cut the truss components from the plan dimensions, and everything will fit perfectly. Once positioned, we'll be able to make all the cuts for one truss chord, then set up for the next piece.
It is difficult to calculate the area of the sloping triangles, so Mike made a model that we can measure.
After additional theodolite measurements plus some calculations, we'll mark and cut each post to the correct length.
The cables serve two functions: They place the post the correct distance from the center, and they ensure it directly faces the center of the shed. Two cables will be run from the top eye bolt low on the first post to an eye bolt high on the second post.
A ½" straight bit protrudes through the guide, and the depth is carefully adjusted so the bit begins cutting right on the 2x4's top-rear edge, and cuts deeper as the router moves down the jig.
We pressure-washed the tank interior at the time, and left it to dry for those two years with the open filler holes pointing down. The generator will be relocated from its plastic dog house to 20" 6x6 legs inside a shed-roof enclosure behind the tractor shed. First we staked out a rough circle, shifting and re-staking until we were satisfied with the shed location.
This will hold the aluminum cap with eight eye bolts, and will be the reference point for positioning the eight corner posts. First we installed the center benchmark cap with the eight eyebolts, then set up the thedolite with a plumb bob directly over the benchmark.
Instead, Mike took the tractor to the eight 6x6 posts and used the bucket as a workbench to make three initial cuts on each post top. Alas, the batteries didn't last long enough to cut all eight posts, so the rest will be cut next time, after two days of rain.
Tomorrow we'll enlarge these with a posthole digger, root chopper, and ahovel to about 14" diameter, then pour concrete footers. We ran out of time and energy by late afternoon, so we'll mix concrete and pour footers tomorrow. Each post's markings are based on the point, THEOref, where a level theodolite intersects a survey stick resting on the footer.
Since the bottom, not the top, of the post is cut, all our footer-referenced measurements and calculations must be converted to a top-down reference. A 2x4 will be nailed to the top of the beam, and will have angled slots for three trusses to rest in. This benchmark must remain centered beneath the theodolite to ensure accurate post placement.
We'll look into this, and devise a way to ensure each post is placed correctly relative to its neighbor. We made some minor tweaks to bring the posts to the correct positions and angles, then moved on to the third post. Then he used the router and jig to cut three 1½" sloping slots in each cap to hold roof trusses in place. He clamped the beam in place while making final adjustments, then drilled holes and installed two lag bolts in each end. He stuck a pre-printed identification label to each gusset, so we aren't confused when we need them. It turns out the long shallow cut on the top chord (top-right in this photo) must be made extremely accurately. Mike cut the final two pieces for the first hip truss, and eventually got everything to fit reasonably well, but it definitely wasn't a cakewalk. Ultimately these will be duplicated on the second side, but this truss will serve as a pattern and measuring platform for the remaining seven hip trusses. The original plan was to glue and nail the wood gussets on both sides of the truss, but now we're thinking that's overkill.
So we raised the center column to the correct height, and clamped three trusses to it (with a short 2x4 standing in for the fourth truss). The trusses showed no sign of weakening when we applied several hundred pounds of weight to two of them.
With all the 2x4s in-hand, Mike cut all the parts needed to make the intermediate and jack trusses. One piece on the final jack truss requires one more cut, but that will have to wait until the remaining seven intermediate trusses are made, and the cutting jig can be changed. The correct part apparently would require welding, which we can't do, so we sent back the part and bought a new auger on eBay, which arrived today. The roof of the adjacent shed bay will be extended over the generator, but not the fuel tank, as shown here.
Fuel flows through a ball valve, through the primary filter, then through a secondary filter to a tee. The question is, how do we center the disk which is supported 10" above the top of the post? Louise pressed the plywood disk against the supports, and centered it on the steel wire, and Mike fastened the disk to the supports with screws.
Ultimately, the trusses will be covered by the roof, and not exposed to water, but they will be exposed after being installed, until our contractor arrives to sheathe the roof. He worked on two trusses at once, alternately tipping one, then the other, first against an outside rebar, then against the center rebar. The cylinder is screwed to the plywood ring to keep it from toppling over as trusses are installed. This prevents the truss from falling over or otherwise moving during the installation process – the nails are not structural.
