5)The last meal on Noah’s Ark, a pudding of sweet and sour taste (asure), is still served throughout Turkey.
11) Tradition in Turkey says that a stranger at one’s doorstep is considered "God’s guest" for at least three days. 19) Female goddesses like Cybele dominated the Central Anatolian pantheon for thousands of years before these supernatural powers were transformed to male gods. 20) The Hittites sold Abraham the cave where he buried his wife Sarah, when the Israelites came to Palestine.21) Turks introduced coffee to Europe. 22) Cherry was first introduced to Europe from Giresun (Northern Turkey),23) Turkey has hundreds beaches and marinas which have the "Blue Flag" (an European award for the best clean water) on the Mediterranean and Aegean. 25) The oldest known shipwreck on Earth was found and excavated in Uluburun near Kas, in the Mediterranean region of Turkey.,26) In 640 BC, for the first time in history, coins made of electrum were used by the Lydian king Croesus in Sardis, in Aegean region of Turkey. By the 4th century AD the Roman Empire had expanded considerably, and the capital Rome lost its central position in the empire. The later history of the Byzantine Empire and its capital Istanbul is filled with palace and church intrigues and Persian and Arab attacks. It was thanks to the rights granted by Mehmet that the Patriarchate of the Greek Orthodox is even today located in Istanbul. The Imperial Topkapi Palace built on the site of the old acropolis commands an extraordinarily beautiful view of the Bosphorus and the Golden Horn. The Ottoman Empire was broken up and while the internal and external enemies were fighting among themselves for a larger share of the spoils, one of the valiant commanders of the Turkish army was engaged in a struggle on behalf of the Turkish Nation. The people of the country are determined to continue their march in th direction of contemporary civilization. See Istanbul, Ephesus,Pamukkale Cappadocia and rest of turkey through the eyes of the artists and historians of Senguler Travel innovators in off-the-beaten-path walking tours.Explore Old Istanbul, from the anciend tradition of the turkish Bath to the mystic Whyrlyn dervish, from the Egyptian spice Market to the trade secreds of the Silk Road linking Europe with China. Turkey is a growing health tourism desti nation with knowledgable doctors offering medical services ranging from eye surgery to dental implanst.
Ottoman - Turkish Calligraphy, also known as Arabic calligraphy, is the art of writing, and by extension, of bookmaking. Shopping Tour is one of our most requested tours for the people who wants to nice & unique things for themselves or for the friends, relatives etc.
Each of these intimate half -day tours will immerse you in a unigue espect of tukish history and culture.
Did You Know ?,1) The Seven Churches of Apocalypse are all situated in the Aegean region of Anatolia; Ephesus, Smyrna (Izmir), Pergamum, Thyatira (Nazilli), Sardis, Philadelphia (Alasehir) and Laodicea.
This was the last stop of the Simplon-Orient Express - "kings of trains and train of kings" - between Paris and Constantinople (Istanbul) from 1883 to 1977. While looking for another city as his new capital, the Emperor Constantine the Great finally chose Istanbul, realizing the strategic position of the city at the intersection of sea and land routes and the importance of its perfect climate.
Although the Western Empire collapsed in the 5th century, the Eastern Empire, which was administered from the capital, Istanbul survived for over 1,000 years afterwards. The large caliber cannons of Sultan Mehmet, the Conqueror, used for the first time in history, were one of the factors that enabled the Turks to penetrate the city walls of Istanbul.
Some of the dilapidated churches in the city, including Hagia Sophia, were renovated and converted into mosques.
As a result of closer contacts with the West, mosques and palaces in European style were built along the shores of the Bosphorus by the 19th century.