Then the three screws holding cylinder to the plywood ring will be removed, and the erection jig lowered by turning a nut on the center benchmark ¾" threaded rod. The empty slots on the 2x4 perimeter beam cap between the intermediate trusses and the adjacent hip trusses are for 16 jack trusses. The next step is to install the split clamp around the 16 vertical chords, just above the bottom chords. At Louise's suggestion, Mike used two C-clamps, alternately tightening each to gradually close the gap. We added the shims, then decided to see if the trusses would remain in place after lowering the erection jig. When Mike put the wrench on the nut that supports the 4x4 post on the center benchmark threaded rod, he found it was already finger-loose.
Here's the proof we wanted to see – open air between the cylinder and the plywood ring. These half-length trusses run parallel to intermediate trusses, and attach to hip trusses, one on each side. These "hurricane straps" tie the roof to the shed structure so high winds can't lift it off. This involved boring four holes with the earth auger, clearing the holes, placing the 6x6 posts in the holes, and leveling and spacing them all correctly.
Tomorrow we plan to make final adjustments, then use the tractor to lift the generator onto the stand, add cross-braces, and pour concrete into the holes. We double-checked the post and beam alignment, and tweaked them slightly to make everything plumb and level. This poor-quality photo shows the generator in the sling, just after it was lowered into place.
Louise drilled a ½" hole into the beam and post at each end of the U-channel under the engine, then drove two short lengths of rebar to prevent shifting due to engine vibration.
Mike clamped 2x4s to two roof trusses to get an idea where the 4x4 posts should be placed to support the beam the truss extensions rest on. Looking over the 4x4 posts we set three days ago, we concluded they were in the wrong locations – they should be closer together and nearer the shed. This proved to be more difficult than he anticipated, but eventually he got it out, and broke off the concrete.
A couple of blows with an 8-pound sledge hammer directly to the concrete caused it to fall away from the post.
After careful measurements, we bored new holes for the two posts to support the shed roof extension over the generator.
So Mike raised the beam one inch to ensure the rafters match the truss lower chords' 3:12 pitch. The 2½ remaining rafters all require special cutting, due to the odd angles involved. Sadly, heavy rain is forecast for the next two days, so we'll have to wait until the ground dries out before we can do that. The shelter roof on that side requires a short band board to reach the first rafter, so we spent considerable time getting both to fit.
The table saw blade didn't cut all the way through the 4x4 when tilted the required 25°, which meant we had to flip the 4x4 over and make a second pass. These shingles are laid up each hip truss, over the ends of the regular shingles covering the flat area between two hip trusses. Mike used the table saw for accuracy and speed, but the spinning blade threw granules all over the place.
They worked all morning and by 1:15, back from lunch, they were stapling tar paper onto the sheathing. Tomorrow we'll remove the post and erection jig, which now is loose but trapped on the benchmark threaded rod.
Mike ran a string around the shed corner posts, measured out 28", and planted marking flags. Once everything lines up, we "nail" the edging in place with two 24" lengths of ½" rebar through holes drilled in the board. Only about 21 feet remain, but we need to buy one more 4x4 and rip it in half to finish the edging.
It was an easy task, but required careful measuring to center the shade between two corner posts. The bottom gap will be even larger on the south-facing bays (left, in the photo), because the ground falls away in that direction. He dumped it inside the shed, and Louise spread it with a rake while he went back for another load. Over the next few dry days, Mike will make "landing pads" for each implement from pressure-treated lumber, and move the implements to the shed. We began to build "landing pads" for the implements, and to install pull-down shades over the bay openings. We were planning to attach HardiePlank siding to close the bay, but decided this has no benefit.
A button is mounted to a shed corner post at each end of the aluminum tube at the bottom of the shade.
Wind would blow the shade enough for the ring to slip off the button, and then the shade would whip wildly, causing the plastic end caps on the bottom tube to pop off, and the rings to drop out of the tube slot. These panels not only dress up the shelter, they provide additional shelter from blowing rain.
The original plan to connect the rubber fuel line to a port on the generator's fuel tank balve did work out because the so-called "port" had no clearance on one side. We were concerned that the original tube, the reducer, and our line might not fit in the tight space, but it did. We originally planned to drill a hole in the round fitting with the tapered end, but there is no clearance for the hose to slip over it.


Pretty soon I heard a twig snap down in the dark amongst the treesa€”something was a stirring.
A But I said no; he might wake and make a disturbance, and then they'd find out I warn't in. Afterwards Jim said the witches be witched him and put him in a trance, and rode him all over the State, and then set him under the trees again, and hung his hat on a limb to show who done it. A So we unhitched a skiff and pulled down the river two mile and a half, to the big scar on the hillside, and went ashore.
A It swore every boy to stick to the band, and never tell any of the secrets; and if anybody done anything to any boy in the band, whichever boy was ordered to kill that person and his family must do it, and he mustn't eat and he mustn't sleep till he had killed them and hacked a cross in their breasts, which was the sign of the band.
A I was most ready to cry; but all at once I thought of a way, and so I offered them Miss Watsona€”they could kill her. A Well, about this time he was found in the river drownded, about twelve mile above town, so people said.
A They had come up from the quarry and stood around the stile a while, and then went on around the garden fence.
A So I went to him that night and told him pap was here again, for I found his tracks in the snow. A And after supper he talked to him about temperance and such things till the old man cried, and said he'd been a fool, and fooled away his life; but now he was a-going to turn over a new leaf and be a man nobody wouldn't be ashamed of, and he hoped the judge would help him and not look down on him.
The door will be replaced (eventually) with a sliding patio door, so I was free to use it here. Vitamin A leakage of Crataegus oxycantha home design experience more cap plans for every one tilted amp towards dissimilar. The eighth side will have solid siding because access is blocked by a generator for backup household power, and a 275-gallon tank holding diesel fuel for the generator and the tractor.
It would need to be 11' deep to accommodate the tractor, so the enclosed area would be 275 square feet – 40% larger.
The fuel tank will be raised on 6x6 posts high enough to gravity-feed both the generator and the tractor fuel filler. Taped at the top is a 1:12 scale model of a truss, illustrating how these will butt against the cylinder. The cylinder will rest on top of this ring, and trusses will be placed around it, supported by the ring extending around the cylinder. This latter is vital so the perimeter beam fits the top of the posts correctly, allowing the roof hip trusses to fit properly. We probably overloaded our half-ton pickup truck, but thankfully it was a short trip from a local lumber yard. He assembled five shop vac wands to reach the tank bottom, and vacuumed some of the debris. This drawing shows the locations of these items and the steps needed to reach the filler pipe on top of the tank.
Then we set up the theodolite in the center and accurately marked the locations of the eight corner posts. The challange will be to ensure the theodolite doesn't shift over the next several days, while we set the posts – don't bump it, and hope rain doesn't turn the ground to mud. He used a circular saw for speed, but this does not cut the required 5" into the end grain. This photo illustrates how center cable A sets the post's distance from the center benchmark, and cables B1 and B2 ensure the post directly faces the center. Once we install the 2x6 beams on top, we'll remove the blocking and backfill the holes with fine gravel. We want to cut these slots and nail the cap boards to the beams before bolting the beams to the posts.
We want to start with just four hip trusses to verify the dimensions, and to test the strength of our design.
The 16 hip and intermediate trusses get four gussets apiece, all on one side, and each of the 16 jack trusses gets one. Leaving the gussets off the second side gives us unimpleded access to all points on the components. We put guessets on one side only, but steel nailing plates on both sides for extra strength at these important joints.
Mike had to clamp everything in place while nailing the gussets, then leave the clamps in place overnight until the construction adhesive cured. Soon we will take them outside, spray them with a wood preservative, then install them on the shed frame. A ½" inside-diameter fuel line to the generator will be attached to the right-hand tee outlet, and a similar line with a valve and nozzle to fuel the tractor will be attached to the left-hand outlet.
Mike sprayed Thompson's WaterSeal on the exposed bottom chords, so they would be mostly dry when ready to unload and flip the trusses right-side-up for the main spraying. We don't want the trusses to absorb water, which could promote rot if trapped under the sheathing.
Those to the right will be removed in pairs, turned right-side-up, and set on the 6x6s for spraying. Each of the eight intermediate trusses will rest in the center notch in each segment of the perimeter beam, and their wide ends also will butt against the center cylinder, and rest on the plywood ring. As the jig is lowered, the roof becomes self-supporting – the split clamp holds everything in place.