This national hero, Mustafa Kemal, founded the Republic of Turkey after a war of independence that lasted more than four years. The next millennium will be an even more prosperous age for the secular and democratic republic. Each of these intimate half -day tours will immerse you in a unigue espect of tukish history and culture. Ultimate Protection and Functionality!Everything needed to install is includedNOTE: WINCH IS NOT INCLUDED This Heavy Duty Front Bumper includes, Front skid Plate, Universal Winch Mount, Pair of Side Arms, Rear Bracing Panel, and Heavy Duty Clevis Hook-ins.
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New city walls were constructed, enlarging the city again, and numerous temples, governments, palaces, baths and a hippodrome were built .
Between 726-842, all kinds of religious images were outlawed in the city during the iconoclastic movement.This led to much destruction (and much concealment) of paintings and statues.
Another factor contributing to the conquest was that the Byzantine Empire had reached the end of its natural life span.
Istanbul was fully reconstructed within a short period after it was conquered by the Turks. These numerous palaces, built in a very short time, also symbolize the decline of another empire. Mustafa Kemal Ataturk assumed the Presidency of this first republic in Asia, and changed the course of his country toward the principles of western civilization. The citizens of the country will follow in the footsteps of Ataturk as individuals who are independent, enlightened, unfettered in life and religion, at liberty in prayer and education, free in will, and loyal to the country. The first clay tablets in the ruins of Assyrian Karum (Merchant Colony) date back to 1950 B.C. Byzantium had a very interesting history, because its development was influenced both by the earlier Anatolian civilizations and, more importantly, by Christianity; its laws and rules were adopted from Rome, but its pomp and ceremonies from the East. Mehmet, who was only 21 years old then, moved the capital of the Ottoman Empire to Istanbul, increased the population of the city by bringing in immigrants from different regions of the country, and started to reconstruct the deserted and wrecked city.
A century later, Turkish art had left its mark on the city, and domes and minarets dominated the skyline.In the 16th century, when the Ottoman Sultans assumed the office of Caliphate, (chief civil and religious authority of Islam) Istanbul became the center of the Islamic world as well.
The Sultan and his family were exiled, the Caliphate was abolished, the Latin alphabet was adopted, the fez and veil were outlawed, and women were granted voting rights. Yet another member of the Les Arts Turcs team is ready to help you discover all ofIstanbul’s treasures and secrets. 16) The first Neolithic paintings found on man-made walls are in Catalhoyuk, Turkey.17) Anatolia is the birthplace of historic legends, such as Homer (the poet), King Midas, Herodotus (the father of history), and St. The city was enlarged once more with the erection of new city walls in the first half of the 5th century.
It started with the invasion of the city by the armies of the Fourth Crusade in 1204, and for many years all the churches, monasteries and monuments in the city were robbed of their treasures.
By the time Ataturk died in 1938, the Republic of Turkey was already recognized as a member of the western world. Whether by car or by foot, exploring the Bosphorus shores or the Blue Mosque, Hakan HACIBEKIROGLU can lead you on historical tours from a life-long local’s perspective. Many ceremonies were organized for the occasion, which marked the beginning of a golden age.


The magnificent city walls on the landward side that we see today were built by Emperor Theodosrus If.
Although the Byzantines regained control of the city in 1261, Istanbul never fully recovered its former wealth. Although no wars featured in Istanbul's history during this time, frequent fires repeatedly devastated large sections of the city. The relocation of the capital to Ankara never reduced the importance of Istanbul, and this incomparable city continued to maintain its enchanting appearance and life style. This shows the richness of flora and fauna in Anatolia.ISTANBUL,ISTANBUL Let’s Meet Where The Continents Meet,Istanbul is Turkey’s most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. Although the city was initially called the Second Rome or New Rome, these names were soon forgotten to be replaced by "Byzantium" and in later ages by "Constantinopolis", while the people favored the name "Polis". The Republic of Turkey has now proceeded for 75 years on the path of reason, based on scientific thought and facts, that was pointed out by Ataturk. The successors of Constantine the Great continued to improve and beautify the city by building new avenues, aqueducts, monuments and edifices.
In the 6th century, the city, that now had a population of over half a million, lived through another golden age during the reign of Emperor Justinian. It is located at 41° N 29° E, on the Bosphorus strait, and encompasses the natural harbor known as the Golden Horn, in the northwest of the country. It extends both on the Europen (Thrace) and on the Asian (Anatolia) side of the Bosphorus, and is thereby the only metropolis in the world which is situated on two continents. In its long history, Istanbul (Constantinople) served as the capital city of the Roman Empire (330-395), the Byzantine Empire (395-1204 and 1261-1453), the Latin Empire (1204-1261), and the Ottoman Empire (1453-1922).
The "Historic Areas of Istanbul " were added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985.,HISTORY OF ISTANBUL,Across the country, there are thousands of archeological sites, historical places and ancient cities, as well as magnificent scenic spots and natural wonders.
Because Anatolia is located like a natural bridge between continents, no other country in the world has acquired so many historical treasures.
Beside the Dardanelles are the ruins of the famous city of Troy — a memento of thousands of years of history- and on the shores of the Bosphorus rises Istanbul in all her beauty and splendor, keeping the memories of her past alive.
According to the best known one, around 650 BC, a sea tribe from the Aegean left their city Megara and began to look for a new homeland under the leadership of Byzas. According to the customs of the age, before any such undertaking an oracle had to be consulted. The oracle in the Apollo temple in the famous town of Delphi advised Byzas to settle opposite the "land of the blind".
When they came to the headland of present-day Istanbul, they were delighted with the fertile lands and the advantages offered by the natural harbor, the Golden Horn. The migrants decided that those people must have been blind if they could not appreciate the opportunities of this ideal place and settled on the opposite shore, and they were convinced that they had found the land the oracle had described. The city of Byzantium existed as an independent state, but succumbed from time to time to the superior powers ruling the region.
However, it sided with the wrongparty during a struggle for the throne in 191 AD, and after a siege that lasted two years, it was conquered and razed by the Roman Emperor Septimius Severus.



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