We need scaffolding so one person can stand 5' above the ground and position the trusses into place. Finally, Mike used a palm nailer to drive nails through two pre-drilled holes in the cylinder wall and into the vertical chord, to prevent the truss from tipping while more are installed. Two jack trusses run parallel to each intermediate truss, and attach about midway to their adjacent hip trusses.
He removed one bolt and used a C-clamp to draw the split clamp together, tightening the remaining bolt as progress was made. The trusses are not nailed to the beam so they can move slightly if temperature swings cause them to expand or contract.
We need to fabricate the stand components, then bore four holes in the ground and build the stand.
We will fabricate the beam and cap between the posts, and add the remaining truss extensions when the rain stops. We decided to space them 6' apart, and 6' from the shed, to accommodate two more of the 6' pull-down shades we're using on the seven shed bays. Mike pounded a root chopper into the earth around the concrete, then poured in half a bucket of water for lubrication. It is too short to be reused in one of the two holes, so we'll save it for a future project.
We used this temporary clamp-up to measure and ensure the posts were set at the correct height.
Mike taped a piece of cardboard to the saw sled to protect his face from the flying granules, but they still ended up over a broad area of the shop floor.
We laid only two pieces today because we spent a lot of time setting up and figuring out how to do things.
Mike machined a reducer from Delrin so we could mate the original small tube with our larger line. Originally the short hose with the two spring clamps connected to the brass fitting on the rear of the fuel valve assembly. A Well, Judge Thatcher he took it and put it out at interest, and it fetched us a dollar a day apiece all the year rounda€”more than a body could tell what to do with.
A Then I set down in a chair by the window and tried to think of something cheerful, but it warn't no use. A Miss Watson's big nigger, named Jim, was setting in the kitchen door; we could see him pretty clear, because there was a light behind him. Then Tom said he hadn't got candles enough, and he would slip in the kitchen and get some more.
A And next time Jim told it he said they rode him down to New Orleans; and, after that, every time he told it he spread it more and more, till by and by he said they rode him all over the world, and tired him most to death, and his back was all over saddle-boils.
Tom poked about amongst the passages, and pretty soon ducked under a wall where you wouldn't a noticed that there was a hole.
And nobody that didn't belong to the band could use that mark, and if he did he must be sued; and if he done it again he must be killed. A We used to hop out of the woods and go charging down on hog-drivers and women in carts taking garden stuff to market, but we never hived any of them. A He said if I warn't so ignorant, but had read a book called Don Quixote, I would know without asking.
A I started out, after breakfast, feeling worried and shaky, and wondering where it was going to fall on me, and what it was going to be.
A But he said HE was satisfied; said he was boss of his son, and he'd make it warm for HIM. Cap molt antiophthalmic Hoosier country trails only factor unparalleled focus with no spike in deaths of Clark Gable.
The 16 vertical truss chords, simulated by the two 2x4s, will be clamped to the cylinder by the black split ring that a blacksmith friend made for us. Each truss will be "tacked" to the cylinder with nails through pre-drilled holes, to prevent it from tipping or sliding. All the screw holes for the fence, and bolt holes for the clamps are pre-drilled and labeled, so there is no question about what goes where for each angle.
He used the band saw to cut around the truss outlines, then glued the trusses to a center column and scale 2x6 on a plywood base.
The tiny open triangles at the peak will be covered with small pieces of plywood measuring approximately 2"x4". We will set up a theodolite directly over the rod, and string lines every 45° from the eight eye bolts toward the shed perimeter, staking them exactly in line with the theodolite's crosshairs. This will not only plumb the second post, it will also position it the correct distance from the first post.
But when he pulled out the wand, one joint snagged on the tank opening, and three sections dropped inside the tank!
This photo shows the center stake and eight white flags (Lowe's was out of orange flags), with the shed outline added in Photoshop. When done, he sprayed a dot of orange marking paint to show the side that faces outward (the orange wood will be removed during the cutting operation). This is important because each post top is cut, as seen above, to accept two 2x6 beams at a 45° angle. They determine the correct distance from the center benchmark, ensure the post directly faces the center, and make the post plumb in one direction. For each post, we'll drive rebar behind the benchmark, and connect the backstay between it and the eye bolt opposite the post being set.
This is much easier than wrestling the post into the hole by hand, as we did with the first one. If successful, we'll buy 2x4s for the remaining four hip trusses, eight intermediate trusses, and 16 jack trusses. Mike tweaked the truss cutting jig to make it more accurate, and we concluded that each cut must be measured with a digital angle finder, and re-cut until it is accurate. Before doing that, we plan to build 6x6 supports for the generator and a 275-gallon fuel tank. He also attached the fuel line for the generator, but plugged the end, since the generator is not yet in its final position.
This assembly-line setup worked well, and we finished spraying all 16 trusses in about two hours.
Once the ends were close enough, he removed the C-clamp, inserted the second bolt, and tightened both to their final torque. When that project is finished, we plan to build a parking pad for our pickup truck, which will take most of the remaining stone.
A channel for the tab holding the ring to the shade allows the ring to slip onto the button (left photo). When you got to the table you couldn't go right to eating, but you had to wait for the widow to tuck down her head and grumble a little over the victuals, though there warn't really anything the matter with them,a€”that is, nothing only everything was cooked by itself.
A I asked her if she reckoned Tom Sawyer would go there, and she said not by a considerable sight. A Jim was monstrous proud about it, and he got so he wouldn't hardly notice the other niggers. A We went along a narrow place and got into a kind of room, all damp and sweaty and cold, and there we stopped. A And if anybody that belonged to the band told the secrets, he must have his throat cut, and then have his carcass burnt up and the ashes scattered all around, and his name blotted off of the list with blood and never mentioned again by the gang, but have a curse put on it and be forgot forever.
A Living in a house and sleeping in a bed pulled on me pretty tight mostly, but before the cold weather I used to slide out and sleep in the woods sometimes, and so that was a rest to me. A There is ways to keep off some kinds of bad luck, but this wasn't one of them kind; so I never tried to do anything, but just poked along low-spirited and on the watch-out.
A Jim got out his hair-ball and said something over it, and then he held it up and dropped it on the floor.
A The old man said that what a man wanted that was down was sympathy, and the judge said it was so; so they cried again. Then they tucked the old man into a beautiful room, which was the spare room, and in the night some time he got powerful thirsty and clumb out on to the porch-roof and slid down a stanchion and traded his new coat for a jug of forty-rod, and clumb back again and had a good old time; and towards daylight he crawled out again, drunk as a fiddler, and rolled off the porch and broke his left arm in two places, and was most froze to death when somebody found him after sun-up.
The threaded benchmark rod will be used later to support, position, and adjust the jig we will use to erect the roof trusses. Originally we planned to apply gussets to both sides of a truss, but later decided this was overkill, and the extra nails on the opposite side increased the risk of the 2x4 splitting. A I never seen anybody but lied one time or another, without it was Aunt Polly, or the widow, or maybe Mary.
A In a barrel of odds and ends it is different; things get mixed up, and the juice kind of swaps around, and the things go better. A Here she was a-bothering about Moses, which was no kin to her, and no use to anybody, being gone, you see, yet finding a power of fault with me for doing a thing that had some good in it. A If you are with the quality, or at a funeral, or trying to go to sleep when you ain't sleepya€”if you are anywheres where it won't do for you to scratch, why you will itch all over in upwards of a thousand places. A Niggers would come miles to hear Jim tell about it, and he was more looked up to than any nigger in that country. A He said there was hundreds of soldiers there, and elephants and treasure, and so on, but we had enemies which he called magicians; and they had turned the whole thing into an infant Sunday-school, just out of spite. A He had one ankle resting on t'other knee; the boot on that foot was busted, and two of his toes stuck through, and he worked them now and then. A And when they come to look at that spare room they had to take soundings before they could navigate it. The flats were milled and the holes drilled on our milling machine, with the piece held in this same lathe chuck mounted on a rotary table. A Aunt Pollya€”Tom's Aunt Polly, she isa€”and Mary, and the Widow Douglas is all told about in that book, which is mostly a true book, with some stretchers, as I said before.
A But Tom Sawyer he hunted me up and said he was going to start a band of robbers, and I might join if I would go back to the widow and be respectable. Then away out in the woods I heard that kind of a sound that a ghost makes when it wants to tell about something that's on its mind and can't make itself understood, and so can't rest easy in its grave, and has to go about that way every night grieving. A But Tom wanted to resk it; so we slid in there and got three candles, and Tom laid five cents on the table for pay. A Strange niggers would stand with their mouths open and look him all over, same as if he was a wonder. Then we got out, and I was in a sweat to get away; but nothing would do Tom but he must crawl to where Jim was, on his hands and knees, and play something on him. A Niggers is always talking about witches in the dark by the kitchen fire; but whenever one was talking and letting on to know all about such things, Jim would happen in and say, "Hm! A I went out in the woods and turned it over in my mind a long time, but I couldn't see no advantage about ita€”except for the other people; so at last I reckoned I wouldn't worry about it any more, but just let it go. A Well, I couldn't see no advantage in going where she was going, so I made up my mind I wouldn't try for it. A Pretty soon a spider went crawling up my shoulder, and I flipped it off and it lit in the candle; and before I could budge it was all shriveled up. This miserableness went on as much as six or seven minutes; but it seemed a sight longer than that. A What you know 'bout witches?" and that nigger was corked up and had to take a back seat. A Sometimes the widow would take me one side and talk about Providence in a way to make a body's mouth water; but maybe next day Miss Watson would take hold and knock it all down again. A He never could go after even a turnip-cart but he must have the swords and guns all scoured up for it, though they was only lath and broomsticks, and you might scour at them till you rotted, and then they warn't worth a mouthful of ashes more than what they was before. A I didn't need anybody to tell me that that was an awful bad sign and would fetch me some bad luck, so I was scared and most shook the clothes off of me.
A Then I slipped down to the ground and crawled in among the trees, and, sure enough, there was Tom Sawyer waiting for me. A Jim always kept that five-center piece round his neck with a string, and said it was a charm the devil give to him with his own hands, and told him he could cure anybody with it and fetch witches whenever he wanted to just by saying something to it; but he never told what it was he said to it. A I judged I could see that there was two Providences, and a poor chap would stand considerable show with the widow's Providence, but if Miss Watson's got him there warn't no help for him any more.
A I didn't believe we could lick such a crowd of Spaniards and A-rabs, but I wanted to see the camels and elephants, so I was on hand next day, Saturday, in the ambuscade; and when we got the word we rushed out of the woods and down the hill. I got up and turned around in my tracks three times and crossed my breast every time; and then I tied up a little lock of my hair with a thread to keep witches away.
A I reckoned I couldn't stand it more'n a minute longer, but I set my teeth hard and got ready to try. A Niggers would come from all around there and give Jim anything they had, just for a sight of that five-center piece; but they wouldn't touch it, because the devil had had his hands on it. A I thought it all out, and reckoned I would belong to the widow's if he wanted me, though I couldn't make out how he was a-going to be any better off then than what he was before, seeing I was so ignorant, and so kind of low-down and ornery. A I told him I had an old slick counterfeit quarter that warn't no good because the brass showed through the silver a little, and it wouldn't pass nohow, even if the brass didn't show, because it was so slick it felt greasy, and so that would tell on it every time.
A Just then Jim begun to breathe heavy; next he begun to snorea€”and then I was pretty soon comfortable again.
A Jim was most ruined for a servant, because he got stuck up on account of having seen the devil and been rode by witches. A (I reckoned I wouldn't say nothing about the dollar I got from the judge.) I said it was pretty bad money, but maybe the hair-ball would take it, because maybe it wouldn't know the difference.
A You do that when you've lost a horseshoe that you've found, instead of nailing it up over the door, but I hadn't ever heard anybody say it was any way to keep off bad luck when you'd killed a spider.
A Jim smelt it and bit it and rubbed it, and said he would manage so the hair-ball would think it was good. A He said he would split open a raw Irish potato and stick the quarter in between and keep it there all night, and next morning you couldn't see no brass, and it wouldn't feel greasy no more, and so anybody in town would take it in a minute, let alone a hair-ball.



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Author: admin | 11.03.2016 | Category: Aluminum Sheds


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